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Cap Garonne Mine, Le Pradet, Var, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France
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Latitude: 43°4'53"N
Longitude: 6°1'56"E
 
Name(s) in local language(s): Mine du Cap Garonne, Le Pradet, Var, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France
 
A former copper mine operated underground until 1917. The operation was done on 3 main sectors spread around the "Colle Noire" hill:
- Mine Nord (north mine) partly converted into a museum since 1994
- Mine Sud (south mine) now closed
- La Gavaresse (small mine north of the North mine)
In the mindat list, the location for mineral species is by default "Cap Garonne mine" and not a more detailed location (North, South, La Gavaresse), as the exact information was not always available. Whenever possible, new descriptions should please be made using "North Mine", "South Mine" and "La Gavaresse workings".

This deposit is a mineralized layer of triassic conglomerates covering permian red sandstones. The primary mineralization is contemporary or immediately subsequent to their deposit, probably linked with an hydrothermal activity. Then the sulphides that permeate the conglomerate were oxidized allowing the formation of many secondary minerals in faults and small cavities of the ore.

It is currently the most prolific French locality for new species (14 as of January 2014) and also for different valid species (127 as of January 2014).
Minerals mainly include arsenates, sulphates, halides of Cu, Pb, Al, Zn, Fe, Co, Ni, U, Hg, Ag.

Beware: this site now belongs to the "Conservatoire du Littoral" (French coastal protection agency) since 1995 and mineral collecting is prohibited in and outside the mine.




Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities
Adamite
var: Cobaltoan Adamite
var: Cuprian Adamite
Agardite-(Y)
Allophane
Anglesite
Antlerite
Arsenocrandallite
Arsenogorceixite
Arsenopyrite
Arsentsumebite
Arthurite
Atacamite
Azurite
Bariopharmacoalumite (TL)
Bariopharmacosiderite
'Barium-zinc-alumopharmacosiderite'
Baryte
Bayldonite
Beaverite-(Cu)
Beudantite
Bismoclite
Boleite
Bornite
Botallackite
Brochantite
Bromargyrite
Calcite
Caledonite
Camerolaite (TL)
Capgaronnite (TL)
Carbonatecyanotrichite
Carminite
Ceruleite
Cerussite
Chalcanthite
Chalcocite
Chalcophyllite
Chalcopyrite
Chenevixite
Chlorargyrite
Cinnabar
Claraite
Clinoclase
Conichalcite
Connellite
Copiapite
Copper
Corderoite
Cornubite
Cornwallite
Covellite
Cumengeite
Cuprite
Cyanotrichite
Deloryite (TL)
Devilline
Diaboleite
Dickite
Digenite
Dravite
Duftite
Dundasite
Enargite
Erythrite
Forêtite (TL)
Francevillite
Galena
Gartrellite
Geminite (TL)
Gersdorffite
Goethite
Gold
Gorceixite ?
Goudeyite
Graphite
Guarinoite (TL)
Gypsum
'Halloysite'
Helmutwinklerite
Hematite
Hidalgoite
Iltisite (TL)
Kaolinite
Ktenasite
Langite
Lavendulan
'Limonite'
Linarite
Liskeardite
Mahnertite (TL)
Malachite
Mansfieldite
var: Cuprian Mansfieldite
'Mansfieldite-Scorodite Series'
Metazeunerite
Mimetite
Mixite
Montmorillonite
Moorhouseite
Mottramite
Muscovite
var: Illite

Olivenite
Osarizawaite ?
Paratacamite
Parnauite
Perroudite (TL)
Pharmacoalumite
Pharmacosiderite
Philipsbornite
Plattnerite
Plumbojarosite
Posnjakite
Pradetite (TL)
'Psilomelane'
Pushcharovskite (TL)
Pyrite
Pyromorphite ?
Quartz
Rutile
var: Strüverite
Sauconite
Schorl
Schulenbergite
Schultenite ?
Scorodite
Serpierite
Siderite
Siderotil
Smithsonite
var: Cobaltoan Smithsonite
Spangolite
Sphalerite
Strashimirite
Sulphur
Tennantite
Tetrahedrite
Thérèsemagnanite (TL)
Tsumcorite
Tyrolite
'Unnamed (Co-analogue of Guarinoite)'
'Wad'
Wroewolfeite
Wulfenite
Yvonite
Zdenĕkite (TL)
Zeunerite
Zircon


191 entries listed. 124 valid minerals. 14 type localities (valid minerals). 13 erroneous literature entries.

