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Odessa craters, Odessa, Ector Co., Texas, USA
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Meteoritic Iron
Odessa craters, Odessa, Ector Co., Texas, USA

Photo: Dan & Diana Weinrich Minerals
Latitude: 31°45'21"N
Longitude: 102°28'42"W
 
 
A group of five meteorite shallow craters located about ten miles southwest of Odessa. The largest is approximately 165 meters wide -- second largest crater in the US.

The craters were produced by the Odessa (iron) meteorite, a coarse octahedrite classified as a member of the main group of IAB meteorites (IAB-MG). Since 1922 1.6 tons of meteoritical material has been recovered. The silicates and several other familiar minerals listed here are, in the main, constituents of the original meteorite. Several IAB iron meteorites, including Odessa (iron), contain 'silicate' inclusions which contain olivine, orthopyroxene, plagioclase and other minor minerals. At least two of the minerals listed here (hibbingite and lawrencite) were produced by terrestrial weathering of the original iron meteorite.

The proper name for the meteorite associated with the Odessa Craters is 'Odessa (iron)' as the 'Odessa' meteorite refers to fragments of the Grossliebenthal meteorite which fell in the Odessa Province of Ukraine.

Mineral List

Alabandite
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Awaruite
Chlorapatite
Chromite
Cohenite
Copper
Daubréelite
Graphite
Heazlewoodite
Hibbingite
Iron
var: Kamacite

Lawrencite
'Meteoritic Iron'
'Olivine'
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
'Plessite'
Schreibersite
Sphalerite
Taenite
Troilite


21 entries listed. 15 valid minerals.

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References

Beck, C. W. and La Paz, L. (1951), The Odessa, Texas, Siderite (ECN =+ 1025,318). Contributions of the Meteoritical Society, 5: 27–33

Bunch, T.E., Keil, K., and Olsen, E. (1970): Mineralogy and Petrology of Silicate Inclusions in Iron Meteorites. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 25, 297-340.

Grady, M. M. (2000) Catalogue of Meteorites (5/e). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, New York, Oakleigh, Madrid, Cape Town. 690 pages.

External Links

http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php [Link Broken? Dec 2014] = Meteoritical Bulletin Database

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Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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