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Portugal
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Latitude: 38°43'N
Longitude: 9°9'W
 
Name(s) in local language(s): Portugal
 
Portugal is a country located in Southwestern Europe, on the Iberian Peninsula. It is the westernmost country of mainland Europe, and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the West and South and by Spain to the North and East. The Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira are Portuguese territory as well.


Geological map


A complex and diversified geology endows Portugal with a considerable mineral potential, leading to the occurrence of considerable number of ore, industrial and ornamental stone deposits. Mineral exploitation has a present considerable high level originated from world class deposits, as Neves-Corvo (Cu, Sn) and Panasqueira (W), but also from a lot of some other deposits producing salt, feldspar, kaolin, ball clay and fire clay, ornamental stones and some other mineral substances. Portugal is presently one of the main UE producers of copper, tin and tungsten concentrates and an important world producer of ornamental stones. Exploration activity is also at a high level considering the relative small extent of the territory (roughly 90 000 Km2). Several international companies conduct exploration mainly focused on base and precious metals.

Portuguese territory covers half of the Iberian Pyrite Belt (IPB) which is considered the main metallogenic province of the European Union, where occurrences of polymetallic massive sulphide deposits like Neves-Corvo and Aljustrel, in Portugal, Rio Tinto, Sotiel, Los Frailes, Las Cruces, etc., in Spain. The IPB is the main primary source of base metals in the EU.

Hesperian granites and associated metamorphics in the north and central part of the country are associated with tungsten and tin mineralisations.

The potential in precious metals is well known since ancient times and is spread out geographically all over the country, occurring in diverse forms and different geological settings (veins, skarns, shear zones, placers, etc.).
...
In: Mineral Resources of Portugal, DGEG 2012.

Mindat Articles

Portugal and related Minerals by Rui Nunes


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities
Acanthite
Actinolite
Aegirine
Aegirine-augite
Aenigmatite
Aikinite
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
var: Oligoclase
var: Oligoclase-Albite
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Allanite-(Ce)
Alloclasite
Alluaudite
Almandine
Althausite
Alunite
Alunogen
'Amber'
Amblygonite
Amphibole Supergroup
var: Byssolite
Analcime
Anatase
'Ancylite'
Andalusite
var: Chiastolite
Andradite
Anglesite
Anhydrite
Anilite
Ankerite
Annabergite
Annite
Anorthite
var: Bytownite
var: Labradorite
Antimony
Antlerite
'Apatite'
'var: Phosphorite'
Apjohnite
Aragonite
Arfvedsonite
Armenite
Arrojadite-(KFe)
Arsendescloizite
Arseniosiderite
Arsenolite
Arsenopyrite
Arthurite
'Asbestos'
Asbolane
'Asphaltum'
Astrophyllite
Atacamite
Augite
Aurichalcite
Autunite
Axinite-(Fe)
Azurite
Barbosalite
Bariopharmacosiderite
Baryte
'Basaltic Hornblende'
Bavenite
Bayldonite
Bendadaite (TL)
Benyacarite
Beraunite
Bermanite
Berndtite
Berthierite
Bertrandite
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
var: Emerald
var: Goshenite
var: Heliodor
Beryllonite
Beudantite
'Beudantite-Segnitite Series'
Bieberite
'Bindheimite'
'Biotite'
'var: Heterophyllite'
Bismuth
Bismuthinite
Bismutite
'Bitumen'
Bobierrite
Bornite
Bournonite
Braunite
Britholite-(Ce)
'Britholite Group'
Brochantite
Brookite
Burbankite
Cacoxenite
Calcite
var: Ferroan Calcite
var: Travertine
Caledonite
Canfieldite
Carminite
Carnallite
'Carrboydite'
Cassiterite
Celadonite
Celestine
Ceruleite
Cerussite
Cervantite
'Chabazite'
'var: Phacolite'
Chabazite-Sr
Chalcanthite
Chalcocite
Chalcophyllite
Chalcopyrite
Chalcosiderite
Chamosite
Chernikovite
'Chert'
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Childrenite
Chlorargyrite
'Chlorite Group'
'var: Brunsvigite'
Chloritoid
Chromite
var: Ferrian Chromite
Chromium
Chrysocolla
'Chrysoprase'
Claudetite (TL)
Clinochlore
var: Ripidolite
Clinoclase
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Clinozoisite
'Coal
var: Anthracite'

'var: Bituminous Coal'
'var: Jet'
'var: Lignite'
Cobaltite
'Cocinerite'
Coffinite
'Columbite'
Columbite-(Fe)
Columbite-(Mn)
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Conichalcite
Connellite
Copiapite
Copper
Coquandite
Coquimbite
Cordierite
Corkite
Cornetite
Cornwallite
Coronadite
Corundum
var: Sapphire
Cosalite
Covellite
Cristobalite
Cryptomelane
Cubanite
Cuprite
var: Chalcotrichite
Cuprobismutite
Cuprocopiapite
Cyanotrichite
Cyrilovite
Dalyite
Delafossite
Descloizite
Devilline
Dewindtite
Diaspore
Digenite
Diopside
Djurleite
Dolomite
var: Ferroan Dolomite
Donbassite
Dravite
'Dravite-Schorl Series'
Dufrénite
Duftite
Dwornikite
Earlshannonite
Elbaite
Emplectite
Enargite
Enstatite
var: Bronzite

