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Cole Mine (Cole shaft; Cole No. 3), Bisbee, Warren District, Mule Mts, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
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Chalcotrichite
Cole Mine, Bisbee, Warren District, Mule Mts, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA

Photo: Rob Lavinsky
Latitude: 31°25'5"N
Longitude: 109°54'24"W
 
 
A former large output underground Cu-Ag-Bi mine located in the S½NE¼ sec. 21, T23S, R24E, approximately 1½ miles WNW of Warren, on private land. One of the major Calumet and Arizona Company mines. Owned at times, or in part, by the Lake Superior & Pittsburg Development Co., Calumet & Arizona Mining Co., and the Phelps Dodge Corp.

Mineralization is partially oxidized copper ores in irregular replacement orebodies in relatively unaltered Cambrian Abrigo and Devonian Martin limestones along the Dallas fault zone and adjacent fracture zones.

Local structures include common pre-mineralization faulting and tilting. Main fault directions are N10W to N40E and S30W to N50W.

Workings include a deep shaft. Probably produced several hundred thousand tons of ore; included in Calumet & Arizona and Phelps Dodge totals after 1915.

Mineral List

Alunite
Anthonyite
Aurichalcite
Azurite
Bayleyite
Bornite
Brochantite
Bromargyrite
Buttgenbachite
Calcite
Carbonatecyanotrichite
Chalcocite
Chalcophanite
Chalcosiderite
Chlorargyrite
Claringbullite
Clinochlore
Connellite
Copper
Covellite
Cuprite
var: Chalcotrichite
Delafossite
Galena
Goethite
Gold
Graemite (TL)
Gypsum
Hemimorphite
Hetaerolite
Hübnerite
Johannite
Kiddcreekite
Leadhillite
Malachite
Metatorbernite
Mimetite
Paratacamite
Prehnite
Pyrite
Ransomite
Römerite
Scheelite
Sengierite
Silver
Spangolite
Spessartine
'Stibiconite'
Stromeyerite
Teineite
Tetrahedrite
Turquoise
Tyuyamunite
Uranopilite
Variscite
var: Ferrian Variscite
Voltaite
Wulfenite
Zippeite


59 entries listed. 56 valid minerals. 1 type locality (valid mineral).

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References

Trischka, C., et al (1929), Boxwork siderite, Economic Geology: 24: 677-686.

Schwartz, G.M. & C.F. Park, Jr. (1932), A microscopic study of ores from the Campbell mine, Bisbee, Arizona, Economic Geology: 27: 39-51.

Schwartz, G.M. (1934), Paragenesis of the oxidized ores of copper, Economic Geology 29: 55-75.

Trischka, C. (1938), Bisbee district, in Some Arizona ore deposits, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 145: 37, fig. 6.

Bain, G.W. (1952), The age of the 'Lower Cretaceous' from Bisbee, Arizona, uraninite, Economic Geology: 47: 305-315.

Hutton, C.O. (1957), Sengierite from Bisbee, Arizona, American Mineralogist: 42: 408-411.

Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 74, 77.

Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, Arizona Geological Society Digest: 3: 53-56.

Cooper, J.R. (1962) Bismuth in the United States, exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii: U.S. Geological Survey Mineral Investigations Resource Map MR-22, 19 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:3,168,000.

Sinkankas, J. (1964), Mineralogy for Amateurs, D. Van Nostrand Co., Inc., Princeton, NJ.

Bryant, D.G. & H.E. Metz (1966), Geology and ore deposits of the Warren mining district, in S.R. Titley and C.L. Hicks (editors), Geology of the porphyry copper deposits, southwestern North America, University of Arizona Press, Tucson: (189-203): 200-201.

Keith, Stanton B. (1973), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 187, Index of Mining Properties in Cochise County, Arizona: 85 (Table 4).

Williams, S.A. & P. Matter III (1975), Graemite, a new Bisbee mineral, Mineralogical Record: 6: 32-34.

Graeme, R. (1981), Famous mineral localities: Bisbee, Arizona, Mineralogical Record: 12: 256-319.

Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Mineralogical Record: 24: 421-436.

Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 106, 114, 122, 130, 141, 164, 169, 175, 176, 190, 238, 249, 274, 285, 299, 321, 352, 366, 372, 382, 385, 389, 392, 404, 405, 412, 425.

Grant, Raymond W., Bideaux, R.A., and Williams, S.A. (2006) Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995-2005: 9.

MRDS database Dep. ID file #10104074, MRDS ID M241113; and, Dep. ID #10185841.

U.S. Bureau of Mines, Minerals Availability System (MAS) file ID #0040030257.

Arizona Bureau of Mines files.

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