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Ontario, Canada

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Province located in east-central Canada and the second largest province in Canada. The region contains varied geological patterns and is noted for extensively metamorphosed terrain in the eastern portion and has the geological name Grenville Province that extends into Quebec and into New York, in the USA. Contact metamorphic areas in the Grenville Province have yielded a stunning array of rock-forming minerals. The enigmatic calcite vein dikes have yielded enormous fluorapatite crystals. The eastern portion of Ontario is also widely intruded by granites, syenites, nepheline syenites, basalts, etc. Because of the varied crystalline bedrock, eastern Ontario is rich in mineral specimen areas. The eastern southern portion of Ontario is covered with sedimentary rocks, some of which are fossiliferous. The southern region contains limestones and dolomites that have been well-known for sphalerite crystals of large size as well as calcite crystals. Ontario has traditionally been an active mining region and granite pegmatites, iron deposits, gold mines, etc. have been economically important. During the 1950s, the Bancroft region had commerciallty viable uranium mines. Central and Western Ontario is noted not only for gold production, but also for extensive silver, cobalt, and nickel deposits. The western margin of the province has the well-known Thunder Bay amethyst district.

Note: The local form of government is the Regional Municipality and varies from high density townships with a large population center to rural widely dispersed populations where a large number of communities are governed by the municipality form of government. There has been an on-going restructuring of communities that has created official governmental designations for which there is yet to be a historical context. Many former small towns have been amalgamated into Regional Municipalities.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities
Acanthite
Actinolite
'Actinolite-Tremolite Series'
Aegirine
Aegirine-augite
Aenigmatite
'Aeschynite'
Aeschynite-(Ce)
Aeschynite-(Y)
Aikinite
Akaganeite
Aktashite
Alabandite
Albite
var: Andesine
var: Cleavelandite
var: Oligoclase
var: Peristerite
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
'Allanite'
'var: Pyrorthite'
Allanite-(Ce)
Allanite Group
Allanite-(La)
Allanite-(Y)
Allargentum (TL)
Alloclasite
Alluaudite
Almandine
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'
Altaite
Amblygonite
'Amphibole Asbestos'
Amphibole Supergroup
var: Byssolite
Analcime
Anatase
'Ancylite'
Ancylite-(Ce)
Andalusite
'Andorite'
Andradite
var: Melanite
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Anglesite
Anhydrite
'Animikite'
Ankerite
Annabergite
Annite
Anorthite
var: Bytownite
var: Labradorite
'Anorthoclase'
Anthophyllite
Antigorite
Antimony
'Antiperthite'
'Antozonite'
'Apatite'
'var: Trillium'
'Apatite Group'
'Apophyllite'
Aragonite
Arfvedsonite
Argentopentlandite
Argentopyrite
'Argyropyrite'
Armenite
Arsenic
Arseniosiderite
Arsenohauchecornite (TL)
Arsenolite
Arsenopalladinite
Arsenopyrite
var: Danaite
'Asbestos'
'Asphaltum'
Atheneite
Atokite
Augite
Aurichalcite
Aurostibite (TL)
Axinite-(Fe)
'Axinite Group'
Axinite-(Mn)
Azurite
Baddeleyite
Bakerite
Banalsite
Baotite
Barylite
Baryte
Barytocalcite
'Bastnäsite'
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Baumhauerite
Benjaminite (TL)
Benleonardite
Berthierine
var: Titanian Berthierine
Berthierite
Bertrandite
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
