Czar Mine (Czar Shaft), Copper Queen Mine (Halero Mine), Queen Hill, Bisbee, Warren District, Mule Mts, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
Palache, C. & H.E. Merwin (1909), On connellite and chalcophyllite from Bisbee, Arizona, American Journal of Science: 28: 537-540.
Ford, W.E. & W.M. Beadley (1915), On the identity of footeite with connellite together with the description of two occurrences of the mineral, American Journal of Science: 39: 570-676.
Bonillas, Y.S., Tenny, and Feuchere (1917), Geology of the Warren mining district: A.I.M.E. Transactions, Vol. 55: 324, 328, 336-337.
Holden, E.F. (1922), Ceruleofibrite, a new mineral, American Mineralogist: 7: 80-83.
Holden, E.F. (1924), Ceruleofibrite is connellite, American Mineralogist: 9: 55-56.
Frondel, C. (1941), Paramelaconite: A tetragonal oxide of copper, American Mineralogist: 26: 567-672.
Frondel, C. (1949), Crystallography of spangolite, American Mineralogist: 34: 181-187.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 573.
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 65.
Keith, Stanton B. (1973), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 187, Index of Mining Properties in Cochise County, Arizona: 86 (Table 4).
Graeme, R. (1981), Famous mineral localities: Bisbee, Arizona, Mineralogical Record: 12: 256-319.
Niemuth, N.J. & K.A. Phillips (1992), Copper Oxide Resources, Arizona Department of Mines & Mineral Resources Open File Report 92-10: 4 (Table 1).
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 148, 183.
Arizona Bureau of Mines files.
MRDS database Dep. ID file #10046247, MRDS ID M241116; and, Dep. ID #10112426, MAS ID #0040030594.
A former large output underground Cu-Ag-Au-Pb-Zn mine located in the South-central sec. 9, T.23S., R.24E. (Bisbee 7.5 minute topo map), approximately 1½ miles NW of Lowell, on private land. A major shaft of the Copper Queen Mine workings. Owned by the Phelps Dodge Corp.
Mineralization is mainly oxidized copper ores with some areas of zinc and lead ore in irregular replacement bodies in Devonian Martin and Lower Mississippian Escabrosa limestones that have been shattered and crushed by faulting and fracturing and altered and intruded by porphyry dikes and sills. Ore control was nearby dikes and sills, and faulting and associated brecciation. Ore concentration was bornite replacing pyrite. Alteration was gossan with Mn and Fe oxides induced by hydrothermal metamorphism. An associated rock unit is the Sacramento Hill Stock.
Local structures include common pre-mineralization faulting and tilting. Main fault directions are N10W to N40E and S30W to N50W.
Workings include a deep shaft to 134.11 meters deep. This shaft has 4 levels that connect to the other shafts. A major producer in its early history. Tonnages are included in Phelps Dodge totals.
16 entries listed. 15 valid minerals.
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Locality Updated: Bemis Limestone Quarry, Athens, Town of Athens, Windham Co., Vermont, USAFrom Chester S. Lemanski, Jr., 19th Jun 2013 00:11:26