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Western Australia, Australia

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Western Australia covers the western third of the Australian continent. It is sparsely populated, with 2.6 million people, 92% of which live in the far south-west corner of the state.

Most of the state is desert apart from the Kimberley region in the far north, and the far south west area. Due to the lack of tectonic activity over an extended period, the land has been eroded so that now the highest point is only 1245 metres Mt Meharry in the Pilbara. For the same reason the soils are poor, although it has led to an increased adaptability of flora, making especially the southern parts of the state a biological hotspot.

Western Australia has been occupied by aborigines for 40 000 years. Dreamtime stories explain how various landforms came to exist, and was an essential aspect for their world view. Apart from ochre, aborigines took little interest in rocks unless it was important for their day to day survival.

The first Europeans to become aware of Western Australia were the Dutch as they sailed up the coast to their spice colonies in Indonesia. The British established a settlement at Albany in 1826, and then Perth 1829. The colony struggled with a harsh climate, poor soils, and isolation from the rest of the world.

From the early 1890's a series of rich goldfields were discovered starting at Cue, Mount Magnet, Southern Cross, Coolgardie and Kalgoorlie. This led to huge gold rushes, with people travelling to the state from all over the world, in the hope of making their fortune. As time has gone, other mineral riches have come to the fore, like nickel and iron ore, with mining now the mainstay of the Western Australian economy. Western Australia holds 30% of the worlds gold reserves, 20% of its nickel, 80% tantalum, 60% rare earths, the largest diamond mine in the world, major iron ore deposits, significant platinum, vanadium, titanium, bauxite, mineral sands, and natural gas.

The most important geological province in Western Australia is the Yilgarn Craton, covering approximately one third of the state. This is an old land ranging from 4.4 Ga to 2.63 Ga. The craton contains widespread granite, granodiorite, tholeiitic basalt, and komatiite volcanism, regional metamorphism. Further the northern and eastern parts have large scale north north-west to south-south-east greenstone belts, often hundreds of kilometres long, containing many gold and nickel deposits.

South of the craton, and along the south coast is the Albany-Fraser Orogen. West is the Perth Basin, the edge marked by the Darling Scarp. North of the Perth Basin, along the coast to Onslow is the Carnarvon Basin. The north section of the Pilbara holds the Pilbara Craton, immediately south of this is the Hamersley Basin, Ashburton Basin, Capricorn Orogeny, the Bangemall Basin in the northern Mid-West region.

The Great Sandy Desert region holds the Canning Basin (roughly the size of Spain). To the north is the Kimberley Basin of Hart Dolerite and Carson Volcanics. This is bordered to the south in a wide coast to coast arc of a Devonian aged reef system.

Some geological attractions include:
1. The earliest evidence of life on Earth in 3.5 billion year old Pilbara rocks.
2. The oldest dated zircons in the world at Jack Hills leading to new theories about early 'fireball' Earth.
3. Modern stromatolites at Shark Bay and lesser known locations along the west coast.
4. Wheatbelt granites, including one that forms a surreal wave (Wave Rock).
5. Bungle Bungle banded domed rock mountains in the eastern Kimberley, and various gorges in the Karajini National Park.
6. One of the largest Devonian age barrier reef systems in the world, bordering the southern section of the Kimberley.
7. Wolfe Creek Crater, the second largest meteorite crater in the world.
8. Pinnacle Desert north of Perth
9. Mount Augustus, the largest monolith in the world.
10. Variety and number of mines, ranging from old historic gold mining shafts, to industrial scale iron ore mines.

Mineral specimens from Western Australia, are generally large ore types
from oxidised zones. Coffee table gemstone specimens are rare, as most have been weathered to clay over the eons. The State holds several low grade emerald deposits, specimen value only elbaite in restricted locations, and two tightly controlled diamond mines in the Kimberley.

