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Ontario, Canada

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Province located in east-central Canada and the second largest province in Canada. The region contains varied geological patterns and is noted for extensively metamorphosed terrain in the eastern portion and has the geological name Grenville Province that extends into Quebec and into New York, in the USA. Contact metamorphic areas in the Grenville Province have yielded a stunning array of rock-forming minerals. The enigmatic calcite vein dikes have yielded enormous fluorapatite crystals. The eastern portion of Ontario is also widely intruded by granites, syenites, nepheline syenites, basalts, etc. Because of the varied crystalline bedrock, eastern Ontario is rich in mineral specimen areas. The eastern southern portion of Ontario is covered with sedimentary rocks, some of which are fossiliferous. The southern region contains limestones and dolomites that have been well-known for sphalerite crystals of large size as well as calcite crystals. Ontario has traditionally been an active mining region and granite pegmatites, iron deposits, gold mines, etc. have been economically important. During the 1950s, the Bancroft region had commerciallty viable uranium mines. Central and Western Ontario is noted not only for gold production, but also for extensive silver, cobalt, and nickel deposits. The western margin of the province has the well-known Thunder Bay amethyst district.

Note: The local form of government is the Regional Municipality and varies from high density townships with a large population center to rural widely dispersed populations where a large number of communities are governed by the municipality form of government. There has been an on-going restructuring of communities that has created official governmental designations for which there is yet to be a historical context. Many former small towns have been amalgamated into Regional Municipalities.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Acanthite

Actinolite

'Actinolite-Tremolite Series'

Aegirine

Aegirine-augite

Aenigmatite

'Aeschynite'

Aeschynite-(Ce)

Aeschynite-(Y)

Aikinite

Akaganeite

Aktashite

Alabandite

Albite

var: Andesine

var: Cleavelandite

var: Oligoclase

var: Peristerite

'Albite-Anorthite Series'

Aleksite

'Allanite'

'var: Pyrorthite'

Allanite-(Ce)

'Allanite Group'

Allanite-(La)

Allanite-(Y)

Allargentum (TL)

Alloclasite

Alluaudite

Almandine

'Almandine-Spessartine Series'

Altaite

Amblygonite

'Amphibole Asbestos'

'Amphibole Supergroup'

'var: Byssolite'

Analcime

Anatase

'Ancylite'

Ancylite-(Ce)

Andalusite

'Andorite'

Andradite

var: Melanite

'Andradite-Grossular Series'

Anglesite

Anhydrite

'Animikite'

Ankerite

Annabergite

Annite

Anorthite

var: Bytownite

var: Labradorite

'Anorthoclase'

Anthophyllite

Antigorite

Antimony

'Apatite'

'var: Trillium'

'Apatite Group'

'Apophyllite'

Aragonite

Arfvedsonite

Argentopentlandite

Argentopyrite

Argyropyrite

Armenite

Arsenic

Arseniosiderite

Arsenohauchecornite (TL)

Arsenolite

Arsenopalladinite

Arsenopyrite

var: Danaite

'Asbestos'

Atheneite

Atokite

Augite

Aurichalcite

Aurostibite (TL)

Axinite-(Fe)

'Axinite Group'

Axinite-(Mn)

Azurite

Baddeleyite

'Bakerite'

Banalsite

Baotite

Barylite

Baryte

Barytocalcite

'Bastnäsite'

Bastnäsite-(Ce)

Baumhauerite

Benjaminite (TL)

Benleonardite

'Bentonite'

Berthierine

var: Titanian Berthierine

Berthierite

Bertrandite

Beryl

var: Aquamarine

var: Emerald

Bikitaite

Bindheimite

'Biotite'

Bismite

Bismoclite

Bismuth

Bismuthinite

Bismutite

Bismutoferrite

'Bitumen'

'var: Elaterite'

Bityite

Bohdanowiczite

Böhmite

Boltwoodite

Bornite

Boulangerite

Bournonite

Braggite

Brandholzite

Brannerite

Brassite

Breithauptite

Brewsterite-Ba

Britholite-(Ce)

Brochantite

Brucite

Brugnatellite

Burbankite

Burgessite (TL)

