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Rutile

Posted by Rock Currier  
avatar Rutile
July 23, 2010 10:04PM
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Can you help make this a better article? What good localities have we missed? Can you supply pictures of better specimens than those we show here? Can you give us more and better information about the specimens from these localities? Can you supply better geological or historical information on these localities?

Rutile
TiO2 tetragonal

Rutile & Kyanite ~5cm tall, Graves Mountain, Georgia, USA ©



Rutile is a fairly common mineral though rarely found in large sizes. Mindat lists more than 3400 localities. The largest know Rutile crystal known is about 25cm diameter1. Twelve cm is the largest size indicated in the Handbook of Mineralogy2 and this is probably referring to the Graves Mountain locality. The best specimens of Rutile are undoubtedly those from Graves Mountain, Goergia, USA. Some people who like flashy looking specimens might argue that the best specimens of rutile are the star like epitaxial over growths of golden needles like rutile that are oriented on tabular black hematite crystals. In the 19th century the cyclic twins or Rutile from Magnet cove were considered unbeatable, at least by American collectors. Their only competition were the Rutile crystals from Parksburg Pennsylvania, but they were usually not very sharp as most of them were collected from the fields near Parksburg. Later, the mine at Graves Mountain Georgia put them completely in the shade. Recently some fine specimens of Rutile on Quartz from Kaputdzhukh Mountain, Armenia/Azerbaijan have entered the market, but most agree that the best of these do not match the best specimens from Graves Mt. Georgia, USA. California, USA has a couple of pretty good rutile localities, probably the best of these is the Champion mine. Zambia also has a couple of decent ones as well. As you scan the specimens from the few localities we have chosen as "good" rutile localities, you will undoubtedly be able to make up your own mind as to which you think are the best. Most Rutile crystals are black or deep red in color from their iron content. Pure titanium dioxide is colorless and when ground to a fine powder makes a good white pigment for paint.
1. Mineralogical Record, The Mineralogy of Graves Mountain, Lincoln County, Georgia by Robert B. Cook Jr. Vol 7 #6 p.443-457.
2. Hnadbook of Mineralogy Vol III, p486 Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh & Nichols.
[Rock Currier 2010]


Rutile
Armenia
Zangezur range, Orubad District, Paragachai, Kaputdzhukh (Kaputjukh) Mt.

Rutile on Quartz 4.1cm tall© Rob Lavinsky
Rutile on Quartz 7.5cm wide© Pavel M. Kartashov


Rutile on Quartz 9cm wide© Weinrich Minerals


These specimens have appeared on the market only during the last five years or so and are one of the few examples of brilliant shiny large black rutile crystals are found growing on quartz. I talked to a Russian guy who dug some of these specimens and he had to hire a military escort to go with him and help protect him while he dug the crystals. They apparently don't like Russians very much there, of for that matter, most other people as well. The specimens pictures here are pretty good, but there are better specimens and when images of them are uploaded we will include them here. The largest Rutiles produced at this locality probably don't exceed 5cm and those are rare. The locality, Kaputdzhukh mountain lies on the border of Armenia and Azerbaijan. Pavel Kartashov comments that in his youth most of the Rutiles from this locality came from the Armenian side of the mountain, but that recent production has been coming from the Azerbaijan side. He noted that the specimens come from a quartzite body and differ little in character from one side to the other and that the specimens have been dug mostly by locals from pits and trenches to supply mineral dealers.
[Rock Currier 2010]


Rutile
Australia
Harts Ranges (Hartz Ranges), Northern Territory, Australia

Rutile crystal 8mm long© R. Bottrill



Rutile
Australia
Rosebud Station, Mary Kathleen District, Mt Isa - Cloncurry area, Queensland, Australia

Rutile crystal 18mm long© Sharon Clifford



Rutile
Australia
South Australia, Olary Province, Wadnaminga goldfield, Carver's Claim

Rutile on matrix 4cm wide©



Rutile
Austria
Carinthia, Hohe Tauern, Goldberg group, Große Fleiß valley, Hocharn, Jausenscharten

Rutile in Quartz3cm wide© Rudo



Rutile
Austria
Austria, Carinthia, Hohe Tauern, Ankogel group, Ankogel area, Schwarzkopf

Rutile in Quartz 4cm tall© Rudo
Rutile 10cm wide© Rudo

Schwarzkopf mountain at the border between Carinthia and Salzburg is a well known locality for its Rock Crystals which belong to the most beautiful ones on earth. But being a very dangerous place because of heavy rockfall not many collectors dare to climb its face.
The mountain also is part of the "Nationalpark Hohe Tauern" where collecting minerals is not allowed.


