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Cap Garonne Mine, Le Pradet, Var, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 43° 4' 53'' North , 6° 1' 56'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 43.0813888889, 6.03222222222
Name(s) in local language(s):Mine du Cap Garonne, Le Pradet, Var, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France


A former copper mine operated underground until 1917. The operation was done on 3 main sectors spread around the "Colle Noire" hill:
- Mine Nord (north mine) partly converted into a museum since 1994
- Mine Sud (south mine) now closed
- La Gavaresse (small mine north of the North mine)
In the mindat list, the location for mineral species is by default "Cap Garonne mine" and not a more detailed location (North, South, La Gavaresse), as the exact information was not always available. Whenever possible, new descriptions should please be made using "North Mine", "South Mine" and "La Gavaresse workings".

This deposit is a mineralized layer of triassic conglomerates covering permian red sandstones. The primary mineralization is contemporary or immediately subsequent to their deposit, probably linked with an hydrothermal activity. Then the sulphides that permeate the conglomerate were oxidized allowing the formation of many secondary minerals in faults and small cavities of the ore.

It is currently the most prolific French locality for new species (14 as of January 2014) and also for different valid species (127 as of January 2014).
Minerals mainly include arsenates, sulphates, halides of Cu, Pb, Al, Zn, Fe, Co, Ni, U, Hg, Ag.

Beware: this site now belongs to the "Conservatoire du Littoral" (French coastal protection agency) since 1995 and mineral collecting is prohibited in and outside the mine.




Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Adamite

var: Cobaltoan Adamite

var: Cuprian Adamite

Agardite-(Y)

Allophane

Anglesite

Antlerite

Arsenocrandallite

Arsenogorceixite

Arsenopyrite

Arsentsumebite

Arthurite

Atacamite

Azurite

Bariopharmacoalumite (TL)

Bariopharmacosiderite

Baryte

Bayldonite

'Beaverite-(Cu)'

Beudantite

Bismoclite

Boleite

Bornite

Botallackite

Brochantite

Bromargyrite

Calcite

Caledonite

Camérolaite (TL)

Capgaronnite (TL)

Carbonatecyanotrichite

Carminite

Cattiite

Ceruleite

Cerussite

Chalcanthite

Chalcocite

Chalcophyllite

Chalcopyrite

Chenevixite

Chlorargyrite

Cinnabar

Claraite

Clinoclase

Conichalcite

Connellite

Copiapite

Copper

Corderoite

Cornubite

Cornwallite

Covellite

Cumengeite

Cuprite

Cyanotrichite

Deloryite (TL)

Devilline

Diaboleite

Dickite

Digenite

Dravite

Duftite

Dundasite

Enargite

Erythrite

Forêtite (TL)

Francevillite

Galena

Gartrellite

Geminite (TL)

Gersdorffite

Goethite

Gold

Gorceixite ?

Goudeyite

Graphite

Guarinoite (TL)

Gypsum

'Halloysite'

Helmutwinklerite

Hematite

Hidalgoite

Iltisite (TL)

Kaolinite

Ktenasite

Langite

Lavendulan

'Limonite'

Linarite

Liskeardite

Mahnertite (TL)

Malachite

Mansfieldite

var: Cuprian Mansfieldite

'Mansfieldite-Scorodite Series'

Metazeunerite

Mimetite

Mixite

Montmorillonite

Moorhouseite

Mottramite

Muscovite

var: Illite

Olivenite

Osarizawaite ?

Paratacamite

Parnauite

Perroudite (TL)

Pharmacoalumite

Pharmacosiderite

Philipsbornite

Plattnerite

Plumbojarosite

Posnjakite

Pradetite (TL)

'Psilomelane'

Pushcharovskite (TL)

Pyrite

Pyromorphite ?

Quartz

Rutile

var: Strüverite

Sauconite

Schorl

Schulenbergite

Schultenite ?

