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New Jersey, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 40° 21' 2'' North , 74° 33' 30'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 40.35068, -74.55828


One of the thirteen original states of the USA. New Jersey is the fourth-smallest state but the 11th-most populous and the most densely populated of the 50 United States. It's area is 8,722.58 square miles (22,591.38 km2). High Point, in Montague Township, Sussex County, is the highest elevation, at 1,803 feet (550 meters), and is in the Kittatinny Range. New Jersey was originally settled by Native Americans, with the Lenni-Lenape (lennilenapeite) being dominant at the time of European contact.

Around 180 million years ago, during the Jurassic Period, New Jersey bordered North Africa. The pressure of the collision between North America and Africa gave rise to the Appalachian Mountains, represented by the sub-range of the Kittatinny Mountains (kittatinnyite) in the NW part of the state. Around 18,000 years ago, the Ice Age resulted in glaciers that reached northern New Jersey. As the glaciers retreated, they left behind Lake Passaic, as well as many rivers, swamps, and gorges and exposed the underlying Precambrian rocks in the NW portion of the state, including the Franklin Marble, host of the Famous zinc ore bodies at Franklin and Ogdensburg and the magnetite ore bodies.

Areas of principal mineralogical interest are the two zinc ore bodies at Franklin and Ogdensburg in Sussex County, the zeolite and copper occurrences in the traprock deposits (basalt & diabase) of the Watchung Mountains basalt and Palisades diabase, plus the numerous former iron mines in the highlands (of which there were over 300), and phosphate occurrences in the southern portion of the state. New Jersey was at one time the largest iron-producing state in the union, until discovery of the Mesabi Range deposits.

Thomas Edison, a New Jersey native, was famous for his invention of the electric light bulb; however, it is less known that he was intimately involved in mining and quarrying operations and the invention of related machinery. He was involved in copper mining at the Edison Mine in Menlo Park, New Jersey; iron mining in Sparta Township, just outside of Ogdensburg, New Jersey, where he invented a method of concentrating lower-grade magnetite ores into high-grade briquets; and limestone quarrying in Sussex County (Edison-Bodnar Quarries) for use in his little known Portland cement enterprise. Some engineering design documents in the files of the former New Jersey Zinc Company for proposed designs of mill ore beneficiation machinery bear his signature of review and concurrence. Edison almost went bankrupt when the Mesabi range discovery put his iron mining endeavors into financial distress.

New Jersey also has a belt of Cretaceous marl running SW-NE through the center of the state. The blue sand marl was mined for fertilizer all along the belt. These mining activities realized the discovery of the first dinosaur in the United States at Haddonfield. At Mullica Hill the marl belt is fossiliferous with many bivalves containing phosphates. The Quaternary sands of the Cohansy Formation in southern New Jersey produce clear quartz pebbles, weathered from crystals, at Cape May, and even petrified wood (cedar wood). The Cohansy Formation is also the host of black sand concentrates at several locations that were exploited for ilmenite (titanium), zircon (zirconium), corundum (abrasives) and monazite-Ce (waste product). Many sand pits operate in the Cohansy until today. The Cohansy also is responsible for the many miles of pristine white beaches in New Jersey (the Jersey shore) and the glass industry at Glassboro. The biologically derived bog iron ores in the swamps of the Jersey Pinelands, on the Cohansy Formation, gave rise to a thriving colonial iron industry, as preserved remains of the operations at Batsto testify to.

Yes, New Jersey is small - BUT - mineralogically very rich and famous with no less than 86 type locality minerals!!