Rutile
Austria
Salzburg, Hohe Tauern Mts, Habach valley, Nasenkopf Mt., Leckbachgraben (Leckbachrinne)

Rutile on matrix 15cm wide© Christian Bracke



Rutile
Austria
Salzburg, Hohe Tauern Mts, Habach valley, Scheißgraben (Kotriese; incl. Zima cleft)

Rutile hairs on Quartz 7.5cm tall©
Rutile 11cm tall©

In 2009/2010 the team Kaltenhauser, Millgramer, Vorreiter found an area with several Alpine clefts in a steep outcrop located halfway up the Scheißgraben. The clefts contained very nice Quartz crystals and clusters as well as very good Rutile specimens, richly covered specimens with fibrous Rutile crystals up to 10cm long. Also very nice orange Monazite crystals were found.


Rutile
Austria
Salzburg, Hohe Tauern Mts, Habach valley, Leffler source

Rutile, 3cm long© Harjo
Rutile FOV 0,8cm© Harjo

In 2005 an area with Alpine clefts was discovered close to the Leffler source in the lower Habach valley. very good Rutile crystals (together with Anatase, Quartz, Calcite, Aragonite, Brookite, Apatite and Synchisite) have been found in several clefts. The mineralogy/geology of the area is comparable to the Scheißgraben/Kotriese, which are located nearby, a bit higher up the mountain.


Rutile
Austria
Salzburg, Hohe Tauern Mts, Obersulzbach valley, Silberofen Mt., Kampriese Alp

Rutile on Adularia ~2cm wide©
1.2mm Rutile cluster© Chinellato Matteo


Rutile in Quartz 4.5cm tall©



Rutile
Austria
Austria, Salzburg, Hohe Tauern, Untersulzbach valley, Leutachkopf - Stocker Alp area, Wieseggrinne (Stinkrinne)

Rutile 8cm wide © H. Fink



Rutile
Austria
Salzburg, Hohe Tauern Mts, Rauris valley

Rutile FOV 9mm© Dave Richerson



Rutile
Austria
Salzburg, Hohe Tauern Mts, Rauris valley, Hüttwinkl valley, Grieswies - Krumlkeeskopf Mt. area

Rutile 7.3cm wide© www.mineralienkluft.at
Rutile, Rock Crystal 13cm wide© H. Fink


Rutile
Austria
Salzburg, Hohe Tauern Mts, Rauris valley, Hüttwinkl valley, Grieswies - Krumlkeeskopf Mt. area, Grieswies-Schafkar, Erfurt way

Rutile, Quartz & Muscovite 10cm wide© Gerd Stefanik
Rutile to 13mm© mineralienkluft


Rutile
Austria
Salzburg, Hohe Tauern Mts, Rauris valley, Hüttwinkl valley, Ritterkopf massif, Ritterkar

Rutile in Quartz 6.4cm wide©



Rutile
Austria
Salzburg, Hohe Tauern Mts, Stubach valley

Rutile on matrix 6.3cm tall© Rob Lavinsky



Rutile
Austria
Salzburg, Lungau, Murwinkel, Sticklerhütte

Rutile & Calcite 1.8cm tall© www.mineralienkluft.at



Rutile
Austria
Styria, Koralpe Mts, Modriach, Herzogberg Mt., Ebenlecker farm (Ebenlöcker farm)

Rutile on matrix 8cm tall©



Rutile
Azerbaijan
Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, Mount Kapydzhik

Rutile & Quartz 4.6cm wide© fabreminerals.com


Rutile
The locality, Kaputdzhukh mountain lies on the border of Armenia and Azerbaijan. Pavel Kartashov comments that in his youth most of the Rutiles from this locality came from the Armenian side of the mountain, but that recent production has been coming from the Azerbaijan side.


Rutile
Belgium
Luxemburg Province, Bastogne, Marvie

Rutilated Quartz, 6cm tall© Harjo
Rutilated Quartz, 5cm tall© Harjo

Rutilated Quartz, 4cm tall© Harjo
Sagenite Rutile FOV 0,6cm© Harjo

Sagenite Rutile FOV 0,4cm© Harjo
Sagenite Rutile FOV 0,6cm© Harjo

In the Hercynian clefts of the Bastogne area very nice rutilated Quartz crystals can occasionally be found. In the vein Quartz Ilmenite is sometimes replaced by nice Sagenite Rutile.


