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Knappenwand, Knappenwand area, Untersulzbach valley, Hohe Tauern, Salzburg, Austria

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 47° 13' 21'' North , 12° 16' 41'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 47.2225, 12.2780555556
Name(s) in local language(s):Knappenwand, Knappenwandgebiet, Untersulzbachtal, Hohe Tauern, Salzburg, Österreich

Clefts in epidote-amphibolites of the so-called Knappenwandmulde series. The well known mineralization with outstanding epidote crystals is restricted to places where these clefts intersect with an aplite vein. The locality owes its discovery in 1865 to prospection works in search of copper ores, which occur at several places both at the Knappenwand and in its vicinity. Rarely, fine bornite crystals occur in association with epidote. The deposit was intermittently worked for epidote until 1956. Later, specimens were recovered during a scientific project guided by staff from the National History Museum of Vienna.
Presently (2007), the site is leased by the Zukunftkollegium Neukirchen and mined for specimens.

Mineral List

Regional Geology

Mesozoic66 - 252.17 MaMesozoic Tectonic assemblages, metamorphic schist belts, melanges

Tectonic assemblages, metamorphic schist belts, melanges

Rocks distinguished in compilation sources primarily as part of a tectonic assemblage, belts of schist and mylonite of mixed parentage, and tectonic melanges.

References for regional geology:

Data provided by

Geological Survey of Canada. Generalized geological map of the world and linked databases. doi:10.4095/195142. Open File 2915d.

25 valid minerals.

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


- Seemann, R. (1986): Famous mineral localities: Knappenwand, Untersulzbachtal (Austria). Mineralogical Record 17(3), 167-181.
- Seemann, R. (1987): Epidotfundstelle Knappenwand. Geschichte, Geologie, Mineralien. 2nd ed., Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, 48 pp.
- A. Strasser (1989): Die Minerale Salzburgs.
- R. Exel (1993): Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs.
- Seemann, R. (1993): Geolehrpfad Knappenwand Untersulzbachtal. Naturkundlicher Führer zum Nationalpark Hohe Tauern, Band 10, Österreichischer Alpenverein, Innsbruck, Austria, 115 pp.
- Koller, F. (2007): Weltfundstelle Knappenwand. Österreichs berühmtestes Mineralvorkommen. Pinzgau, ExtraLapis 32. Christian Weisse Verlag, 62-69
- Burgsteiner, E (2002): Epidotfundstelle Knappenwand im Untersulzbachtal. Kristallschätze, Mineraliensammler im Oberpinzgau. Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, 44-53.
- Kandutsch, G., Wachtler, M. (2000): Die Epidote der Knappenwand. Die Kristallsucher, Band 2. Christian Weisse Verlag, 120-123.

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