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Gypsum, United States

Posted by Rock Currier  
avatar Gypsum, United States
March 26, 2012 02:41AM
Click here for Best Minerals Gypsum Fast Navagation and here for Best Minerals G and here for Best Minerals A to Z and here for Fast Navigation of completed Best Minerals articles.


Can you help make this a better article? What good localities have we missed? Can you supply pictures of better specimens than those we show here? Can you give us more and better information about the specimens from these localities? Can you supply better geological or historical information on these localities? After each set of pictures there should be some descriptive text. If none appears it means that we need someone to tell us about the specimens from that locality and something about the geology of the occurrence.


GypsumUSA
Southwest Mine, Bisbee, Warren District, Mule Mts, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-278416.html


GypsumUSA
Saint David area, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-314220.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-400548.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-400551.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-435271.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-435269.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-435270.html


GypsumUSA
Big Sandy Valley, Mohave Co., Arizona, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-231108.html


GypsumUSA
Mission pit (Mission Mine ; East Pima Mine; Mission Porphyry Copper deposit), Mission complex, San Xavier, Pima District (Olive District; Mineral Hill District; Twin Buttes District), Sierrita Mts, Pima Co., Arizona, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-267798.html


GypsumUSA
Ray, Mineral Creek District (Ray District), Dripping Spring Mts, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-154089.html


GypsumUSA
San Manuel Mine (Apex Lead & Vanadium Mining Corp Mine; Quarelli group), San Manuel, San Manuel District, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-285536.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-285538.html


GypsumUSA
Buena Vista Mine (Goodview Mine), Providencia Canyon, Patagonia District, Patagonia Mts, Santa Cruz Co., Arizona, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-404.html


GypsumUSA
Jerome, Verde District, Black Hills (Black Hill Range), Yavapai Co., Arizona, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-140196.html


GypsumUSA
Camp Verde District, Yavapai Co., Arizona, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-50553.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-172282.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-178641.html


GypsumUSA
Darwin, Darwin District, Inyo Co., California, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-301824.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-301826.html


GypsumUSA
Calico District (Daggett District), Calico Mts (Calico Hills), San Bernardino Co., California, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-301823.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-301822.html


GypsumUSA
Ludlow, San Bernardino Co., California, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-301830.html


GypsumUSA
Searles Lake, San Bernardino Co., California, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-3654.html


GypsumUSA
Santa Barbara Co., California, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-189743.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-189744.html


GypsumUSA
Mancos Canyon, Ute Mountain Ute Reservation, Montezuma Co., Colorado, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-385882.html


GypsumUSA
Ouray Co., Colorado, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-102926.html


GypsumUSA
Camp Bird Mine, Ouray, Sneffels District (Mount Sneffels District),


GypsumUSA
Ouray Co., Colorado, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-40046.html


GypsumUSA
Sunnyside Mine (American Tunnel; Mogul Mine; Washington Mine; Belle Creole; Gold Prince; Brenneman Mine; Sunnyside Mine Group), Gladstone, Eureka District, San Juan Co., Colorado, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-343601.html


GypsumUSA
Cartersville, Cartersville District, Bartow Co., Georgia, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-429931.html


GypsumUSA
Highway 95, Weiser, Washington Co., Idaho, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-256220.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-256218.html


GypsumUSA
Corydon Stone Co. Quarry (Corydon Crushed Stone and Lime Quarry), Corydon, Harrison Co., Indiana, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-26920.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-179697.html


GypsumUSA
Oskaloosa, Mahaska Co., Iowa, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-220013.html


GypsumUSA
Crystal Cave, Cave City, Barren Co., Kentucky, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-258280.html


GypsumUSA
Mammoth Cave, Mammoth Cave National Park, Edmonson Co., Kentucky, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-48925.html


GypsumUSA
Highway Road Cut on US31W near Muldraugh, Hardin Co., Kentucky, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-299532.html


GypsumUSA
Lexington Quarry Company Catnip Hill quarry, Nicholasville, Jessamine Co., Kentucky, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-2872.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-51609.html


GypsumUSA
St. Mary's Co., Maryland, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-283515.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-329526.html


GypsumUSA
Bristol - Youngstown Mine (Claire; Clare; Bristol; Bristal; Youngstown), Crystal Falls, Menominee iron range, Iron Co., Michigan, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-6724.html


GypsumUSA
Kent Co., Michigan, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-151731.html


GypsumUSA
Grand Rapids Gypsum Co. Mine, Wyoming, Kent Co., Michigan, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-365147.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-365148.html


GypsumUSA
Marie Mine, Pryor Mountains, Carbon Co., Montana, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-49743.html


GypsumUSA
Myers, Treasure Co., Montana, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-53760.html


GypsumUSA
Gypsum Cave (Gyp Cave), Muddy Mountains District, Clark Co., Nevada, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-743.html


GypsumUSA
Storey Co., Nevada, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-217268.html


GypsumUSA
Braen Quarry (Braen Stone Industry Quarry; Sam Braen Quarry), Haledon, Passaic Co., New Jersey, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-138399.html