Internationally collectors are most likely to see, tiger iron and tiger eye, zebra stone, various jaspers from the Mid-West region, rare secondary nickel species, large hematite type specimens, and Whim Creek wulfenite/secondary copper specimens. Others do exist but rarely get seen overseas. The collecting community in Western Australia is small and few inhabit the internet. MINSOCWA is the local mineral specimen collecting club, based in Perth.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Acanthite

Actinolite

Adamite

Aegirine

'Aeschynite'

Agardite-(Ce)

Agardite-(Nd)

Agardite-(Y)

Aguilarite

Aheylite

Aikinite

Akrochordite

Alabandite

Albite

var: Andesine

var: Cleavelandite

var: Oligoclase

'Albite-Anorthite Series'

Aleksite

'Alkali Feldspar'

Allanite-(Ce)

'Allanite Group'

Allanite-(Y)

Allophane

Almandine

'Almandine-Pyrope Series'

'Almandine-Spessartine Series'

Altaite

Aluminite

Alunite

Amblygonite

Amesite

'Amphibole Supergroup'

'var: Uralite'

Analcime

Anatase

Andalusite

var: Chiastolite

var: Viridine

Andradite

'Andradite-Grossular Series'

Anglesite

Anhydrite

Ankerite

Annabergite

Anorthite

var: Bytownite

var: Labradorite

Anthophyllite

Antigorite

Antimony

Antlerite

'Apatite'

'var: Collophane'

Aphthitalite

Aragonite

Arcanite

var: Taylorite (of Dana)

Archerite (TL)

Ardealite

Arfvedsonite

Argentopentlandite

Arsenic

Arseniosiderite

Arsenogorceixite

Arsenopyrite

Arsentsumebite

'Asbestos'

Ashburtonite (TL)

Atacamite

Atheneite

Augite

var: Ferroaugite

var: Titanian Augite

Aurichalcite

Aurostibite

Autunite

Awaruite

Axinite-(Fe)

'Axinite Group'

Azurite

Babingtonite

Baddeleyite

Baileychlore

Baryte

Bassanite

'Bastnäsite'

Batisite

Bavenite

Bayldonite

'Beaverite-(Cu)'

Beidellite

Berlinite

Berthierine

Berthierite

Bertrandite

Beryl

var: Alkali-beryl

var: Aquamarine

var: Emerald

var: Heliodor

Berzelianite

Beudantite

Bindheimite

'Biotite'

Biphosphammite (TL)

Birnessite

Bismite

Bismoclite

Bismuth

Bismuthinite

Bismutite

Bismutoferrite

'Bitumen'

Bityite

Bixbyite

'Black Jade'

Blödite

Bobierrite

Böhmite

Boracite

Bornite

Boulangerite

Bournonite

'Brabantite'

Braggite

Brannerite

Braunite

Breithauptite

Brezinaite

Brochantite

Brucite

Brushite

Buckhornite

Bunsenite

Cadmium

Calaverite

Calciosamarskite

Calciotantite

Calcite

var: Cobaltoan Calcite

var: Ferroan Calcite

var: Manganoan Calcite

Caledonite

Carminite

Carnotite

Carrboydite (TL)

Carrollite

Cassidyite (TL)

Cassiterite

'Cat's Eye'

Cattiite

Celadonite

Celestine

Cerianite-(Ce)

Ceruleite

Cerussite

Chalcanthite

Chalcocite

Chalcomenite

Chalconatronite

Chalcophanite

Chalcopyrite

Chamosite

var: Daphnite

Chenevixite

Chlorapatite

Chlorargyrite

var: Bromian Chlorargyrite

'Chlorite Group'

'var: Brunsvigite'

Chloritoid

Chrisstanleyite

Chromite

Chrysoberyl

var: Alexandrite

Chrysocolla

'Chrysoprase'

Chrysotile

Churchite-(Y)

Cinnabar

Clausthalite

'Clays'

Clinoatacamite

Clinobisvanite (TL)

Clinochlore

var: Chromian Clinochlore

var: Diabantite

var: Ripidolite

var: Sheridanite

Clinoclase

Clinoenstatite

'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'

Clinozoisite

'Cobalt'

Cobaltite

Cobaltpentlandite

Coesite

Coffinite

Cohenite

Collinsite

Coloradoite

'Columbite'

Columbite-(Fe) (TL)

'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'

Columbite-(Mn)

Conichalcite

Connellite

Cookeite

Cooperite

Copiapite

Copper

Coquimbite

Cordierite

Corkite

Cornetite

Cornubite

Cornwallite

Coronadite

Corundum

var: Ruby

var: Sapphire

Cosalite

Covellite

Crandallite

Cristobalite

Crocoite

Cronstedtite

Cryptomelane

Cubanite

Cumengeite

Cummingtonite

Cuprite

var: Tile ore

Cuproroméite

'Cymatolite'

