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Nova Scotia, Canada

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One of the Maritime Provinces, Nova Scotia is a peninsula 55,284 square kilometres in area, including Cape Breton Island. Nova Scotia has an extensive shoreline, numerous lakes, and is heavily forested.

Documented mineral exploration dates back several hundred years to the first European explorers. Earlier, the native population made use of jasper and copper. Nova Scotia had extensive mining industries for coal, gypsum, iron, manganese, and gold. More recently barite, celestite, cassiterite, lead/zinc and halite mines were operated or continue to operate. Gypsum also continues to be mined.

For collectors, Nova Scotia is most famous for the zeolites along the Bay of Fundy. These were especially celebrated through the 1800s and early 1900s before the countless deposits of India were discovered.

Nova Scotia is the type locality for five minerals. The provincial mineral is stilbite and the provincial gemstone is agate, both abundant along the Bay of Fundy.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities
Acanthite
Actinolite
Aeschynite-(Y)
Albite
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Allanite-(Ce)
Almandine
Aluminocopiapite
Alunite
Alunogen
Amblygonite
Amphibole Supergroup
Analcime
Anatase
Andalusite
Anglesite
Anhydrite
Anilite
Ankerite
Anthophyllite
Antigorite
Antimony
'Apatite'
Aplowite (TL)
'Apophyllite'
Aragonite
Arsenopyrite
Atacamite
Augite
var: Titanian Augite
Aurichalcite
Aurostibite
Autunite
'Axinite Group'
Azurite
'Baddeckite'
Barrerite
Baryte
Bassanite
Bassetite
Becquerelite
Berthierite
Bertrandite
Beryl
'Biotite'
Bismuth
Bismuthinite
'Bitumen'
Boracite
Bornite
Botallackite
Boulangerite
Braunite
Brochantite
Brookite
Brucite
Cacoxenite
Calcite
var: Glendonite
Caledonite
Carnallite
Cassiterite
Celadonite
Celestine
Cerussite
Cervantite
'Chabazite'
Chabazite-Ca
Chabazite-Na
Chalcanthite
Chalcocite
Chalcopyrite
Chalcostibite
Chambersite
'Chert'
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Childrenite
'Childrenite-Eosphorite Series'
'Chlorite Group'
Chloritoid
Chondrodite
Chromite
Chrysocolla
Cinnabar
Clarkeite
Clausthalite
Clinochlore
var: Ripidolite

'Clinoptilolite'
Clinoptilolite-Ca
Clinoptilolite-Na
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
'Coal'
'var: Jet'
'Columbite'
Cookeite
Copiapite
Copper
Cordierite
'Cordierite-Sekaninaite Series'
Corundum
Covellite
Crandallite
Cuprite
'Cyanolite'
Danburite
'Davidite'
Devilline
Dickite
Digenite
Diopside
Djurleite
Dolomite
var: Ferroan Dolomite
Dravite
Dumortierite
Elbaite
Eosphorite
Epidote
Epistilbite
Epsomite
Erythrite
'Feldspar Group'
Ferberite
Ferro-hornblende
Fersmite
Fibroferrite
Fillowite
Fluorapatite
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Fluorapophyllite-(Na)
Fluorite
Forsterite
Gahnite
Galena
var: Argentiferous Galena
'Garnet'
Germanite
Gersdorffite
Gibbsite
Ginorite
Glauberite
Glauconite
'Gmelinite'
'var: Ledererite'
Gmelinite-Ca
Gmelinite-Na
Goethite
Gold
var: Electrum
Goyazite
Graphite
Greenockite
Greigite
Groutite
'Gummite'
Gypsum
var: Satin Spar Gypsum
var: Selenite
Gyrolite
Halite
Halotrichite
Hausmannite
Haüyne
var: Lazurite

