Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on MindatThe Mindat Store
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryRandom MineralSearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryHow to Link to MindatDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Sicily, Italy

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
 
Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 38° North , 14° East (est.)
Margin of Error:~39km
Name(s) in local language(s):Sicilia, Italia


It is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. Sicily along with surrounding minor archipelagos (Aegadian Islands, Aeolian Islands, and Pelagic Islands) and islands (Ustica and Pantelleria) forms an autonomous region of Italy, officially referred to as Sicilian Region (Regione Siciliana).

Sicily has a roughly triangular shape, which earned it the name “Trinacria”, and its inland territory is mostly hilly. To the east, it is separated from mainland Italy (Calabria) by the Strait of Messina. Along the northern coast, mountain ranges of Madonie, Nebrodi, and Peloritani represent an extention of mainland Apennines.

Volcanoes highly characterise the landscape of eastern Sicily and some of its surrounding islands. Plio-Quaternary volcanic rocks form the northern portion of the Hyblaean Plateau (south-east Sicily) and the cone of Mount Etna, which dominates over the eastern coast. Mount Etna is the largest active volcano in Europe and it currenlty stands 3229 m high, although this varies with summit eruptions. The Etna volcanic complex covers an area of 1190 km2 with a basal circumference of 140 km. The Aeolian Islands are a volcanic archipelago in the Tyrrhenian Sea north of Sicily, named after the demigod of the winds Aeolus, including the active volcanoes of Stromboli and Vulcano. Volcanic islands are also Ustica (67 km north-west of Palermo), Linosa (one of the Pelagic Islands, 160 km south of Sicily), and Pantelleria (110 km SW of Sicily).

The sulphur mines in the neighbourhood of Agrigento (formerly Girgenti), Enna (formerly Castrogiovanni), and Caltanissetta, which constituted the world’s leading sulphur-producting area through the 19th century, have declined continuously over the course of the 20th century. Sulphur mining definitely ceased in the late 1970s.

Sicilian amber, also known by the variety name of simetite (for the main locality, the mouth of the Simeto River to the south of Catania city), is worthy of particular consideration. To date, the exact locations of the primary deposits of simetite are still unknown, although according to Ferrara (1805) and later authors (Fiore, 1996; Zilli, 1997; Leoni, 2011) they would be located in the central sector ot the island. Amber has been found in alluvial soils in the neighbourhood of the Erean Mts (Monti Erei): to the east, in the territories of Enna (Castrogiovanni), Assoro (Asaro), Agira (San Filippo d’Agirò), Raddusa, Centuripe (Centorbi), Leonforte, Sperlinga, and Nicosia, drained by Dittaino and Sperlinga-Salso (also known as Salso Cimarosa or Sugara) rivers, tributaries of the Simeto hydrographic basin; to the west, in the territories of Caltanissetta and Enna (Castrogiovanni) near Capodarso, drained by Salso or Imera meridionale; to the south, in the area drained by Gela River. Transported towards the sea and washed up, especially after autumn or winter storms that agitated the seabeds, amber pieces have therefore been recovered from shallow waters and beaches near the mouth of the rivers Simeto (Catania), Salso or Imera meridionale (Licata), and Gela (Gela town, until 1927 Terranova di Sicilia). Other finds are known along the beaches of Scicli, Pozzallo, and Ispica (Spaccaforno) in Ragusa province (until 1927 Modica district, Siracusa province) (Ferrara, 1805; Jervis, 1881; and other authors).
Sicilian amber is known in a range of colours varying from yellow to orange to red to almost black. Fluorescence varies from blue to green to violet. According to Helm (Helm & Conwentz, 1887), the different colours in amber could be due to its sulphur content, originated from percolation of sulphate-rich waters. In fact, he observed that the higher the sulphur content is, the darker is colour (he measured a sulphur content of 0.42 wt.% in honey-yellow Baltic amber, 0.52 wt.% in light red Sicilian amber, 0.67 in dark red Sicilian amber, and 2.46 wt.% in blackish Sicilian amber). Also the specific gravity is higher in the blackish variety (1.125 g/cm3) than in the orange and red varieties (1.056-1.068 g/cm3). A recent study on the simetite specimens preserved in the L. Bombicci Mineralogical Museum, University of Bologna, has shown that most of them are coated with a sulphur-rich film (Zilli, 1997). Studies on inclusions in Sicilian amber are extremely rare; Goeppert (1879) identified a vegetal inclusion of Laurus Gemellariana in a simetite specimen presently preserved in the G. Gemellaro Geological Museum, University of Palermo.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Acanthite

Acmonidesite (TL)

Adranosite (TL)

Adranosite-(Fe) (TL)

Aegirine

Aegirine-augite

Aenigmatite

Aiolosite (TL)

Albite

var: Andesine

var: Oligoclase

'Albite-Anorthite Series'

Allophane

'Alum Group'