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

'Albertite'

Acanthite

Actinolite

Adamite

Adelite

Aegirine

Aegirine-augite

Aerinite

'Agardite'

Akrochordite

Albite

var: Oligoclase

'Albite-Anorthite Series'

Allactite

Allanite-(Ce)

'Allanite Group'

Alleghanyite

Allophane

Almandine

'Amber'

'Amphibole Supergroup'

'var: Byssolite'

'var: Uralite'

Analcime

Anandite

Anatase

Andalusite

Andradite

var: Melanite

Anglesite

Anhydrite

Annabergite

Annite

Anorthite

'Anorthoclase'

Antigorite

var: Vorhauserite

Antimony

Antlerite

'Apatite'

'var: Collophane'

'Apophyllite'

Aragonite

var: Flos Ferri

Arsenic

Arseniosiderite

Arsenolite

Arsenopyrite

Artinite

'Asbestos'

'var: Mountain Leather'

Atacamite

Augite

var: Jeffersonite

Aurichalcite

Aurorite

Austinite

Autunite

Axinite-(Fe)

'Axinite Group'

Axinite-(Mn) (TL)

Azurite

Babingtonite

'Bakerite'

Bannisterite (TL)

Bariopharmacosiderite

Barylite

Barysilite

Baryte

Bassanite

'Bastnäsite'

Baumhauerite

Bementite (TL)

Beraunite

Berthierite

Beryl

Bianchite

'Biotite'

Birnessite

'Bitumen'

Bornite

Bostwickite (TL)

Brandtite

Braunite

Breithauptite

Brochantite

Brookite

Brucite (TL)

var: Nemalite

Bultfonteinite

Bustamite (TL)

Cacoxenite

Cahnite (TL)

Calcite

var: Manganoan Calcite

'Calcozincite'

Canaphite (TL)

Canavesite

Cancrinite

Caryopilite

Celadonite

Celestine

Celsian

Cerussite

'Chabazite'

Chabazite-Ca

Chalcanthite

Chalcocite

Chalcophanite (TL)

Chalcopyrite

var: Blister Copper

Chamosite

Charlesite (TL)

'Chevkinite Group'

'Chlorite Group'

Chloritoid

Chlorophoenicite (TL)

Chondrodite

Chromite

Chrysocolla

Chrysotile

Cianciulliite (TL)

'Clays'

Clinochlore

var: Diabantite

Clinochrysotile

Clinoclase

Clinohedrite (TL)

Clinohumite

Clinozoisite

'Clinozoisite-Epidote Series'

Cobaltite

Conichalcite

Connellite

Copper

Cordierite

Corundum

var: Ruby

Covellite

Cristobalite

Cryptomelane

Cummingtonite

Cuprite

var: Chalcotrichite

Cuprostibite

Cuspidine

Cyanotrichite

Cyprine

Datolite

var: Botryolite

Descloizite

Devilline

'Deweylite'

Diaoyudaoite

Digenite

Diopside

var: Schefferite

Dioptase

Djurleite

Dolomite

Domeykite

Dravite

Dufrénite

Duftite

Dundasite

Dypingite

Edenite

Epidote

'Epidote Supergroup'

Epistilbite

Epsomite

Erythrite

Esperite (TL)

Euchroite

Eveite

Fayalite

var: Roepperite (of Brush)

Feitknechtite (TL)

'Feldspar Group'

'var: Sunstone'

'Fergusonite'

Ferrimolybdite

Ferro-actinolite

Ferro-hornblende

Ferrolaueite (TL)

Ferrostrunzite (TL)

Flinkite

Fluckite

Fluoborite

Fluorapatite

Fluorapophyllite-(K)

Fluorapophyllite-(Na)

Fluorite

var: Chlorophane

Fluoro-edenite

Fluorophlogopite

Fluoro-tremolite (TL)

Fluor-uvite (TL)

Forsterite

Fraipontite (TL)

Franklinfurnaceite (TL)

Franklinite (TL)

Franklinphilite (TL)

Friedelite

Gageite (TL)

Gageite-2M (TL)

Gahnite

Galena

var: Argentiferous Galena

Ganomalite

Ganophyllite

'Garnet'

Genthelvite

Gersdorffite

Gerstmannite (TL)

Glauberite

Glaucochroite (TL)

Glaucodot

Glauconite

'Gmelinite'