Bütschliite

Cacoxenite

Cadmoselite

Cafarsite

Calaverite

Calciosamarskite (TL)

Calcite

var: Anthraconite

var: Manganoan Calcite

Calzirtite

Cancrinite

Carbocernaite

Carrollite

Cassiterite

Cattierite

Celestine

var: Barian Celestine

Cerianite-(Ce) (TL)

'Cerite'

Cerite-(Ce)

Cerussite

'Chabazite'

Chabazite-Ca

Chalcanthite

Chalcoalumite

Chalcocite

'Chalcodite'

Chalcomenite

Chalcopyrite

Chalcostibite

Chamosite

var: Daphnite

Chapmanite (TL)

Chekhovichite

Cherepanovite

'Chert
var: Taconite'

Chevkinite-(Ce)

Chlorapatite

Chlorargyrite

'Chlorite Group'

Chloritoid

Chondrodite

Chromite

var: Ferrichromite

var: Titaniferous Chromite

Chrysoberyl

Chrysocolla

Chrysotile

Cinnabar

Clausthalite

'Clays'

Clinochlore

var: Chromian Clinochlore

var: Pennine

var: Ripidolite

var: Sheridanite

Clinochrysotile

Clinohumite

Clinoptilolite-Ca

'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'

Clinosafflorite (TL)

Clinozoisite

Cobaltite

Cobaltpentlandite

Coffinite

Coldwellite (TL)

Coloradoite

'Columbite'

Columbite-(Fe)

'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'

Columbite-(Mn)

'Columbite-Tantalite'

Colusite

'Conchilites'

Cookeite

Cooperite

Copiapite

Copper

Cordierite

Corrensite

Corundum

var: Sapphire

Cosalite

Cotunnite

Covellite

Cowlesite

Crandallite

Crerarite

Crichtonite

Criddleite (TL)

Cristobalite

Crocoite

Cryptomelane

Cubanite

Cummingtonite

Cuprite

Curite

Dadsonite (TL)

Datolite

Daubréelite

'Davidite'

Davidite-(Ce)

Dawsonite

Delafossite

Diamond

Dickite

Digenite

Diopside

var: Chromian Diopside

'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series'

Djurleite

Dolomite

var: Ferroan Dolomite

Domeykite

Dravite

Dufrénoysite

Dumortierite

Dyscrasite

Edenite

Elbaite

Elpidite

Emplectite

Empressite

Enargite

Enstatite

var: Bronzite

Epidote

var: Yttroepidote

Epistilbite

Epsomite

Erythrite

Eucairite

Eucryptite

Euxenite-(Y)

Fairchildite

'Faujasite Subgroup'

Fayalite

'Feldspar Group'

'var: Antiperthite'

'var: Perthite'

'var: Sunstone'

Felsőbányaite

Ferberite

'Fergusonite'

Fergusonite-(Ce)

Fergusonite-(Y)

Ferriallanite-(Ce)

Ferri-fluoro-katophorite (TL)

Ferrimolybdite

Ferrisymplesite (TL)

Ferro-actinolite

'Ferro-Actinolite-Tremolite Series'

'Ferro-barroisite'

Ferro-edenite

'Ferro-ferri-taramite'

Ferro-hornblende

Ferronigerite-2N1S

Ferro-pargasite

Ferro-richterite

Ferrosilite

Ferrotitanowodginite

'Ferro-tschermakite'

'Ferro-winchite'

Ferrowodginite

Fersmite

Fibroferrite

Fischesserite

Fletcherite

Fluoborite

Fluorapatite

Fluorapophyllite-(K)

Fluor-dravite

Fluor-elbaite

'Fluor-feruvite'

Fluorite

var: Stink-Fluss

var: Yttrofluorite

Fluor-liddicoatite

Fluoro-richterite

Fluorstrophite

Fluor-uvite

Foitite

Forsterite

Freibergite

Freieslebenite

Froodite (TL)

'Gadolinite'

Gadolinite-(Y)

Gahnite

Galena

Galenobismutite

Galkhaite

'Garnet'

Garronite-Ca

Gedrite

Geffroyite

Geikielite

'Genthite'

