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Mitterberg District, St Johann im Pongau, Salzburg, Austria
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Name(s) in local language(s): Revier Mitterberg, St Johann im Pongau, Salzburg, Österreich
 
Ancient copper mining area, worked intermittently from prehistoric times until 1977. Evidences for prehistoric mining (dating back about 4000 years, with major activity during the Bronze age) were discovered in 1872, modern mining started in 1829 and ceased in 1977.

Processing and smelting of the ores from the district was centered at and around Mühlbach am Hochkönig. About 190 smelting sites are known in the area between this town and Bischofshofen.

The main ores, chalcopyrite, tennantite and pyrite, were included in an ENE-WSW striking carbonate-rich vein, pervading carboniferous and permian schists, quartzite-phyllites and sericite-phyllites (in the order of increasing depth). Rich ores were also found in side veins on the upper levels, hosted in fissures and fault zones in the schists. In some places of the area, rich nickel ores were found. Uranium mineralizations were almost exclusively restricted to side veins explored by the Anna adit, where pitchblende nodules to 6 cm in diameter occurred abundantly.

The ancient mines and deposits concentrate around Mitterberg mountain (NE of Mühlbach am Hochkönig) and on the eastern slope of Hochkeil mountain. Geologically, the deposit is situated just south of the boundary between the Salzburger Kalkalpen Mts (limestones) to the north and the Dienten Mts (greywackes) to the south.

A 2.5-3 h tourist mining trail ('Mitterberger Erzweg') with 15 info-stops informs about the history of the district. A mining museum and tourist mine (Arthur adit, 'Arthurstollen') in Mühlbach am Hochkönig can also be visited.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities
Albite
Altaite
Anatase
Anhydrite
Ankerite
Annabergite
'Apatite'
Aragonite
var: Flos Ferri
Arsenic
Arsenopyrite
Autunite
Azurite
Baryte
Becquerelite
Bornite
Bournonite
Brannerite
Brochantite
Calaverite
Calcite
Celestine
Chalcanthite
Chalcophyllite
Chalcopyrite
'Chlorite Group'
Cinnabar
Clinochlore
var: Leuchtenbergite

Cobaltite
Coloradoite
Copiapite
Covellite
Cuprite
Dolomite
Epsomite
Erythrite
Fayalite
Fluorite
Fourmarierite
Galena
Gersdorffite
Goethite
Gold
'Gold Amalgam'
Gypsum
Halite
Halotrichite
Hematite
Hessite
Heteromorphite
Jamesonite
Kahlerite
Langite
'Limonite'
Magnesite
var: Breunnerite
var: Mesitine Spar
'Magnesite-Siderite Series'
Magnetite
Malachite
Marcasite
Maucherite
Melanterite
Mercury
Meta-autunite
Metacinnabar
Millerite
Molybdenite
Morenosite
Muscovite
var: Sericite

Nickeline
Nickelskutterudite
'Olivine'
Opal
var: Opal-AN

Parasymplesite
Pentlandite
Pharmacosiderite
Pickeringite
'Pitticite'
Posnjakite
Pyrargyrite
Pyrite
var: Bravoite
'Pyrobitumen
var: Thucholite'

Pyrophyllite
var: Chrome-Pyrophyllite
Pyrrhotite
Quartz
var: Rock Crystal
Rammelsbergite
Realgar
Retgersite
Rutile
Scorodite
'Shungite'
Siderite
var: Pistomesite
Skutterudite
Sphalerite
Strontianite
Studtite
Tennantite
Tetrahedrite
'Tourmaline'
Ullmannite
'Unnamed (Ag-Au Amalgam)'
Uraninite
var: Pitchblende
Uranospinite
Zeunerite
Zippeite
'Zippeite Group'
Zircon


134 entries listed. 90 valid minerals.

