Mindat Logo

Sulphur Mine (Crenshaw Mine; Victoria Furnace Mine), Mineral, Gold-Pyrite Belt, Louisa Co., Virginia, USA
This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.

Latitude: 38°3'42"N
Longitude: 77°52'54"W
 
 
A volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit, thought to be of the Kuroko type, hosted by the Chopawamsic Formation. In the rather linear trend where the massive sulphides of the Mineral District occur the Chopawamsic is predominantly metamorphosed intermediate and felsic volcanics. The ore bodies are stratiform lenses, often dominantly pyritic, that contain variable amounts of sphalerite, galena and chalcopyrite. A variety of minor minerals occurs thinly scattered among the major ore minerals. Gangue minerals include quartz, carbonate, silicates, magnetite and gahnite. Gahnite is widespread within the ores. Its occurrence in the Mineral District has been described by Sandhaus and Craig (1986).

The massive sulphides of the Mineral District were mainly mined for pyrite to produce sulphur and sulphuric acid. Pyrite mining ended when cheaper, and more abundant sources of elemental sulphur were developed in the early 20th century. Copper, lead and, zinc were generally byproducts.

Like the other massive sulphide mines of the area the Armenius has been "reclaimed". Recent air photos suggest that the mineral-bearing dumps have been bulldozed, recontoured, heavily limed, covered and revegetated leaving little or nothing of mineralogical interest.

Mineral List

Actinolite
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
'Allanite'
Almandine
Aluminocopiapite
Alunogen
Ankerite
Antlerite
Augite
var: Fassaite

Azurite
'Biotite'
Bornite
Brochantite
Calcite
Chalcanthite
Chalcopyrite
'Chlorite Group'
Chloritoid
Clinozoisite
Copiapite
Copper
Coquimbite
Cuprite
Epidote
Ferricopiapite
Ferrinatrite
Ferrohexahydrite
Fibroferrite
Gahnite
Galena
Goethite
Gypsum
Halotrichite
Hematite
Hematite
var: Martite

var: Specularite
Hexahydrite
'Hornblende'
Ilmenite
Jarosite
Kyanite
Magnesiocopiapite
Magnetite
Marcasite
Melanterite
Muscovite
Paracoquimbite
Pentahydrite
Pickeringite
Pyrite
Pyrrhotite
Quartz
Rozenite
Schorl
Siderite
Siderotil
Silver
Sphalerite
Staurolite
Sulphur
Szomolnokite
Talc
Tremolite
Turquoise
Zircon


65 entries listed. 57 valid minerals.

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Rocks & Min.: 60:167.

LUTTRELL, G.W., 1966, VA. MIN. RES. REPORT 7, P. 125.

WATSON, T.L., 1907, MINERAL RESOURCES OF VIRGINIA, P. 201-202

KATZ, A S, 1961, THE MINERALOGY OF THE SULPHUR MINE, MINERAL, VIRGINIA; INCLUDING A HISTORY OF THE PROPERTY

SANDHAUS., D.J . & CRAIG, J .R. (1986): GAHNITE IN THE METAMORPHOSED STRATIFORM MASSIVE SULFIDE DEPOSITS OF THE MINERAL DISTRICT, VIRGINIA, U,S.A. TSCHERMAKS MIN.PETR MITT.35,77-98.


Mineral and/or Locality  
Search Google  
Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
Current server date and time: August 30, 2014 12:19:12