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Mogok Township, Pyin-Oo-Lwin District, Mandalay Division, Burma (Myanmar)

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Mogok (city) and other villages nearby have been famous since ancient times for its gemstones. The gems are found in alluvial marble gravels which derive from the metamorphosed limestones (marbles) of the Mogok metamorphic belt.
A 61 mi2 22° 53'30" to 23°N and 96° 15'- 96° 35'E

NOTE: Many specimens (e.g., mushroom tourmalines) labeled "Mogok" actually come from Momeik Township in adjacent Shan State.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities
Aegirine
var: Titanoan Aegirine

Albite
var: Cleavelandite
var: Oligoclase
Almandine
Amblygonite
Amphibole Supergroup
Anatase
Andalusite
Andradite
Anorthite
var: Labradorite

'Apatite'
Aragonite
'Axinite Group'
Baddeleyite
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
var: Goshenite
var: Morganite
Bismite
Brockite
Calcite
Cancrinite
Cassiterite
'Chabazite'
'Chlorite Group'
Chondrodite
Chrysoberyl
var: Alexandrite
'Chrysoprase'
Columbite-(Mn)
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Cordierite
var: Iolite
Corundum
var: Ruby
var: Sapphire
var: Star Ruby
var: Star Sapphire
Danburite
Diamond
Diaspore
Diopside
Dravite
Edenite
Ekanite
Elbaite
var: Chromian Elbaite
Enstatite
Epidote
Euclase
Fayalite
'Feldspar Group'
Fergusonite-(Y)
Ferrohögbomite-2N2S
Fluorapatite
Fluorite
Fluoro-edenite
Foitite
Forsterite
var: Peridot
'Garnet'
Geikielite
Graphite
Grossular
var: Hessonite
Haüyne
var: Lazurite

Hematite
Herderite
Hibonite
'Hornblende'
'Humite Group'
Ilmenite
Jadeite
Jeremejevite
Johachidolite
'K Feldspar'
Kornerupine
'Lapis Lazuli'
'Magnesiosadanagaite'
Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S
Magnetite
Marcasite
Margarite
Meionite
'Mica Group'
Microcline
var: Amazonite
Monazite-(Ce)
Montebrasite
'Moonstone'
Muscovite
Orthoclase
Oxycalciopyrochlore
var: Titan-uranoan Oxycalciopyrochlore

Painite (TL)
Pargasite
Phenakite
Phlogopite
Poudretteite
'Protojoséite'
Pyrite
Pyrochlore Group
var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group

Pyrope
Pyrrhotite
Quartz
var: Amethyst
var: Chalcedony
var: Citrine
var: Rock Crystal
var: Rose Quartz
var: Smoky Quartz
Rhodochrosite
Rutile
Sadanagaite
Sanidine
'Scapolite'
Scheelite
Schorl
Serendibite
Sillimanite
var: Fibrolite
Sinhalite
Sodalite
var: Hackmanite
'Sodalite Group'
Spessartine
Spinel
var: Pleonaste
Spodumene
Srilankite
Sulphur
'Taaffeite Group'
Tellurite
Thorite
Titanite
Topaz
'Tourmaline'
'var: Rubellite'
Tremolite
'Unnamed (Al-Th Oxide)'
'Unnamed (Gd-dominant monazite)'
Uraninite
'Uvite'
Vesuvianite
Wollastonite
Xenotime-(Y)
Zircon
var: Hafnian Zircon
'Zirconolite-3T'


168 entries listed. 93 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 erroneous literature entries.

Localities in this Region

Burma (Myanmar)

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Iyer, L.A.N. (1953): The geology and gem-stones of the Mogok Stone Tract, Burma. Mem. Geol. Surv. India, 82, Government of India Press, Calcutta, India, 100 pp. (Reprinted in 2007 by White Lotus Co Ltd.)

Themelis, T. (2000): Mogôk - Valley of Rubies & Sapphires. A & T Publishing, Los Angeles, USA, 272 pp.

Barley, M.E., Pickard, A.L., Khin Zaw, Rak, P., Doyle, M.G. (2003): Jurassic to Miocene magmatism and metamorphism in the Mogok metamorphic belt and the India-Eurasia collision in Myanmar. Tectonics 22, 1-11.

Kyaw Thu (2007): The igneous rocks of the Mogok Stone Tract: their distribution, petrography, petrochemistry, sequence, geochronology and economic geology. PhD Thesis, University of Yangon, Yangon Myanmar, 218 pp. (+ Appendix). [Online: http://www.palaminerals.com/mogok.php]

Themelis, T. (2008): Gems and mines of Mogok. A & T Publishing, Los Angeles, USA, 352 pp. [Note: some coordinates were correct in the previous edition (Themelis 2000), but are wrong in this edition.]

Harlow, G. E. & Bender, W. (2013): A study of ruby (corundum) compositions from the Mogok Belt, Myanmar: Searching for chemical fingerprints. American Mineralogist 98, 1120-1132.

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