var: Emerald
Bikitaite
'Bindheimite'
'Biotite'
Bismite
Bismoclite
Bismuth
Bismuthinite
Bismutite
Bismutoferrite
'Bitumen'
'var: Elaterite'
Bityite
Bohdanowiczite
Böhmite
Boltwoodite
Bornite
Boulangerite
Bournonite
Braggite
Brannerite
Brassite
Breithauptite
Brewsterite-Ba
Britholite-(Ce)
Brochantite
Brucite
'Brugnatellite'
Burbankite
Burgessite (TL)
Bütschliite
Cacoxenite
Cadmoselite
Cafarsite
Calaverite
Calciosamarskite (TL)
Calcite
var: Anthraconite
var: Manganoan Calcite
Cancrinite
Carbocernaite
Carrollite
Cassiterite
Cattierite
Celestine
var: Barian Celestine
Cerianite-(Ce) (TL)
Cerite-(Ce)
Cerussite
'Chabazite'
Chabazite-Ca
Chalcanthite
Chalcoalumite
Chalcocite
'Chalcodite'
Chalcomenite
Chalcopyrite
Chalcostibite
Chamosite
var: Daphnite
Chapmanite (TL)
Chekhovichite
'Chert'
'var: Taconite'
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Chlorapatite
Chlorargyrite
'Chlorite Group'
Chloritoid
Chondrodite
Chromite
var: Ferrichromite
var: Titaniferous Chromite
Chrysoberyl
Chrysocolla
Chrysotile
Cinnabar
Clausthalite
'Clay'
Clinochlore
var: Chromian Clinochlore
var: Kämmererite
var: Pennine
var: Ripidolite
var: Sheridanite
Clinochrysotile
Clinohumite
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Clinosafflorite (TL)
Clinozoisite
Cobaltite
Cobaltpentlandite
Coffinite
Coldwellite (TL)
Coloradoite
'Columbite'
Columbite-(Fe)
Columbite-(Mn)
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Colusite
'Conchilites'
Cookeite
Cooperite
Copiapite
Copper
Cordierite
Corrensite
Corundum
var: Sapphire
Cosalite
Cotunnite
Covellite
Cowlesite
Crandallite
Crerarite
Crichtonite
Criddleite (TL)
Cristobalite
Crocoite
Cryptomelane
Cubanite
Cummingtonite
Cuprite
Curite
Dadsonite (TL)
Datolite
Daubréelite
'Davidite'
Davidite-(Ce)
Dawsonite
Diamond
Dickite
Digenite
Diopside
var: Chromian Diopside
'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series'
Djurleite
Dolomite
var: Ferroan Dolomite
Domeykite
Dravite
Dufrénoysite
Dumortierite
Dyscrasite
Edenite
Elbaite
Elpidite
Emplectite
Empressite
Enargite
Enstatite
var: Bronzite
Epidote
var: Yttroepidote
Epistilbite
Epsomite
Erythrite
Eucairite
Eucryptite
Euxenite-(Y)
Fairchildite
'Faujasite Subgroup'
Fayalite
'Feldspar Group'
'var: Sunstone'
Felsőbányaite
Ferberite
'Fergusonite'
Fergusonite-(Ce)
Fergusonite-(Y)
Ferriallanite-(Ce)
Ferri-fluoro-katophorite (TL)
Ferrimolybdite
Ferrisymplesite (TL)
Ferro-actinolite
'Ferro-barroisite'
Ferro-edenite
'Ferro-ferri-taramite'
Ferro-hornblende
Ferronigerite-2N1S
Ferro-pargasite
Ferro-richterite
Ferrosilite
Ferrotitanowodginite
'Ferro-tschermakite'
'Ferro-winchite'
Ferrowodginite
Fersmite
Fibroferrite
Fischesserite
Fletcherite
Fluoborite
Fluorapatite
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Fluor-dravite
Fluor-elbaite
'Fluor-feruvite'
Fluorite
var: Stink-Fluss
var: Yttrofluorite
Fluor-liddicoatite
Fluoro-richterite
Fluorstrophite
Fluor-uvite
Foitite
Forsterite
Freibergite
Freieslebenite
Froodite (TL)
'Gadolinite'
Gadolinite-(Y)
Gahnite
Galena
Galenobismutite
Galkhaite
'Garnet'
Garronite
Gedrite
Geffroyite
Geikielite
'Genthite'
Geocronite
Gersdorffite
var: Cobaltoan Gersdorffite
Getchellite
Geversite
Gibbsite
'Gismondine'
Glaucodot
Glauconite
Godlevskite
Goethite
Gold
var: Electrum
var: Palladian Gold
Gonnardite
Graftonite
Graphite
Gratonite
Greenalite
Grossular
var: Hessonite
var: Hibschite
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'
Groutite
Grunerite
'Guanglinite'
Gudmundite
Guettardite (TL)
'Gummite'
Gunningite
Gypsum
var: Selenite
Halite
'Halloysite'
Halotrichite
Harmotome
Hastingsite (TL)
Hauchecornite
Haüyne
var: Lazurite

