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Musina (Messina), Vhembe District, Limpopo Province, South Africa

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Note: The town, which was founded and settled by people of originally-European descent, was long-named Messina. However, in 2003, the Limpopo Government changed the name to Musina.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

93 entries listed. 46 valid minerals.

Localities in this Region

South Africa

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Preller, G.S. (1941). Copper mining and smelting at Messina. Official Journal of the Department of Commerce, South Africa, 4(10), 159 161.

Söhnge, P.G., (1945). The geology of the Messina copper mines and surrounding country. Geological Survey of South Africa, Memoir 40, 272 pp.

Schwellnus, C.M. (1953). Geology of Messina copper deposits. South African Mining and Engineering Journal, 64, 557 559.

Spence, W.I., (1961). The Messina Copper Mine. Transactions of the Seventh Commonwealth Mining and Metallurgical Congress, Papers and Discussions Vol. I. South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Johannesburg, 123 144.

Van Graan, S.J., (1964). Geology of the Messina copper deposits. In: Haughton, S.H., (Ed.). The Geology of some Ore Deposits in Southern Africa, vol. 2. Geological Society of South Africa, 739 pp.

Jacobsen, J.B.E. and McCarthy, T.S., (1975). Possible late Karroo carbonatite and basalt intrusions at Messina. Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa, 78, 153 159.

Jacobsen, J.B.E., McCarthy, T.S. and Laing, G.J.S., (1976). The copper bearing breccia pipes of the Messina district, South Africa. Mineralium Deposita, 11, 33 45.

Mining Annual Review (1985): 410-411.

Bahnemann, K.P., (1986). A review of the geology of the Messina copper deposits, northern Transvaal. In: Anhaeusser, C.R. and Maske, S., (Eds.). Mineral Deposits of Southern Africa, Vols I & II, Geological Society of South Africa, Johannesburg, 1671 1688.

Cairncross, B. (1991): The Messina Mining District, South Africa. Mineralogical Record 22(3) 187-199.

Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: 46-53.

Dana 7:I:196.

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