Aluminocopiapite

Aluminocoquimbite (TL)

Aluminopyracmonite (TL)

Alum-(K)

Alunite

Alunogen

'Amber'

'var: Simetite'

Analcime (TL)

'Anemousite'

Anhydrite

Ankerite

Anorthite

var: Bytownite

var: Labradorite

'Anorthoclase' (FRL)

'Apatite'

Aphthitalite

Aragonite

var: Flos Ferri

Arfvedsonite

Argesite (TL)

Arsenolite

Arsenopyrite

Atacamite

Aubertite

Augite

var: Fassaite

var: Titanian Augite

Avogadrite

Azurite

Balićžunićite (TL)

Barberiite (TL)

Baryte

Bassanite

Bindheimite

'Biotite'

Bischofite

Bismoclite

Bismuthinite

'Bitumen'

Blödite

Boulangerite

Bournonite

Boussingaultite

Brontesite (TL)

Calcite

Campostriniite (TL)

Cannizzarite (TL)

Carnallite

Celestine

Cervantite

'Chabazite'

'var: Phacolite'

Chabazite-Ca

Chabazite-K

Chabazite-Na (TL)

Chalcanthite

Chalcopyrite

Challacolloite

Chromite

'Chrysolite'

Clinometaborite (TL)

'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'

Copiapite

Copper

Coquimbite

Cordierite

Cossaite (TL)

Cotunnite

Covellite

Crandallite

Creedite

Cristobalite

D'Ansite-(Fe) (TL)

Demartinite (TL)

Demicheleite-(Br) (TL)

Demicheleite-(Cl) (TL)

Demicheleite-(I) (TL)

Dickite

Digenite

Diopside

var: Chromian Diopside

Dolomite

Enstatite

'Enstatite-Ferrosilite Series'

Epistilbite

Erythrosiderite

Faujasite-Na

'Faujasite Subgroup'

Fayalite

'Feldspar Group'

Ferrinatrite

'Ferro-eckermannite'

'Ferrohortonolite'

Ferrosilite

Fluorapatite

Fluorite

Fluoro-edenite (TL)

Fluorophlogopite (TL)

Fluoro-richterite

Forsterite

Galena

var: Selenian Galena

Galenobismutite

'Garnet'

Gearksutite

Gersdorffite

'Gismondine'

'Glass'

Glauberite

'Gmelinite'

Gmelinite-Ca

Gmelinite-Na

Godovikovite

Goethite

Gold

Gonnardite

Gypsum

Halite

Halotrichite

Hauerite

Hedenbergite

Hematite

Hephaistosite (TL)

Hercynite

var: Picotite

Heyrovskýite

Hieratite (TL)

'Hornblende'

Hydrobasaluminite

'Hydrophilite'

Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)

Hydroxylapatite

var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite

'Hypersthene'

Ilmenite

Iron

var: Kamacite

Jamesonite

Jarosite

Kaersutite

Kainite

Kaliborite

Kalinite

Kaolinite

'Keramohalite'

'K Feldspar'

Kieserite

Kimzeyite

Kirkiite

Knasibfite (TL)

Kogarkoite

Krausite

Kremersite

Lafossaite (TL)

Larderellite

Leguernite (TL)

Leonite

Leucite

Lillianite

'Limonite'

Lucabindiite (TL)

Magnesioaubertite (TL)

Magnesioferrite

Magnetite

var: Titaniferous Magnetite

Malachite

'Manganese Oxides'

Marcasite

Mascagnite

'Maskelynite'

Melanophlogite (TL)

Melanterite

var: Cuprian Melanterite

Mendozite

Mesolite

Metaborite

Metavoltine

'Meteoritic Iron'

'Mica Group'

Microcline

Millosevichite (TL)

Mirabilite

Molysite

Montgomeryite

Monticellite

Mozgovaite (TL)

Muscovite

Natrite

Natroalunite

Natrolite

Natron

Nepheline

Niter

'Olivine'

Opal

Panichiite (TL)

Pentlandite

Pertlikite

'Petroleum'

'Phillipsite'

Phillipsite-Ca

Phillipsite-K

Phillipsite-Na (TL)

Pickeringite

Picromerite

'Plessite'

Polyhalite

Pseudobrookite

Pseudocotunnite

Pyracmonite (TL)

Pyrite

Pyrolusite

Pyromorphite

'Pyroxene Group'

Pyrrhotite

Quartz

var: Agate

var: Chalcedony

Ranciéite

Realgar

Rhönite

Rosickýite

Salammoniac

Sanidine

Santite

Sassolite

Scheelite

Scorodite

Selenium

Sellaite

Siderazot (TL)

Siderite

Sideronatrite

Sillimanite

'Sodium-Calcium Amphibole Subgroup'

Sphalerite

Spinel

var: Chromspinel

Steropesite (TL)

'Stibiconite'

