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Elba Island, Livorno Province, Tuscany, Italy

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Name(s) in local language(s):Isola d'Elba, Provincia di Livorno, Toscana, Italia


Elba, located 10 kilometres from the coastal town of Piombino, is the largest island of the Tuscan Archipelago. The island is part of the province of Livorno and is divided into eight municipalities: Campo nell'Elba, Capoliveri, Marciana, Marciana Marina, Porto Azzurro, Portoferraio, Rio Marina, and Rio nell'Elba.

The geology of the Elba Island is very interesting for the structural complexity. The first organic geological map and related monograph of the Elba Island was performed by Lotti (1884, 1886). A model which divides the nappe pile into five complexes was proposed in the 1950s by Trevisan (1950, 1951) and successively slightly modified by Barberi et al. (1967, 1969). According to Trevisan’s model, the Tuscany units (Complexes I, II and III) are overlain by Ligurian units (Complexes IV and V): the lower three complexes have continental features, while the upper two are oceanic in character. Two Late Miocene monzogranitic plutonic masses crop out in the western (Monte Capanne, 6.9 Ma) and eastern (La Serra-Porto Azzurro, 5.9 Ma) sectors of the Elba Island, along with their microgranite, aplite, and pegmatite dyke swarms.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Actinolite

'Actinolite-Ferro-actinolite Series'

'Actinolite-Tremolite Series'

Adamite

Albite

var: Pericline

'Albite-Anorthite Series'

Allanite-(Ce)

Allophane

Aluminocopiapite

Alunite

Alunogen

Amarantite

Amblygonite

Analcime

Anatase

Andalusite

Andradite

Anglesite

Anthophyllite

Antlerite

'Apatite'

Aragonite

Arsenopyrite

Atacamite

Aubertite

Aurichalcite

Azurite

Baryte

Bassanite

Beraunite

Bertrandite

Beryl

var: Alkali-beryl

var: Aquamarine

var: Emerald

var: Goshenite

var: Morganite

var: Rosterite (FRL)

Bieberite

'Biotite'

Bismoclite

Bismuth

Bismuthinite

Bismutite

Bonattite (TL)

Bornite

Botryogen

Brochantite

Brookite

Calcite

var: Cobaltoan Calcite

Cannizzarite

Cannonite

Cassiterite

Cerussite

'Chabazite'

Chalcanthite

Chalcocite

Chalcopyrite

'Chlorite Group'

Chrysocolla

Clinoatacamite

Clinochlore

var: Pennine

Clinozoisite

Cobaltite

Columbite-(Fe)

Columbite-(Mg)

Columbite-(Mn)

Connellite

Cookeite

Copiapite

Copper

Coquimbite

Cordierite

Cosalite

Covellite

Cryptomelane

Cuprite

var: Chalcotrichite

Cyanotrichite

Dachiardite-Ca (TL)

Daubréeite

Diopside

var: Diallage

Dioptase

Dolomite

Dundasite

Elbaite (TL)

'Elbaite-Schorl Series'

Epidote

Epistilbite

Epsomite

Erythrite

Euxenite-(Y)

Ferro-pargasite

Fibroferrite

Fluorapatite

Fluor-elbaite

Fluorite

Fluor-tsilaisite (TL)

Foitite

Gadolinite-(Y)

Galena

'Garnet'

Goethite

Graphite

Grossular

var: Hessonite

Gypsum

Gyrolite

'Halloysite'

Halotrichite

Hambergite

Hastingsite

Hedenbergite

Helvine

Hematite

var: Red Ochre

'Heulandite'

Hexahydrite

'Hornblende'

Hübnerite

Humboldtine

Hydroniumjarosite

Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)

Hydrozincite

Ilmenite

Ilvaite (TL)

Iron

Ixiolite

var: Wolframoixiolite

Jarosite

Kaolinite

'K Feldspar'

'var: Adularia'

Kröhnkite

Laumontite

'Lepidolite'

Lillianite

'Limonite'

Linnaeite

Löllingite

Magnesite

Magnetite

Malachite

'Manganese Oxides'

Manganite

Marcasite

Marialite

Melanterite

var: Cuprian Melanterite

Metatorbernite

Microcline

Microlite Group

var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)

Minguzzite (TL)

'Monazite'

Monazite-(Ce)

Mordenite

Muscovite

Natrochalcite

Natrojarosite

Natrolite

Nontronite

Opal

var: Opal-AN

Orthoclase

Paratacamite

Petalite

Pharmacosiderite

Phenakite

Phlogopite

Pickeringite

Plancheite

Plumbojarosite

Pollucite (TL)

Polycrase-(Y)

Prehnite

Pyrite

Pyrolusite

Pyrophanite

Pyrrhotite

Quartz

var: Amethyst

var: Chalcedony

var: Prase

var: Sceptre Quartz

var: Smoky Quartz

Ramanite-(Cs) (TL)

Ramanite-(Rb) (TL)

Rhodochrosite

Rhomboclase

Riomarinaite (TL)

Rosasite

Rossmanite

Rubicline (TL)

Rutile

var: Ilmenorutile

var: Niobian Rutile

var: Strüverite

Sanidine

Scheelite

Schorl

Scolecite

Scorodite

Sekaninaite

Senarmontite

'Serpentine Subgroup'

Siderite

Skutterudite

Smithsonite

Spessartine

Sphalerite

Starkeyite

Stellerite

'Stilbite'

Stilpnomelane

Sulphur

'Synchysite'

Synchysite-(Ce)

Talc

Tantalite-(Mn)

Titanite

Titanowodginite

Todorokite

Topaz

'Tourmaline'

'var: Rubellite'

Tremolite

Triplite

Tschermigite

Tsilaisite (TL)

Tyrolite

Uranopolycrase (TL)

Vesuvianite

Voltaite

'Wad'

Wollastonite

Woodwardite

Xenotime-(Y)

Zeunerite

Zircon


195 valid minerals. 13 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Localities in this Region


The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

(In alphabetical order.)

