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Dawson Mine, Hollis, Prince of Wales Island, Ketchikan District, Prince of Wales-Outer Ketchikan Borough, Alaska, USA

Latitude: 55°28'13"N
Longitude: 132°42'18"W
Location: The Dawson Mine is named on the USGS 1:63,360-scale topographic map. It is about 0.1 mile north of the center of section 7, T. 74 S., R. 84 E. The workings extend south to just north of the Hollis-Klawock road. Herreid and Rose (1966, figure 3) provide a map of the workings. Several early geologists, notably Wright and Wright (1908), and Roppel (2005), combine their descriptions of the Dawson and the Harris River (CR098) Mines because for much of their history they shared the same ownership. They have different histories, however, and are are described separately in ARDF.
Geology: Much of the history of the mines near the mouth of the Harris River was compiled by Roppel (2005). The first claims were staked in 1899 but soon allowed to lapse. The property was restaked in 1905 as the Julia claims, which covered an uncertain area but certainly the area that included what was to become the Harris River Mine (CE098) and then or later probably the area to the north that included what became the Dawson Mine. The early workings on these claims was concentrated at the Harris River Mine (CE098) and its mill along the Harris River that was in operation until about 1929 by the Kasaan Gold Mining Company. In 1930, the company was reorganized as the Kasaan Mining Company and what were then called the Handy claims were leased to Wendell Dawson who shifted the mining about a half mile north of the Harris River Mine to what is now called the Dawson Mine. Dawson mined intermittently until 1952. There apparently was no further mining at the Harris River Mine. The Dawson mine was restaked in 1976, and from 1979 to 1981, MAPCO, Inc. explored the property and drilled several holes. Discovery Gold Explorations, Inc. drilled 5 holes in 1984 and several more holes in 1985 (Harris, 1985). The drilling defined a resource of 43,800 tons of ore averaging about 1 ounce of gold per ton. In 2008, the Dawson Mine is being explored under an agreement between Full Metals Minerals and Altair Ventures Inc. (Altair Ventures, Inc., 2008; Full Metal Minerals, 2008). and they drilled 3 holes in 2007. Herreid and Rose (1966) mapped the rocks in the vicinity of the Dawson Mine as graywacke, banded siltstone and argillite with minor slate, limestone, and phyllite. They are part of the Descon Formation of Silurian and Ordovician age (Eberlein and others, 1983; Brew, 1996). The deposit consists of quartz veins and stringers that generally strike about N35E and dip northwest at about 28 degrees (Smith, 1914; Mertie, 1921; Roehm, 1936 [PE 119-2]; Wilcox, 1938[119-5]). The veins are in a zone 2 to more than 6 feet thick. Most of the value is in free gold that occurs along contacts between quartz stringers and slate; minor amounts of sulfides including pyrite, sphalerite, chalcopyrite, and galena are disseminated in the veins and country rocks. Pyritized, fine-grained felsic dikes parallel and crosscut the veins. Two principal veins were mined, the Freegold and Humboldt. Only the Freegold vein was mined; it extends for about 210 feet along strike but it is segmented by several near-horizontal faults. In the 1980's and 1990's, a considerable area was stripped and trenched just north of the Hollis-Klawock road (D.J. Grybeck, unpublished field notes, 1984 and 1991). Three veins, 10-24 inches thick, were exposed that dip west at about 26-55 degrees. The veins are in deformed black shale with graphitic partings; the footwalls for up to several feet from the veins are highly sheared gouge zones. The veins contain up to 1 percent sulfides, mainly pyrite and sphalerite. Three short(?) adits were driven on the veins in this area. In the 1990s, a road had been cleared to the older workings and mill site to the north. About 200 feet higher in elevation, there were several drill sites in the vicinity of the old workings and the mill. Several selected samples of quartz vein material from dumps at the old mill site contained up to 1,000 parts per million (ppm) silver, 700 ppm arsenic, 3,000 ppm copper, 1,000 ppm antimony, more than 1 percent zinc, and 59 ppm gold, but most values