Mindat Logo

Tombstone District, Tombstone Hills, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.

Latitude: 31°41'54"N
Longitude: 110°5'17"W
 
 
Ref.: The Resources of Arizona - A Manual of Reliable Information Concerning the Territory, compiled by Patrick Hamilton (1881), Prescott, AZ: 36.

Blake, W.P. (1882) The geology and veins of Tombstone, Arizona: American Institute of Mining Engineers, Transactions: 10: 334-345.

Hillebrand, W.F. (1885), Emmonsite, a ferric tellurite, Proceedings Colorado Scientific Society: 2: 20-23.

Church, J.A. (1903) The Tombstone, Arizona, mining district: American Institute of Mining Engineers, Transactions: 33: 3-37.

Ransome, F.L. (1920), USGS Bull. 710, Deposits of manganese ore in Arizona: 101-103.

Tenney, J.B. (1927-1929) History of Mining in Arizona (unpublished in two volumes), Special Collection, University of Arizona Library & Arizona Bureau of Mines Library: 136-179.

Hewett, D.F. & O.N. Rove (1930), Occurrence and relations of alabandite, Economic Geology: 25: 36-56.

Wilson, E.D. and Butler, G.M. (1930), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 127, Manganese Ore Deposits of Arizona.

Wilson, E.D., et al (1934), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 137, Arizona Lode Gold Mines and Gold Mining: 122-123.

Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 143.

Rasor, C.A. (1938), Bromyrite from Tombstone, Arizona, American Mineralogist: 23: 157-159.

Rasor, C.A. (1939), Manganese mineralization at Tombstone, Arizona, Economic Geology: 34: 790-803.

Butler, B.S., Wilson, E.D., and Rasor, C.A. (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 143:

Butler, B.S., and Wilson, E.D. (1942) Ore deposits at Tombstone, Arizona, in Newhouse, W.H., editor, Ore deposits as related to structural features: Princeton University Press, p. 201-203.

Richmond, W.E. & M. Fleischer (1942), Cryptomelane, a new name for the commonest of the 'psilomelane' minerals, American Mineralogist: 27: 607-610.

Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 153: 28.

Romslo, T.M. & S.F. Ravitz (1947), Arizona manganese-silver ores, U.S. Bureau of Mines Report of Investigation 4097.

Gilluly, James (1956) General geology of central Cochise County, Arizona, with sections on age and correlation, by A.R. Palmer, J.S. Williamson, and J.B. Reeside, Jr.: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 281, 169 p., 13 sheets, scale 1:62,500.

Needham, A.B. & W.R. Storms (1956), Investigation of Tombstone district manganese deposits, Cochise County, Arizona, U.S. Bureau of Mines Report of Investigation 5188.

Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 32, 36, 39, 51, 62, 63, 67, 72, 76, 90, 92, 99, 101, 107, 112.

Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, Arizona Geological Society Digest: 3: 53-56.

Hewett, D.F. & M. Fleischer (1960), Deposits of the manganese oxides, Economic Geology: 55: 1-55.

Silver, L.T. & S. Deutsch (1963), Uranium-lead isotope variations in zircons: A case study, Journal of Geology: 71: 721-758.

Keith, Stanton B. (1973), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 187, Index of Mining Properties in Cochise County, Arizona: 73 (Table 4).

Williams, S.A. (1978), Khinite, parakhinite, and dugganite, three new tellurates from Tombstone, Arizona, American Mineralogist: 63: 1016-1019.

Williams, S.A. & M. Duggan (1978), Tlapallite, a new mineral from Moctezuma, Sonora, Mexico, Mineralogical Magazine: 42: 181-186.

Williams, S.A. (1980b), The Tombstone district, Cochise County, Arizona, Mineralogical Record: 11: 251-256.

Williams, S.A. (1981b), Duhamelite, Cu4Pb2Bi(VO4)4(OH)3·8H2O, a new Arizona mineral, Mineralogical Magazine: 44: 151-152.

Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 104, 117, 119, 121, 136, 151, 159, 162, 165, 169, 172, 185, 190, 194, 206, 209, 212, 214, 228, 234, 239, 241, 249, 283, 285, 288, 291, 316, 325, 337, 343, 385, 389-390, 396, 397, 425, 428, 431, 432.

MRDS database Dep. ID file #10282729, MAS ID #0040050003.

This district is located in T.20,21S., R.21,22E., in the Tombstone Hills, at an altitude of 4,530 feet. It is some 25 miles north of the international boundary and about 25 miles NW of Bisbee

This is a Ag-Au-Pb-Cu-Zn-Mn-Mo-V, mica, clay (As-Cd-Sb-Te) mining area principally famous for its silver mines and located about 20 miles NW of Bisbee. This was the first major mining district discovered in Cochise County once the issue of an Indian reservation was resolved. It was discovered in February, 1878, by Mr. A.E. Sheiffelin, a daring local prospector. He was warned by the soldiers at Fort Huachuca that wandering in this area would earn him only a tombstone. When he discovered the rich deposits in this area, he named the new camp "Tombstone." Tombstone is at an altitude of 4,500 feet on a gravel-floored pediment at the northern margin of a small group of low, dissected mountains, called the Tombstone Hills, that attain an altitude of about 5,300 feet. The Tombstone District is in southwestern Cochise County, 20 miles NW of Bisbee. From 1879 to 1932, this district produced more than 29,843,800 ounces of silver, 35,669,800 pounds of lead and $5,127,300 of gold (period values), besides considerable copper, zinc and manganese.