Eosphorite
Epidote
Erythrite
'Eta-bronze'
Euclase
Eucryptite
Eudialyte Group
Euxenite-(Y)
'Evansite'
Fairfieldite
Fayalite (TL)
Felbertalite
'Feldspar Group'
Ferberite
var: Reinite
Fergusonite-(Y)
Ferricopiapite
Ferrimolybdite
Ferrisicklerite
Ferro-actinolite
Ferro-hornblende
Ferro-katophorite
Ferrokentbrooksite
Ferronigerite-2N1S
Ferronigerite-6N6S
Ferro-richterite
Fletcherite
'Flint'
Fluorapatite
Fluorellestadite
Fluorite
Fluornatropyrochlore
Foitite
Forsterite
Freibergite
Freieslebenite
Frondelite
'Frondelite-Rockbridgeite Series'
Gahnite
var: Limaite
Gaidonnayite
Galena
var: Argentiferous Galena
Galenobismutite
'Garnet'
Gersdorffite
Glaucophane
Goethite
Gold
var: Electrum
Gonnardite
Goyazite
Graphite
Greenockite
Grossular
var: Hessonite
Groutite
Grunerite
Gudmundite
'Gummite'
Gunningite
Gypsum
var: Selenite
Hagendorfite
Halite
'Halloysite'
Halotrichite
Hambergite
Hastingsite
Hedenbergite
Helvine
Hematite
var: Martite
var: Specularite
Hemimorphite
Hentschelite
'Herderite-Hydroxylherderite Series'
Heterogenite
Heterosite
'Heulandite'
Heulandite-Ca
Hidalgoite
Hilairite
Hopeite
'Hornblende'
Hörnesite
Hübnerite
Hureaulite
Hydrohetaerolite
Hydrokenoelsmoreite
var: Ferritungstite
'Hydromuscovite'
Hydrotungstite
Hydroxylellestadite
Hydroxylherderite
Hydrozincite
'Hypersthene'
Ilmenite
Ingodite
'Isoclasite'
Isokite
Ixiolite
'Jahnsite'
Jahnsite-(CaMnMn) (TL)
'Jahnsite Group'
Jamborite
Jamesonite
Jarosite
'Joséite'
Kaersutite
Kaolinite
Kasolite
Kastningite
Keckite
Kermesite
Kësterite
'K Feldspar'
'var: Adularia'
Kidwellite
Kingsmountite
Kintoreite
Klebelsbergite
Köttigite
Krásnoite
Kryzhanovskite
Kurumsakite
Kyanite
Langite
Laueite
Lavendulan
Låvenite
Lazulite
Lead
'Lechatelierite'
Lepidocrocite
Lepidolite
Leucophosphite
Libethenite
'Limonite'
Linarite
Lipscombite
Lithiophilite
Lithiophorite
Löllingite
Ludlamite
Lun'okite
Mackinawite
Maghemite
Magnesio-hornblende
Magnesite
var: Breunnerite
Magnetite
var: Ishkulite
Mäkinenite
Malachite
Manganberzeliite
'Manganese Oxides'
'var: Manganese Dendrites'
Manganite
'Mansfieldite-Scorodite Series'
Marcasite
Matildite
Matulaite
Mawbyite
Mawsonite
Melanterite
var: Cuprian Melanterite
Meneghinite
Mercury
Meta-autunite
Metasaléeite
Metastibnite
Metaswitzerite
Metatorbernite
Metauranocircite-I
'Meteoritic Iron'
Miargyrite
'Mica Group'
Microcline
var: Amazonite
Microlite Group
Miharaite
Millerite
Mimetite
Mitridatite
Molybdenite
'Monazite'
Monazite-(Ce)
Montebrasite
Montgomeryite
Montmorillonite
Mordenite
Morenosite
Morinite
Mrázekite
Muscovite
var: Gilbertite
var: Lithian Muscovite
var: Phengite
var: Sericite
var: Vanadian Muscovite
Natrodufrénite
Natrojarosite
Natrolite
Natrotantite
Naumannite
Nepheline
Népouite
Neyite
Nickeline
Nickelskutterudite
var: Chloanthite
Nontronite
Nordgauite
Nowackiite
Nsutite
'Obsidian'
Olenite
Olivenite
'Olivine'
'Olivine Group'
Opal
var: Diatomite
var: Opal-AN
Orickite
Orthoclase
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Osarizawaite
Panasqueiraite (TL)
Paracoquimbite
Paragonite
Parasymplesite
Paratacamite
Paravauxite
Parsonsite
Paulkerrite
Pavonite
Pentlandite
Perovskite
'Perthite'
Petalite
'Petrified Wood'
'Petroleum'
Pharmacolite
Pharmacosiderite
Phenakite
'Phillipsite'
Phlogopite
Phosphoferrite
Phosphosiderite
Phosphuranylite
Phurcalite
Pickeringite
Pigeonite
'Pitticite'
Planerite
'Planerite-Turquoise Series'
Platinum
Plattnerite
Plumbogummite
Plumbojarosite
Polybasite
Posnjakite
Prehnite
Pseudobrookite
Pseudolaueite
Pseudomalachite
'Psilomelane'
'Pumice'
Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)
Purpurite
Pyrargyrite
Pyrite
var: Cupriferous Pyrite
'Pyrochlore'
Pyrochlore Group
Pyrolusite
var: Polianite
Pyromorphite
Pyrope
Pyrophyllite
'Pyrosmalite'
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Quartz
var: Agate
var: Amethyst
Quartz
var: Blue Chalcedony