Rutile
Belgium
Luxemburg Province, Bertrix

Rutile FOV 0,8cm© Harjo
Rutile FOV 0,8cm© Harjo

Rutile FOV 0,8cm© Harjo
Rutile after Anatase FOV 0,4cm© Harjo

Rutilated Quartz FOV 0,6cm© Harjo
Rutilated Quartz FOV 0,8cm© Harjo

In the Hercynian clefts south of Bertrix very nice Rutile can be found in small cavities inside the vein Quartz. Rutile appears as acicular needles up to 1cm in length, but also as small very nice blood-red or brown crystals. Amongst those knee-twins are quite common. The Rutile is usually accompanied by Brookite, Anatase, Apatite, Titanite, Fuchsite and Xenotyme-(Y).


Rutile
Brazil
Northeast Region, Bahia, Brumado (Bom Jesus dos Meiras), Serra das Éguas, Pedra Preta pit

Rutile xls 2.9cm wide© 1995-2001 Trinity Mineral Co.


Rutile is listed as a mineral from this locality but you could not prove it from me. I spent about four days digging at this locality and never saw a scrap of rutile in the mine or with any of the miners on other trips to the locality.
[Rock Currier 2010]


Rutile
Brazil
Northeast Region, Bahia, Novo Horizonte

Rutile on Hematite in Quartz 7.5cm tall© Rob Lavinsky
Rutile in Quartz 5.2cm tall© Rob Lavinsky


Rutile in Quartz 3cm tall©
Rutile on Hematite 2cm wide


Rutile on Hematite 5.3cm wide© Rob Lavinsky
Rutile on Hematite 2.8cm tall© fabreminerals.com


Rutile on Hematite FOV 2cm© 2006 M. Kampf
Rutile on Hematite 6.1cm wide© Rob Lavinsky

The correct locality for all rutile on hematite specimens is Novo Horizonte, Bahia state; until about 25 years ago Novo Horizonte was a district inside Ibitiara county, then it was emancipated into a separate county, and all rutilated quartz and rutile on hematite localities (all small claims) are located inside the new county of Novo Horizonte; Ibitiara is not a locality for this material any longer.
[Luiz Menezes 2010]

There are two types of rutile from this locality familiar to collectors. The first and most common kind are quartz crystals with golden needles of rutile included in the quartz. Two good examples of these are pictured above. Better specimens of this kind of rutile in quartz are found here and when images of them become available we will include them in this article. The most cherished Rutile in Quartz specimens are the Rutile "stars" where the golden rutile needles are oriented on thin hexagonal crystals of hematite and radiate out beyond the rim off the hematite crystals. Good examples of these can bring thousands of dollars and are sought by collectors of inclusions and lapidaries who want to cut striking gemstones from this material. This locality, actually many many small localities near each other have been producing specimens of rutile in quartz for more than 50 years and production still continues today. In the early days it was common and shipped out by the ton to the United States and Europe. I remember one lapidary dealer in the 1960 in Los Angeles that offered 100 pound boxes of this material for $1000. It was very common. As common as this material was, almost all of it was badly treated and to find undamaged quartz crystals like the first two pictures shown here with good inclusions of rutile is quite rare. I made several trip to this locality in the 1980s to buy rutile in quartz and though I was shown hundreds of pounds of specimens of rutile in quartz I never saw even one as good as those pictured here. The one I have in my collection I eventually was forced to buy from a dealer in Belo Horizonte a few years later for what I thought was a very high price. Even though it was high I thought I had better get one while I could because the Chinese from Taiwan had entered the market in Brazil and were buying up Rutile in Quartz specimens for very high prices. This has continued through to the present time. This area produces many quartz crystals with inclusions of rutile, but not all of the rutile is in the form of the heavy golden needles pictured here. There are thousands of quartz crystals where the rutile takes the form of very fine silvery needles of rutile scattered sparingly to thickly inside the quartz. Some times the rutile is more reddish colored than silvery or golden.