Cyrilovite

Danielsite (TL)

Datolite

Daubréelite

Descloizite

Diaboleite

Diamond

Diaspore

Digenite

Diopside

var: Chromian Diopside

Djurleite

'Doelterite'

Dolomite

var: Cobaltoan Dolomite

var: Ferroan Dolomite

var: Manganoan Dolomite

Dravite

Dufrénite

Duftite

Dussertite

Eastonite

Elbaite

Emmonsite

Emplectite

Enargite

Enstatite

var: Bronzite

Epidote

Epsomite

Ernienickelite (TL)

Erythrite

Eucairite

Euclase

Eucryptite

Eulytine

Euxenite-(Y)

Famatinite

Felbertalite

'Feldspar Group'

'var: Perthite'

Ferberite

'Fergusonite'

Fergusonite-(Y)

Ferrihydrite

Ferrimolybdite

Ferrisicklerite

Ferro-actinolite

Ferro-holmquistite (TL)

Ferro-hornblende

'Ferro-tschermakite'

Fibroferrite

'Florencite'

'Fluocerite'

Fluorapatite

var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite

Fluorite

Formanite-(Y) (TL)

Fornacite

Forsterite

var: Peridot

Franklinite

Freibergite

Frohbergite

'Gadolinite'

Gadolinite-(Y)

Gahnite

Galena

Galenobismutite

'Garnet'

'Garnierite'

Gartrellite (TL)

Gaspéite

Gearksutite

Gedrite

Georgeite (TL)

Gersdorffite

Gibbsite

Gillardite (TL)

'Glass'

Glauconite

Glaukosphaerite (TL)

Godlevskite

Goethite

Gold

var: Electrum

Goldmanite

'Goongarrite'

Gorceixite

Gordonite

Goslarite

Goyazite

Graftonite

Graphite

var: Cliftonite

Greenalite

Greenockite

Grossular

Groutite

Grunerite

Guanine

Gudmundite

Gypsum

var: Satin Spar Gypsum

var: Selenite

'Hafnium'

Hafnon

Halite

'Halloysite'

Halotrichite

Hannayite

Hawleyite

Haxonite

Heazlewoodite

Hedenbergite

Helvine

Hematite

var: Martite

var: Specularite

Hemimorphite

Hercynite

Hessite

Hexahydrite

Hidalgoite

Hisingerite

Hollandite

Holmquistite

Holtite (TL)

Honeaite (TL)

'Hornblende'

Hübnerite

Huntite

Hureaulite

Hyalophane

Hydrohonessite (TL)

Hydrokenoelsmoreite

var: Ferritungstite

Hydromagnesite

Hydrotalcite

Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)

Hydroxycalciomicrolite

Hydroxylapatite

var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite

Hydrozincite

'Hypersthene'

Ilmenite

var: Picroilmenite

Inesite

Iodargyrite

Iowaite

Irarsite

Iridium

Iron

var: Kamacite

Isocubanite

Ixiolite

'Jagüéite'

'Jahnsite Group'

Jamesonite

Jarosite

'Jaspillite'

Jeppeite (TL)

Jordanite

'Joséite'

Junoite

Kaersutite

Kalgoorlieite (TL)

Kambaldaite (TL)

Kaolinite

Kasolite

'Kenomagnetite'

'Kerolite'

'K Feldspar'

'var: Adularia'

Kimrobinsonite (TL)

Koechlinite

Konyaite

Kostovite

Krennerite

Krupkaite

Kutnohorite

Kyanite

'Lanthanite'

Laumontite

Laurionite

Lavendulan

Lechatelierite

'Lepidolite'

Leucite

Leucophosphite (TL)

Leucoxene

Libethenite

'Limonite'

Linarite

Lindsleyite

Linnaeite

Lipscombite

Lithiophilite

Lithiophorite

Lizardite

Löllingite

Lonsdaleite

Loveringite (TL)

Lucasite-(Ce) (TL)

Luetheite

Mackinawite

Maghemite

Magnesiochromite

Magnesio-hornblende

Magnesite

var: Breunnerite

var: Mesitite

var: Nickeloan Magnesite

'Magnesium'

Magnetite

var: Titaniferous Magnetite

var: Vanado-Magnetite

Majakite

Majorite (TL)

Malachite

Maldonite

'Manganese'

'Manganese Oxides'