Helvine
Hematite
var: Martite
Hemimorphite
Hessite
'Heulandite'
Heulandite-Ca
Heulandite-K
Hingganite-(Y)
Hollandite
Holmquistite
'Hornblende'
Howlite (TL)
Hübnerite
Hydromagnesite
Hydrotungstite
Hydroxylapatite
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)
Hydrozincite
Ilmenite
'Ilmenite-Pyrophanite Series'
Inyoite
Jamesonite
Jarosite
'Joséite'
Kaersutite
Kaolinite
Kellyite
Kermesite
'K Feldspar'
Kyanite
Langite
Laumontite
Lavendulan
Lepidocrocite
'Lepidolite'
'Leucoxene'
'Limonite'
Linarite
Lithiophilite
Lizardite
Löllingite
Magnesiocopiapite
Magnesio-hornblende
Magnesite
Magnetite
Malachite
Manganite
Marcasite
Marialite
Matildite
Mawsonite
Mcauslanite (TL)
Melanterite
Meneghinite
Mercury
Merwinite
Mesolite
Metatorbernite
Metauranocircite-I
Metavoltine
'Mica Group'
Microcline
Microlite Group
Mirabilite
Molybdenite
'Molybdenite-2H'
'Molybdenum'
'Monazite'
Montebrasite
Monticellite
Montmorillonite
Moorhouseite (TL)
Mordenite (TL)
Morinite
Muscovite
var: Illite
var: Phengite
var: Sericite
Nacrite
Natrolite
Nepheline
Okenite
'Olivine'
Opal
Orthoclase
Palygorskite
Paratacamite
'Parisite'
Pearceite
Pectolite
Penroseite
Pentlandite
'Perthite'
Pharmacosiderite
Phenakite
Phlogopite
Phosphophyllite
Pickeringite
Pinakiolite
Platinum
Polydymite
Polyhalite
Posnjakite
Prehnite
Probertite
Proustite
Pseudomalachite
'Psilomelane'
Pyrite
var: Bravoite
var: Cobaltoan Pyrite
var: Nickelian Pyrite
Pyroaurite
Pyrolusite
Pyromorphite
Pyrophanite
Pyrophyllite
Pyrrhotite
Quartz
var: Agate
var: Amethyst
var: Bloodstone
var: Chalcedony
var: Eye Agate
var: Fortification Agate
var: Jasper
var: Moss Agate
var: Plume Agate
var: Rose Quartz
var: Smoky Quartz
Rammelsbergite
Ramsdellite
Renierite
Rhodochrosite
Rhodonite
Riebeckite
Rinneite
Rozenite
Rutile
var: Niobian Rutile
Samarskite-(Y)
Sanmartinite
Saponite
'Scapolite'
Scheelite
Schoepite
Schorl
Scolecite
Scorodite
Sedovite
'Serpentine Group'
Siderite
Sideronatrite
Siderophyllite
Sillimanite
Silver
'Smectite Group'
Smithsonite
Sperrylite
Spessartine
Sphalerite
Spinel
Spodumene
Stannite
Staurolite
Stellerite
Stibnite
'Stilbite'
Stilbite-Ca
Stromeyerite
Strontianite
Sulphur
Sylvite
Synchysite-(Ce)
Szomolnokite
Talc
'Tantalite'
'Tapiolite'
Tennantite
Tenorite
Tetrahedrite
'Tetranatrolite'
'Thomsonite'
Thomsonite-Ca
Thorite
Titanite
Topaz
Torbernite
'Tourmaline'
'var: Indicolite'
Tremolite
Triphylite
Triplite
Triploidite
Tungstite
Ulexite
Uraninite
var: Pitchblende
Valentinite
Vesuvianite
Vivianite
'Wad'
Wairakite
Willemite
Wittichenite
'Wolframite'
Wollastonite
Woodwardite
Wroewolfeite
Wulfenite
Zinkenite
'Zinnwaldite'
Zippeite
Zircon


431 entries listed. 296 valid minerals. 5 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Localities in this Region

Canada
Canada

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

R.C. Boehner, "Salt and Potash Resources in Nova Scotia", N.S. Dept. Mines and Energy, Bulletin 5, 1986.

G.W. Felderhof, "Barite, Celestite, and Fluorite in Nova Scotia", N.S. Dept. Mines, 1978.

H. How, "On the Occurrence of Natro-boro-calcite with Glauber-Salt in the Gypsum of Nova Scotia," Silliman's Journal, Article 17, pp. 230-235, September 1857.

H. How, "On Mordenite, a New Mineral from the Trap of Nova Scotia," Quarterly Journal of the Chemical Society, Article 11, pp. 100-104, 1863.

N.R. Goodman, "Gypsum in Nova Scotia and its Associated Minerals", Geology of Canadian Industrial Mineral Deposits, 1957.

J.L. Jambor and R.W. Boyle, "Moorhouseite and Aplowite, New Cobalt Minerals from Walton, Nova Scotia", Canadian Mineralogist, vol. 8, pt. 2, pp. 166-171, 1965.

J.M. Richardson, A.C. Roberts, J.D. Grice, and R.A. Ramik, "McAuslanite, A Supergene Hydrated, Iron Aluminum Fluorophosphate from the East Kemptville Tine Mine, Yarmouth County, Nova Scotia," Canadian Mineralogist, vol. 26, pp. 917-921, 1988.

A.P. Sabina, "Rocks and Minerals for the Collector - Bay of Fundy Area", GSC Paper 64-10, 1964.

A.P. Sabina, "Rocks and Minerals for the Collector - Northeastern Nova Scotia, Cape Breton, and Prince Edward Island", GSC Paper 65-10, 1965.

T.L. Walker and A.L. Parsons, "The Zeolites of Nova Scotia", Contributions to Canadian Mineralogy, University of Toronto Press, pp. 13-73, 1922.

J.D. Wright, "Iron Deposits of Nova Scotia", Nova Scotia Dept. of Mines, Econ. Geol. Ser. 75-1, 1975.

E.L. Zodrow and K. McCandlish, "Hydrated Sulfates in the Sydney Coalfield, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia," Canadian Mineralogist, vol. 16, pt. 1, pp. 17-22, 1978.

External Links

http://nsminerals.atspace.com/index.html [Mineralogy of Nova Scotia]

http://www.gov.ns.ca/natr/ [NS Department of Natural Resources]

http://www.gov.ns.ca/natr/meb/links/amolinks.asp [The Nova Scotia Abandoned Mine Openings Database]

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