I was always fascinated with the rutile in quartz from this locality and early on I tried to use Hydrofluoric acid to etch out some of the golden "spikes" of rutile from Quartz. Besides discovering just how amazingly resistant clear crystallized Quartz is to dissolving in hydrofluoric acid, I also discovered that you can't dissolve it out of Quartz using HF. They just sort of disappear once the quartz is dissolved. Perhaps they are soluble in the HF or are very thin to start with and break into very tiny pieces that no longer look like the golden needles inside the clear quartz. Sometimes, rarely the rutile needles are found growing outside the quartz and about ten years ago a find was made here of black hexagonal tabular shiny hematite crystals with abundant golden rutile crystals oriented in hexagonal arrays radiating outward from the hematite. A number of nice examples are shown here in this article, and one fairly good one, but again, we do not yet have pictures of any of the best specimens from this find. This kind of rutile on hematite oriented overgrowth are not unique to this locality and is known from a number of other localities and some of them are shown in this article. There is also a small clear quartz crystal pictured here with golden rutile inclusions. This crystal has been overpolished so to better show the golden rutile inclusions. Most of the rutile in quartz specimens from this locality are heavily damaged while being mined and or their transportation to market and their ultimate fate is at the hands of a lapidary who will cut, grind and polish them into gems beads and other lapidary objects.
[Rock Currier 2010]


Rutile
Brazil
Northeast Region, Bahia, Vitória da Conquista

Rutile ~4cm tall©



Rutile
Brazil
Northeast Region, Rio Grande do Norte, Borborema mineral province, Parelhas

Rutile ~2.5cm tall©



Rutile
Brazil
Southeast Region, Minas Gerais, Doce valley, Itambacuri

Twinned Rutile crystals 1.9cm tall© Rob Lavinsky



Rutile
Brazil
Southeast Region, Minas Gerais, Gouveia, Cuiabá District

Rutile 2.4cm tall©



Rutile
Brazil
Southeast Region, Minas Gerais, Jequitinhonha valley, Diamantina

Rutile 1.2cm tall© Tony Peterson
Rutile 2cm tall© Tony Peterson


Rutile 3.8cm wide© Rob Lavinsky
Rutile 5.5cm wide© Rob Lavinsky


Rutile 1.8cm tall© Christian Bracke
Rutile 3.6cm wide© JSS


Rutile twin 6mm tall©


From the number of specimens pictured here you might think that these specimens might be abundant. This is not the case. For about 20 years I made buying trips into the sandstone areas around Diamantina to buy quartz crystals. I was always looking for other specimens as well, but there was never much other than quartz, though some of it had fascinating inclusions of various kinds. I bought tons of quartz crystals over the years, but during all that time I was never once offered any rutile crystals as good as those pictured above. Even though they are modest size, they are rare creatures
[Rock Currier 2010]



Rutile
Brazil
Southeast Region, Minas Gerais, Ouro Preto

Rutile ~3cm tall©



Rutile
Brazil
Southeast Region, Minas Gerais, Ouro Preto, Dom Bosco (old Hargreaves), Dom Bosco Mine

Rutile 6.2cm wide© fabreminerals.com



Rutile
Brazil
Southeast Region, Minas Gerais, Ouro Preto, Rodrigo Silva, Boa Vista

Rutile twin ~2cm tall©



Rutile
Brazil
Southeast Region, Rio de Janeiro, São Francisco do Itabapoana, Barra do Rio Itabapoana

Rutile 2.5cm tall© Brhounds



Rutile
Canada
Québec, Outaouais, Gatineau TE, McGregor Lake

Rutile 2cm wide© 2001 John H. Betts



Rutile
France
Rhône-Alpes, Isère, Bourg d'Oisans, St Christophe-en-Oisans

Rutile & Hematite FOV 3mm© JM. Johannet
Rutile & Hematite FOV 3mm© JM. Johannet


Rutile
Italy
Piedmont, Torino Province, Susa Valley

Group of 3mm Rutile crystals© Chinellato Matteo



Rutile
Italy
Piedmont, Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province, Vallone del Vannino, Formazza Valley, Monte Giove

Rutile oriented on Hematite 7.2mm wide© D. Preite



Rutile
Italy
Piedmont, Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province, Baceno, Ossola Valley, Croveo, Stretta di Cuggine

1.1mm Rutile crystal© Chinellato Matteo



Rutile
Italy
Piedmont, Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province, Ossola Valley, Baceno, Devero Alp (Devero Valley; Val Devero), Mount Cervandone

2.5mm cluster of Rutile crystals© Enrico Bonacina
Rutile on Hematite FOV 6.31mm© D. Preite - M.C.