Geocronite

Gersdorffite

var: Cobaltoan Gersdorffite

Getchellite

Geversite

Gibbsite

'Gismondine'

Glaucodot

Glauconite

Godlevskite

Goethite

Gold

var: Electrum

var: Palladian Gold

Gonnardite

Graftonite

Grandidierite

Graphite

Gratonite

Greenalite

Grossular

var: Hessonite

var: Hibschite

'Grossular-Hibschite Series'

Groutite

Grunerite

Gudmundite

Guérinite

Guettardite (TL)

'Gummite'

Gunningite

Gypsum

var: Selenite

Halite

'Halloysite'

Halotrichite

Harmotome

Hastingsite (TL)

Hauchecornite

Haüyne

var: Lazurite

Hawleyite

Heazlewoodite

Hedenbergite

Hellandite-(Y)

Hematite

var: Martite

var: Specularite

Hemimorphite

Hemloite (TL)

Hercynite

Hessite

Heterogenite

'Heulandite'

Hexahydrite

Hibbingite

Hisingerite

'Högbomite'

Hollandite

Hollingworthite

Holmquistite

'Hornblende'

Humboldtine

'Huntilite'

Hyalophane

Hydrocerussite

Hydromagnesite

'Hydronephelite'

Hydroromarchite (TL)

Hydrotalcite

Hydroxycalciopyrochlore

Hydroxycalcioroméite

'Hydroxylapatite-M' (FRL)

Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)

'Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)'

Hydrozincite

'Hypersthene'

Ilmenite

'Imgreite'

Insizwaite

Irarsite

Iron

var: Kamacite

Isoferroplatinum

Isomertieite

Jacobsite

Jamesonite

Jarosite

'Jaspillite'

Jervisite

Johannsenite

Johnsomervilleite

Jordanite

Joséite-B

Junoite

Kaersutite

Kainosite-(Y)

Kamotoite-(Y)

Kaolinite

Kasolite

Katophorite

Keithconnite

Kermesite

Kësterite

'K Feldspar'

'var: Adularia'

Kiddcreekite (TL)

Klockmannite

Kornerupine

Kotulskite

Krennerite

Krupkaite

Kuranakhite

Kyanite

Laflammeite

Laitakarite

Langisite (TL)

Langite

Lanthanite-(La)

Larosite (TL)

Laumontite

Launayite (TL)

Lautite

Lawrencite

'Lepidolite'

Leucoxene

'Liddicoatite'

'Limonite'

Linarite

Lindsleyite

Lindströmite

Linnaeite

Lithiophilite

Lizardite

Lokkaite-(Y)

Löllingite

Loparite-(Ce)

Lopatkaite (TL)

Ludwigite

'Macfarlanite'

Mackinawite

Madocite (TL)

Maghemite

Magnesio-arfvedsonite

Magnesiochromite

Magnesioferrite

Magnesio-hastingsite

Magnesio-hornblende

Magnesite

var: Breunnerite

Magnetite

var: Titaniferous Magnetite

Majakite

Malachite

Malyshevite

'Manganese Oxides'

Manganite

Marathonite

Marcasite

Marialite

Marianoite (TL)

Maslovite

Matildite

Maucherite

Mawsonite

Mckinstryite (TL)

Meionite

Melanocerite-(Ce)

Melanterite

Melonite

Meneghinite

Menshikovite

Menzerite-(Y) (TL)

Mercury

Merenskyite

'Mertieite'

Mertieite-II

Mesolite

Meta-autunite

Metaschoepite

Metatorbernite

Miargyrite

'Mica Group'

Michenerite (TL)

Microcline

var: Amazonite

Microlite Group

var: Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)

var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)

'Microperthite'

Millerite

Mimetite

Molybdenite

'Molybdenite-3R'

'Molybdenum'

Molybdite

Molybdomenite

'Monazite'

Monazite-(Ce)

Monazite-(La)

