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Khibiny Massif, Kola Peninsula, Murmanskaja Oblast', Northern Region, Russia

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Panorama of NE side of Khibiny massif, view from Lovozero massif

Khibiny Massif, Kola Peninsula, Murmanskaja Oblast', Northern Region, Russia
Central part of Khibiny massif - Tuliok river valley.

Khibiny Massif, Kola Peninsula, Murmanskaja Oblast', Northern Region, Russia
The Russian mineralogist A. P. Khomyakov in Khibina

Khibiny Massif, Kola Peninsula, Murmanskaja Oblast', Northern Region, Russia
Panorama of NE side of Khibiny massif, view from Lovozero massif

Khibiny Massif, Kola Peninsula, Murmanskaja Oblast', Northern Region, Russia
Central part of Khibiny massif - Tuliok river valley.

Khibiny Massif, Kola Peninsula, Murmanskaja Oblast', Northern Region, Russia
The Russian mineralogist A. P. Khomyakov in Khibina

Khibiny Massif, Kola Peninsula, Murmanskaja Oblast', Northern Region, Russia
Panorama of NE side of Khibiny massif, view from Lovozero massif

Khibiny Massif, Kola Peninsula, Murmanskaja Oblast', Northern Region, Russia
Central part of Khibiny massif - Tuliok river valley.

Khibiny Massif, Kola Peninsula, Murmanskaja Oblast', Northern Region, Russia
 
Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 67° North , 33° East (est.)
Margin of Error:~6km
Name(s) in local language(s):Хибины, Хибинский массив


An alkaline massif. Yakovenchuk et al. (2005) list about 70 mineral localities within this massif.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Aegirine

Aegirine-augite

Aenigmatite

Aeschynite-(Ce)

Agrellite

Akaganeite

Åkermanite

Alabandite

Albite

var: Andesine

var: Oligoclase

Alexkhomyakovite (TL)

Allophane

Alluaivite

Almandine

Alstonite

Altaite

Altisite (TL)

Amesite

Amicite

'Amphibole Supergroup'

Analcime

Anatase

'Ancylite'

Ancylite-(Ce)

Ancylite-(La) (TL)

Andalusite

Andradite

Andrianovite (TL)

Anglesite

Ankerite

Annite

Anorthite

var: Labradorite

'Anorthoclase'

'Apatite'

Aragonite

Arctite (TL)

Arfvedsonite

Argentopentlandite

Armbrusterite (TL)

Arsenopyrite

Astrophyllite

Augite

Baddeleyite

Bafertisite

Banalsite

Baotite

'Ba-Priderite'

Barentsite (TL)

Barylite

'Barylite-1O' (FRL)

Baryte

Barytocalcite

Barytolamprophyllite (TL)

Bastnäsite-(Ce)

Batisite

Belovite-(Ce)

Belovite-(La) (TL)

Belyankinite

Berthierine

Bertrandite

Beryllite

Betalomonosovite

'Biotite'

'Bitumen'

Böhmite

Bonshtedtite (TL)

Bornemanite

Bornite

Bradleyite

Brannerite

Breithauptite

Britholite-(Ce)

Brochantite

Bromellite

Brookite

Burbankite

var: Strontioburbankite

Burovaite-Ca (TL)

Bussenite (TL)

Cafetite

Calcioancylite-(Ce)

Calcite

var: Manganoan Calcite

Calzirtite

Canasite (TL)

Cancrinite

Cancrisilite

Carbobystrite (TL)

Carbocernaite

Cassiterite

Catapleiite

Cebaite-(Ce)

Celadonite

Celestine

Cerite-(Ce)

Cerite-(La) (TL)

Cerussite

'Chabazite'

Chabazite-Ca

Chabazite-K

Chabazite-Na

Chalcocite

Chalcopyrite

Chevkinite-(Ce)

Chirvinskyite (TL)

Chivruaiite

Chkalovite

Chlorbartonite (TL)

Chondrodite

Chromite

Chrysoberyl

Chrysotile

Clinochlore

Clinophosinaite (TL)

Cobaltite

Cobaltpentlandite

Columbite-(Fe)

Cordierite

Cordylite-(Ce)

Corundum

var: Sapphire

Coulsonite

Covellite

Crawfordite (TL)

Crichtonite

Cristobalite

Cryolite

Cryptomelane

Cryptophyllite (TL)

