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Cavnic (Kapnic; Kapnik), Maramureș Co., Romania
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Latitude: 47°39'50"N
Longitude: 23°51'41"E
 
 
Ancient and historic mining town, known since 1336 and in modern times extended up to its maximum by Ceausescu's mining policies.
Located 30 km east of Baia Mare and famous for its deposits of lead, zinc, manganese, as well as small quantities of gold, silver, barium and antimony.
From the mines of this locality have been extracted samples of exceptional beauty and value worldwide, in major collections.
In particular, the mines have produced the world's most beautiful tetrahedrites, by size, arrangement and lustre.

Current situation: since 2008 all the mines are closed; adits are sealed, water pumps are off and the external structures demolished or about to be demolished.

For several years rumours persist about foreign investors, but now are slow to manifest themselves in reality.

Formerly known as Kapnik, Hungary (during the Austro-Hungarian empire).

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities
Albite
var: Andesine

Ankerite
'Apatite'
Aragonite
Arsenic
Arsenopyrite
Baryte
Berthierite
Boulangerite
Bournonite
Calaverite
Calcite
var: Manganoan Calcite
Chalcopyrite
Chalcostibite
'Chlorite Group'
Covellite
Dolomite
Epidote
Ferberite
Fluorite
Galena
Gold
var: Electrum
Gypsum
var: Selenite
Helvine
Hematite
Hübnerite
Ilvaite
'K Feldspar
var: Adularia'

Krautite
Kutnohorite
Magnetite
Marcasite
Matildite
Muscovite
var: Illite

Orpiment
Petzite
Proustite
Pyrargyrite
Pyrite
Quartz
var: Amethyst
var: Milky Quartz
Quartz
var: Smoky Quartz

Realgar
Rhodochrosite (TL)
Rhodonite
Scheelite
Siderite
Sphalerite
Stibnite
Tennantite
Tetrahedrite
Wavellite
Whewellite
Wittichenite
Wurtzite
Zinkenite


71 entries listed. 49 valid minerals. 1 type locality (valid mineral).

Localities in this Region

Romania

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References

- Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 963, 1101.
- Huber, P. & Muresan, I. (1996): Mineralienübersicht der wichtigsten Bergbaue des Bezirkes Maramures. Lapis, 21 (7), 60. (in German).
- Huber, P. and Muresan, I. (1996). Farbenprächtige Mineralien aus Cavnic: Vererzung und Mineralien von Cavnic (Kapnikbanya, Kapnik). Lapis, 21(7/8), 45-55. (in German)
- Szakáll, S., Ed. (2002): Minerals of the Carpathians. Christian Weise Verlag, Munich, Germany, 480 pp.
- Hîrtopanu, P., Andersen, J., Hârtopanu, I., & Udubaşa, S. Ilvaite From The Cavnic Deposit, Romania. pp62-65

External Links


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Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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