Moncheite

Montebrasite

Monticellite

Montmorillonite

Morenosite

Muscovite

var: Alurgite

var: Barian-Chromian Muscovite

var: Fuchsite

var: Illite

var: Lithian Muscovite

var: Sericite

var: Wilsonite

Nagyágite

Naldrettite

Nanpingite

Natalyite

Natrolite

Naumannite

Nepheline

Nickelhexahydrite

Nickeline

Niggliite

Nioboaeschynite-(Y) (TL)

Nisbite (TL)

Norbergite

Nordstrandite

Norsethite

Oldhamite

'Olivine'

Olsacherite

'Ontariolite'

Opal

Ordoñezite

Oregonite

Orpiment

Orschallite

Orthoclase

'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'

Pääkkönenite

Padmaite

Palarstanide

Palladinite

Palladium

Palladoarsenide

Palladobismutharsenide

Palygorskite

Paolovite

Paracostibite (TL)

Paragonite

Parapierrotite

Pararammelsbergite (TL)

Pararealgar

Paratacamite

Pargasite

Parisite-(Ce)

Parkerite (TL)

Parsonsite

Pavonite

Pearceite

Pectolite

Pentlandite

'Pentlandite Group'

Periclase

Perovskite

Perrierite-(Ce)

Petalite

'Petroleum'

Petzite

Pharmacolite

Pharmacosiderite

Phenakite

'Phillipsite'

Phlogopite

var: Ferroan Phlogopite

Picropharmacolite

Pigeonite

Pilsenite

Pintadoite

Platarsite

Platinum

'Platinum-Group Elements'

Playfairite (TL)

Plumbopalladinite

Polarite

Polkanovite

Pollucite

Polybasite

Polycrase-(Y)

Polydymite

Poppiite

Posnjakite

Potassic-chloro-hastingsite

'Potassic-ferro-chloro-edenite'

Powellite

Prehnite

Proustite

'Pseudoleucite'

Pseudorutile

'Pumpellyite'

Pumpellyite-(Mg)

Purpurite

Pyrargyrite

Pyrite

var: Bravoite

var: Cobaltoan Pyrite

var: Nickelian Pyrite

Pyroaurite

'Pyrobitumen'

'var: Thucholite'

'Pyrochlore'

Pyrochlore Group

var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)

'Pyrochlore Supergroup'

'var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'

'var: Stibiobetafite (of Černý et al.)'

Pyrolusite

Pyrope

Pyrophyllite

Pyrosmalite-(Fe)

Pyrosmalite-(Mn)

'Pyroxene Group'

Pyrrhotite

'Pyrrhotite-5C'

Quartz

var: "Herkimer-style" Quartz

var: Agate

var: Amethyst

var: Ametrine

var: Blue Quartz

var: Carnelian

var: Chalcedony

var: Citrine

var: Milky Quartz

var: Rock Crystal

var: Rose Quartz

var: Smoky Quartz

Rammelsbergite

Realgar

Retgersite

Rheniite

Rhodarsenide

Rhodochrosite

Rhodonite

Richterite

Rickardite

Riebeckite

'Riebeckite Root Name'

'var: Crocidolite'

'Rinkite Group'

Robinsonite

Romarchite (TL)

'Roméite Group'

Römerite

Röntgenite-(Ce)

Roquesite

Routhierite

Rozenite

Ruarsite

Rubicline

Rucklidgeite

Rustenburgite

Rutile

var: Strüverite

Safflorite

Samarskite-(Y)

Samsonite

Saponite

Sarcopside

'Saussurite'

'Scapolite'

'var: Wernerite'

'Scapolite Group'

'Schalenblende'

Scheelite

Schoepite

Schorl

Schorlomite

Schreibersite

Scorodite

Selenium

Seligmannite

Semseyite

Senarmontite

Sepiolite

'Serpentine Subgroup'

'var: Picrolite'

Serpierite

Shortite

Siderite

var: Ca-rich Siderite

Siderotil

Siegenite

Sillimanite

Silver

Sinhalite

Skaergaardite

Skutterudite

Slawsonite

'Smectite Group'

Smithsonite

Smythite

'Soapstone'

Sobolevskite

Sodalite

var: Hackmanite

Soddyite

Sopcheite

Sorbyite (TL)

Sperrylite (TL)

Spessartine

Sphalerite

Spherocobaltite

Spinel

'Spinel Group'

Spionkopite

Spodumene

var: Kunzite

Stannite

Stannoidite

Stannopalladinite

Staurolite

Stephanite

Sterryite (TL)

Stibarsen

'Stibiomicrolite (of Groat et al.)'