Hawleyite
Heazlewoodite
Hedenbergite
Hellandite-(Y)
Hematite
var: Martite
var: Specularite
Hemimorphite
Hemloite (TL)
Hercynite
Hessite
Heterogenite
'Heulandite'
Hexahydrite
Hibbingite
Hisingerite
'Högbomite'
Hollandite
Hollingworthite
Holmquistite
'Hornblende'
Humboldtine
'Huntilite'
'Hyalophane'
Hydrocerussite
Hydromagnesite
'Hydronephelite'
Hydroromarchite (TL)
Hydrotalcite
Hydroxycalciopyrochlore
Hydroxycalcioroméite
'Hydroxylapatite-M' (FRL)
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)
'Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)'
Hydrozincite
'Hypersthene'
Ilmenite
'Imgreite'
Insizwaite
Irarsite
Iron
var: Kamacite
Isoferroplatinum
Isomertieite
Jacobsite
Jamesonite
Jarosite
'Jaspillite'
Jervisite
Johannsenite
Johnsomervilleite
Jordanite
'Joséite-B'
Junoite
Kaersutite
Kainosite-(Y)
Kamotoite-(Y)
Kaolinite
Kasolite
Katophorite
Keithconnite
Kermesite
Kësterite
'K Feldspar'
'var: Adularia'
Kiddcreekite (TL)
Klockmannite
Kotulskite
Krennerite
Krupkaite
Kuranakhite
Kyanite
Laflammeite
Laitakarite
Langisite (TL)
Langite
Lanthanite-(La)
Larosite (TL)
Laumontite
Launayite (TL)
Lautite
Lawrencite
'Lepidolite'
'Lepidomelane'
'Leucoxene'
'Liddicoatite'
'Limonite'
Linarite
Lindsleyite
Lindströmite
Linnaeite
Lithiophilite
Lizardite
Lokkaite-(Y)
Löllingite
Loparite-(Ce)
Lopatkaite (TL)
Ludwigite
'Macfarlanite'
Mackinawite
Madocite (TL)
Maghemite
Magnesio-arfvedsonite
Magnesiochromite
Magnesioferrite
Magnesio-hastingsite
Magnesio-hornblende
Magnesite
var: Breunnerite
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Majakite
Malachite
Malyshevite
'Manganese Oxides'
Manganite
Marcasite
Marialite
Marianoite (TL)
Maslovite
Matildite
Maucherite
Mawsonite
Mckinstryite (TL)
Meionite
Melanocerite-(Ce)
Melanterite
Melonite
Meneghinite
Menshikovite
Menzerite-(Y) (TL)
Merenskyite
'Mertieite'
Mertieite-II
Mesolite
Meta-autunite
Metaschoepite
Metatorbernite
Miargyrite
'Mica Group'
Michenerite (TL)
Microcline
var: Amazonite
Microlite Group
var: Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
'Microperthite'
Millerite
Mimetite
Molybdenite
'Molybdenite-3R'
'Molybdenum'
Molybdite
Molybdomenite
'Monazite'
Monazite-(Ce)
Monazite-(La)
Moncheite
Montebrasite
Monticellite
Montmorillonite
Morenosite
Muscovite
var: Alurgite
var: Barian-Chromian Muscovite
var: Fuchsite
var: Lithian Muscovite
var: Sericite
var: Wilsonite
Nagyágite
Naldrettite
Nanpingite
Natalyite
Natrolite
Naumannite
Nepheline
Nickelhexahydrite
Nickeline
Nickelskutterudite
Niggliite
Nioboaeschynite-(Y) (TL)
Nisbite (TL)
Norbergite
Nordstrandite
Norsethite
Oldhamite
'Olivine'
Olsacherite
'Ontariolite'
Opal
Ordoñezite
Oregonite
Orpiment
Orthoclase
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Pääkkönenite
Padmaite
Palarstanide
'Palladinite'
Palladium
Palladoarsenide
Palladobismutharsenide
Palygorskite
Paolovite
Paracostibite (TL)
Paragonite
Parapierrotite
Pararammelsbergite (TL)
Pararealgar
Paratacamite
Pargasite
Parisite-(Ce)
Parkerite (TL)
Parsonsite
Pavonite
Pearceite
Pectolite
Pentlandite
'Pentlandite Group'
Periclase
Perovskite
Perrierite-(Ce)
'Perthite'
Petalite
'Petroleum'
Petzite
Pharmacolite
Pharmacosiderite
Phenakite
'Phillipsite'
Phlogopite
var: Ferroan Phlogopite
Picropharmacolite
Pigeonite
Pilsenite
'Pintadoite'
'Platinum-Group Elements'
Playfairite (TL)
Plumbopalladinite
Polarite
Pollucite
Polybasite
Polycrase-(Y)
Polydymite
Poppiite
Posnjakite
Potassic-chloro-hastingsite
'Potassic-ferro-chloro-edenite'
Powellite
Prehnite
Proustite
'Pseudoleucite'
Pseudorutile
'Pumpellyite'
Pumpellyite-(Mg)
Purpurite
Pyrargyrite
Pyrite
var: Bravoite
var: Cobaltoan Pyrite
var: Nickelian Pyrite
Pyroaurite-3R
'Pyrobitumen'
'var: Thucholite'
'Pyrochlore'
Pyrochlore Group
var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'