Rutile
Italy
Trentino-Alto Adige, Bolzano Province (South Tyrol), Vizze Valley (Pfitsch valley), Gliedergang

Rutile crystal ~6cm tall©



Rutile
Madagascar
Antananarivo Province

Rutile 4.5cm tall© Rob Lavinsky



Rutile
Madagascar
Fianarantsoa Province, Amoron'i Mania Region, Ampandramaika-Malakialina Pegmatite Field, Ambatofinandrahana District, Mandrosonoro area

Rutile 2.7cm tall© Rob Lavinsky



Rutile
Mozambique
Nampula Province, Nampula, Nacaroa

Rutile 3cm tall© Martins da Pedra



Rutile
Mozambique
Zambezia Province, Alto Ligonha District, Alto Ligonha pegmatites

Rutile 2.4cm tall© 0



Rutile
Namibia
Khomas Region, Gamsberg

Rutile 3.8cm tall© Rob Lavinsky
Rutile crystal 3.7cm tall© Rob Lavinsky


Rutile 2.2cm tall© Rob Lavinsky



Rutile
Namibia
Khomas Region, Windhoek District, Seeis, Ogonja (Onganja), Emke Mine

Rutile 6.2cm tall© CCURTO2010



Rutile
Norway
Aust-Agder, Iveland, Håverstad

Rutile 8cm tall© Knut Eldjarn



Rutile
Norway
Aust-Agder, Risør, Akland

Rutile 6cm tall© ØT
Rutile 4.5cm wide© A. Michalsen


Rutile
Norway
Aust-Agder, Tvedestrand

Rutile on matrix ~6cm wide©



Rutile
Norway
Hordaland, Hardangervidda

Rutile needles in Quartz 1.4cm tall© OT. Ljostad



Rutile
Norway
Nordland, Tysfjord, Kjøpsvik

Rutile & Calcite 1.4cm wide© OT. Ljostad



Rutile
Pakistan
Balochistan (Baluchistan), Kharan

Rutile in & on Quartz 4cm tall© TVM



Rutile
Pakistan
Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), Khyber Agency, Mulla Ghori, Zagi Mountain (Zegi Mountain)

Rutile 2.7cm wide© H. Obodda
Rutile 4.5cm tall© H. Obodda


Rutile
Pakistan
Northern Areas, Baltistan, Skardu District, Haramosh Mts., Tormiq valley (Tormic; Tormik; Tormig; Turmiq)

Rutile on matrix 6.5cm tall© H. Obodda



Rutile
Pakistan
Northern Areas, Baltistan, Skardu District, Skardu

Rutile 2cm tall© J. Witkowski



Rutile
Spain
Madrid, Horcajuelo, San Francisco Mine

Rutile 2.5cm tall© 2007


Rutile
Switzerland
Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden), Vorderrhein Valley, Tujetsch (Tavetsch), Curnera Valley, Cavradi gorge

Rutile oriented on Hematite ~5cm wide©


Most of the time collectors prize the bladed hematite crystals from this locality usually associated with quartz. One of the charming things about many of these specimens, which have been know for more than 100 years, is that they often have little dark red Rutile crystals epitaxially oriented on them and are labeled as hematite specimens.
[Rock Currier 2010]


Rutile
Switzerland
Wallis (Valais), Binn Valley, Im Feld (Imfeld; Feld; Fäld), Lengenbach Quarry

Rutile crystals FOV 2mm© Stephan Wolfsried
Rutile crystals FOV 6mm© Stephan Wolfsried


Rutile
Switzerland
Wallis (Valais), Binn Valley, Lercheltini (Lärcheltini) area, Vorderer Kohlergraben (Vordere Chollergrabe)

A 1.5mm Rutile crystal on Adularia© Enrico Bonacina



Rutile
USA
Arkansas, Hot Spring Co., Magnet Cove

Rutile eightling ~2.4cm wide©
Rutile eightling & othere ~2cm tall©


Rutile after Brookite ~2cm wide©
Rutile after Brookite 3.5cm wide© 2003 John H. Betts


Rutile eightling ~2cm wide©
Rutile twins ~2cm wide©

For many years in the 19th century and the early part of the 20th century, good examples of the cyclic twinned Rutiles from this locality were considered about as good as specimens of this species could get with the possible exception of the Rutile crystals from Parksburg Pennsylvania. Although Rutile specimens from other localities have eclipsed Rutiles from Magnet Cove, they are considered classics and fine examples of them are snapped up by collectors when ever they appear on the market. Cyclic twinned crystals from magnet cove rarely exceed 2cm.


