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Roşia Montană (Verespatak; Vöröspatak; Goldbach), Alba Co., Romania

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Name(s) in local language(s): Roşia Montană
Ancient and modern gold mines. A project by open-pit mining (by the Canadian investor Gabriel Resources) was abandoned in around 2007.
Breccia pipe/brecciated dyke, discordant veins in clusters.
Host rock: Dacite.

Alteration: adularization, sericitization, chloritization, argillization, silicification and pyritization.

The ore deposition at the Rosia Montana deposit evolved from an early Au-(Ag) low-sulfidation character to a late Ag-Te-(Ge-Au) intermediate-sulfidation character, and may be correlated with late magmatic pulses (Tamas et al., 2006).

Ancient gold mines on Mt. Kirnik, with well-preserved Roman galleries. The mining has started here about 2000 years ago.

Located about 4 km SW of Rosia Poieni.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

57 entries listed. 51 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Localities in this Region


The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


- Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 923.
- Mârza, I., Tămaş, C. G., Ghergari, L. (1997): Low sulfidation epithermal gold deposit from Roşia Montană, Metaliferi Mountains, Romania. St. Cerc. Geol., 42, 3-12.
- Tămaş, C. G. (1998): Descriptive breccia types in the Roşia Montană low sulfidation epithermal ore deposit, Apuseni Mountains, Romania. Studia Univ. Babeş-Bolyai, Geologia, XLIII(1), 75-88.
- Tămaş, C. G., Bailly, L. (1999): Roşia Montană epithermal ore deposit - evidence from fluid inclusion study. Studia Univ. Babeş-Bolyai, Geologia, XLIV(1), 49-56.
- Benea, M., Bailly, L., Tămaş, C. G. (2000): New data concerning Mn bearing minerals from Roşia Montană, Metaliferi Mountains, Romania. Studia Univ. Babeş-Bolyai, Geologia, XLV(1), 67-77.
- Onac, B. P. et al. (2003): STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS BABEŞ-BOLYAI, GEOLOGIA, XLVIII, 1, 29-44. []
- Kouzmanov, Kalin; von Quadt, Albrecht; Peytcheva, Irena; Harris, Caroline; Heinrich, Christoph A.; Rosu, Emilian; O'Connor, Gary. (2005): Rosia Poieni porphyry Cu-Au and Rosia Montana epithermal Au-Ag deposits, Apuseni Mts., Romania: timing of magmatism and related mineralisation. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 43, 113-117.
- Bailly, Laurent; Tamas, Calin-Gabriel; Minut, Adrian (2005): Te-rich argyrodite occurrence in Rosia Montana ore deposit, Apuseni Mountains, Romania. Comptes Rendus Geoscience 337, 755-762.
- Wallier, Stefan; Rey, Roger; Kouzmanov, Kalin; Pettke, Thomas; Heinrich, Christoph A.; Leary, Stephen; O'Connor, Gary; Tamas, Calin G.; Vennemann, Torsten; Ullrich, Thomas (2006): Magmatic fluids in the breccia-hosted epithermal Au-Ag deposit of Rosia Montana, Romania. Economic Geology 101, 923-954.
- Tamas, C. G.; Bailly, L.; Ghergari, L.; O'Connor, G.; Minut, A. (2006): New occurrences of tellurides and argyrodite in Rosia Montana, Apuseni mountains, Romania, and their metallogenic significance. Canadian Mineralogist 44, 367-383.
- Gheorghe C. POPESCU, Antonela NEACȘU (2011): Preliminary data on two tin-sulfosalts (canfieldite and pirquitasite) from Roşia Montană. Romanian Journal of Earth Sciences, 85, 35-41. []

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