Cubanite

Cuprite

Cuspidine

Davinciite (TL)

Dawsonite

Delhayelite

Delindeite

Deloneite (TL)

Denisovite (TL)

Diaspore

Dickite

Diopside

Diversilite-(Ce) (TL)

Djerfisherite

Dolomite

var: Manganoan Dolomite

Donnayite-(Y)

Dorfmanite (TL)

Edenite

Edgarite (TL)

Edingtonite

Eitelite

Ekplexite (TL)

Elpasolite

Elpidite

Enstatite

Epididymite

Epidote

Ershovite (TL)

Erythrite

Eskolaite

Eudialyte

Eudidymite

Eveslogite (TL)

Ewaldite

Fayalite

'Feldspar Group'

Fenaksite (TL)

Fergusonite-(Y)

Ferri-katophorite

'Ferrikatophorite-Katophorite Series'

'Ferri-nybøite'

'Ferri-taramite'

Ferroceladonite

'Ferro-eckermannite'

Ferro-ferri-katophorite

Ferro-ferri-nybøite

Ferro-katophorite

Ferrokentbrooksite

Ferro-pargasite

Ferro-richterite

Ferrosilite

Ferrotychite (TL)

Fersmanite (TL)

Fivegite (TL)

Fluorapatite

var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite

Fluorapophyllite-(K)

Fluorcalciobritholite (TL)

Fluorcanasite (TL)

Fluorcaphite (TL)

Fluorite

Fluoro-edenite

Fluorophlogopite

Fluorstrophite

Forsterite

'Foshallasite'

Franconite

Franklinite

Freudenbergite

Gadolinite-(Ce)

Gahnite

Gaidonnayite

Galena

Gaylussite

Georgbarsanovite (TL)

Georgechaoite

Gerasimovskite

Gibbsite

Glaucochroite

Glauconite

'Gmelinite'

Gobbinsite

Goethite

Gold

Goldmanite

Gonnardite

Götzenite

Graphite

Grossular

Grumantite

Gutkovaite-Mn (TL)

Gwihabaite

Gypsum

Halite

'Halloysite'

Harmotome

Hastingsite

Haüyne

Hedenbergite

Hematite

Hemimorphite

Henrymeyerite

Hercynite

Hessite

Heulandite-Ca

Heulandite-K

Hilairite

Hisingerite

Hochelagaite

Hollandite

Huanghoite-(Ce)

'Hydroastrophyllite'

Hydrocerussite

Hydrodelhayelite (TL)

'Hydromuscovite'

Hydrotalcite

Hydroxylapatite

var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite

'Hypersthene'

Ikaite

Ikranite

Ilímaussite-(Ce)

Ilmenite

Ilyukhinite (TL)

Imandrite (TL)

Iron

Isolueshite (TL)

Ivanyukite-Cu (TL)

Ivanyukite-K (TL)

Ivanyukite-Na (TL)

Ivanyukite-Na-C (TL)

Ivanyukite-Na-T (TL)

Jaipurite

Janhaugite

Jarosite

Kaersutite

Kalborsite (TL)

Kalicinite

Kalifersite (TL)

Kalsilite

Kaolinite

Karelianite

Kaskasite (TL)

Kassite

Katophorite

Kazakovite

Kazanskyite (TL)

Keldyshite

Kentbrooksite

'K Feldspar'

Khanneshite

Khibinskite (TL)

Kihlmanite-(Ce) (TL)

Koashvite (TL)

Kolskyite (TL)

Komarovite

Kostylevite (TL)

Kukharenkoite-(Ce) (TL)

Kukharenkoite-(La) (TL)

Kukisvumite (TL)

Kupletskite

Kutnohorite

Kuzmenkoite-Mn

Kuzmenkoite-Zn

Labuntsovite-Fe (TL)

Labuntsovite-Mg

Labuntsovite-Mn (TL)

'Labuntsovite Supergroup'

Labyrinthite (TL)

Lamprophyllite

Lanarkite

Låvenite

Lead

Leadhillite

Leifite

Lemmleinite-Ba (TL)

Lemmleinite-K (TL)

Leucite

Leucophanite

Leucosphenite

Lintisite

Lisitsynite (TL)

Litharge

Lithosite (TL)

Litvinskite

Lobanovite (TL)