Localities in this Region

Austria
Austria

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References

- Böhne, E. (1931): Die Kupfererzgänge von Mitterberg in Salzburg. Gangverhalten und Erzfolge. Archiv für Lagerstättenforschung 49, 1-106.
- Zschocke, K. & Preuschen, E. (1932): Das urzeitliche Bergbaugebiet von Mühlbach-Bischofshofen. Vol. 6. Materialien zur Urgeschichte Österreichs, Anthropologische Gesellschaft in Wien, Wien, 287 pp.
- PREUSCHEN, E. (1960): Zur neuzeitlichen Geschichte des Mitterberger Kupfererzbergbaues. Mitteilungen der Gesellschaft für Salzburger Landeskunde 100, 389-399.
- Bernhard, J. (1965): Die Mitterberger Kupferkieslagerstätte. Erzführung und Tektonik. Jb. Geol. B.-A., 109, 3-90.
- Unger, H. (1967): Untersuchung der Kupfer-Gehalte im Nebengestein des Mitterberger Hauptganges (Mühlbach am Hochkönig/Salzburg). Archiv für Lagerstättenforschung in den Ostalpen, 5, 2-11.
- Friedrich, O.M. & Haditsch, J.G. (1971): Ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Nickel- und Kobaltführung in den Erzen von Mitterberg (Mühlbach/Hochkönig). Archiv für Lagerstättenforschung in den Ostalpen, 12, 55-62.
- Haditsch, J.G. (1973): Kupferkies im Steinsalz vom Mitterberg (Mühlbach am Hochkönig). Archiv für Lagerstättenforschung in den Ostalpen, 14, 55-60.
- Nowak, O. + Meixner, H.(1976): Die Arsenkies-xx aus der Kupferkieslagerstätte Mitterberg/Hochkönig, Salzburg. Der Karinthin, 75, p.245-257.
- Paar, W.(1976): Über sekundäre Nickelparagenesen - Retgersit (NiSO4.6H2O) von Mitterberg (Salzburg). Der Karinthin, 74, p.218-223.
- Paar, W. (1977): Exkursionsführer zur Exkursion M9 und M10 (Alte Halden der Kupferkieslagerstätte Mitterberg, Mühlbach/Hochkönig, Salzburg, Österreich); Der Karinthin, vol.77, p.339-345.
- Paar, W. + Ruscha, S.:(1978): Oxidationsminerale am Ausgehenden eines uranerzführenden Erzganges bei Mitterberg, Salzburg. Der Karinthin, 78, p.23-29.
- Strasser, A. (1989): Die Minerale Salzburgs. Author's own edition.
- Günther W., Eibner C., Lippert A. & Paar W. (Hrsg.) (1993): 5000 Jahre Kupferbergbau Mühlbach am Hochkönig - Bischofshofen. Gemeinde Mühlbach am Hochkönig, xx S.
- Pohl, W., and Belocky, R. (1999): Metamorphism and metallogeny in the Eastern Alps. Mineralium Deposita 34, 614-629.
- Kucha, H. & Raith, J. G. (2009): Gold-oxysulphides in copper deposits of the Greywacke Zone, Austria: A mineral chemical and infrared fluid inclusion study. Ore Geology Reviews 35, 87-100.
- Stöllner, Thomas, Cierny, Jan, Eibner, Clemens, Boenke, Nicole, Herd, Rainer, Maass, Alexander, Röttger, Klaus, Sormaz, Trivun, Steffens, Gero & Thomas, Peter (2009): Der bronzezeitliche Bergbau im Südrevier des Mitterberggebietes. Bericht zu den Forschungen der Jahre 2002 bis 2006. Archaeologica Austriaca 90/2006, 87-137.
- Lutz, J., Pernicka, E., Pils, R., Steiner, M., Vavtar, F. (2009): Geochemische Charakterisierung der Erzvorkommen am Mitterberg und in Kitzbühel. In: K. Oeggl, M. Prast (Hrsg.), Die Geschichte des Bergbaus in Tirol und seinen angrenzenden Gebieten. Proceedings zum 3. Milestone-Meeting des SFB HiMAT vom 23.-26.10.2008 in Silbertal, Innsbruck, 175-181.

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Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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