Scorodite

Serpierite

Siderite

Siderotil

Smithsonite

var: Cobaltoan Smithsonite

Spangolite

Sphalerite

Strashimirite

Sulphur

Tennantite

Tetrahedrite

Thérèsemagnanite (TL)

Tsumcorite

Tyrolite

'Unnamed (Co-analogue of Guarinoite)'

'Wad'

Wroewolfeite

Wulfenite

Yvonite

Zdenĕkite (TL)

Zeunerite

Zircon


126 valid minerals. 14 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 13 erroneous literature entries.

Localities in this Region

France

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

A selection of references for the Cap Garonne locality

1) General purpose documents on the mine and its mineralogy

A.A.M.C.G. (1994) 1984-1994, 10 années de recherches - Liste des 118 Minéraux de la Mine de Cap Garonne, Le Pradet (Var), publié par les Membres du Comité de Liaison avec les Scientifiques (Camérola, Davenne, Guarino, Magnan), Mairie annexe du Pradet 83220, 24 p.

AAMCG and AFM (2009) Les minéraux de Cap Garonne - Liste établie au 06 juillet 2009 par Georges Favreau, Valérie Galéa-Clolus et Jean-Pierre Cotte. Hôtel de Ville – Place Clément Balestra – 83210 Solliès-Toucas, 42p.

CHIAPPERO, P.J. (1993) Les arséniates de cuivre naturels : systématique et approche des conditions de genèse par les synthèses. Application au gisement plumbocuprifère de Cap Garonne, Var (France). PhD report, Univ. Orléans, 293 pp.

FAVREAU, G. and GALEA-CLOLUS, V. (2014) Cap Garonne. Association Française de Microminéralogie, 320 pp. (INCLUDES THE LATEST AND MOST COMPLETE STUDY OF THE MINERALS; http://www.micromineral.org/vie-de-lassociation/evenements/215-mine-et-mineraux-de-cap-garonne)

GUILLEMIN, C. (1952) Etude minéralogique et métallogénique du gîte plumbocuprifère du Cap Garonne (Var). Bull. Soc. Franç. Minér. Crist., 75, 1-159.

MARI, G. (1979) Mines et minéraux de la Provence cristalline. Editions Serre, 114-125.

MARI, G. and SARP, H. (2006) Cap Garonne (Var, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 93, 131-138.

MARI, G. and ROSTAN, P. (1985) La mine du Cap Garonne (Var). Historique de l’exploitation. I.M.G., Draguignan, France, 64 p.

MARI, G. and ROSTAN, P. (1986) La mine du Cap Garonne (Var). Gîtologie et minéralogie. I.M.G., Draguignan, France, 88 p.

PISANI, F. (1870) Sur les minéraux trouvés dans la mine de cuivre du Cap Garonne (Var). C.R. Paris, LXX, 1001-1005.

SARP, H., MARI, G., MAGNAN, M.-T., CAMEROLA, M., DELORY, B., GUARINO, A. and ILTIS, A. (1997) La mine de Cap Garonne (Var, France) Haut lieu de la minéralogie internationale. Riviéra scientifique, Nice, 3-58.


2) Publications of the 14 new species (does not include additional articles on the crystal structures of the new species).

BURKE, E., SEJKORA, J., SARP, H. and CHIAPPERO P.-J. (2007) Revalidation of pradetite as a mineral. Archs. Sci. Genève, 60, 51-54.

CHIAPPERO, P.-J. and SARP, H. (1995) Zdenekite, NaPbCu5(AsO4)4Cl.5H2O, a new mineral from the Cap Garonne mine, Var, France. European Journal of Mineralogy, 7, 553-557.

MASON, B., MUMME, W.G. and SARP, H. (1992) Capgaronnite, HgS.Ag(Cl,Br,I), a new sulfide-halide mineral from Var, France. Amer. Miner., 77, 197-200.

MILLS, S.J., RUMSEY, M.S., FAVREAU, G., SPRATT, J., RAUDSEPP, M. and DINI, M. (2011) Bariopharmacoalumite, a new mineral species from Cap Garonne, France and Mina Grande, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 135–144.

MILLS, S.J., KAMPF, A.R., MCDONALD, A.M., FAVREAU, G. and CHIAPPERO, P.-J. (2012) Forêtite, a new secondary arsenate mineral from the Cap Garonne mine, France. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 769-777.