'var: Stibiobetafite (of Černý et al.)'
Pyrolusite
Pyrope
Pyrophyllite
Pyrosmalite-(Fe)
Pyrosmalite-(Mn)
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
'Pyrrhotite-5C'
Quartz
var: Agate
var: Amethyst
var: Ametrine
var: Blue Quartz
var: Carnelian
var: Chalcedony
var: Citrine
var: Herkimer Diamond
var: Jasper
var: Milky Quartz
var: Rock Crystal
var: Rose Quartz
var: Smoky Quartz
Rammelsbergite
Realgar
Retgersite
Rheniite
Rhodochrosite
Richterite
Rickardite
Riebeckite
Riebeckite Root Name
var: Crocidolite

'Rinkite Group'
Robinsonite
Romarchite (TL)
'Roméite Group'
Römerite
Röntgenite-(Ce)
Roquesite
Routhierite
Rozenite
Ruarsite
Rucklidgeite
Rustenburgite
Rutile
var: Strüverite
Safflorite
Samarskite-(Y)
Samsonite
Saponite
Sarcopside
'Scapolite'
'var: Wernerite'
'Scapolite Group'
Scheelite
Schoepite
Schorl
Schorlomite
Schreibersite
Scorodite
Selenium
Seligmannite
Semseyite
Sénarmontite
Sepiolite
'Serpentine Group'
'var: Picrolite'
Serpierite
Shortite
Siderite
var: Ca-rich Siderite
Siderotil
Siegenite
Sillimanite
Silver
Sinhalite
Skaergaardite
Skutterudite
Slawsonite
Smithsonite
Smythite
'Soapstone'
Sobolevskite
Sodalite
var: Hackmanite
Soddyite
Sopcheite
Sorbyite (TL)
Sperrylite (TL)
Spessartine
Sphalerite
Spinel
'Spinel Group'
Spionkopite
Spodumene
var: Kunzite
Stannite
Stannoidite
Stannopalladinite
Staurolite
Stephanite
Sterryite (TL)
Stibarsen
'Stibiomicrolite (of Groat et al.)'
Stibiopalladinite
Stibiotantalite
Stibnite
Stichtite
'Stilbite'
Stilbite-Ca
Stillwaterite
Stillwellite-(Ce)
Stilpnomelane
Stromeyerite
Stronalsite
Strontianite
Stützite
Sudburyite (TL)
Sudoite
Sulphur
Sylvanite
Symplesite
'Synchysite'
Synchysite-(Ce)
Szaibélyite
Talc
Talnakhite
'Tantalite'
Tantalite-(Fe)
Tantalite-(Mn)
Tapiolite-(Fe)
Taramite
Tarkianite
Telargpalite
Tellurite
Tellurium
Tellurobismuthite
Tellurohauchecornite (TL)
Telluropalladinite
Temagamite (TL)
Tennantite
var: Annivite
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Tetra-auricupride
Tetradymite
Tetraferriannite
Tetraferroplatinum
