South Crofty Mine (South Wheal Crofty), Illogan, Camborne - Redruth - St Day District, Cornwall, England, UK
Ref.: (in part): Mining Annual Review (1985): 35, 485; Rocks & Min.: 22: 1030; Bureau of Mines Mineral Trade Notes (Jun 20, 1947). A tin mine owned by Rio-Tinto Zinc (100%)(subsidiary of Carnon Consolidated, Ltd.
Photo: Maurice de Graaf
UK Grid Reference: SW667413
Began life as a small sett called Penhellick Vean in the 1590s, but absorbed smaller mines around it, becoming South Wheal Crofty in 1854.
Initially a shallow tin mine and then a copper mine, the mine workings went back into the deep tin zone from the 1860s onwards, when copper production began to decline.
In 1906 South Crofty Mine Ltd became the foundation of the modern mine. From the 1890s the mine acquired other setts as the surrounding mines closed. These included New Cook's Kitchen, Tincroft & Carn Brea, North Roskear, South Roskear, and Dolcoath Mine in 1930, to become a huge enterprise nearly 4.5 km in length.
Workings are 731 meters deep and feature 2 shafts: Robinson's man riding shaft at 682 meters & Cook's shaft at 731 meters.
Extensive history of the mine is given in A HISTORY OF SOUTH CROFTY MINE by J.A. Buckley.
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71 entries listed. 41 valid minerals.
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- Dines, H.G. (1956): The metalliferous mining region of south-west England. HMSO Publications (London), Vol. 1, pp. 317-326.
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