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Portugal

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 38° 43' 0'' North , 9° 8' 60'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 38.7166666667, -9.15
Name(s) in local language(s):Portugal


Portugal is a country located in Southwestern Europe, on the Iberian Peninsula. It is the westernmost country of mainland Europe, and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the West and South and by Spain to the North and East. The Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira are Portuguese territory as well.

A complex and diversified geology endows Portugal with a considerable mineral potential, leading to the occurrence of considerable number of ore, industrial and ornamental stone deposits. Mineral exploitation has a present considerable high level originated from world class deposits, as Neves-Corvo (Cu, Sn) and Panasqueira (W), but also from a lot of some other deposits producing salt, feldspar, kaolin, ball clay and fire clay, ornamental stones and some other mineral substances. Portugal is presently one of the main UE producers of copper, tin and tungsten concentrates and an important world producer of ornamental stones. Exploration activity is also at a high level considering the relative small extent of the territory (roughly 90 000 Km2). Several international companies conduct exploration mainly focused on base and precious metals.

Portuguese territory covers half of the Iberian Pyrite Belt (IPB) which is considered the main metallogenic province of the European Union, where occurrences of polymetallic massive sulphide deposits like Neves-Corvo and Aljustrel, in Portugal, Rio Tinto, Sotiel, Los Frailes, Las Cruces, etc., in Spain. The IPB is the main primary source of base metals in the EU.

Hesperian granites and associated metamorphics in the north and central part of the country are associated with tungsten and tin mineralisations.

The potential in precious metals is well known since ancient times and is spread out geographically all over the country, occurring in diverse forms and different geological settings (veins, skarns, shear zones, placers, etc.).
...
In: Mineral Resources of Portugal, DGEG 2012.

Mindat Articles

Portugal and related minerals by Rui Nunes


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Acanthite

Actinolite

Aegirine

Aegirine-augite

Aenigmatite

Aikinite

Albite

var: Andesine

var: Cleavelandite

var: Oligoclase

var: Oligoclase-Albite

'Albite-Anorthite Series'

'Alkali Feldspar'

Allanite-(Ce)

Alloclasite

Alluaudite

Almandine

Althausite

Alunite

Alunogen

'Amber'

Amblygonite

'Amphibole Supergroup'

'var: Byssolite'

Analcime

Anatase

'Ancylite'

Andalusite

var: Chiastolite

Andradite

Anglesite

Anhydrite

Anilite

Ankerite

Annabergite

Annite

Anorthite

var: Bytownite

var: Labradorite

'Anorthoclase'

Antimony

Antlerite

'Apatite'

Apjohnite

Aragonite

Arfvedsonite

Argyrodite

Armenite

Arrojadite-(KFe)

Arsendescloizite

Arseniosiderite

Arsenolite

Arsenopyrite

Arthurite

'Asbestos'

Asbolane

Astrophyllite

Atacamite

Augite

Aurichalcite

Autunite

Axinite-(Fe)

Azurite

Baddeleyite

Barbosalite

Bariopharmacosiderite

Baryte

'Basaltic Hornblende'

Bastnäsite-(Ce)

Bavenite

Bayldonite

Bendadaite (TL)

'Bentonite'

Benyacarite

Beraunite

Bermanite

Berndtite

Berryite

Berthierite

Bertrandite

Beryl

var: Aquamarine

var: Emerald

var: Goshenite

var: Heliodor

Beryllonite

Beudantite

'Beudantite-Segnitite Series'

Beyerite

Bieberite

Bindheimite

'Biotite'

'var: Heterophyllite'

Bismuth

Bismuthinite

Bismutite

'Bitumen'

Blödite

Bobierrite

Bornite

Boulangerite

Bournonite

Braunite

Britholite-(Ce)

'Britholite Group'

Brochantite

Brookite

Brushite

Burbankite

Cacoxenite

Calcite

var: Ferroan Calcite

var: Travertine

Caledonite

Canfieldite

Carminite

Carnallite

Carrboydite

Cassiterite

Celadonite

Celestine

Cerite-(Ce)

Ceruleite

Cerussite

Cervantite

'Chabazite'

'var: Phacolite'

Chabazite-Ca

Chabazite-Sr

Chalcanthite

Chalcocite

Chalcophyllite

Chalcopyrite

Chalcosiderite

'Chalcosiderite-Turquoise Series'