Stromeyerite

'Sulfurite'

'var: Arsensulfurite'

Sulphur

var: Selenian Sulphur

Sulphur-β (TL)

Sylvite

Symplesite

Tacharanite

Taenite

Tamarugite

Taranakite

Tellurium

Tenorite

Tetrahedrite

Thaumasite

'Thénardite'

Therasiaite (TL)

Thermessaite (TL)

Thermessaite-(NH4) (TL)

Thomsonite-Ca

Tobermorite

Tridymite

Troilite

Trona

Tschermigite

Vivianite

Vlodavetsite

Voltaite

Vonsenite

Vurroite (TL)

Whitlockite

Wittite

Wurtzite

'Xiphonite'

Yavapaiite

Yuanfuliite

Zaherite

'Zamboninite (of Starraba)'

Zircon


234 valid minerals. 43 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Entries shown in red are rocks recorded for this region.

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities


Localities in this Region

Italy
Italy

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

- Ferrara F. (1805): Sopra l’Ambra Siciliana. In: Memorie sopra il Lago Naftia nella Sicilia Meridionale, sopra l'Ambra Siciliana, sopra il Mele Ibleo e la città d'Ibla Megara, sopra Nasso e Callipoli. Reale Stamperia, Palermo, 73-159.
- Goeppert H.R. (1879): Sull’ambra di Sicilia e sugli oggetti in essa rinchiusi. Atti R. Accad. Naz. Lincei, Memorie classe sci. fis. mat. nat., 276, serie 3, 3, 56-62.
- Mottura S. (1871): Sulla formazione terziaria della zona solfifera della Sicilia. Mem. descr. Carta Geol. d'Italia, 27, 1, 50-140.
- Rath (vom) G. (1873): Ein Ausflug nach den Schwefelgruben von Girgenti. In: Briefwechsel. Mittheilungen an Professor G. Leonhard. Neues Jahrb. Miner. Geol. Palaeont., 584-603.
- Lasaulx (von) A. (1879): Beobachtungen in den Schwefeldistrikten von Sicilien. Neues Jahrb. Miner. Geol. Palaeont., 490-517.
- Jervis G. (1881): I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 3: Regioni delle Isole. Sardegna e Sicilia. Addenda ai precedenti volumi. Loescher, Torino, XXII+539 pp.
- Helm O., Conwentz H. (1887): Sull’ambra di Sicilia. Malpighia, 1, 1, 49-56.
- Bombicci L. (1889): La collezione di Ambre Siciliane posseduta dal museo di Mineralogia della R. Università di Bologna (dono del Ministero di pubblica istruzione nel 1889) e nuove considerazioni sull’origine dell’Ambra gialla. Mem. R. Accad. Sci. Istituto di Bologna, serie 4, 10, 473-486.
- Roda C. (1970): Salgemma, sali potassici e zolfo in Italia. Boll. Accad. Gioenia Sci. Nat., 10, 5, 364-378.
- Del Caldo A., Moro C., Gramaccioli C.M., Boscardin M. (1973): Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.
- De Michele V. (1974): Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol., 408 pp.
- Mariani P., Scaini G. (1978): I minerali d'Italia. Compagnia Generale Editoriale, Milano, 574 pp.
- Cavenago-Bignami Moneta S. (1980): Gemmologia. 4a edizione riveduta, aggiornata e ampliata. 3 vol. Hoepli, Milano, page 1254.
- Mezzadri P. (1988): La serie gessoso solfifera della Sicilia e altre memorie geo-minerarie. Roberto De Nicola Editore, Roma, 874 pp.
- Fiore C.E. (ed.) (1996): Dell’ambra siciliana,1639-1805. Testi di antichi autori siciliani. Edizioni Boemi, Catania, 126 pp.
- Zilli C. (1997): Studio sull’ambra siciliana (simetite) del museo di mineralogia L. Bombicci. Tesi di laurea. Università di Bologna, Facoltà di scienze matematiche, fisiche e naturali, 107 pp.
- Campostrini I., Demartin F., Gramaccioli C. M., Russo, M. (2011): Vulcano - Tre secoli di mineralogia. Associazione Micro-mineralogia Italiana, Cremona, 344 pp.
- Leoni D. (2011): Caratterizzazione del più importante materiale gemmologico italiano: l'ambra siciliana del Museo di Mineralogia della Sapienza. Tesi di laurea. Università degli Sudi di Roma “La Sapienza”, Facoltà di scienze matematiche, fisiche e naturali, 49 pp.
- Di Maggio C., Madonia G., Parise M., Vattano M. (2012): Karst of Sicily and its conservation. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies, 74, 2, 157-172.
- Pagano R., Wilson W. (2012): The Sulfur Mines of Sicily. Mineralogical Record, 43, 161-206.

Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2016, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: December 8, 2016 02:12:59 Page generated: December 6, 2016 14:30:13
Go to top of page