Löllingite

Lomonosovite

Loparite-(Ce) (TL)

var: Nioboloparite

Lorenzenite

Loveringite

Lovozerite

Lucasite-(Ce)

Lueshite

Mackinawite

Magnesio-arfvedsonite

Magnesiochromite

Magnesio-hastingsite

Magnesio-riebeckite

Magnesite

Magnetite

var: Titaniferous Magnetite

Makatite

Malachite

Manganbelyankinite

Manganokaskasite (TL)

Manganokukisvumite

Manganoneptunite (TL)

Mannardite

var: Ankangite

Marcasite

'Mckelveyite'

Mckelveyite-(Y)

Megacyclite (TL)

Megakalsilite (TL)

Melanterite

'Melilite Group'

Meliphanite

Merlinoite

Mesolite

Microcline

Middendorfite (TL)

Minium

Moissanite

Molybdenite

'Molybdenite-3R'

Molybdite

Monazite-(Ce)

Monazite-(La)

Mongolite

Monticellite

Montmorillonite

Morimotoite

Mosandrite-(Ce)

var: Lovchorrite

Mukhinite

Murmanite

Murunskite

Muscovite

var: Illite

Nabaphite (TL)

Nacaphite (TL)

Nafertisite (TL)

Nahcolite

Nahpoite

Narsarsukite

Nastrophite

Natisite

Natrite (TL)

'Natrokomarovite' (FRL)

Natrolite

Natron

Natrophosphate (TL)

Natrosilite

Natroxalate

Nechelyustovite (TL)

Nefedovite (TL)

Neighborite

Nenadkevichite

Neotocite

Nepheline

Neptunite

Neskevaaraite-Fe

Nontronite

Nordite-(Ce)

Nordite-(La)

Nordstrandite

Normandite

Nosean

Odintsovite

Olgite

Olympite (TL)

Opal

Orickite

Orthoclase

Palygorskite

Paraershovite (TL)

Paragonite

Parakeldyshite (TL)

Parakuzmenkoite-Fe

Paranatisite (TL)

Paranatrolite

Paratsepinite-Ba

Paratsepinite-Na (TL)

Paraumbite (TL)

Paravinogradovite (TL)

Pargasite

Parisite-(Ce)

Pectolite

var: Manganoan Pectolite

Penkvilksite

Pentlandite

Perlialite (TL)

Perovskite

Perrierite-(Ce)

Petarasite

Petersenite-(Ce)

'Phillipsite'

Phillipsite-Ca

Phillipsite-K

Phlogopite

Phosinaite-(Ce) (TL)

Pirssonite

Podlesnoite (TL)

Polezhaevaite-(Ce) (TL)

Polylithionite

Potassic-arfvedsonite (TL)

'Potassic-ferri-katophorite'

'Potassic-ferro-richterite'

Potassic-fluoro-richterite

'Potassic-magnesio-arfvedsonite'

'Potassic-richterite'

Priderite

'Psilomelane'

Punkaruaivite (TL)

Pyatenkoite-(Y)

Pyrargyrite

Pyrite

'Pyrochlore'

Pyrochlore Group

var: Bariopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)

var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)

'Pyrochlore Supergroup'

'var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'

Pyrolusite

Pyrophanite

Pyrosmalite-(Fe)

'Pyroxene Group'

Pyrrhotite

Quartz

Raite

Rastsvetaevite (TL)

Rasvumite (TL)

Rémondite-(Ce)

Rémondite-(La) (TL)

Rengeite

Revdite

Rhabdophane-(Ce)

Rhodochrosite

Richterite

Riebeckite

Rinkite-(Ce)

Rosenbuschite

Rozenite

Rutile

var: Ilmenorutile

Saamite (TL)

Safflorite

Sanidine

Saponite

Sazykinaite-(Y) (TL)

Schorlomite

Seidite-(Ce)

Sekaninaite

Sérandite

Shafranovskite (TL)

Shcherbakovite (TL)

Shirokshinite (TL)

Shlykovite (TL)

Shortite

Siderite

var: Manganoan Siderite

Sidorenkite

Sillimanite

Silver

Sitinakite (TL)

Skutterudite

'Smectite Group'

Sodalite

var: Hackmanite

Sphaerobertrandite

Sphalerite

var: Cleiophane

Spinel

'Spodiophyllite'