Rutile
USA
Arkansas, Hot Spring Co., Magnet Cove, Perovskite Hill

Rutile 16ling ~9mm wide©
Rutile 8ling 1.2cm wide©


Rutile
USA
California, Inyo Co., Darwin District, Darwin, Unnamed W-Bi deposit

Rutile on matrix 3.5cm tall© Rob Lavinsky
Rutile on matrix 4cm tall© Rob Lavinsky


Rutile on matrix 3.2cm tall© Rob Lavinsky
Rutile on matrix 3.9cm tall© Rob Lavinsky


Rutile on matrix 5.6cm tall© Rob Lavinsky


Rob Lavinsky had a number of these specimens from Bob Raduenz who collected them in 1965 and commented that he has never relieved the exact locality of the specimens, nor has he apparently been able to find more.


Rutile
USA
California, Mono Co., White Mts, Laws, White Mountain, Champion Mine (White Mountain Mine)

Rutile on Pyrophyllite ~11cm tall©
Rutile & Pyrophyllite 5.0cm tall© Rob Lavinsky


Rutile on Pyrophyllite 4.5cm wide©
Rutile 3.2cm wide© Weinrich Minerals


Rutile on Pyrophyllite 4cm wide©
Rutile & Pyrophyllite 4cm wide© Rob Lavinsky


Rutile on Matrix 10cm wide©
Rutile & Pyrophyllite 11cm wide© WWB


The Champion mine was operated for refractory minerals for the manufacture of spark plugs and was for some years operated under the direction of C.D. Woodhouse of Woodhouseite fame which was one of the minerals found at the mine. The best specimen pictured above is from the Woodhouse collection and is currently at the University of California at Santa Barbara where most of the Woodhouse collection is located. The Rutiles from this locality don't get any better than that. The mine has been abandoned for many years, and the few little wooden camp buildings have been maintained by collectors and can still be used by them today. Most of the specimens from this mine have been collected from the abandoned working and from ledges near the top most workings and from boulders in the scree field below the upper workings along with specimens of Woodhouseite and minor Quartz. The locality continues to grudgingly produce specimens and probably will for many years though it is a bit of a hike into the locality.
[Rock Currier 2010]


Rutile
USA
Colorado, Park Co., McGuire pegmatite (Lone Lode; Lonesome pegmatite)

Rutile in Matrix 4cm wide© 0



Rutile
USA
Connecticut, Litchfield Co., Canaan

Rutile ~2.5cm tall©



Rutile
USA
Connecticut, New Haven Co., Guilford

Rutile in Quartz 5cm wide©



Rutile
USA
Georgia, Lincoln Co., Graves Mountain

Rutile 4.5cm wide© Rob Lavinsky
Rutile 4.6cm wide© Rob Lavinsky


Rutile crystal ~6cm wide©
Giant Rutile xls on Kyanite ~30cm wide©


Rutile on Kyanite ~6cm tall©
Rutile crystal~15cm tall©


Rutile 2.9cm wide© Rob Lavinsky


Graves Mountain has been producing specimens since the 1850 though sometime intermittently. Most of the major Rutile specimen production has gone hand and glove with the open pit mining of Kyanite which when separated from its associated quartz forms the main ingredient for the production of mullite which is used for refractory purposes like bricks to line furnaces. Many of the Rutile specimens from this locality are found growing on or associated with bladed Kyanite that is almost always coated with a thick coat of iron oxides, some times beautifully iridescent. I have never seen any Rutiles associated with blue Kyanite like the abundant blue specimens from Brazil. However a few Rutile and Kyanite combinations have been cleaned extensively and the blue/blue-green Kyanite can be seen. Rutile crystals up to 25 cm are known1. The locality has also produced a few spectacular rutile eightlings. Sometimes like the specimen at the lead in to this article, brilliant Kyanites are found growing on Kyanite that is coated with iridescent iron oxide minerals an these are almost fought over by collectors. When most of the specimens are found, the Rutile crystals are also coated with a fairly thick coating of iron oxide which also coats the Kyanite. Fortunately this coating can be easily removed by picking away at it with a sharp steel point like the pointed end of a pocket knife.
1. Mineralogical Record, The Mineralogy of Graves Mountain, Lincoln County, Georgia by Robert B. Cook Jr. Vol 7 #6 p.443-457.

