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Bluttenberg, Ste Marie-aux-Mines (Markirch), Haut-Rhin, Alsace, France
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Vauquelinite
Bluttenberg, Ste Marie-aux-Mines, Haut-Rhin, Alsace, France

Photo: Th. BRUNSPERGER
Latitude: 48°12'4"N
Longitude: 7°10'32"E
 
 
The Bluttenberg area includes copper-and lead-bearing veins in the southern contact aureole of the Brézouard massif, which have been mined since the 16th century. Primary ores were chalcopyrite and galena, in a gangue of mainly quartz and siderite.

The minerals occurring on the now largely overgrown dumps show that the deposit had an important gossan zone. The dump material also included slags and products from a fire-setting paragenesis (e.g. shannonite, elyite). Secondary minerals of lead and copper were occurring abundantly.

As this locality lies in the Sainte Marie-aux-Mines district, the place is protected by a archaeological mining district status and all collecting is prohibited.

Mineral List

Anglesite
Azurite
'Bindheimite'
Brochantite
Caledonite
Cerussite
Chalcopyrite
Copper
Cornwallite
Covellite
Cuprite
Duftite
Elyite
Fluorite
Galena
Goethite
Hematite
Hydrocerussite
Leadhillite
Lepidocrocite
Linarite
Litharge
Malachite
Marcasite
Massicot
Mimetite
Mottramite
Pseudomalachite
Pyrite
Pyromorphite
Quartz
Shannonite
Siderite
Silver
Stolzite
Tenorite
Tetrahedrite
Torbernite
Tsumebite
Vauquelinite
Wulfenite


41 entries listed. 40 valid minerals.

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References

- WEIL, R., SIAT, A. & FLUCK, P. (1975): Espèces minérales inédites ou rares des Vosges. - Sci. Géol., Bull. 28 (4), 261-282.
- BARI, H. (1977): Minéralogie du Bluttenberg (district de Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines). - Pierres et Terres 12, 40-47.
- BARI, H. (1978): La tsumébite. - Minéraux et Fossiles 47, 22.
- BARI, H. (1983): Markirch/Elsass. Die Mineralien des berühmten Bergbaureviers. - Lapis 8 (6), 9-37. (in German)
- J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
- U. Kolitsch (1997): New mineral occurrences from some localities in the Vosges, France: Triembach, Bluttenberg and Val d'Ajol. Aufschluss 48 (2), 65-91. (in German)
- Paul De Bondt and Thierry Brunsperger.

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