GypsumUSA
Millington Quarry (Morris County Crushed Stone Co. Quarry; Tilcon Quarry), Bernards Township, Somerset Co., New Jersey, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-201212.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-201186.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-307208.html


GypsumUSA
Bernalillo Co., New Mexico, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-430641.html


GypsumUSA
Lake Lucero area, White Sands National Monument, Doña Ana Co., New Mexico, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-155054.html


GypsumUSA
Carlsbad, Eddy Co., New Mexico, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-47339.html


GypsumUSA
White Sands Missile Range, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-155321.html


GypsumUSA
Kerhonkson, Rochester, Ulster Co., New York, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-244991.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-244990.html


GypsumUSA
Fargo, Cass Co., North Dakota, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-96463.html


GypsumUSA
Ellsworth, Mahoning Co., Ohio, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-9483.html


GypsumUSA
Great Salt Plains, Jet, Alfalfa Co., Oklahoma, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-356939.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-350182.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-237696.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-51116.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-237064.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-47456.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-106021.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-232110.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-272986.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-293898.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-301827.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-328613.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-301828.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-437836.html


GypsumUSA
Selman, Harper Co., Oklahoma, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-176185.html


GypsumUSA
Major Co., Oklahoma, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-410239.html


GypsumUSA
Marlow, Stephens Co., Oklahoma, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-176187.html


GypsumUSA
Terlingua District, Brewster Co., Texas, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-249184.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-344001.html


GypsumUSA
Little 38 Mine, Terlingua District, Brewster Co., Texas, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-244322.html


GypsumUSA
Mariposa Mine (California Mountain Mine), Terlingua District,


GypsumUSA
Brewster Co., Texas, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-10024.html


GypsumUSA
Cottle Co., Texas, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-314202.html


GypsumUSA
Dallas-Fort Worth Airport, Dallas Co., Texas, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-316450.html


GypsumUSA
Kellner mine, Karnes Uranium District, Karnes Co., Texas, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-46273.html


GypsumUSA
Miles, Runnels Co., Texas, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-244384.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-359133.html


GypsumUSA
Relience Clay Pit, Troup, Smith Co., Texas, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-237024.html


GypsumUSA
I-30 construction site near Hwy 360, Arlington, Tarrant Co., Texas, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-243055.html


GypsumUSA
Great Salt Lake, Box Elder Co., Utah, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-290315.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-290313.html


GypsumUSA
Bingham Canyon Mine (Bingham Canyon deposit; Kennecott Mine; Bingham Copper Mine; Utah Copper Mine), Bingham District (West
Mountain District), Oquirrh Mts, Salt Lake Co., Utah, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-268770.html


GypsumUSA
Sioux Mine (Sioux Consolidated Mining Company), Tintic District, Utah Co., Utah, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-248108.html


GypsumUSA
Caineville, Wayne Co., Utah, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-181653.html


GypsumUSA
Hanksville, Wayne Co., Utah, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-293639.html


GypsumUSA
Monongalia Co., West Virginia, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-377183.html


GypsumUSA
Hanna Basin, Carbon Co., Wyoming, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-376982.html


GypsumUSA
Hot Springs Co., Wyoming, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-10002.html


GypsumUSA
Sheridan Co., Wyoming, USA
http://www.mindat.org/photo-244214.html
http://www.mindat.org/photo-18139.html


Click here for Best Minerals Gypsum Fast Navagation and here for Best Minerals G and here for Best Minerals A to Z and here for Fast Navigation of completed Best Minerals articles.

Rock Currier
Crystals not pistols.



Edited 2 time(s). Last edit at 06/01/2012 10:08AM by Rock Currier.
avatar Re: Gypsum, United States
April 18, 2012 07:57PM
Lechuguilla Cave in New Mexico has many of it's cave speleothems made from gypsum.
http://www.nps.gov/cave/naturescience/lechuguilla_cave.htm

The sands in White Sands NM are gypsum.



Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 04/18/2012 08:01PM by David Von Bargen.
avatar Re: Gypsum, United States
April 18, 2012 10:27PM
Dave, Thanks
I have now created place holders for Gypsum from various countries, and hope that someone will come forward and start do in article on best minerals gypsum on a country or two, but I will probably eventually have to dive in and start somewhere like I did with Quartz USA to get things going.

Yes, speleothems from Lechuguilla and many other caves as well should be shown in the Gypsum, USA article. When the introduction to gypsum is written, the various kinds of gypsum should be talked about and cave formations should be among them. The upside here is that gypsum is a slightly smaller sized Elephant than quartz.

Right now I want to knock out the first draft or the Best Minerals Smithsonite article.

Rock Currier
Crystals not pistols.
avatar Re: Gypsum, United States
June 02, 2012 07:09AM
Rock,
I would be happy to provide specimen photos and text about the following locations if you would like to create the threads.

