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Kipushi Mine (Prince Léopold Mine), Kipushi, Katanga (Shaba), Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 11° 46' 10'' South , 27° 14' 8'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -11.7694444444, 27.2355555556

A Zn-Pb-Cu mine featuring a suite of Zn-Pb-Cu-Fe sulfides with accessory Ga, Ge, Mo, W & V mineralization in dolomite and schist dolomite series of the Kundelunguian. Located just outside of the southern portion of the Katanga (Shaba) Cu zone/belt, 32 km SW of Lubumbashi. At depth, the deposit extends into Zambia.

Note: Rutile coming from Kinyanfumbe, Zambia, has been erroneously labeled as coming from here.

Mineral List

86 valid minerals. 5 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This data will improve over time as more accurate maps and data sets are added.

Neoproterozoic541 - 1000 MaNeoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Sedimentary rocks

Katangan - Lufilian Arc

References for regional geology:

Data provided by

Geological Survey of Canada. Generalized geological map of the world and linked databases. doi:10.4095/195142. Open File 2915d.

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Strunz, H., Geier, B.H., and Seeliger, E. (1958): Gallite, CuGaS2, das erste selbständige Galliummineral, und seine Verbreitung in den Erzen der Tsumeb- und Kipushi-Mine. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 241-264.

Piret,P., Deliens, M. & Piret-Meunier, J.(1985): Occurrence and crystal structure of kipushite, a new copper-zinc phosphate from Kipushi, Zaire. Canadian Mineralogist,23, 35-42.

Lhoest, J.J. (1995): Famous mineral localities: The Kipushi mine (Zaïre). Mineralogical Record, 26, 163-192.

Kamona, A.F., Lévêque, J., Friedrich, G., and Haack, U. (1999): Lead isotopes of the carbonate-hosted Kabwe, Tsumeb, and Kipushi Pb-Zn-Cu sulphide deposits in relation to Pan African orogenesis in the Damaran-Lufilian Fold Belt of Central Africa. Mineralium Deposita 34, 273-283.

Heijlen, W., Banks, D. A., Muchez, P., Stensgard, B. M., and Yardley, B. W. D. (2008). The nature of mineralizing fluids of the Kipushi Zn-Cu Deposit, Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo: quantitative fluid inclusion analysis using Laser Ablation ICP-MS and bulk crush-leach methods. Economic Geology 103, 1459-1482.

Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Sediment-hosted Zn–Pb–Cu deposits in the Central African Copperbelt. Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.

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