Stibiopalladinite

Stibiotantalite

Stibnite

Stichtite

'Stilbite'

Stilbite-Ca

Stillwaterite

Stillwellite-(Ce)

Stilpnomelane

Stromeyerite

Stronalsite

Strontianite

Stützite

Sudburyite (TL)

Sudoite

Sulphur

Sylvanite

Symplesite

'Synchysite'

Synchysite-(Ce)

Szaibélyite

Talc

Talnakhite

'Tantalite'

Tantalite-(Fe)

Tantalite-(Mn)

Tapiolite-(Fe)

Taramite

Tarkianite

Telargpalite

Tellurite

Tellurium

Tellurobismuthite

Tellurohauchecornite (TL)

Telluropalladinite

Temagamite (TL)

Tennantite

var: Annivite

'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'

Tetra-auricupride

Tetradymite

Tetraferriannite

Tetraferroplatinum

Tetrahedrite

var: Argentian Tetrahedrite

Thaumasite

'Thomsonite'

Thorianite

Thorite

var: Uranothorite

'Thorogummite'

Thortveitite

Tin

Titanite

var: Lederite (of Shepard)

Titanowodginite

Tochilinite

Tomichite

Topaz

Torbernite

Törnroosite

'Tourmaline'

'var: Rubellite'

Tremolite

Tritomite-(Y) (TL)

Troilite

Tschermakite

Tsumoite

Tulameenite

Tungstenite

Tungusite

'Turgite'

Tvalchrelidzeite

Twinnite (TL)

Tyuyamunite

Ullmannite

Ulvöspinel

'UM1973-22-Te:AgHgPd'

'UM1976-23-Sb:BiPdTe'

'UM1983-19-SiO:AlH'

'UM1983-20-SiO:AlH'

'UM1983-21-SiO:AlH'

'UM1984-40-Te:AgBi'

'UM1991-06-E:AuCu'

Umangite

'Unnamed (Re-Pb-Bi Sulphide)'

Uraninite

var: Pitchblende

Uranophane

Uranophane-β

'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'

Uvarovite

'Uvite'

Vaesite

Valleriite

Vasilite

Vaughanite (TL)

Veenite (TL)

Vermiculite

Vesuvianite

Vigezzite

Vincentite

Vinciennite

Violarite (TL)

Voltaite

Volynskite

Vysotskite

'Wad'

Warwickite

Waylandite

Weddellite

'Wehrlite (of Huot)'

'Wehrlite (of Kobell)'

Weilite

'Whartonite'

Willyamite

Winchite

Witherite

Wittichenite

Wodginite

Wöhlerite

'Wolframite'

'Wolframowodginite'

Wollastonite

Woodhouseite

Wulfenite

Wurtzite

Xanthoconite

'Xenotime'

Xenotime-(Y)

Xonotlite

Yarrowite

Yecoraite

Yttrotantalite-(Y)

'Zeolite Group'

Zinkenite

'Zinnwaldite'

Zippeite

Zircon

var: Cyrtolite

Zirconolite

Zirkelite

Zoisite

Zoubekite

Zvyagintsevite


684 valid minerals. 47 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Entries shown in red are rocks recorded for this region.

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities


Localities in this Region


The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Ferguson, S.A. et al. (1973): Gold Deposits of Ontario (2 volumes); Ontario Division of Mines Circular 13.
Steacy, H.R., Rose, E. R., Moyd, L. & Hogarth, D.D. (1982): Some classic Mineral Localities of Southeastern Ontario. Mineralogical Record 13: 197-203 [in Mineral. Record (Ontario special issue) Vol. 13]


External Links

http://www.mndm.gov.on.ca/en/mines-and-minerals/applications/ogsearth [OGSEarth - geoscience data, collected by the Mines and Minerals division: mining claims, abandoned mines etc.]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mines_in_Ontario

Mineral and/or Locality  
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