Chamosite

Chapmanite

Chenevixite

Chernikovite

Chevkinite-(Ce)

Chiappinoite-(Y) (TL)

Childrenite

Chlorargyrite

'Chlorite Group'

'var: Brunsvigite'

Chloritoid

Chromite

var: Ferrian Chromite

Chromium

Chrysocolla

'Chrysoprase'

Claudetite (TL)

Clinochlore

var: Ripidolite

Clinoclase

'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'

Clinozoisite

Cobaltite

'Cocinerite'

Coffinite

'Columbite'

Columbite-(Fe)

'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'

Columbite-(Mn)

'Columbite-Tantalite'

Conichalcite

Connellite

Copiapite

Copper

Coquandite

Coquimbite

Cordierite

Corkite

Cornetite

Cornwallite

Coronadite

Corundum

var: Sapphire

Cosalite

Covellite

Crandallite

Cryptomelane

Cubanite

Cuprite

var: Chalcotrichite

Cuprobismutite

Cuprocopiapite

Cyanotrichite

Cyrilovite

Dalyite

Delafossite

Descloizite

Devilline

Dewindtite

Diaspore

Digenite

Diopside

Djurleite

Dolomite

var: Ferroan Dolomite

Donbassite

Dravite

'Dravite-Schorl Series'

Dufrénite

Duftite

Dwornikite

Earlshannonite

Ecandrewsite

Ekanite

Elbaite

Elpidite

Emplectite

Enargite

Enstatite

var: Bronzite

Eosphorite

Epididymite

Epidote

Epsomite

Erythrite

Eskimoite

'Eta-bronze'

Euclase

Eucryptite

'Eudialyte Group'

Euxenite-(Y)

Evansite

Fairfieldite

Fayalite (TL)

Felbertalite

'Feldspar Group'

'var: Perthite'

Ferberite

var: Reinite

Fergusonite-(Y)

Ferricopiapite

Ferrierite-Mg

Ferrimolybdite

Ferrisicklerite

Ferristrunzite

Ferrisymplesite

Ferro-actinolite

Ferro-hornblende

Ferro-katophorite

Ferrokentbrooksite

Ferronigerite-2N1S

Ferronigerite-6N6S

Ferro-richterite

Fletcherite

Florencite-(Ce)

Fluocerite-(Ce)

Fluorapatite

Fluorcalciopyrochlore

Fluorellestadite

Fluorite

Fluornatropyrochlore

Fogoite-(Y) (TL)

Foitite

Forsterite

Freibergite

Freieslebenite

Frondelite

'Frondelite-Rockbridgeite Series'

Gadolinite-(Y)

Gahnite

var: Limaite

Gaidonnayite

Galena

var: Argentiferous Galena

Galenobismutite

Ganophyllite

'Garnet'

Gayite

Geffroyite

Gersdorffite

Glaucophane

Goethite

Gold

var: Electrum

Gonnardite

Gormanite

Goyazite

Graphite

Greenockite

Grossular

var: Hessonite

Groutite

Grunerite

Gudmundite

'Gummite'

Gunningite

'Gustavite-Lillianite Series'

Gypsum

var: Selenite

Hagendorfite

Halite

'Halloysite'

Halotrichite

Hambergite

Hastingsite

Hedenbergite

Hedleyite

Helvine

Hematite

var: Martite

var: Specularite

Hemimorphite

Hentschelite

'Herderite-Hydroxylherderite Series'

Hessite

Heterogenite

Heteromorphite

Heterosite

'Heulandite'

Heulandite-Ca

Hexahydrite

Heyrovskýite

Hidalgoite

Hilairite

'Hingganite-(Y)'

Hollandite

Hopeite

'Hornblende'

Hörnesite

Hübnerite

Hureaulite

Huttonite

Hydrohetaerolite

Hydrokenoelsmoreite

var: Ferritungstite

'Hydromuscovite'

Hydrotungstite

Hydroxylapatite

Hydroxylellestadite

Hydroxylherderite

Hydrozincite

'Hypersthene'

Ilmenite

Ingodite

Iron

var: Kamacite

Isoclasite

Isokite

Ixiolite

'Jahnsite'

Jahnsite-(CaMnFe)

Jahnsite-(CaMnMn) (TL)

