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Odessa craters, Odessa, Ector Co., Texas, USA

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A group of five meteorite shallow craters located about ten miles southwest of Odessa. The largest is approximately 165 meters wide -- second largest crater in the US.

The craters were produced by the Odessa (iron) meteorite, a coarse octahedrite classified as a member of the main group of IAB meteorites (IAB-MG). Since 1922 1.6 tons of meteoritical material has been recovered. The silicates and several other familiar minerals listed here are, in the main, constituents of the original meteorite. Several IAB iron meteorites, including Odessa (iron), contain 'silicate' inclusions which contain olivine, orthopyroxene, plagioclase and other minor minerals. At least two of the minerals listed here (hibbingite and lawrencite) were produced by terrestrial weathering of the original iron meteorite.

The proper name for the meteorite associated with the Odessa Craters is 'Odessa (iron)' as the 'Odessa' meteorite refers to fragments of the Grossliebenthal meteorite which fell in the Odessa Province of Ukraine.

Mineral List

21 entries listed. 15 valid minerals.

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Beck, C. W. and La Paz, L. (1951), The Odessa, Texas, Siderite (ECN =+ 1025,318). Contributions of the Meteoritical Society, 5: 27–33

Bunch, T.E., Keil, K., and Olsen, E. (1970): Mineralogy and Petrology of Silicate Inclusions in Iron Meteorites. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 25, 297-340.

Grady, M. M. (2000) Catalogue of Meteorites (5/e). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, New York, Oakleigh, Madrid, Cape Town. 690 pages.

External Links = Meteoritical Bulletin Database

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