Lilliwig Creek; Lilling Gulch Mine, Fortymile District, Southeast Fairbanks Borough, Alaska, USA
Location: Lilliwig Creek is a small tributary of Ingle Creek; it is about 3.5 miles west-northwest of Chicken. The coordinates are at the upper limit of the placer workings, on the boundary of sections 26 and 27, T. 27 N., R. 17 E., of the Copper River Meridian. The location is accurate. This site is locality 74 of Burleigh and Lear (1994), locality 35 of Eberlein and others (1977), and locality 49 of Cobb (1972 [MF-393]). An old name for Lilliwig Creek was Lilling Gulch (Ellsworth, 1910).
Geology: The rocks in the vicinity of Lilliwig Creek are primarily upper Paleozoic greenschist-facies metasedimentary and metavolcanic rocks that have been intruded by granitic rocks that are either related to the Taylor Mountain batholith of Triassic age to the south or the Chicken pluton of Jurassic age that is at the head of the valley to the north (Foster, 1976; Werdon and others, 2001). These units have been cut by numerous high-angle faults. In the lower part of Lilliwig Creek, Tertiary gabbro is overlain by tuffaceous material and sparse shale. Quaternary colluvium and alluvium are present in the lower valley; they consist of gravel and lesser silt and sand overlain by muck. Placer gold mining has exposed Pleistocene mammalian fossils, including mammoth, horse, caribou, and bison (Pinney, 2001). Placer gold has been mined downstream from the Lilliwig Creek lode gold occurrence (EA108), and no placer gold was found above it. Lilliwig Creek was being mined for placer gold as early as 1909(?) and was mined in 1910 as well (Ellsworth, 1910; Ellsworth and Parker, 1911).
Workings: Lilliwig Creek was being mined for placer gold as early as 1909(?) and was mined in 1910 as well (Ellsworth, 1910; Ellsworth and Parker, 1911).
Commodities (Major) - Au
Development Status: Yes; small
Deposit Model: Placer Au (Cox and Singer, 1986; model 39a).
ReferencesBerg, H.C., and Cobb, E.H., 1967, Metalliferous lode deposits of Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1246, 254 p. Burleigh, R.E., and Lear, K.G., 1994, Compilation of data for Phase I of the mineral resource evaluation of the Bureau of Land Management Black River and Fortymile subunits: U.S. Bureau of Mines Open-File Report 48-94, 116 p. Cobb, E.H., 1972, Metallic mineral resources map of the Eagle quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-393, 1:250,000 scale, 1 sheet. Cobb, E.H., 1977, Summary of references to mineral occurrences in the Eagle quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 77-845, 122 p. Eberlein, G.D., Chapman, R.M., Foster, H.L., and Gassaway, J.S., 1977, Map and table describing known metalliferous and selected nonmetalliferous mineral deposits in central Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 77-168-D, 132 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:1,000,000. Ellsworth, C.E., 1910, Placer mining in the Yukon-Tanana region: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 442-F, p. 230-245. Ellsworth, C.E., and Parker, G.L., 1911, Placer mining in the Yukon-Tanana region: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 480-F, p. 173-217. Foster, H.L., 1976, Geologic map of the Eagle quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series, Map 922, 1 sheet, scale 1:250,000. Mertie, J.B., Jr., 1930, Mining in the Fortymile district: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 813-C, p. 125-142. Mertie, J.B., Jr., 1937, The Yukon-Tanana region Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 872, 276 p. Mertie, J.B., Jr., 1938, Gold placers of the Fortymile, Eagle, and Circle districts, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 897-C, p. 133-261. Pinney, D.S., 2001, Surficial-geologic map of the Eagle A-2 quadrangle, Fortymile mining district, Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys Preliminary Interpretive Report 2001-3c, 1 sheet, scale 1:63,360. Smith, W.H., 1968, Geochemical investigation of a portion of the Fortymile district, Alaska: Alaska Division of Mines and Minerals Geochemical Report 16, 17 p. Swainbank, R.C., Bundtzen, T.K., and Wood, J.E., 1991, Alaska's mineral industry, 1990: Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys Special Report 45, 78 p. Werdon, M.B., Newberry, R.J., and Szumigala, D.J., 2001, Bedrock geologic map of the Eagle A-2 quadrangle, Fortymile mining district, Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys Preliminary Interpretive Report 2001-3b, 1sheet, scale 1:63,360.
1 entry listed. 1 valid mineral.
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