Geology of Nepal is very complex because of continuous geodynamic process in the Himalayan region and that resulted in many thrusting, faulting, folding and metamorphic events. Nepal Himalaya can be divided into five distinct morpho-geotectonic zones from south to north. From mineral resources point of view, the southernmost Terai Plain is potential for gravel, sand, ground water, petroleum and natural gas. The Sub Himalaya (Churia/ Siwalik foot hills) is the potential area for construction materials, radioactive minerals, petroleum, natural gas and minor amount of coal. Similarly, Lesser Himalaya (The Mahabharat Range including midlands) is promising for metallic minerals mainly Iron, copper, lead, zinc, cobalt, nickel, tin, tungsten, molybdenum, gold, uranium rare metals etc.; industrial minerals like magnesite, phosphorite, limestone, dolomite, talc, clay, kaoline etc.; gemstones like tourmaline, aquamarine/ beryl, garnet, kyanite, etc; fuel minerals e.g. coal, lignite, methane gas, petroleum and natural gas, hot springs and radioactive minerals; and voluminous construction materials crushed gravel as well as river boulders, gravel; sand some of the areas in Higher Himalaya are highly promising for precious and semiprecious stones, marble and metallic minerals like lead, zinc, uranium, gold etc. Tibetan Tethys zone is prospective for limestone, gypsum, brine water (salt) and natural gas. However, because of rugged topography, difficult mountain terrain, complex geology, lack of infrastructures and financial constrain exploration and exploitation of these mineral resources in Nepal is still challenging.
(Kaphle K.P., 2011, Minerals Resources of Nepal and their present status, available in the website of Nepal Geological Society: www.ngs.org.np)
In the 1950s, Nepal consisted of 34 districts. From 1962, it was divided into 14 zones; these came into disuse around 1995. Since then, Nepal is divided into five vikas kshetra (development regions; not used on Mindat), these into 14 administrative zones and 75 districts (see links below).
Presently, the Mindat locality hierarchy still uses the old zones.
Mineral ListMineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities
65 entries listed. 39 valid minerals.
Localities in this Region
The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register
so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to
visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders
for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
Deniel, C., Vidal, P., Fernandez, A., Le Fort, P., and Peucat, J.-J. (1987) Isotopic study of the Manaslu granite (Himalaya, Nepal); inferences on the age and source of the Himalayan leucogranites. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 96: 78-92.