Tetrahedrite
var: Argentian Tetrahedrite
Thaumasite
'Thomsonite'
Thorianite
Thorite
var: Uranothorite
'Thorogummite'
Thortveitite
Tin
Titanite
var: Lederite (of Shepard)
Titanowodginite
Tochilinite
Tomichite
Topaz
Torbernite
'Tourmaline'
'var: Rubellite'
Tremolite
Tritomite-(Y) (TL)
Troilite
Tschermakite
Tsumoite
Tungstenite
Tungusite
'Turgite'
Tvalchrelidzeite
Twinnite (TL)
Tyuyamunite
Ullmannite
Ulvöspinel
'UM1991-06-E:AuCu'
Umangite
'Unnamed (Re-Pb-Bi Sulphide)'
Uraninite
var: Pitchblende
Uranophane
Uranophane-β
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Uvarovite
'Uvite'
Vaesite
Valleriite
Vaughanite (TL)
Veenite (TL)
Vermiculite
Vesuvianite
Vigezzite
Vinciennite
Violarite (TL)
Voltaite
Volynskite
Vysotskite
'Wad'
Warwickite
Waylandite
Weddellite
'Wehrlite (of Huot)'
'Wehrlite (of Kobell)'
Weilite
'Whartonite'
Willyamite
Winchite
Witherite
Wittichenite
Wodginite
Wöhlerite
'Wolframite'
'Wolframowodginite'
Wollastonite
Woodhouseite
Wulfenite
Wurtzite
Xanthoconite
'Xenotime'
Xenotime-(Y)
Xonotlite
Yarrowite
Yecoraite
Yttrotantalite-(Y)
Zeolite Group
Zinkenite
'Zinnwaldite'
Zippeite
Zircon
var: Cyrtolite
Zirconolite
Zirkelite
Zoisite
Zoubekite
Zvyagintsevite


989 entries listed. 657 valid minerals. 47 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Localities in this Region


The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Ferguson, S.A. et al. (1973): Gold Deposits of Ontario (2 volumes); Ontario Division of Mines Circular 13.
Steacy, H.R., Rose, E. R., Moyd, L. & Hogarth, D.D. (1982): Some classic Mineral Localities of Southeastern Ontario. Mineralogical Record 13: 197-203 [in Mineral. Record (Ontario special issue) Vol. 13]


External Links

http://www.mndm.gov.on.ca/en/mines-and-minerals/applications/ogsearth [OGSEarth - geoscience data, collected by the Mines and Minerals division: mining claims, abandoned mines etc.]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mines_in_Ontario

Mineral and/or Locality  
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