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Millington Quarry (Morris County Crushed Stone Co. Quarry; Tilcon Quarry), Bernards Township, Somerset Co., New Jersey, USA
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Latitude: 40°40'N
Longitude: 74°31'W
 
 
Amygdaloidal cavities in the Hook Mountain (Third Watchung) basalt. Quarrying began in 1895, and continued on and off, until the early 1970's. After a period of inactivity, the quarry restarted in 1979. The quarry was mined aggressively producing over 1 million tons/year in many years. From the middle of the 1980's, until early 2007, mineral specimens were found in abundance. The mineralized zone has now been removed, and the pit is currently being refilled with trucked in rock and dirt, for a future housing development.

The Millington Quarry was, scientifically, one of the most interesting of the basalt quarries in the region. Cummings (1985) described how mineral deposition was zoned vertically within amygdaloidal horizons. Subsequent to this publication it became apparent that secondary minerals at Millington (and also at the Chimney Rock Quarry) also exhibited other distinct distribution patterns (Cummings, 1988, 1998) These patterns were directly related to the varying porosity, hydraulic conductivity and glass content of the basalt and the distance of the deposition site from the fluid source in the sediments. They provided strong evidence that mineral deposition did not occur in a stagnant, burial metamorphic environment but resulted from actively circulating fluids moving upward, out of the sediments and through the basalts.

Mineral List

Actinolite
Aerinite
Albite
Almandine
Analcime
Anhydrite
'Apophyllite'
'Asphaltum
var: Albertite'

Augite
Babingtonite
Baryte
'Bitumen'
Calcite
'Chabazite'
Chalcanthite
Chalcopyrite
Chamosite
'Chlorite Group'
Clinochlore
Datolite
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Galena
Goethite
Gypsum
var: Selenite
Hematite
'Heulandite'
Ilvaite
Magnesio-riebeckite
Marialite
Montmorillonite
Natrolite
Nontronite
Opal
Pectolite
Prehnite
Pyrite
Pyrrhotite
Quartz
var: Agate
var: Amethyst
var: Chalcedony
Quartz
var: Smoky Quartz

Riebeckite
Riebeckite Root Name
var: Crocidolite

Saponite
Sepiolite
Sphalerite
Stellerite
'Stilbite'
Stilbite-Ca
Thomsonite-Ca
Todorokite


53 entries listed. 40 valid minerals.

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References

Mineral Industry of New Jersey (1926): 9.

Manchester, J.G. (1931) The Minerals of New York City and Its Environs. New York Mineralogical Club Bulletin: 3-81.

Cummings, W. (1985) Mineralization at the Millington Quarry, New Jersey. Rocks & Minerals: 60: 213-218.

Cummings, W. L. (1988), The Role of Sedimentary Connate Brines in the Mineralization of the Watchung Basalts- In Husch, J.M. and Hozik, M.J., Eds., Geology of the Central Newark Basin, Field Guide and Proceedings, Geological Association of New Jersey, fifth Annual Meeting: 135–147.

Tschernich, R. (1992) Zeolites of the World, 67 p.

Becker, M. (1998) Recent Mineral Finds at the Millington Quarry, Somerset County, New Jersey. Rocks & Minerals: 73: 320-324.

Cummings, W. L. (1998), Geology of the Chimney Rock Copper Occurrence, A Deposit Typical of the Watchung Basalts- In Puffer, J.H. Ed., The Economic Geology of Central New Jersey, Field Guide and Proceedings, Geological Association of New Jersey, fifteenth Annual Meeting: 29–49.

Cummings, W. (1999) Letters to the Editor, Millington Quarry. Rocks & Minerals: 74-149.

Kent, B.P. and Butkowski, B. (2000) Minerals of the Millington Quarry, Somerset County, New Jersey. Mineralogical Record: 31: 399-411.

Maertens, J. (2007) Collecting Minerals at Tilcon's Millington Quarry. The Tilcon Times, Summer: 9-10: 26.

Wilson, W. (2007) Millington New Jersey. Mineralogical Record: 38: 230-232.

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Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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