Manganite

Mansfieldite

Marcasite

Margarite

'Maskelynite'

Massicot

Mattagamite

Maucherite

Mawbyite

Mcguinnessite

Mckinstryite

Melanterite

'Melilite Group'

Melkovite

Melonite

var: Cobaltoan Melonite

Meneghinite

Mercury

Merenskyite

Merrillite

Metacinnabar

var: Onofrite

Metanatroautunite

Metatorbernite

Metavariscite

Metazeunerite

'Mica Group'

Michenerite

Microcline

var: Amazonite

Microlite Group

var: Cesstibtantite

Millerite

Mimetite

Minnesotaite

Minyulite (TL)

Mirabilite

Mitridatite

Mixite

Mogánite

Moissanite

Molybdenite

'Monazite'

Monazite-(Ce)

'Monazite Group'

Monazite-(La)

Moncheite

Monetite

Montanite

Montbrayite

Montebrasite

Montgomeryite

Monticellite

Montmorillonite

'Mookaite'

Moolooite (TL)

Moraesite

Morenosite

Mottramite

Motukoreaite

Mountkeithite (TL)

Mundrabillaite (TL)

Murdochite

Muscovite

var: Damourite

var: Fuchsite

var: Illite

var: Phengite

var: Sericite

Mushistonite

Nagyágite

Natanite

Natroalunite

Natrojarosite

Natropharmacosiderite (TL)

Naumannite

Neotocite

Nepheline

Népouite

Newberyite

Nickel

Nickelblödite (TL)

Nickelhexahydrite

Nickeline

Nimite

'Niobium'

Nolanite

Nontronite

Noonkanbahite

Nsutite

Nuffieldite

Nullaginite (TL)

Okenite

Oldhamite

Olivenite

'Olivine'

Oosterboschite

Opal

var: Common Opal

var: Moss Opal

var: Opal-AN

var: Opaline

var: Precious Opal

'Opalite'

Orpiment

Orthoclase

'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'

Osarizawaite

Osbornite

Osmium

Otavite

Otwayite (TL)

Oxammite

Palladium

Palladoarsenide

Palygorskite

Paragonite

Paralaurionite

Paraotwayite (TL)

Paratacamite

Paratacamite-(Ni) (TL)

'Parisite'

Parkerite

Pecoraite (TL)

Pekoite

Pentlandite

Perovskite

Perroudite

Perryite

Petalite

Petzite

Pharmacosiderite

Phenakite

Philipsbornite

Phlogopite

Phosgenite

Phosphammite (TL)

Pigeonite

'Pink Opal'

Platarsite

Platinum

Plattnerite

'Plessite'

Plumbogummite

Plumbojarosite

Pollucite

Polydymite

Potarite

Potassic-fluoro-richterite

Poubaite

Powellite

Prehnite

Priderite (TL)

Proustite

Pseudomalachite

'Psilomelane'

Pucherite

'Pumpellyite'

Purpurite

Putnisite (TL)

Pyrargyrite

Pyrite

var: Bravoite

Pyroaurite

'Pyrobitumen'

'var: Thucholite'

'Pyrochlore'

Pyrochlore Group

'Pyrochlore Supergroup'

Pyrolusite

Pyromorphite

Pyrope

var: Chromian Pyrope

Pyrophyllite

'Pyroxene Group'

Pyrrhotite

Quartz

var: Agate

var: Amethyst

var: Bloodstone

var: Carnelian

var: Chalcedony

var: Chrome-Chalcedony

var: Moss Agate

var: Onyx

var: Prase

var: Rock Crystal

var: Rose Quartz

var: Smoky Quartz

Realgar

Reevesite (TL)

Retgersite

'Rhabdophane'

Rhodium

Rhodochrosite

Richterite

Rickardite

Riebeckite

'Riebeckite Root Name'

'var: Crocidolite'

Ringwoodite

Roaldite (TL)

Robertsite

Rockbridgeite

Romanèchite

Rosasite

Roscoelite

Rucklidgeite

Russellite

Ruthenium

Rutile

var: Ilmenorutile

var: Nigrine

var: Niobian Rutile

var: Strüverite

Rynersonite

Sabugalite

Saddlebackite (TL)

Safflorite

Samarskite-(Y)

Sampleite

Saponite

Sauconite

'Saussurite'

'Scapolite'