1) Marlow, Stephens County, Oklahoma
2) Salt Plains Lake, near Jet, Alfalfa County, Oklahoma
3) Salinas Paracas, Ica Department, Peru
4) Boldut Mine, Cavnic, Maramures, Romania

One of our Canadian members should be able to develop Red River Floodway, Winnipeg, Manitoba. If not I can do a little research and handle this site as well.

Karl, thanks for catching my error. The gypsum locality on Little Beaver Creek is no longer there, thus extinct, not extant.

Michael Shaw

Rock Currier
Crystals not pistols.
avatar Re: Gypsum, United States
June 02, 2012 07:11AM
Bristol mine, Iron County, Michigan - crystals coating mining artifacts after mine dewatered.

Alabastine mine, Kent Co. Michigan - Crystals to 60cm diameter 120cm long.

Lechuguilla Cave New Mexico - A large variety of rare speleothems, some of which had never been seen anywhere in the world, included 20 feet (6.1 m) gypsum chandeliers, 20 feet (6.1 m) gypsum hairs and beards

Shales in Wyoming, Colorado Utah Nevada produce selenite singles and fishtail twins to 20cm

Mission mine, Pima Co. Ariz. copper and cuprite included gypsum to 4 inches

Verde Valley, Yavapai, Ariz. pseudomorphs after glauberite

Warren Dist, Cochise, Ariz. Ramshorn gypsum

Terlingua, Texas - ramshorn

Highland mine, Arkansas - pseudomorphs after halite

David Von Bargen

Rock Currier
Crystals not pistols.
avatar Re: Gypsum, United States
June 02, 2012 07:13AM
Great Salt Plains, Jet, Alfalfa Co., Oklahoma, USA

Gypsum crystal showing characteristic "hourglass" shape. 2.4 x 7.2 cm.
Cluster of gypsum crystals measuring 6.5 x 7 cm.
Twinned gypsum crystals, 5 x 6 cm.

On the west side of Great Salt Plains Reservoir in northwest Oklahoma, lies a flat expanse of mud approximately 3 miles wide and 7 miles long. The lake was constructed in 1941 by damming the Salt Fork of the Arkansas River. The “Salt Plains” derive their name from a thin layer of salt which covers the flats. When brine conditions are right, gypsum crystals form in the wet mud on the flats. As the crystals form, sand and clay particles are incorporated in the crystal, forming an “hourglass” shape. The reddish-brown color is due to iron oxide in the soil. Clusters, single crystals, and twins can be found. Individual crystal may reach a size of 7 inches in length and clusters have been found weighing as much as 38 pounds. Although the area is within the boundaries of the Great Salt Plains National Wildlife Refuge, collectors can dig for crystals from sunrise to sunset, April 1 to October 15.

Marlow, Stephens County, Oklahoma

Gypsum var. selenite - a large plate of crystals measuring 11 x 15 cm with individual crystals to 2.5 cm.

The banks of Little Beaver Creek, just west of Marlow in southwest Oklahoma, produced nice clusters of gypsum for many years. Local collectors referred to these specimens as ‘rabbit-ears’ selenite. The reddish-brown coloration of the crystals is due to inclusions of soil rich in iron oxide. Nice specimens were plentiful throughout the 60's and 70's, but the location is now defunct. Nowadays, specimens such as this are rarely seen on the market, and are only available from old collections. Many older specimens have incurred damage due to the soft nature of the mineral.

Michael Shaw

Rock Currier
Crystals not pistols.
avatar Re: Gypsum, United States
June 02, 2012 07:14AM
There are some super selenites from Fargo, North Dakota that look like those of the Red River Floodway in Winnipeg, Manitoba. Basically the same formation on a southern trend. . .

Bill Morgenstern

Rock Currier
Crystals not pistols.
Re: Gypsum, United States
June 02, 2012 10:02AM
    
Olá Rock
http://www.mindat.org/photo-462664.html

The label said Peru from Iowa, Usa and hard to get. This sample is from Bill Wall, a old dealer and collector from North Carolina.

Thank´s

Martins da Pedra
avatar Re: Gypsum, United States
June 02, 2012 10:08AM
Its not a very fine gypsum crystal, but it probably deserves to be in the article. Thanks!

Rock Currier
Crystals not pistols.
Re: Gypsum, United States
June 02, 2012 12:14PM
For INDIANA, U.S. Gypsum and National Gypsum operate 2 underground mines in Southwest Indiana near the town of Shoals in Martin County. They mine the satin spar variety of gypsum; I have never seen crystals from these mines, but pieces are often seen on giveaway children's tables at local shows. A workers strike about 2 years ago idled one of the mines and I am not sure of its current status. In nearby Lawrence County at the Mitchell West (Georgia) Quarry there is a narrow 3.0 cm seam of selenite to satin spar layer of gypsum. There are no crystals, but large sheets of the mineral are easily collected. Two examples are pictured. Small selenite needles variety of gypsum are infrequently found in Indiana geodes. An example from Monroe County is shown in the second picture (also shown in the thread on Midwest Sedimentary Geodes). CHEERS..........BOB
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