were much lower. Maas and others (1991) sampled most of the accessible workings. Their samples had a wide range of values, but several of the quartz veins contained 0.3 to more than 5 ounces of gold per ton, up to several ounces of silver per ton, and lead, zinc, and copper values that reflect as much as 1 to 2 percent sulfides in the veins. In the 1930;s, the Dawson mine was developed by 2 short crosscut tunnels and at least 150 feet of underground workings. In 1938, Roehm (1936 [PE 119-2]) reported that about $22,000 in gold (at $35 per ounce?) had been produced since 1933; the ore ran about $20 to $30 in gold per ton. Wilcox (1938 [PE 119-5])--who may have been describing the Harris River Mine (CR098) to the south-- indicated that the total production was about $16,000 to $17,000 in gold (at $35 per ounce?). His samples assayed up to about $30 in gold per ton across 5 feet. Maas and others (1995) indicate that the Dawson Mine operated intermittently from the 1930's to 1952, with a total production of nearly 10,000 ounces of gold, 7,000 ounces of silver, and minor lead and copper. There was a small mill on the property. As of 2008, the Crackerjack mine and several nearby properties are being explored under an agreement between Full Metals Minerals and Altair Ventures Inc. (Altair Ventures, Inc., 2008; Full Metal Minerals, 2008, CJ property). The drilled 3 holes on the veins at the Dawson Mine as well as two holes at the Hollis tunnel near the Crackerjack mine (CR101) and three holes at the Crackerjack mine itself to test the mineralization along a belt several miles long. Some of the notable mineralized intercepts cut in the drilling at the Dawson mine included 2.05 meters that contained 9.56 grams of gold per tonne and 76.7 grams of silver per tonne.
Workings: Much of the history of the mines near the mouth of the Harris River was compiled by Roppel (2005). The first claims were staked in 1899 but soon allowed to lapse. The property was restaked in 1905 as the Julia claims, which covered an uncertain area but certainly the area that included what was to become the Harris River Mine (CE098) and then or later probably the area to the north that included what became the Dawson Mine. The early workings on these claims was concentrated at the Harris River Mine (CE098) and its mill along the Harris River that was in operation until about 1929 by the Kasaan Gold Mining Company. In 1930, the company was reorganized as the Kasaan Mining Company and what were then called the Handy claims were leased to Wendell Dawson who shifted the mining about a half mile north of the Harris River Mine to what is now called the Dawson Mine. Dawson mined intermittently until 1952. There apparently was no further mining at the Harris River Mine. The Dawson mine was restaked in 1976, and from 1979 to 1981, MAPCO, Inc. explored the property and drilled several holes. Discovery Gold Explorations, Inc. drilled 5 holes in 1984 and several more holes in 1985 (Harris, 1985). The drilling defined a resource of 43,800 tons of ore averaging about 1 ounce of gold per ton. In 2008, the Dawson Mine is being explored under an agreement between Full Metals Minerals and Altair Ventures Inc. (Altair Ventures, Inc., 2008; Full Metal Minerals, 2008, CJ property) and they drilled 3 holes in 2007.
Age: Unknown, other than that the veins are in Silurian or Ordovician black shale and graywacke.
Alteration: None specifically mentioned, although the felsic dikes that cross the veins commonly are bleached and altered.
Production: In 1938, Roehm (1936 [PE 119-2]) reported that about $22,000 in gold (at $35 per ounce?) had been produced at the Dawson Mine since 1933; the ore ran about $20 to $30 in gold per ton. Wilcox (1938) indicated that the total production was about $16,000 to $17,000 in gold (at $35 per ounce?). His samples assayed up to about $30 in gold per ton across 5 feet. Maas and others (1995) indicate that the mine operated intermittently from the 1930's to 1952, with a total production of nearly 10,000 ounces of gold, 7,000 ounces of silver, and minor lead and copper.
Reserves: Discovery Gold Explorations, Inc. drilled 5 holes in 1984 and several more holes in 1985 (Harris, 1985). The drilling defined a resource of 43,800 tons of ore averaging about 1 ounce of gold per ton.