'Schalenblende'

Scheelite

Schorl

Schreibersite

Scorodite

Segelerite

Segnitite

Selenium

Seligmannite

Sepiolite

'Serpentine Subgroup'

Shandite

Shcherbakovite

Sicklerite

Siderite

var: Ca-rich Siderite

Siegenite

'Silica'

Sillimanite

Silver

var: Amalgam

Simpsonite (TL)

Sinoite

Skutterudite

'Smectite Group'

Smithsonite

Smythite

'Soapstone'

Spangolite

'Speculite'

Sperrylite

Spessartine

Sphalerite

var: Marmatite

Spinel

var: Chromspinel

Spionkopite

Spodumene

var: Kunzite

Stannite

Staurolite

Stercorite

Stibiopalladinite

Stibiotantalite (TL)

Stibnite

Stichtite

'Stilbite'

Stilpnomelane

Strengite

Stromeyerite

Strontianite

Stützite

Sudburyite

Suessite (TL)

Sulphur

Sylvanite

Sylvite

Symplesite

Syngenite

Taenite

Takovite

Talc

'Tantalite'

Tantalite-(Fe)

Tantalite-(Mn)

'Tantalum'

Tanteuxenite-(Y) (TL)

Tantite

'Tapiolite'

Tapiolite-(Fe)

Taranakite

Tellurantimony

Tellurium

Tellurobismuthite

Telluropalladinite

Temagamite

Tennantite

'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'

Tenorite

'Testibiopalladite'

Tetradymite

Tetraferriannite (TL)

Tetrahedrite

var: Argentian Tetrahedrite

Tetrataenite

'Thénardite'

Thorianite

Thorite

'Thorogummite'

Tiemannite

'Tiger Iron'

'Tiger's Eye'

'var: Falcon's Eye'

Tintinaite

Titanite

var: Grothite ?

Titanium

Tivanite (TL)

Tochilinite

Todorokite

Tomichite (TL)

Topaz

'Tourmaline'

'var: Achroite'

'var: Indicolite'

'var: Rubellite'

'var: Verdelite'

Tranquillityite

Tremolite

Trevorite

var: Ferroan Trevorite

Tridymite

Trilithionite

Triphylite

Tripuhyite

Troilite

Trona

Tschermakite

Tsumcorite

Tsumoite

Tučekite (TL)

'Turgite'

Turquoise

Tyuyamunite

Ullmannite

'UM1976-21-SO:AlCuHNi'

'UM1977-10-PO:CaClKMg'

'UM1981-20-S:NiSbSnTe' (FRL)

'UM1985-08-OH:Fe'

'UM1985-13-S:AgCu'

'UM1985-19-S:AgHg'

'UM1985-21-S:ClCuPb'

'UM1985-22-S:ClCuPb'

'UM1994-19-PO:CuHMoPb'

Umangite

'Unnamed (Ag-Hg Sulphide-Halide)'

'Unnamed (Amorphous Pb-Mn Hydroxide)'

'Unnamed (Ca-analogue of Petterdite)'

'Unnamed (Ca–Ce–Sm–Nd Silicate)'

'Unnamed (Covellite-like Mineral)'

'Unnamed (Cr Silicate)' (FRL)

'Unnamed (Cu-Ag Sulphide III)'

'Unnamed (Hydrated Copper Sulphide)'

Uraninite

Uranophane

Uranophane-β

Urea (TL)

Uricite (TL)

Uvarovite

Vaesite

Valleriite

Vanadinite

Variscite

var: Ferrian Variscite

Vauquelinite

Vermiculite

Vesuvianite

Violarite

Vivianite

Volynskite

'Wad'

'var: Cobaltian Wad'

Wadeite (TL)

Walentaite

Wardite

Wavellite

Weddellite

Weibullite

Weissite

Whewellite

'Whiteite Group'

Whitlockite

Widgiemoolthalite (TL)

Willemite

Wodginite (TL)

'Wolframite'

Woodallite (TL)

Wulfenite

'Xenotime'

Xenotime-(Y)

Xonotlite

Yimengite

Yttrotantalite-(Y)

Zincite

'Zinnwaldite'

Zircon

var: Cyrtolite

var: Oyamalite

Zirconolite

Zoisite


652 valid minerals. 57 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Entries shown in red are rocks recorded for this region.

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities


Localities in this Region