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Kongsberg Silver Mining District, Kongsberg, Buskerud, Norway
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The silver mines in Kongsberg were in operation from 1623 until 1958. At most more than 4000 people worked in the mining industry in Kongsberg (1770). German mining engineers were used from the start and for more than two centuries, and are the cause for all the German names on mines and streets in Kongsberg.
A total of more than 1,3 million kg silver were taken out of the mountain west and northwest of the town Kongsberg.
The Kongsberg silver mines are now protected as historical sites, collecting inside the mines and outside on the dumps is illegal.


NOTE: Most of the Kongsberg silver mining district is located within the Kongsberg municipality, but some mines f.ex the Vinoren silver mines is located outside in the Flesberg municipality. See therefore also the entry Flesberg municipality

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities
Acanthite
'Actinolite-Tremolite Series'
Albite
Almandine
Anatase
Anglesite
Ankerite
Annabergite
Antigorite
Antimony
Aragonite
Argentopentlandite
Argentopyrite
Armenite (TL)
Arsenic
Arsenopyrite
Axinite-(Fe)
Axinite-(Mn)
Baryte
'Bitumen'
Brewsterite-Ba
Brewsterite-Sr
Brochantite
Calcite
Cerussite
Chalcocite
Chalcomenite
Chalcopyrite
Chamosite
Chlorargyrite
'Chlorite Group'
Cinnabar
Clausthalite
Clinochlore
Clinozoisite
'Coal blend'
Cobaltite
Copper
Covellite
Cubanite
Datolite
Devilline
Dolomite
Dyscrasite
Epidote
Erythrite
Eucairite
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Fluorite
'Gadolinite'
Gahnite ?
Galena
'Garnet'
Goethite
Gold
var: Electrum
Graphite
Gypsum
Halotrichite ?
Harmotome
Hedenbergite
Hematite
Heulandite-Ba
'Hornblende'
'Hyalophane'
Ilmenite
Jalpaite
Kaolinite
'K Feldspar
var: Adularia'

Laumontite
Löllingite
Magnetite
Malachite
Marcasite
Microcline
Mirabilite
Molybdenite
Montmorillonite
Muscovite
var: Illite
Natrojarosite
Natrolite
Naumannite
Nickeline
'Nickelskutterudite-Skutterudite Series'
Nontronite
'Orthochrysotile'
Orthoclase
Palygorskite
Parisite-(Ce)
Pearceite ?
Polybasite
Portlandite
Posnjakite
Prehnite
Proustite ?
'Proustite-Pyrargyrite Series'
Pyrargyrite
Pyrite
Pyrrhotite
Quartz
Rammelsbergite ?
Rapidcreekite
Rutile
Safflorite
Scheelite
Scolecite
Sepiolite
Siderite
Silver
var: Amalgam
var: Kongsbergite
Skutterudite
Sphalerite
Stellerite
Stephanite
Sternbergite
'Stevensite'
Stilpnomelane
Sulphur
'Synchysite Group'
Tennantite
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Tetrahedrite
Thénardite
Titanite
Tremolite
Wulfenite ?


160 entries listed. 109 valid minerals. 1 type locality (valid mineral).

Localities in this Region

Norway
Norway

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Readwin, T. A. (1877): V. —Notes on Some Norwegian Minerals. Mineralogical Magazine 1:229-233 [on silver and argentite]

Morton, C. (1884): Några goniometriska bestämningar å kalkspat från Arendal, Kongsberg, Utö och Bamle. Meddelanden från Stockholms Högskola nr 34. Översigt af K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Förhandlingar 1884 No.8, 16 pp + plate. [includes goniometric measures of a calcite from Kongsberg]

Bugge, C. (1916): Kort oversigt over de sølvførende ganger paa Kongsberg. Norsk Gelogisk Tidsskrift.4, 139-146

Bugge, C. (1917): Kongsbergfeltets geologi. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 82, 272pp

Lietz, J. (1939): Mikroskopische und chemische Untersuchungen an Kongsberger Silbererzen. Zeitschrift für Angewandte Mineralogie. 2: 65-113

Neumann, H. (1944): Silver deposits at Kongsberg. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 162. 133p + pl.I-VIII

Bugge, A. (1967): Kongsberg Sølvverk. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 250C, 65-84

Van der Wel, D. (1972): Contribution to the Mineralogy of Norway No. 51. Asbestos minerals from Kongsberg silver deposit. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 52: 287-294.

Nordrum, F. S.(1979): Kongsberg Sølvverk. NAGS-nytt 6 (3), 4-15.

Johnsen, O. (1986). Famous mineral localities: The Kongsberg silver Mines Norway. Mineralogical Record, 17(1), 19-35

Johnsen, O. (1987): Silber aus Kongsberg. Emser Hefte. 8(2), 1-48

Johnsen, O. (1987): Sølv fra Kongsberg. Om bergverkshistorie og mineralrikdom. Bode verlag. 48p.

Heltzen, A. M. (1987): Sammenhengen mellom amfibolittene og sølvets opptreden på Kongsberg. NAGS-nytt 14 (1), 16-23

Nordrum, F. S. (1995): Mineralfunn på Kongsberg etter nedleggelsen av Sølvverket. Norsk Bergverksmuseum skrift nr 9, 42-47.

Bancroft, P., Nordrum, F.S. & Lyckberg, P.(2001): Kongsberg revisited. Mineralogical Record 32: 181-205

Nordrum, F. S., Larsen, A. O. & Erambert, M. (2003): Ba,Sr-mineraler i Kongsberg sølvforekomster- en foreløpig rapport. Norsk Bergverksmuseum skrift 25: 43-50

Berg, B. I. and Nordrum, F. S. (2003): Omsetning av sølvstuffer ved Kongsberg Sølvverk på 1600- og 1700 tallet. Norsk Bergverksmuseum skrift 25: 69-81

Segalstad, T. V. (2012): Hvordan ble Kongsberg-sølvet dannet? Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter, 49, 101-116




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Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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