Localities in this Region

France

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

A selection of references for the Cap Garonne locality

1) General purpose documents on the mine and its mineralogy

A.A.M.C.G. (1994) 1984-1994, 10 années de recherches - Liste des 118 Minéraux de la Mine de Cap Garonne, Le Pradet (Var), publié par les Membres du Comité de Liaison avec les Scientifiques (Camérola, Davenne, Guarino, Magnan), Mairie annexe du Pradet 83220, 24 p.

AAMCG and AFM (2009) Les minéraux de Cap Garonne - Liste établie au 06 juillet 2009 par Georges Favreau, Valérie Galéa-Clolus et Jean-Pierre Cotte. Hôtel de Ville – Place Clément Balestra – 83210 Solliès-Toucas, 42p.

CHIAPPERO, P.J. (1993) Les arséniates de cuivre naturels : systématique et approche des conditions de genèse par les synthèses. Application au gisement plumbocuprifère de Cap Garonne, Var (France). PhD report, Univ. Orléans, 293 pp.

FAVREAU, G. and GALEA-CLOLUS, V. (2014) Cap Garonne. Association Française de Microminéralogie, 320 pp. (INCLUDES THE LATEST AND MOST COMPLETE STUDY OF THE MINERALS; http://www.micromineral.org/vie-de-lassociation/evenements/215-mine-et-mineraux-de-cap-garonne)

GUILLEMIN, C. (1952) Etude minéralogique et métallogénique du gîte plumbocuprifère du Cap Garonne (Var). Bull. Soc. Franç. Minér. Crist., 75, 1-159.

MARI, G. (1979) Mines et minéraux de la Provence cristalline. Editions Serre, 114-125.

MARI, G. and SARP, H. (2006) Cap Garonne (Var, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 93, 131-138.

MARI, G. and ROSTAN, P. (1985) La mine du Cap Garonne (Var). Historique de l’exploitation. I.M.G., Draguignan, France, 64 p.

MARI, G. and ROSTAN, P. (1986) La mine du Cap Garonne (Var). Gîtologie et minéralogie. I.M.G., Draguignan, France, 88 p.

PISANI, F. (1870) Sur les minéraux trouvés dans la mine de cuivre du Cap Garonne (Var). C.R. Paris, LXX, 1001-1005.

SARP, H., MARI, G., MAGNAN, M.-T., CAMEROLA, M., DELORY, B., GUARINO, A. and ILTIS, A. (1997) La mine de Cap Garonne (Var, France) Haut lieu de la minéralogie internationale. Riviéra scientifique, Nice, 3-58.


2) Publications of the 14 new species (does not include additional articles on the crystal structures of the new species).

BURKE, E., SEJKORA, J., SARP, H. and CHIAPPERO P.-J. (2007) Revalidation of pradetite as a mineral. Archs. Sci. Genève, 60, 51-54.

CHIAPPERO, P.-J. and SARP, H. (1995) Zdenekite, NaPbCu5(AsO4)4Cl.5H2O, a new mineral from the Cap Garonne mine, Var, France. Eur. J. Mineral., 7, 553-557.

MASON, B., MUMME, W.G. and SARP, H. (1992) Capgaronnite, HgS.Ag(Cl,Br,I), a new sulfide-halide mineral from Var, France. Amer. Miner., 77, 197-200.

MILLS, S.J., RUMSEY, M.S., FAVREAU, G., SPRATT, J., RAUDSEPP, M. and DINI, M. (2011) Bariopharmacoalumite, a new mineral species from Cap Garonne, France and Mina Grande, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 135–144.

MILLS, S.J., KAMPF, A.R., MCDONALD, A.M., FAVREAU, G. and CHIAPPERO, P.-J. (2012) Forêtite, a new secondary arsenate mineral from the Cap Garonne mine, France. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 769-777.

