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Kongsberg Silver Mining District, Kongsberg, Buskerud, Norway

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Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 59° North , 9° East (est.)
Margin of Error:~1km


The silver mines in Kongsberg were in operation from 1623 until 1958. At most more than 4000 people worked in the mining industry in Kongsberg (1770). German mining engineers were used from the start and for more than two centuries, and are the cause for all the German names on mines and streets in Kongsberg.
A total of more than 1,3 million kg silver were taken out of the mountain west and northwest of the town Kongsberg.
The Kongsberg silver mines are now protected as historical sites, collecting inside the mines and outside on the dumps is illegal.


NOTE: Most of the Kongsberg silver mining district is located within the Kongsberg municipality, but some mines f.ex the Vinoren silver mines is located outside in the Flesberg municipality. See therefore also the entry Flesberg municipality

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Acanthite

'Actinolite-Tremolite Series'

Albite

Allargentum

Alloclasite ?

Almandine

Anatase

Anglesite

Ankerite

Annabergite

Antigorite

Antimony

Aragonite

Argentopentlandite

Argentopyrite

Armenite (TL)

Arsenic

Arsenopyrite

Axinite-(Fe)

'Axinite Group'

Axinite-(Mn)

Baryte

'Bitumen'

Brewsterite-Ba

Brewsterite-Sr

Brochantite

Calcite

Cerussite

Chalcocite

Chalcomenite

Chalcopyrite

Chamosite

Chlorargyrite

'Chlorite Group'

Cinnabar

Clausthalite

Clinochlore

Clinozoisite

'Coal blend'

Cobaltite

Copper

Covellite

Cubanite

Datolite

Devilline

Dolomite

Dyscrasite

Epidote

Erythrite

Eucairite

Fluorapophyllite-(K)

Fluorite

'Gadolinite'

Gahnite ?

Galena

'Garnet'

Goethite

Gold

var: Electrum

Graphite

Gypsum

Halotrichite ?

Harmotome

Hedenbergite

Hematite

Heulandite-Ba

'Hornblende'

Hyalophane

Ilmenite

Jalpaite

Kaolinite

'K Feldspar'

'var: Adularia'

Laumontite

Löllingite

Magnetite

Malachite

Marcasite

Miargyrite

Microcline

Mirabilite

Molybdenite

Montmorillonite

Muscovite

var: Illite

Natrojarosite

Natrolite

Naumannite

Nickeline

'Nickelskutterudite-Skutterudite Series'

Nontronite

'Orthochrysotile'

Orthoclase

Palygorskite

Parisite-(Ce)

Pearceite ?

Polybasite

Portlandite

Posnjakite

Prehnite

Proustite ?

'Proustite-Pyrargyrite Series'

Pyrargyrite

Pyrite

Pyrrhotite

Quartz

Rammelsbergite ?

Rapidcreekite

Rutile

Safflorite

Scheelite

Scolecite

Sepiolite

Siderite

Silver

var: Amalgam

var: Kongsbergite

Skutterudite

Sphalerite

Stellerite

Stephanite

Sternbergite

Stevensite

Stilpnomelane

Sulphur

'Synchysite Group'

Tennantite

'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'

Tetrahedrite

'Tetrahedrite Group'

'Thénardite'

Titanite

Tremolite

Wulfenite ?


113 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Localities in this Region


The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Readwin, T. A. (1877): V. —Notes on Some Norwegian Minerals. Mineralogical Magazine 1:229-233 [on silver and argentite]

Morton, C. (1884): Några goniometriska bestämningar å kalkspat från Arendal, Kongsberg, Utö och Bamle. Meddelanden från Stockholms Högskola nr 34. Översigt af K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Förhandlingar 1884 No.8, 16 pp + plate. [includes goniometric measures of a calcite from Kongsberg]

Bugge, C. (1916): Kort oversigt over de sølvførende ganger paa Kongsberg. Norsk Gelogisk Tidsskrift.4, 139-146

Bugge, C. (1917): Kongsbergfeltets geologi. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 82, 272pp

Bugge, A. (1931): Gammel og ny geologi ved Kongsberg sølvverk. 12(-): Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 12: 123-148

Lietz, J. (1939): Mikroskopische und chemische Untersuchungen an Kongsberger Silbererzen. Zeitschrift für Angewandte Mineralogie. 2: 65-113

Neumann, H. (1944): Silver deposits at Kongsberg. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 162. 133p + pl.I-VIII

Bugge, A. (1967): Kongsberg Sølvverk. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 250C, 65-84

Van der Wel, D. (1972): Contribution to the Mineralogy of Norway No. 51. Asbestos minerals from Kongsberg silver deposit. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 52: 287-294.

Nordrum, F. S.(1979): Kongsberg Sølvverk. NAGS-nytt 6 (3), 4-15.

Johnsen, O. (1986). Famous mineral localities: The Kongsberg silver Mines Norway. Mineralogical Record, 17(1), 19-35

Johnsen, O. (1987): Silber aus Kongsberg. Emser Hefte. 8(2), 1-48

Johnsen, O. (1987): Sølv fra Kongsberg. Om bergverkshistorie og mineralrikdom. Bode verlag. 48p.

Heltzen, A. M. (1987): Sammenhengen mellom amfibolittene og sølvets opptreden på Kongsberg. NAGS-nytt 14 (1), 16-23

Nordrum, F. S. (1995): Mineralfunn på Kongsberg etter nedleggelsen av Sølvverket. Norsk Bergverksmuseum skrift nr 9, 42-47.

Bancroft, P., Nordrum, F.S. & Lyckberg, P.(2001): Kongsberg revisited. Mineralogical Record 32: 181-205

Nordrum, F. S., Larsen, A. O. & Erambert, M. (2003): Ba,Sr-mineraler i Kongsberg sølvforekomster- en foreløpig rapport. Norsk Bergverksmuseum skrift 25: 43-50

Berg, B. I. and Nordrum, F. S. (2003): Omsetning av sølvstuffer ved Kongsberg Sølvverk på 1600- og 1700 tallet. Norsk Bergverksmuseum skrift 25: 69-81

Segalstad, T. V. (2012): Hvordan ble Kongsberg-sølvet dannet? Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter, 49, 101-116

Kullerud, K., Kotková, J. & Škoda (2015) Silver and Co-Ni sulphoarsenides from the Kongsberg silver deposit, Norway. Geophysical Research Abstracts, 17, EGU2015-7542-1, 2015 (EGU General Assembly 2015)

Kullerud, K., Kotková, J. & Škoda (2016): Ag-Sb bearing minerals from the Kongsberg Silver Deposit, Buskerud, Norway. Norsk mineralsymposium 2016: 53-59

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