SARP, H. (1993) Guarinoite (Zn,Co,Ni)6(SO4)(OH,Cl)10.5H2O et thérèsemagnanite (Co,Zn,Ni)6(SO4)(OH,Cl)10.8H2O, deux nouveaux minéraux de la mine de Cap Garonne, Var, France. Archs. Sci. Genève, 46 (1), 37-44.

SARP, H. (1996) La mahnertite, (Na,Ca)Cu3(AsO4)2.Cl.5H2O, un nouveau minéral de la mine de Cap Garonne, Var, France. Archs. Sci. Genève, 49 (2), 119-124.

SARP, H. and CHIAPPERO, P.-J. (1992) Deloryite, Cu4(UO2)(MoO4)2(OH)6 a new mineral from Cap Garonne mine near Le Pradet, Var, France. N. Jb. Miner. Mh., 2, 58-64.

SARP, H. and PERROUD, P. (1990) La géminite, Cu2As2O7.3H2O, un nouveau minéral de la mine de Cap Garonne, Var, France. Schweiz. Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt., 70, 309-314.

SARP, H. and PERROUD, P. (1991) Camerolaite, Cu4Al2[HSbO4,SO4](OH)10 (CO3). 2H2O, a new mineral from Cap Garonne mine, Var, France. N. Jb. Miner. Mh., 11, 481-486.

SARP, H. and SANZ-GYSLER, J. (1997) La pushcharovskite, Cu(AsO3,OH).H2O un nouveau minéral de la mine de Cap Garonne, Var (France). Archs. Sci. Genève, 50 (3), 177-186.

SARP, H., BIRCH, W.D., HLAVA, P.F., PRING, A., SEWELL, D.K.B. and NICKEL, E.H. (1987) Perroudite, a new sulfide-halide of Hg and Ag from Cap Garonne, Var, France and from Broken Hill, New South Wales, and Coppin Pool, Western Australia. Amer. Miner., 72, 1251-1256.

SARP, H., SANZ-GYSLER, J. and PERROUD, P. (1997) L’iltisite, HgSAg(Cl,Br), un nouveau minéral de la mine de Cap Garonne, Var (France), polymorphe de la capgaronnite. Archs. Sci. Genève, 50 (1), 1-5.


3) Other publications (remarkable varieties, additional discoveries, etc.)

MIZRAHIL, M. (1982) La Miniera di Cap Garonne (Var - Francia). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 6(1), 19-26.

MUMME, W.G, SARP, H and CHIAPPERO, P.J. (1994) A note on the structure of schulenbergite. Arch. Sci. Genève, 47 (2), 117-124.

PALACHE, C., BERMAN, H. and FRONDEL, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 994, 1009.

ROSTAN, P. (1986) Beaverite, carbonate-cyanotrichite et wroewolfeite de la mine du Cap Garonne (Var). Riviéra Scientifique 33-36.

SARP, H. DEFERNE, J. and LIEBICH, B.W. (1978) Présence de parnauite, un nouveau sulfo-arséniate de cuivre, dans la mine de la Garonne (Var, France). Arch. Sc. Genève, 31(3), 213-217.

SARP, H., CHIAPPERO, P.-J. and FAVREAU, G. (1994) Barium-zinc alumopharmacosidérite de la mine de Cap Garonne (Var, France). Archs. Sci. Genève, 47(1), 45-50.

SARP, H., PERROUD, P. and CAMEROLA, M. (1990) Cobalt nickel-kténasite de la mine de Cap Garonne (Var), France, nouvelle variété de kténasite. Schweiz. Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt., 70, 333-335.

External Links

http://www.mine-capgaronne.fr/ [Website of the museum]

http://www.mine-capgaronne.fr/site/Mineraux/ListeMineraux.html [Mineral list, not up to date, as of Aug. 24. 2010]

http://www.micromineral.org/Informations/CapGaronne2008.pdf [View of a visit of the mine by an AFM group in spring 2008]

http://planet-terre.ens-lyon.fr/planetterre/XML/db/planetterre/metadata/LOM-mine-cuivre-Cap-Garonne.xml [Geological description in french]

Mineral and/or Locality  
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