As interpretted by Ransome, the basement rocks are fine-grained Pinal Schist with intruded gneissic granite which outcrop in a small area south of the principal mines. The unconformably overlying Paleozoic quartzite and limestones have a total thickness of 4,000 to 5,000 feet, with 2,500 to 3,500 feet of Mississippian Escabrosa and Pennsylvanian Naco limestones as their upper formations. Unconformably overlying the Naco Limestone is a Mesozoic series of conglomerate, thick-bedded quartzites, and shales, with two or three lenses of soft, bluish-gray limestone. These formations are intruded by large bodies of quartz monzonite and by dikes of quartz monzonite-porphyry and diorite-porphyry. The region is complexly faulted, and, particularly, just south of Tombstone, the strata are closely folded.

The ores of the Tombstone District occur in at least three ways: (1) As argentiferous lead sulfide with spotty copper and zinc minerals, usually deeply oxidized with enrichment in irregular replacement bodies along fissure zones and anticlinal rolls cut by mineralized fissures in Paleozoic and Mesozoic sedimentary formations. Orebodies are often closely associated with cross-cutting Laramide intrusive dikes; (2) Base metal mineralization, often oxidized, in fault and fracture zones in Laramide volcanics and quartz latite porphyry intrusive; (3) Manganese oxides, argentiferous at times, in irregular, lenticular or pipe-like replacement bodies along fracture and fault zones, usually in Pennsylvanian-Permian Naco Group limestones.

Workings are numerous shaft mines and prospects. Total production of lead and silver ore has been at least 1.5 million tons since 1878. About 9,000 tons of manganese ore and concentrates have also been produced for smelter flux and for manganese.

Production from 1879 through 1936 was some $37,103,008 (period values).

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities
Acanthite
Alabandite
Alamosite
Albite
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Allanite-(Ce)
Altaite
Anatase
Anglesite
Anorthite
var: Bytownite

Antlerite
'Apatite'
'Apophyllite'
Argentojarosite
Augite
Aurichalcite
Austinite
Azurite
Backite (TL)
Baryte
Beaverite-(Cu)
'Bindheimite'
Botallackite
Bournonite
Brackebuschite
Brochantite
Bromargyrite
Brookite
Buttgenbachite
Calcite
Calderónite
Caledonite
Cerussite
Cervelleite
Cesbronite
Chalcocite
Chalcopyrite
Chlorargyrite
var: Bromian Chlorargyrite
'Chlorite Group'
Choloalite
Chrysocolla
Clinozoisite
Conichalcite
Connellite
Copper
Cordierite
Cornwallite
Covellite
Cryptomelane (TL)
Cuprite
Descloizite
var: Cuprian Descloizite
Devilline
Diaboleite
Diopside
Dolomite
Dugganite (TL)
'Dunhamite'
Emmonsite (TL)
Empressite
Epidote
Ettringite
Fairbankite (TL)
Famatinite
Fluorite
Fornacite
Frohbergite
Galena
var: Argentiferous Galena
Gearksutite
Girdite (TL)
Goethite
Gold
Goldfieldite
Grossular
var: Hessonite
Gypsum
Gyrolite
Halotrichite
Hematite
Hemimorphite
Hessite
Hetaerolite
Hewettite
Hillebrandite
Hisingerite
Housleyite
Hydrohetaerolite
Hydrozincite
'Iddingsite'
Jarosite
Kaolinite
'K Feldspar
var: Adularia'

Khinite (TL)
Krennerite
Lanarkite
Leadhillite
'Limonite'
Linarite
Mackayite
Magnesio-hornblende
Magnetite
Malachite
Manganite
Manjiroite
Mckinstryite
Mimetite
Mixite
Molybdenite
Molybdofornacite
'Montanite'
Monticellite
Mottramite
Mroseite
Natrochalcite
Natrolite
Oboyerite (TL)
Olivenite
'Olivine'
Opal
var: Opal-AN
Orthoclase
Osarizawaite
Ottoite
Parakhinite (TL)
Paratellurite
Periclase
Pharmacosiderite
Phosphohedyphane
Pigeonite
Plattnerite
Plumbojarosite
'Psilomelane'
Pyrite
Pyrolusite
Pyromorphite
Quartz
Quartz
var: Chalcedony

var: Sceptre Quartz
Queitite
var: Ca-bearing Queitite
Quetzalcoatlite
Raspite
Rhodochrosite
Rickardite
Rodalquilarite
Rosasite
Saponite
Schieffelinite (TL)
'Serpentine Group'
Serpierite
Siderite
Silver
Smithsonite
Sonoraite
Spangolite
Sphalerite
Spiroffite
Stromeyerite
Sulphur
Tangeite
Tellurium
Tenorite
Tetrahedrite
Thaumasite
Titanite
Tlapallite
Tremolite
Turquoise
Utahite
Vanadinite
Vésigniéite
Vesuvianite
Wavellite
Willemite
Winstanleyite (TL)
Wollastonite
Woodwardite
Wulfenite
Xocomecatlite
Yafsoanite
Zircon
Zoisite


233 entries listed. 162 valid minerals. 11 type localities (valid minerals).

Localities in this Region

USA
USA

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Search Google  
Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
Current server date and time: October 1, 2014 08:18:39 Page generated: September 17, 2014 18:00:29
Mineral and Locality Search
Mineral:
and/or Locality:
Options
Fade toolbar when not in focusFix toolbar to bottom of page
Hide Social Media Links
Slideshow frame delay seconds