Gmelinite-Na

Goethite

Gold

Goldmanite

Graeserite

Graphite

Greenockite

Grossular

var: Caswellite

Groutite

Grunerite

Guérinite

'Gummite'

Gypsum

var: Selenite

Gyrolite

Haidingerite

Halotrichite

Hancockite (TL)

Hardystonite (TL)

Harmotome

Hastingsite

Hauckite (TL)

Hausmannite

Haüyne

Hawleyite

'Hayesine'

'Hayesine (of Bechi)'

Hedenbergite

Hedyphane

Hellandite-(Y)

Hematite

var: Specularite

Hemimorphite

Hendricksite (TL)

Hercynite

Hetaerolite (TL)

'Heulandite'

Heulandite-Ca

Heulandite-Na

Hexahydrite

Hodgkinsonite (TL)

Holdenite (TL)

'Hornblende'

Hübnerite

Humite

'Humite Group'

Hyalophane

Hydrohetaerolite (TL)

Hydromagnesite (TL)

Hydrotalcite

Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)

Hydrozincite

'Hypersthene'

Ilmenite

Ilvaite

Iron

Jacobsite

Jamesonite

Jarosewichite (TL)

Jarosite

Jerrygibbsite (TL)

Johannsenite (TL)

Johnbaumite (TL)

Junitoite

Kaersutite

Kaolinite

Kentrolite

'Kertschenite'

Kittatinnyite (TL)

Kolicite (TL)

Kornerupine

Köttigite

'Köttigite-Parasymplesite Series'

Kraisslite (TL)

Kutnohorite

Kyanite

Larsenite (TL)

Laumontite

Lavendulan

Lawsonbauerite (TL)

Lead

Lechatelierite

Legrandite

Lennilenapeite (TL)

Leucite

Leucophoenicite (TL)

Leucoxene

'Lévyne'

'Limonite'

Linarite

Liroconite

Lizardite

var: Baumite

Löllingite

Loseyite (TL)

Magnesiochlorophoenicite (TL)

Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite

Magnesio-hornblende

Magnesio-riebeckite

Magnesite

Magnetite

Magnussonite

Malachite

Manganberzeliite

'Manganese Oxides'

Manganhumite

Manganite

Manganocummingtonite

Manganohörnesite

Manganosite

Manjiroite

Marcasite

Margarite

Margarosanite (TL)

Marialite

Marsturite (TL)

Mcallisterite

Mcgovernite (TL)

Meionite

var: Algerite (FRL)

Melanterite

'Melilite Group'

Mesolite

Meta-ankoleite

Metalodèvite

Metazeunerite

'Mica Group'

Microcline

var: Amazonite

Miguelromeroite (TL)

Mimetite

Minehillite (TL)

Molybdenite

Molybdite

'Monazite'

Monazite-(Ce)

Monohydrocalcite

Montmorillonite

Mooreite (TL)

Mullite

Muscovite

var: Barian Muscovite

var: Illite

var: Sericite

Nasonite (TL)

Natrolite

Nelenite (TL)

Neotocite

Nepheline

Newberyite

Niahite

Nickeline

Nontronite

Norbergite

Offretite

Ogdensburgite (TL)

Ojuelaite

Opal

var: Fire Opal

var: Hydrophane

var: Isopyre

var: Opal-AN

'Orthochrysotile'

Orthoclase

Orthoserpierite

Otavite

Palygorskite

Parabrandtite (TL)

Paragonite

Pararammelsbergite

Pararealgar

Parasymplesite

Pargasite

Pectolite

Pennantite

Petedunnite (TL)

Petersite-(Y) (TL)

'Petrified Wood'

'Petroleum'

Pharmacolite

Pharmacosiderite

'Phillipsite'

Phlogopite

Phosphosiderite

Picropharmacolite

Piemontite

'Pimelite'

'Pompton Granite'

Powellite

Prehnite

Prismatine

Pseudomalachite

Pseudorutile

'Psilomelane'

'Pumpellyite'