SARP, H. (1993) Guarinoite (Zn,Co,Ni)6(SO4)(OH,Cl)10.5H2O et thérèsemagnanite (Co,Zn,Ni)6(SO4)(OH,Cl)10.8H2O, deux nouveaux minéraux de la mine de Cap Garonne, Var, France. Archs. Sci. Genève, 46 (1), 37-44.

SARP, H. (1996) La mahnertite, (Na,Ca)Cu3(AsO4)2.Cl.5H2O, un nouveau minéral de la mine de Cap Garonne, Var, France. Archs. Sci. Genève, 49 (2), 119-124.

SARP, H. and CHIAPPERO, P.-J. (1992) Deloryite, Cu4(UO2)(MoO4)2(OH)6 a new mineral from Cap Garonne mine near Le Pradet, Var, France. N. Jb. Miner. Mh., 2, 58-64.

SARP, H. and PERROUD, P. (1990) La géminite, Cu2As2O7.3H2O, un nouveau minéral de la mine de Cap Garonne, Var, France. Schweiz. Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt., 70, 309-314.

SARP, H. and PERROUD, P. (1991) Camerolaite, Cu4Al2[HSbO4,SO4](OH)10 (CO3). 2H2O, a new mineral from Cap Garonne mine, Var, France. N. Jb. Miner. Mh., 11, 481-486.

SARP, H. and SANZ-GYSLER, J. (1997) La pushcharovskite, Cu(AsO3,OH).H2O un nouveau minéral de la mine de Cap Garonne, Var (France). Archs. Sci. Genève, 50 (3), 177-186.

SARP, H., BIRCH, W.D., HLAVA, P.F., PRING, A., SEWELL, D.K.B. and NICKEL, E.H. (1987) Perroudite, a new sulfide-halide of Hg and Ag from Cap Garonne, Var, France and from Broken Hill, New South Wales, and Coppin Pool, Western Australia. Amer. Miner., 72, 1251-1256.

SARP, H., SANZ-GYSLER, J. and PERROUD, P. (1997) L’iltisite, HgSAg(Cl,Br), un nouveau minéral de la mine de Cap Garonne, Var (France), polymorphe de la capgaronnite. Archs. Sci. Genève, 50 (1), 1-5.


3) Other publications (remarkable varieties, additional discoveries, etc.)

MIZRAHIL, M. (1982) La Miniera di Cap Garonne (Var - Francia). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 6(1), 19-26.

MUMME, W.G, SARP, H and CHIAPPERO, P.J. (1994) A note on the structure of schulenbergite. Arch. Sci. Genève, 47 (2), 117-124.

PALACHE, C., BERMAN, H. and FRONDEL, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 994, 1009.

ROSTAN, P. (1986) Beaverite, carbonate-cyanotrichite et wroewolfeite de la mine du Cap Garonne (Var). Riviéra Scientifique 33-36.

SARP, H. DEFERNE, J. and LIEBICH, B.W. (1978) Présence de parnauite, un nouveau sulfo-arséniate de cuivre, dans la mine de la Garonne (Var, France). Arch. Sc. Genève, 31(3), 213-217.

SARP, H., CHIAPPERO, P.-J. and FAVREAU, G. (1994) Barium-zinc alumopharmacosidérite de la mine de Cap Garonne (Var, France). Archs. Sci. Genève, 47(1), 45-50.

SARP, H., PERROUD, P. and CAMEROLA, M. (1990) Cobalt nickel-kténasite de la mine de Cap Garonne (Var), France, nouvelle variété de kténasite. Schweiz. Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt., 70, 333-335.

External Links

http://www.mine-capgaronne.fr/ [Website of the museum]

http://www.mine-capgaronne.fr/site/Mineraux/ListeMineraux.html [Link Broken? Oct 2014] [Mineral list, not up to date, as of Aug. 24. 2010]

http://www.micromineral.org/Informations/CapGaronne2008.pdf [Link Broken? Oct 2014] [View of a visit of the mine by an AFM group in spring 2008]

http://planet-terre.ens-lyon.fr/planetterre/XML/db/planetterre/metadata/LOM-mine-cuivre-Cap-Garonne.xml [Geological description in french]

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Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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