Some years ago when the mine was still operating I was passing through Georgia on the way to an American Federation of Gem and Mineral Societies show in Florida and decided to see if I could locate any Rutile crystals. I didn't even know where the mine was exactly, but a phone call home got my secretary to look it up in my Minerals of Georgia book and soon was driving down the little highway near the mine and up the access road to the mine. I went into to the trailer where the mine office was located and asked about the possibility of getting some Rutile crystals. I was told they had one and no, because of insurance reasons they could not even let me take a picture of the mine. In short I got the bums rush. So we dejectedly drove back down to the highway and into a nearby little country gas station/convenience store, but one of the real down home country kind all made from wood with a busted out screen door with holes in the screen. I bought some gas and asked the attendant if he knew anything about rutile crystals. He said "Rutile crystals? sure, see Railey next door, he has a bunch." Not only did Railey have a bunch, but a couple of his buddy miners also had a bunch. I came away from there with about 150 pounds of rutile crystals which I cleaned up using the pointed knife blade technique mentioned above. One of the best from that find, the big single doubly terminated crystal pictures above is from that lot of specimens. Such windfalls of fine specimens is rare, but it happens from time to time if you get around enough. That trip we went through the Viburnum trend and Elmwood Tennessee and got practically nothing so over all things tend to even out.
[Rock Currier 2010]


Rutile
USA
Massachusetts, Worcester Co., Barre, Racoon Hill

Rutile 1.5cm wide© 2001 John H. Betts



Rutile
USA
New York, Westchester Co., Ossining (Sing Sing)

Reticulated Rutile, big cluster ~2cm tall ©



Rutile
USA
North Carolina, Alexander Co.,

Rutile crystal 3.8cm long© 2003 John H. Betts
Rutile crystal ~6cm long©
Rutile crystal 1.8cm tall© Danny Jones


Rutile
USA
North Carolina, Alexander Co., Hiddenite

Rutile crystal 2.8cm tall© Rob Lavinsky
Rutile in Quartz & single xl 5cm long© Joseph Polityka


Rutile on Dolomite ~5cm tall©
Rutile on matrix ~8cm tall©

These North Carolina rutile specimen especially the ones on matrix associates with mica and dolomite are rare creatures. I was never able to find a good one for my collection.
[Rock Currier 2010]


Rutile
USA
North Carolina, Alexander Co., Hiddenite, Rist Mine (North America Emerald Mines)

Rutile crystal 2.5cm tall© Weinrich Minerals
Rutile Crystals 3.1cm tall© Weinrich Minerals



Rutile
USA
North Carolina, Alexander Co., Stony Point

Rutile, Dolomite & Muscovite ~5cm tall©



Rutile
USA
Pennsylvania, Chester Co., Sadsbury Township, Parkesburg

Rutile twin ~6cm wide©
Rutile ~4cm wide©


Rutile crystal 8.7cm tall© Rob Lavinsky
Rutile crystal 3.5cm tall© Rob Lavinsky


Almost all the Rutile specimens from this locality were picked up out of plowed fields near Parkesburg and therefore almost all show mild to rather severe abrasion and rounding from their being rolled around in the soil. I don't think I have ever seen a decent specimens with the Rutiles on matrix from this locality. There are better specimens from this locality than are currently shown, but they are rare.
[Rock Currier 2010]


Rutile
Zambia
Copperbelt Province, Ndola

Rutile on Quartz 3.7cm tall© CCURTO2010



Rutile
Zambia
Kinyanfumbe

Rutile on matrix 5.5cm tall© fabreminerals.com
Rutile on matrix 5cm wide© fabreminerals.com


Rutile on Quartz 7.2cm wide© fabreminerals.com
Rutile on Quartz 3.1cm tall© fabreminerals.com


Rutile
Zambia
North-Western Province, Mwinilunga (Mwinlunga)

Rutile on Hematite 3.8cm wide© fabreminerals.com
Rutile on Hematite 4.3cm wide© fabreminerals.com


Rutile & Hematite 3.8cm wide© fabreminerals.com
Rutile on Hematite 5.3cm wide© fabreminerals.com





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Rock Currier
Crystals not pistols.



Edited 47 time(s). Last edit at 07/07/2013 02:43PM by Rudolf Hasler.
Re: Rutile
July 23, 2010 11:22PM
I will have several better photos to be added, and also some other Brazilian localities; how much time will I have?; I am working now on my export to the Springfield show.
avatar Re: Rutile
July 23, 2010 11:45PM
Luiz,
The wonderful thing about this kind of publishing is that time is not critical as all. Even if you can't upload them for six months, they can be added at any time. Just let me know here when they have been uploaded and I will add them to the article. When you get a chance you need to work on Mindat's general gallery of imaged and clean up the wrong locality attributions on the images and infarct help clean up all the bad or incomplete locality strings on mindat. They are a real mess. But every time Mindat gets another expert like you on another country or area of the world, we make progress and the database gets better and more accurate.

