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Schaumburg, Lower Saxony, Germany

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Name(s) in local language(s): Schaumburg, Niedersachsen, Deutschland
 
Schaumburg was a mediaeval county, established in the early 12th century and named for Schaumburg castle, which is located near Rinteln. Around 1640, it was divided into Hessian Schaumburg and the county of Schaumburg-Lippe.

Hessian Schaumburg became part of the principality of Hesse-Kassel and, after the latter had been annexed by Prussia in 1866, a part of the Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau. Following an administrative reorganisation in 1932, it was incorporated as a district into the province of Hanover. In 1946, it became a district within the state of Lower Saxony, with Rinteln as its administrative center.

The county of Schaumburg-Lippe eventually joined the Confederation of the Rhine and raised itself to a principality in 1807. In 1815, it joined the German Confederation, and in 1871 the German Empire. In 1918, it became a free state, which continued to exist until the end of World War II. In 1946, it was divided into the districts of Bückeburg and Stadthagen, which both became parts of the state of Lower Saxony. In 1948, they were merged to form the district of Schaumburg-Lippe, with Stadthagen as its administrative center.

Following an administrative reorganisation in 1977, the districts of Schaumburg (Rinteln) and Schaumburg-Lippe (Stadthagen) were merged again to form the district of Schaumburg, whose territory is essentially the same as that of the mediaeval county.

On old specimen labels, "Schaumburg" always refers to the former Hessian Schaumburg, which constitutes the southern part of the modern district of Schaumburg. The term "Schaumburger Diamanten" (Schaumburg diamonds) refers to clear quartz crystals which occur near the town of Rinteln. This locality has been known for more than a century.

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23 entries listed. 17 valid minerals.

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