Mindat Logo

McLaughlin Mine (Manhattan Mine), Knoxville, Knoxville District, Napa Co., California, USA
This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.

Latitude: 38°50'17"N
Longitude: 122°21'50"W
 
 
A former open-cast Au-Ag-Pb-Hg mine located in sec. 6, T11N, R4W, and in sec. 1, T11N, R5W, MDM, 2.4 km (7,900 feet) WNW of the Knoxville Mine. Discovered 1865. Worked 1863 - 1877, 1892 - 1905, 1916, 1927, 1932 - 1933, and 1936 - 1945. Some operations extended into Yolo and Lake counties.

The McLaughlin deposit is a large hot spring-type gold deposit located in the northern Coast Ranges of California at the faulted lithologic contact between the Coast Range ophiolite and the Great Valley sequence. The McLaughlin deposit is centered around the sheeted vein complex, a large multistage vein swarm, localized in a dilation zone formed by rheologic contrasts in the footwall polymictic melange. The surface expression of the sheeted vein complex is a subaerial sinter terrace, which merges into the sheeted vein complex. Metal zoning in the sheeted vein complex is highly telescoped. The sinter is enriched in mercury, whereas gold and silver are restricted to the upper 350 m. with the proportion of gold to silver decreasing with depth. Gold is typically present as electrum and is associated with silver and base metal-bearing sulfosalts. Below 350 m mineralization is dominated by small quartz veins with base metal sulfides.

Mineralization is a hydrothermal vein deposit. Host rock is aphanitic volcanic rock (tuff). The ore zone is irregular at 1609.3 meters (1 mile) long and 30.48 meters (several hundred yards ?) wide. The ore occurs as irregular veins of cinnabar filling joint cracks in Tertiary olivine basalt and is disseminated in the rocks adjoining the veins. Alteration is local: silicification of fault zones and tuff; bleaching and kaolinization of basalt. Volcanics are overlain by hot springs deposits.

Production: Ore ran more than 32-50 pounds/ton hand cobbed. Assay given as 18,520 grams/mt.

Mineral List

Alunogen
Ammonioalunite
Aragonite
Arsenopyrite
Baryte
Buddingtonite
Calcite
'Chert'
Cinnabar
Gold
var: Electrum
Jamesonite
Kaolinite
'K Feldspar
var: Adularia'

Marcasite
Melanterite
Mercury
Metacinnabar
Miargyrite
Montmorillonite
Montroydite
Muscovite
var: Sericite

Opal
var: Lemon Opal
var: Precious Opal
Pyrargyrite
Pyrite
Pyrolusite
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
var: Myrickite
Sénarmontite
'Siliceous sinter'
Stibnite


34 entries listed. 25 valid minerals.

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 1095-1096.

Bradley, W.W. (1918), Quicksilver resources of California, with a section on metallurgy and ore dressing: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 78: 86.

Rocks & Minerals (1947): 22: 615.

Bailey, Edgar H. (1959), Froth veins, formed by immiscible hydrothermal fluids, in mercury deposits, California: Geological Society of America Bulletin 70: 661-664.

Davis, F.F. and E.H. Bailey (1966) Mercury. California Division Mines and Geol. Bulletin 191.

Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 232, 304, 350.

Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 111 (map 3-7), 118, 119 (map 3-9), 130, 137, 185, 216, 263, 347.

USGS MRDS database (2005), loc. file ID #10040777.
Journal of Volcanology & Geothermal Resources: 56: 401-414.

Sherlock, R.L. and Lehrman, N.J. (1995), Occurrences of dendritic gold at the McLaughlin Mine. Mineralium Deposita: 30 (3-4): 323-327.

Sherlock, Ross L., Richard M. Tosdal, Norman J. Lehrman, Joseph R. Graney, Steven Losh, E. Craig Jowett and Stephen E. Kesler (1995), Origin of the McLaughlin Mine sheeted vein complex; metal zoning, fluid inclusion, and isotopic evidence. Economic Geology: 90(8): 2156-2181.

External Links


Mineral and/or Locality  
Search Google  
Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
Current server date and time: October 24, 2014 17:00:49 Page generated: October 4, 2014 14:38:54
Mineral and Locality Search
Mineral:
and/or Locality:
Options
Fade toolbar when not in focusFix toolbar to bottom of page
Hide Social Media Links
Slideshow frame delay seconds