Commodities (Major) - Ag, Au, Cu, Pb; (Minor) - As, Sb
Development Status: Yes; small
Deposit Model: Gold-quartz vein (Cox and Singer, 1986, model 36a).

Mineral List

Chalcopyrite
Galena
Gold
Pyrite
Quartz
Sphalerite


6 entries listed. 6 valid minerals.

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References

Altair Ventures, Inc., 2008,CJ property, geology and drill results: http://www.altairventuresinc.com/projects/crackerjack/geology.aspx [Link Broken? May 2012] (as of May 1, 2008). Barnett, John, and Clough, Al, 2000, CJ Gold prospect, Prince of Wales Island, Alaska (abs.): Alaska Miners Convention, Oct. 30- Nov. 4, Anchorage, Abstracts, p. 19-20. Brew, D.A., 1996, Geologic map of the Craig, Dixon Entrance, and parts of the Ketchikan and Prince Rupert quadrangles, southeastern Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-2319, 53 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:250,000. Brooks, A.H., 1902, Preliminary report on the Ketchikan mining district, Alaska, with an introductory sketch of the geology of southeastern Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1, 120 p. Brooks, A.H., 1914, Mineral resources of Alaska; report on progress of investigations in 1913: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 592, 413 p. Brooks, A.H., 1915, Mineral resources of Alaska; report on progress of investigations in 1914: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 622, 380 p. Brooks, A.H., 1922, The Alaska mining industry in 1920: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 722-A, p. 1-74. Brooks, A.H., 1923, The Alaska mining industry in 1921: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 739-A, p. 1-50. Brooks, A.H., 1925, Alaska's mineral resources and production, 1923: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 773-A, p. 3-52. Brooks, A.H., and Capps, S.R., 1924, The Alaska mining industry in 1922: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 755-A, p. 1-56. Buddington, A.F., 1926, Mineral investigations in southeastern Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 783, p. 41-62. Buddington, A.F., and Chapin, Theodore, 1929, Geology and mineral deposits of southeastern Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 800, 398 p. Bufvers, John, 1967, History of mines and prospects, Ketchikan district, prior to 1952: Alaska Division of Mines and Minerals Special Report 1, 32 p. Chapin, Theodore, 1916, Mining developments in southeastern Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 642-B, p. 73-104. Chapin, Theodore, 1918, Mining developments in the Ketchikan and Wrangell mining districts: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 662-B, p. 63-75. Chapin, Theodore, 1919, A molybdenite lode on Healy River: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 692, p. 329. Cobb, E. H., 1978, Summary of references to mineral occurrences (other than mineral fuels and construction materials) in the Craig quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 78-869, 262 p. Eberlein, G.D., Churkin, Michael, Jr., Carter, Claire, Berg, H.C., and Ovenshine, A. T., 1983, Geology of the Craig quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 83-91, 52 p. Full Metal Minerals, 2008 (CJ property): http://www.fullmetalminerals.com/s/CJ.asp [Link Broken? May 2012] (as of May 1, 2008). Harris, Mark, 1985, Old Dawson gold mine holds surprises: exploration under way on Prince of Wales: Alaska Construction and Oil, v. 26, no. 11, p. 28-30. Herreid, Gordon, and Rose, A.W., 1966, Geology and geochemistry of the Hollis and Twelvemile Creek area, Prince of Wales Island southeastern Alaska: Alaska Division of Mines and Minerals Geologic Report 17, 32 p. Knopf, Adolph, 1910, Mining in southeastern Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 442-C, p. 133-143. Knopf, Adolph, 1911, Mining in southeastern Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 480-D, p. 94-102. Maas, K.M., Bittenbender, P E., and Still, J.C., 1995, Mineral investigations in the Ketchikan mining district, southeastern Alaska: U.S. Bureau of Mines Open-File Report 11-95, 606 p. Maas, K.M., Still, J. C., Clough, A. H., and Oliver, L. K., 1991, Mineral investigations in the Ketchikan mining district, Alaska, 1990: Southern Prince of Wales Island and vicinity--Preliminary sample location maps and descriptions: U.S. Bureau of Mines Open-File Report 33-91, 139 p. Martin, G.C., 1919, Alaska Mining Industry in 1917: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 692-A, p. 11-42. Martin, G.C., 1920, The Alaska mining industry in 1918: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 712-A, p. 1-52. Mertie, J.B., Jr., 1921, Lode mining in the Juneau and Ketchikan districts: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 714-B p. 105-128. Mitchell, J.R., 1982, A proposal for exploration at the Dawson gold mine, Prince of Wales Island, southeast Alaska, 23 p. (Unpublished report held by the Bureau of Land Management, Mineral Information Center, Juneau, Alaska.) Mitchell, J.R., 1986, Phase 3 exploration report for the Dawson gold mine, Prince of Wales Island, southeastern Alaska: Discovery Gold Explorations, Ltd., 37 p. (Unpublished report held by the Bureau of Land Management, Mineral Information Center, Juneau, Alaska.) Moffit, F.H., 1927, Mineral industry in Alaska in 1925: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 792-A, p. 1-39. Roehm, J.C., 1936, Preliminary report of Harris Creek mine, Twelve Mile Arm, Ketchikan mining district: Alaska Territorial Department of Mines Property Examination 119-2, 3 p. Roppel, Patricia, 2005, Striking it rich! Gold mining in southern Southeastern Alaska: Greenwich, Connecticut, Coachlamp Productions, 286 p. Smith, P.S., 1914, Lode mining in the Ketchikan region, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 592-B, p. 75-94. Smith, P.S., 1926, Mineral industry of Alaska in 1924: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 783-A, p. 1-30. Smith, P.S., 1929, Mineral industry of Alaska in 1926: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 797, p. 1-50. Smith, P.S., 1930, Mineral industry of Alaska in 1927: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 810-A, p. 1-64. Smith, P.S., 1930, Mineral industry of Alaska in 1928: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 813-A, p. 1-72. Smith, P.S., 1932, Mineral industry of Alaska in 1929, in Smith, P.S., and others Mineral resources of Alaska, report on progress of investigations in 1929: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 824-A, p. 1-81. Smith, P.S., 1933, Mineral industry of Alaska in 1930: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 836-A, p. 1-83. Smith, P.S., 1933, Mineral industry of Alaska in 1931: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 844-A, p. 1-81. Smith, P.S., 1941, Mineral industry of Alaska in 1939: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 926-A, p. 1-106. Smith, P.S., 1942, Mineral industry of Alaska in 1940: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 933-A, p. 1-102. Wilcox, H.G., 1938, Kasaan Gold Property (Twelve Mile Arm, Harris Creek): Alaska Territorial Department of Mines Property Examination 119-5, 2 p. Wright, C.W., 1907, Lode mining in southeastern Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 314, p. 47-72. Wright, C.W., 1908, Lode mining in southeastern Alaska, 1907: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 345-B, p. 78-97. Wright, C.W., 1909, Mining in southeastern Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 379-B, p. 67-86. Wright, F.E., and Wright, C.W., 1908, The Ketchikan and Wrangell mining districts, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 347, 210 p.

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