• Abrate, M. (1858). Miniere dell'Isola d'Elba ed opifizi metallurgici della Toscana nel 1836. Econ. e Storia, 14: 275-286.
• Aloisi, P. (1912). Cerussite e anglesite di Rosseto (Elba). Atti Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Processi Verbali, 26, 43-48.
• Aurisicchio C., Ottolini L., & Pezzotta F. (1998). A complete chemical characterization of foitite minerals from Elba Island by means EPMA and SIMS. Plinius, 20: 37-38.
• Barberi, F., Innocenti, F., & Ricci, C. A. (1967). Il complesso scistoso di Capo Calamita. Atti Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, Serie A, 74, 579-617.
• Barberi, F., Innocenti, F., & Ricci, C. A. (1972). Il magmatismo dell'Appennino Centro-Settentrionale. Estratto da "La Toscana Meridionale", Fascicolo Speciale del vol. 27 dei Rendiconti della Società Italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia.
• Becke (1887). Aetzversuche am pyrit. Tscherm. Mitt., VIII.
• Beneo, E. (1952). Sulle ricerche minerarie nella costa orientale dell'Isola d'Elba. Bollettino Servizio Geologico Italiano, 74, 9-24.
• Bodechtel, J. (1964). Die Hematit-Magnetit Paragenese in den Eisenerzen der Toskana un der Insel Elba und ihre genetische Deutung. Fortschr. Mineral., 41, 168-169.
• Bodechtel, J. (1965). Zur Genese der Eisenerze der Toskana un der Insel Elba. Neues Jahrbuch Min. Abhanndl., 103 (2), 147-162.
• Bonatti, S. (1964). Guida mineralogica e petrografica dell'isola d'Elba. Tip. Editrice Giardini, Pisa.
• Busatti, L. (1879). Alcuni minerali dell'Elba (Arsenopirite, farmacosiderite, dufrenite). Atti Società Toscana Scienze Naturali, Processi Verbali, 1-2, 243-245.
• N. Calanchi, G. Dal Rio, A. Prati, 1976 - Miniere e minerali dell'Elba orientale - Tip. Cacciari, Bologna
• Dini, A., Innocenti, F., Rocchi, S., Tonarini, S., & Westerman, D.S. (2002a) The magmatic evolution of the late Miocene laccolith-pluton-dyke granitic complex of Elba Island, Italy. Geol. Mag.: 139: 257-279.
• Frisch, W. , Meschede, M. & Kuhlemann, J. (2008): Elba. Sammlung Geologischer Führer, 98, Gebrüder Borntraeger, Berlin, 216 pp.
• Minelli, G. & Keller, J.V.A. (2003). The Island of Elba: tectonic setting and geological evolution. Periodico di Mineralogia, Roma,pp. 65-72
• Minguzzi, C. (1952). Ricerche sulle "limoniti" dell'Isola d'Elba. Rendiconti della Società Mineralogica Italiana, 8, 58.
• Nannoni, R. (1998). Isola d'Elba: i minerali dei porfidi. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 22 (3), 19-21
• Orlandi, P. & Scortecci, P.B. (1985) Minerals of the Elba pegmatites. Mineralogical Record: 16: 353-363
• Orlandi P., Pasero M., Perchiazzi N. (1990): Nb-Ta oxides from Elba Island pegmatites, ATTI DELLA SOCIETA' TOSCANA DI SCIENZE NATURALI-MEMORIE-SERIE A, 97, 161-173.
• Orlandi, P. and Pezzotta, F. (1997) Minerali dell'isola D'Elba. Edizioni Novecento Grafico, Bergamo, Italy (in Italian), 245 pp.
• Pezzotta, F. (2000) Internal structures, parageneses and classification of the miarolitic (Li-bearing) complex pegmatites of Elba Island (Italy). In: Mineralogy and Petrology of Shallow Depth Pegmatites (F. Pezzotta, ed.) Memorie della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano: XXX(I): 29-43.
• ExtraLapis No. 20 "Elba", Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich.
• Rocchi S., Dini A., Innocenti F., Tonarini S. & Westerman D.S. (2003): Elba Island: intrusive magmatism, Periodico di Mineralogia, Roma,pp. 73-104.
Lotti B. (1884) Carta geologica dell’Isola d’Elba alla scala 1:25.000. R. Uff. Geol. d’Italia.
Lotti B. (1886) Descrizione geologica dell’isola d’Elba. Mem. Descr. Carta Geol. d’ Italia, 2, 254 pp.
Trevisan L. (1950) L’Elba orientale e la sua tettonica di scivolamento per gravità. Mem. Ist. Geol. Univ. Padova., 16, 5-39.
Trevisan L. (1951) La 55a Riunione Estiva della Società Geologica Italiana. Isola d’ Elba, 18-23 Settembre 1951. Boll. Soc. Geol. Ital., 70, 435-472.
Barberi F., Dallan L., Franzini M., Giglia G., Innocenti F., Marinelli G., Raggi R., Ricci C.A., Squarci P., Taffi L. & Trevisan L. (1967) Carta geologica dell’Isola d’Elba alla scala 1:25.000. CNR, Roma.
Barberi F., Dallan L., Franzini M., Giglia G., Innocenti F., Marinelli G., Raggi R., Ricci C.A., Squarci P., Taffi L., Trevisan L. (1969) Note illustrative della Carta Geologica d’ Italia alla scala 1:100.000, Foglio 126 (Isola d’Elba). Serv. Geol. d’Italia, 32 pp.

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