'Jahnsite Group'

Jamborite

Jamesonite

Jarosite

'Joséite'

Joséite-B

Kaersutite

Kaolinite

Kasolite

Kastningite

Keckite

Kentbrooksite

Kermesite

Kësterite

Kettnerite

'K Feldspar'

'var: Adularia'

Kidwellite

Kingsmountite

Kintoreite

Klebelsbergite

Kolbeckite

Köttigite

Krásnoite

Kryzhanovskite

Kurumsakite

Kyanite

Lacroixite

Langite

Laueite

Lavendulan

Låvenite

Lazulite

Lead

Leadhillite

Lechatelierite

Lepidocrocite

'Lepidolite'

Leucophosphite

Libethenite

Liebigite

'Limonite'

'var: Stilpnosiderite'

Linarite

Lipscombite

Lithiophilite

Lithiophorite

Löllingite

Lorenzenite

Ludlamite

Lun'okite

Mackinawite

Maghemite

Magnesio-hornblende

Magnesite

var: Breunnerite

Magnetite

var: Ishkulite

var: Titaniferous Magnetite

Mäkinenite

Malachite

Maldonite

Manganberzeliite

'Manganese Oxides'

'var: Manganese Dendrites'

Manganite

Manganoeudialyte

Manjiroite

'Mansfieldite-Scorodite Series'

Marcasite

Matildite

Matulaite

Mawbyite

Mawsonite

Medenbachite

Melanterite

var: Cuprian Melanterite

Meneghinite

Mercury

Meta-autunite

Metasaléeite

Metastibnite

Metaswitzerite

Metatorbernite

Metauranocircite-I

'Meteoritic Iron'

Meymacite

Miargyrite

'Mica Group'

Microcline

var: Amazonite

Microlite Group

var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)

Miharaite

Millerite

Mimetite

Mitridatite

Molybdenite

'Monazite'

Monazite-(Ce)

Montebrasite

Montgomeryite

Montmorillonite

Mordenite

Morenosite

Morinite

Mrázekite

Muscovite

var: Gilbertite

var: Lithian Muscovite

var: Phengite

var: Sericite

var: Vanadian Muscovite

Narsarsukite

Natrodufrénite

Natrojarosite

Natrolite

'Natromontebrasite'

Natrotantite

Naumannite

Nepheline

Népouite

Neyite

Nickeline

Nickelskutterudite

Nontronite

Nordgauite

Nowackiite

Nsutite

Okanoganite-(Y)

Olenite

Olivenite

'Olivine'

'Olivine Group'

Oneillite

Opal

var: Opal-AN

Orickite

Orthoclase

'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'

Osarizawaite

Owyheeite

Oxycalcioroméite

Palygorskite

Panasqueiraite (TL)

Paracoquimbite

Paragonite

Parasymplesite

Paratacamite

Paravauxite

Parisite-(Ce)

Parsonsite

Paulkerrite

Pavonite

Pearceite

Pentlandite

Perloffite

Perovskite

Petalite

Petarasite

'Petrified Wood'

'Petroleum'

Pharmacolite

Pharmacosiderite

Phenakite

'Phillipsite'

Phillipsite-Ca

Phlogopite

Phosphoferrite

Phosphohedyphane

Phosphophyllite

Phosphosiderite

Phosphuranylite

Phurcalite

Pickeringite

Pigeonite

Pitticite

Planerite

'Planerite-Turquoise Series'

Platinum

Plattnerite

Plimerite

Plumbogummite

Plumbojarosite

Poitevinite

Polybasite

Polycrase-(Y)

Posnjakite

Prehnite

Preisingerite

Proustite

Pseudobrookite

Pseudolaueite

Pseudomalachite

'Psilomelane'

Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)

Purpurite

Pyrargyrite

Pyrite

var: Cupriferous Pyrite

'Pyrochlore'

Pyrochlore Group

Pyrolusite

var: Polianite

Pyromorphite

Pyrope

Pyrophyllite

Pyrosmalite-(Fe)

'Pyroxene Group'

Pyrrhotite

Quartz

var: Agate

var: Amethyst

var: Blue Chalcedony

var: Carnelian

var: Chalcedony

var: Citrine

var: Eisenkiesel

var: Milky Quartz

var: Rock Crystal

var: Rose Quartz

var: Sceptre Quartz

var: Smoky Quartz

'Quartz-beta'