'Pumpellyite-(Fe)'

Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)

Pumpellyite-(Mg)

Pyrite

var: Auriferous Pyrite

Pyroaurite

'Pyroaurite-2H'

Pyrobelonite

Pyrochroite

var: Hydrohausmannite (FRL)

Pyrolusite

Pyromorphite

Pyrophanite

Pyrosmalite-(Mn) (TL)

'Pyroxene Group'

Pyroxferroite

Pyroxmangite

Pyrrhotite

Quartz

var: Agate

var: Amethyst

var: Apricotine

var: Babel-Quartz

var: Blue Quartz

var: Cape May Diamond

var: Carnelian

var: Chalcedony

var: Citrine

var: Milky Quartz

var: Rock Crystal

var: Sard

var: Sardonyx

var: Smoky Quartz

Rammelsbergite

Realgar

Retzian-(La) (TL)

Retzian-(Nd) (TL)

Rhodochrosite

Rhodonite

var: Fowlerite (FRL)

Richterite

Riebeckite

'Riebeckite Root Name'

'var: Crocidolite'

Rockbridgeite

Roeblingite (TL)

'Roméite Group'

Rosasite

Rouaite (TL)

Roweite (TL)

Rutile

Safflorite

Samarskite-(Y)

Samfowlerite (TL)

Sanidine

Saponite

Sarkinite

Sauconite

var: Vanuxemite

'Scapolite'

'var: Wernerite'

'Schalenblende'

Schallerite (TL)

Scheelite

Schorl

Sclarite (TL)

Scolecite

Scorodite

Seligmannite

Sepiolite

'Serpentine Subgroup'

'var: Marmolite'

Serpierite

Siderite

var: Sphärosiderite

Sillimanite

Silver

Sinhalite

Skutterudite

Smithsonite

Sodalite

var: Hackmanite

Sonolite

Spangolite

Spessartine

Sphalerite

var: Cleiophane

Spinel

Starkeyite

Staurolite

Stellerite

Sterlinghillite (TL)

Stevensite (TL)

Stibnite

'Stilbite'

Stilbite-Ca

Stilpnomelane

var: Ferristilpnomelane

Strengite

Strontianite

Sulphur

Sussexite (TL)

'Sussexite-Szaibelyite Series'

Synadelphite

Synchysite-(Ce)

Synchysite-(Y) (TL)

Szaibélyite

Talc

Tennantite

Tenorite

Tephroite (TL)

Tetrahedrite

Thaumasite

'Thomsonite'

Thomsonite-Ca

Thorite

Thortveitite

Thorutite

Tilasite

Titanite

Todorokite

Torreyite (TL)

'Tourmaline'

Tremolite

Tritomite-(Y)

Turneaureite (TL)

Turquoise

'UM1983-30-AsO:FeHMgMnZn'

'UM1985-26-SiO:CaMgPbZn'

'UM1986-10-CO:ClHMgMnZn' (FRL)

'UM1986-11-CO:Zn'

'UM1986-23-O:BaMnU'

'UM1986-24-O:Cu'

Uraninite

Uranophane

Uranopilite

Uranospinite

'Uvite'

Vermiculite

Vesuvianite

var: Cyprine (of Berzelius)

Vivianite

'Vredenburgite'

'Wad' (FRL)

'var: Anomalite' (FRL)

Wallkilldellite (TL)

Warwickite

Wawayandaite (TL)

Wendwilsonite (TL)

Willemite

var: Troostite

Wollastonite

Woodruffite (TL)

Wulfenite

Wurtzite

var: Voltzite

Xenotime-(Y)

Xonotlite

Yeatmanite (TL)

Yukonite

'Zeolite Group'

Zincite (TL)

Zinkenite

Zircon

Znucalite

Zoisite


447 valid minerals. 83 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 6 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Entries shown in red are rocks recorded for this region.

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities


Localities in this Region

USA
USA

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Great Swamp Watershed Association, Geological History.

External Links


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