Rock Currier
Crystals not pistols.
avatar Re: Rutile
October 05, 2010 01:33PM
Rock
Looking good, and I have made a couple small additions, more to come when I can get the photos and info.

Regards,
Ralph
avatar Re: Rutile
April 23, 2011 11:29AM
    
Hi Rock
I have uploaded an article about the rutiles found in the Broken Hill region, with some photos of the big rutiles from a small pit on a quartz reef in the Thackaringa Hills. I thought you might like to add them to your Australian section as they are pretty impressive for rutiles from this part of the world. I'm actually curious as to what are the biggest rutiles to come out of Australia? There is not much info out there on rutile from Australia...
Trevor
avatar Re: Rutile
April 23, 2011 03:37PM
    
While not common in the Boulder Batholith, several pockets of rutilated quartz have been found here in recent years: [www.mindat.org]

Chris

William C. (CHRIS) van Laer: "I'm using the chicken to measure it..."
avatar Re: Rutile
May 18, 2012 03:26PM
Rock,
In your article about Rutile one very good alpine location in Carinthia, Austria is missing: A
avatar Re: Rutile
May 18, 2012 03:40PM
Rock,
In your article about Rutile one very good alpine location in Carinthia, Austria is missing in my opinion: Ankogel area.
I have posted some images from there and a quite good one from Hocharn. I think you probably might like them.
Their IDs are: 45 87 37
45 65 49
46 48 58
45 33 76

Rudolf
avatar Re: Rutile
May 18, 2012 07:50PM
Rudolph, You say one very good alpine rutile locality in Austria is missing. You say the name of the location is A???

Rock Currier
Crystals not pistols.
avatar Re: Rutile
May 18, 2012 08:18PM
Rudolph, I have added the Carinthia locality for Rutile to the article and three of the images. Thanks for the suggestion. Can you write some descriptive text for the locality and the rutile specimens it produces?

Rock Currier
Crystals not pistols.
avatar Re: Rutile
May 18, 2012 09:02PM
Rock,
The second and the third image you added are from the southwest face of Schwarzkopf mountain of the Ankogel area. In the Ankogel area Rutile is a quite common mineral with crystals sometimes measuring up to 7cm. Very often the Rutile variation Sagenite can be found there. The best specimens in my opinion were collected in the dangerous southwest face of Schwarzkopf by Rudi Purat and Lois Krenn.
The correct location name is: Schwarzkopf, Ankogel area, Ankogel Group, Mallnitz, Carinthia, Austria.

Rudolf
avatar Re: Rutile
June 14, 2012 10:00PM
Rock,
In Hubert Fink's collection there are some excellent Austrian Rutile specimens.The 1st one is from Stockeralp, Untersulzbach valley: [www.mindat.org]
The 2nd sand the 3rd are from Grieswies, Rauris: [www.mindat.org]
[www.mindat.org]
Maybe you have use for them.

Rudolf



Edited 2 time(s). Last edit at 06/14/2012 10:07PM by Rudolf Hasler.
avatar Re: Rutile
June 15, 2012 03:56AM
Those look really good. As soon as I can find the time, Ill put them in the article.

Rock Currier
Crystals not pistols.
avatar Re: Rutile
October 04, 2012 06:37AM
Rock,
I have put the the two images of H. Fink that you liked in your article.
I hope you don't mind.

Rudolf
avatar Re: Rutile
October 04, 2012 08:22AM
    
Very nice Rudolph!
Rock, I hope you don't mind, but I added an Austrian loc to the article (the Leffler source, Habach valley, where I found very good Rutile crystals up to 3cm ling) and two Belgian locs, one where I've found very good rutilated Quartz crystals and Sagenite, the other where I found very nice acicular Rutile.

Cheers,

Harjo
avatar Re: Rutile
March 13, 2013 02:38PM
Rock,
I have added a short information at Schwarzkof mountain in Austria.
I hope you do not mind.

Rudolf
avatar Re: Rutile
March 15, 2013 06:09AM
Rudolf;
Thanks for the addition. You don't have to let me know about little changes like that.

Rock Currier
Crystals not pistols.
avatar Re: Rutile
March 15, 2013 06:48AM
Rock:

Very nice, as always. One small oopsie above that I noticed: the text for the Champion Mine in California is shifted down one locality, such that it's under the McGuire pegmatite in Colorado.
Cheers!
D.
avatar Re: Rutile
March 15, 2013 01:49PM
Don,
Thanks for catching that. Fixed

Rock Currier
Crystals not pistols.
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