Ramsdellite

Ranciéite

Raspite

Realgar

Reddingite

Reichenbachite

Rhabdophane-(Ce)

Rhodochrosite

Rhodonite

Riebeckite

Rittmannite (TL)

Robertsite

Rockbridgeite

Romanèchite

Römerite

Rooseveltite

Roscherite

Rozenite

Rutile

var: Ilmenorutile

Sabugalite (TL)

Safflorite

Salammoniac

Saléeite

Sampleite

Sanidine

Saponite

'Scapolite'

Scheelite

Schoonerite

Schorl

Schreibersite

Scorodite

var: Phosphoscorodite

Scorzalite

Segnitite

Semseyite

Senarmontite

'Serpentine Subgroup'

Serpierite

Sicklerite

Siderite

var: Oligonite

Siderophyllite

Siderotil

Siegenite

'Silex'

Sillimanite

var: Fibrolite

Silver

var: Amalgam

Skutterudite

'Smectite Group'

Smithsonite

Smolyaninovite

Sodalite

'Sodium Amphibole Subgroup'

'Sodium-Calcium Amphibole Subgroup'

Spangolite

Spessartine

var: Brandãosite

Sphalerite

var: Marmatite

Spinel

'Spinel Group'

Spodumene

Stannite

Stannoidite

Staurolite

Steacyite

Stephanite

Stewartite

'Stibiconite'

Stibnite

'Stilbite'

Stolzite

Strengite

var: Aluminian Strengite

Strontianite

Strunzite

'Strunzite Group'

Sulphur

Svanbergite

Switzerite

Sylvanite

Taenite

Talc

var: Steatite

'Tantalite'

Tantalite-(Fe)

Tantalite-(Mn)

Tapiolite-(Fe)

Tavorite

Tennantite

'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'

Tenorite

Tetrahedrite

'Tetrahedrite Group'

Thadeuite (TL)

'Thomsonite'

Thomsonite-Ca

Thorite

Tinsleyite

Titanite

Topaz

Torbernite

'Tourmaline'

'var: Indicolite'

'var: Rubellite'

Tremolite

Tridymite

Trilithionite

Triphylite

'Triphylite Group'

Triplite

'Triplite-Zwieselite Series'

Troilite

Tschermigite

Tungstite

'Turgite'

Turkestanite

Turquoise

var: Rashleighite

Tyrolite

Ullmannite

'Unnamed (Cu-S-Si-O-H)'

'Unnamed (Pb-Bi Telluride Sulphide II)'

Uraninite

var: Pitchblende

Uranocircite

Uranophane

'Uvite'

Valentinite

Variscite

Varlamoffite

Väyrynenite

Vermiculite

Vesuvianite

Vikingite

Vivianite

Vlasovite

Volborthite

'Wad'

Wagnerite

Wavellite

Waylandite

Whitmoreite

Willemite

Wittichenite

Wolfeite

'Wolframite'

Wollastonite

Wulfenite

Wurtzite

Wüstite

Xanthoxenite

'Xenotime'

Xenotime-(Y)

Yanomamite

Zaïrite

Zapatalite

Zeunerite

'Zinconigerite-2N1S'

Zincostrunzite (TL)

Zinkenite

'Zinnwaldite'

Zippeite

Zircon

Zirconolite

Zodacite (TL)

Zoisite

Zwieselite


580 valid minerals. 12 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Entries shown in red are rocks recorded for this region.

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities


Localities in this Region

Portugal
Portugal

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Neiva, A.M.R. (1974): Geochemistry of tourmaline (schorlite) from granites, aplites and pegmatites from northern Portugal. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 38, 1307-1317.

Domergue, C. (1987): Catalogue des mines et des fonderies antiques de la Péninsule Ibérique. 2 Vols., Publications de la Casa de Velázquez, Série Archéologie VIII, Madrid, xx & xx pp.

Domergue, C. (1990): Les mines de la Péninsule Ibérique dans l'antiquité romaine. Collection de l'École Française de Rome 127, Rome, 626 pp.

Neiva, A.M.R. (2002): Portuguese granites associated with Sn-W and Au mineralizations. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland 74 (1-2), 79-101. [http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume74/Nieva.pdf]

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