var: Carnelian
var: Chalcedony
var: Citrine
var: Eisenkiesel
var: Jasper
var: Milky Quartz
var: Rock Crystal
var: Rose Quartz
var: Sardonyx
var: Sceptre Quartz
var: Smoky Quartz
'Quartz-beta'
Ramsdellite
Raspite
Realgar
Reddingite
Reichenbachite
Rhodochrosite
Rhodonite
Riebeckite
Rittmannite (TL)
Robertsite
Rockbridgeite
Romanèchite
Römerite
Rooseveltite
Roscherite
Rutile
var: Ilmenorutile
Sabugalite (TL)
Salammoniac
Saléeite
Sanidine
'Scapolite'
Scheelite
Schorl
Schreibersite
Schwartzembergite
Scorodite
Scorzalite
Segnitite
Semseyite
Sénarmontite
'Serpentine Group'
Serpierite
Sicklerite
Siderite
var: Oligonite
Siderophyllite
Siderotil
Siegenite
Sillimanite
Silver
var: Amalgam
Skutterudite
var: Smaltite
'Smectite Group'
Smithsonite
Smolyaninovite
Sodalite
Spangolite
Spessartine
var: Brandãosite
Sphalerite
var: Marmatite
Spinel
'Spinel Group'
Spodumene
Stannite
Stannoidite
Staurolite
Stephanite
Stewartite
'Stibiconite'
Stibnite
'Stilbite'
Stolzite
Strengite
var: Aluminian Strengite
Strontianite
Strunzite
'Strunzite Group'
Sulphur
Switzerite
Sylvanite
Talc
var: Steatite
'Tantalite'
Tantalite-(Mn)
Tavorite
Tennantite
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Tenorite
Tetrahedrite
'Tetrahedrite Group'
Thadeuite (TL)
'Thomsonite'
Thomsonite-Ca
Thorite
Tinsleyite
Titanite
Topaz
Torbernite
'Tourmaline'
'var: Indicolite'
'var: Rubellite'
Tremolite
Tridymite
Trilithionite
Triphylite
'Triphylite Group'
Triplite
'Triplite-Zwieselite Series'
Troilite
Tschermigite
Tungstite
Turquoise
var: Rashleighite
Tyrolite
Ullmannite
'Unnamed (Pb-Bi Telluride Sulphide II)'
Uraninite
var: Pitchblende
Uranocircite
Uranophane
'Uvite'
Valentinite
Variscite
'Varlamoffite'
Väyrynenite
Vermiculite
Vesuvianite
Vivianite
Volborthite
'Wad'
Wagnerite
Wavellite
Whitmoreite
Willemite
Wittichenite
Wolfeite
'Wolframite'
Wollastonite
Wulfenite
Wurtzite
Xanthoxenite
'Xenotime'
Xenotime-(Y)
Yanomamite
Zapatalite
Zeunerite
'Zinconigerite-2N1S'
Zinkenite
'Zinnwaldite'
Zippeite
Zircon
Zodacite (TL)
Zoisite
Zwieselite


725 entries listed. 483 valid minerals. 9 type localities (valid minerals).

Localities in this Region

Portugal
Portugal

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Neiva, A.M.R. (1974): Geochemistry of tourmaline (schorlite) from granites, aplites and pegmatites from northern Portugal. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 38, 1307-1317.

Domergue, C. (1987): Catalogue des mines et des fonderies antiques de la Péninsule Ibérique. 2 Vols., Madrid, xx & xx pp.

Domergue, C. (1990): Les mines de la Péninsule Ibérique dans l'antiquité. Coll. École Franç. Rome 127, Rom, xx pp.

Neiva, A.M.R. (2002): Portuguese granites associated with Sn-W and Au mineralizations. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland 74 (1-2), 79-101. [http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume74/Nieva.pdf]

External Links


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Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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