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Serpentine Mineral -- Any idea what this might be.

Posted by Mark J. Sigouin  
Serpentine Mineral -- Any idea what this might be.
May 31, 2012 11:00PM
This orangish-brown mineral comes from the Penn-Maryland Quarry, Little Britain Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. This quarry is literally just a high wall away from the Cedar Hill Quarry. It is a serpentine quarry providing fill, road chips, rip-rap.

I was wondering if anyone has experienced this mineral there and might know what it is.

I collected this myself about three or four years ago.

It is tabular. Ran as a short vein. Appears inter-bedded or laced with magnesite or hydromagnesite. It is soft. It has a waxy luster. Smaller pieces that broke off had a hexagonal look. What is left on these two specimens appear massive. Almost like a wax injected.

The orangish-brown mineral fluoresces a bright orange under longwave UV, less bright under shortwave UV.

The white minerals fluoresce bright white with traces of blue.
Attachments:
open | download - Penn Maryland 1.jpg (152.6 KB)
open | download - penn maryland 2.jpg (67.2 KB)
open | download - penn maryland 3.jpg (97.4 KB)
avatar Re: Serpentine Mineral -- Any idea what this might be.
June 01, 2012 12:02AM
To me, it almost looks like brucite, but I don't believe brucite is fluorescent.
I'm sure someone more familiar with the area will chime in.
Re: Serpentine Mineral -- Any idea what this might be.
June 01, 2012 01:19AM
Mark, you can try this simple test. Take a tiny chip of the material and put it on a glass slide. Add a couple of drops of dilute hydrochloric acid. If it completely dissolves after several minutes with no bubbling it is likely to be brucite. If it dissolves with a small amount of bubbling and turns the solution greenish to brown it could be one of the hydrotalcite group minerals (e.g. pyroaurite, iowaite).
Cheers,
Ben.
Re: Serpentine Mineral -- Any idea what this might be.
June 01, 2012 10:54AM
Ben,

Would the muratic acid found at the hardware store be dilute enough, or should dilute it 2 or more times?
avatar Re: Serpentine Mineral -- Any idea what this might be.
June 01, 2012 10:57AM
... and if HCl disolves it with many bubbles and without turning to any color, could be just calcite.
Close to my house there is many calcite concretions that look similar and also they are fluorescent with bright orange color.
Greetings.

Josele
avatar Re: Serpentine Mineral -- Any idea what this might be.
June 02, 2012 03:06AM
Possibly saponite or a similar clay?

Regards,
Ralph
avatar Re: Serpentine Mineral -- Any idea what this might be.
June 02, 2012 03:31AM
    
Likely it's Deweylite.
See Lizardite photo for Cedar Hill (same basic geological formation as you noted) here on mindat for reference.
That sample specimen I posted has this golden brown deweylite along with the deep olive green Lizardite.

MRH

PS Also note photo-350376 for this locale is NOT talc, but actually also dewelite, with nickel impurities which imparts that apple green coloration. (needs correcting).



Edited 2 time(s). Last edit at 06/02/2012 03:43AM by Mark Heintzelman.
avatar Re: Serpentine Mineral -- Any idea what this might be.
June 03, 2012 10:01AM
Deweylite is a mixture of stevensite and serpentine. Stevensite itself is of uncertain status, some may be saponite, some a talc-saponite mixed layer material. It all ready needs some XRD and chemical analysis to properly characterize it.

Regards,
Ralph
avatar Re: Serpentine Mineral -- Any idea what this might be.
June 03, 2012 02:48PM
    
I agree. This looks like classic deweylite, Whatever that is.

Best Wishes, Van King
Re: Serpentine Mineral -- Any idea what this might be.
June 14, 2012 01:40AM
Ben,

I conducted your test. The two chips dissolved to a great extent in 1 molar HCl. There was only a slight efforvescence at first. The crystals became clear but retained a bright yellow brown color. The crystals became very tabular, but the edges were yet undefined. After about 10 minutes the solute turned lime green. After a day, it became roughly the same color as the crystals.

I believe the mineral is one of the hydrotalcite group minerals. Pyroaurite is identified as a mineral in the adjacent Cedar Hill Quarry though the one photograph of it is a green nickoline variety. The Wood's Chromite Mine, approximately one mile east lists pyroaurite and has photos. The color is about the same, as is the luster. My specimens are in general more massive.

At this point, I believe it is pyroaurite.

I agree that more work needs done. I will contact a friend that does SEm and XRD and see if I can get him to play with it a bit.

Thanks everybody.
Re: Serpentine Mineral -- Any idea what this might be.
June 14, 2012 06:10AM
Hi Mark,
1M HCl is about the right strength acid to use. Another simple test for Cl in the mineral structure is to dissolve the mineral in dilute nitric acid and then add a drop of silver nitrate solution. A dense white precipitate (AgCl) indicates a significant Cl content pointing to iowaite. If you dissolve in dilute nitric acid and then add a drop of barium chloride solution, a dense white ppt suggests sulphate, pointing to hydrotalcite.
But much better, your friend's XRD will tell you without a doubt if its hydrotalcite group, and SEM-EDAX will then help you constrain the species more precisely.
Cheers, Ben.
Re: Serpentine Mineral -- Any idea what this might be.
June 14, 2012 11:09AM
My mistake, in previous post. There is no sulphate in hydrotalcite, I mean't wermlandite or mountkeithite.
Re: Serpentine Mineral -- Any idea what this might be.
June 15, 2012 10:35PM
Ime sure ive got a decent sixed piece from the gravel beds, ile post it tomorrow.
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