Srilankite

Steacyite

Steenstrupine-(Ce)

Stephanite

Stilpnomelane

Stronadelphite (TL)

Stronalsite

Strontianite

Strontiofluorite (TL)

Sudburyite

Sulphur

Svanbergite

Synchysite-(Ce)

Tainiolite

Takanelite

Talc

'Tetranatrolite'

Thaumasite

'Thénardite'

Thermonatrite

Thomsonite-Ca

Thomsonite-Sr (TL)

Thorite

var: Uranothorite

Thorosteenstrupine

Tiettaite (TL)

Tinaksite

Tinnunculite (TL)

Tisinalite (TL)

Titanite

Tobermorite

Todorokite

Topaz

Troilite

Trona

Tsepinite-Ca (TL)

Tsepinite-K

Tsepinite-Na (TL)

Tsepinite-Sr (TL)

Tugtupite

Tuliokite (TL)

Tundrite-(Ce)

Tungstenite

Tychite

Ullmannite

Ulvöspinel

'UM1958-03-SiO:AlCaFeKNa'

'UM1958-04-SiO:AlHK'

'UM1967-09-SiO:AlHKNa'

'UM1983-12-S:CuFe'

Umbite (TL)

'Unnamed (γ-CrOOH)'

'Unnamed (K-Ti-analogue of ilímaussite-(Ce))'

Uraninite

var: Thorian Uraninite

Ussingite

Vanadinite

Vaterite

Vermiculite

Villiaumite

Vinogradovite

Vishnevite

Vitusite-(Ce)

Vivianite

Vlasovite

'Vudyavrite'

Vuonnemite (TL)

Vuorelainenite

Vuoriyarvite-K

'Wad'

Wadeite

Westerveldite

Wilhelmramsayite (TL)

Willemite

Witherite

Wollastonite

Wulfenite

Wurtzite

Xenotime-(Y)

Yakovenchukite-(Y) (TL)

Yuksporite (TL)

Zakharovite (TL)

Zeophyllite

Zircon

Zirconolite

var: Polymignite

Zirkelite

Zirsinalite (TL)


518 valid minerals. 120 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 6 erroneous literature entries.

Localities in this Region


The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Fersman A.E. Smol'yaninov N.A., Bonshtedt E.M. (1937) Minerals of Khibinskih and Lovozerskih tundras, - Moskow-Leningrad, AN SSSR publishers, p.563 (in Rus.)

Minakov, F.V., Dudkin, O.B., and Kamanev, E.A. (1981) The Khibiny carbonatite complex. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 259: 58-60 (in Russian).

Khomyakov, A. P. (1995): Mineralogy of hyperagpaitic alkaline rocks. Clarendon Press, Oxford, 223 pp.

Goryainov, P.M., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., and Yakovenchuk, V.N. (1998) Tectonic percolation zones in the Khibiny massif: morphology, geochemistry, and genesis. Izv. Phys. Solid Earth: 34: 822-827.

Zaitsev, A.N., Wall, F., and Le Bas, M.J. (1998) REE-Sr-Ba minerals from the Khibina carbonatites, Kola Peninsula, Russia: their mineralogy, paragenesis and evolution. Mineralogical Magazine: 62: 225-250.

Mitchell, R. H., & Chakhmouradian, A. R. (1998). Th-rich loparite from the Khibina alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula: isomorphism and paragenesis. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(3), 341-353.

Yakovenchuk, V. N., Ivanyuk, G., Pakhomovsky, Y. & Men'shikov, Y. (2005): Khibiny. Apatity & London (Laplandia Minerals in association with the Mineral. Soc. of GB & Ireland), 468 pp.

Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Corundum-Group Minerals in Rocks of the Khibiny Alkaline Pluton, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.

Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Mikhailova, Y.A. (2007): Spinel-Group Minerals in Rocks of the Khibiny Alkaline Pluton, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 599-606.

Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Amphiboles of the Khibiny Alkaline Pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.

Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Men’shikov, Y.P., Konopleva, N.G., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Pyroxenes of the Khibiny Alkaline Pluton, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 732-745.


Fersman Mineralogical Museum
Russian Academy of Sciences
Dmitriy Belakovskiy

External Links

http://geo.web.ru/druza/l-Khibiny_0.htm A lot of photos (specimens from different collections) and maps (in Russian)
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm

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