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Mitterberg District, St Johann im Pongau, Salzburg, Austria

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 47° 24' 35'' North , 13° 7' 42'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 47.4097222222, 13.1283333333
Name(s) in local language(s):Revier Mitterberg, St Johann im Pongau, Salzburg, Österreich


Ancient copper mining area worked intermittently from prehistoric times until 1977. Evidence for prehistoric mining (dating back about 4,000 years, with major activity during the Bronze age) was discovered in 1872, modern mining started in 1829 and ceased in 1977.

Processing and smelting of the ores from the district were centered at and around Mühlbach am Hochkönig. About 190 smelting sites are known in the area between this town and Bischofshofen.

The main ores, chalcopyrite, tennantite, and pyrite, were included in an ENE-WSW striking carbonate-rich vein, pervading carboniferous and Permian schists, quartzite-phyllites and sericite-phyllites (in the order of increasing depth). Rich ores were also found inside veins on the upper levels, hosted in fissures and fault zones in the schists. In some places of the area, rich nickel ores were found. Uranium mineralizations were almost exclusively restricted to side veins explored by the Anna adit, where pitchblende nodules to 6 cm in diameter occurred abundantly.

The ancient mines and deposits concentrate around Mitterberg mountain (NE of Mühlbach am Hochkönig) and on the eastern slope of Hochkeil mountain. Geologically, the deposit is situated just south of the boundary between the Salzburger Kalkalpen Mts (limestones) to the north and the Dienten Mts (greywackes) to the south.

A 2.5-3 h tourist mining trail ('Mitterberger Erzweg') with 15 info-stops informs about the history of the district. A mining museum and tourist mine in Mühlbach am Hochkönig can also be visited.

The grid reference is centered on the Arthur-house.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Albite

Altaite

Anatase

Anhydrite

Ankerite

Annabergite

'Apatite'

Aragonite

var: Flos Ferri

Arsenic

Arsenopyrite

Autunite

Azurite

Baryte

Becquerelite

Bornite

Bournonite

Brannerite

Brochantite

Calaverite

Calcite

Celestine

Chalcanthite

Chalcopyrite

'Chlorite Group'

Cinnabar

Clinochlore

var: Leuchtenbergite

Cobaltite

Coloradoite

Copiapite

Covellite

Cuprite

Dolomite

Epsomite

Erythrite

Fayalite

Fluorite

Fourmarierite

Galena

Gersdorffite

Goethite

Gold

'Gold Amalgam'

Gypsum

Halite

Halotrichite

Hematite

Hessite

Heteromorphite

Jamesonite

Kahlerite

Langite

'Limonite'

Magnesite

var: Breunnerite

var: Mesitine Spar

'Magnesite-Siderite Series'

Magnetite

Malachite

Marcasite

Maucherite

Melanterite

Mercury

Meta-autunite

Metacinnabar

Millerite

Molybdenite

Morenosite

Muscovite

var: Sericite

Nickeline

Nickelskutterudite

'Olivine'

Opal

var: Opal-AN

Parasymplesite

Pentlandite

Pharmacosiderite

Pickeringite

Pitticite

Posnjakite

Pyrargyrite

Pyrite

var: Bravoite

'Pyrobitumen'

'var: Thucholite'

Pyrophyllite

var: Chrome-Pyrophyllite

Pyrrhotite

Quartz

var: Rock Crystal

Rammelsbergite

Realgar

Retgersite

Rutile

Scorodite

'Shungite'

Siderite

var: Pistomesite

Skutterudite

Sphalerite

Strontianite

Studtite

Tennantite

Tetrahedrite

'Tourmaline'

Ullmannite

'UM1982-18-SiO:ThTiU'

'Unnamed (Ag-Au Amalgam)'

Uraninite

var: Pitchblende

Uranospinite

Zeunerite

Zippeite

'Zippeite Group'

Zircon


93 valid minerals.

Localities in this Region


The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

- Böhne, E. (1931): Die Kupfererzgänge von Mitterberg in Salzburg. Gangverhalten und Erzfolge. Archiv für Lagerstättenforschung 49, 1-106.
- Zschocke, K. & Preuschen, E. (1932): Das urzeitliche Bergbaugebiet von Mühlbach-Bischofshofen. Vol. 6. Materialien zur Urgeschichte Österreichs, Anthropologische Gesellschaft in Wien, Wien, 287 pp.
- MEIXNER, H. (1955): Neue Mineralfunde in den österreichischen Ostalpen XIV. Carinthia II, 145./65., 10-25.
- MEIXNER, H. (1958): Neue Mineralfunde in den österreichischen Ostalpen XVI. Carinthia II, 148./68., 91-109.
- PREUSCHEN, E. (1960): Zur neuzeitlichen Geschichte des Mitterberger Kupfererzbergbaues. Mitteilungen der Gesellschaft für Salzburger Landeskunde 100, 389-399.
- Bernhard, J. (1965): Die Mitterberger Kupferkieslagerstätte. Erzführung und Tektonik. Jb. Geol. B.-A., 109, 3-90.
- Unger, H. (1967): Untersuchung der Kupfer-Gehalte im Nebengestein des Mitterberger Hauptganges (Mühlbach am Hochkönig/Salzburg). Archiv für Lagerstättenforschung in den Ostalpen, 5, 2-11.
- Friedrich, O.M. & Haditsch, J.G. (1971): Ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Nickel- und Kobaltführung in den Erzen von Mitterberg (Mühlbach/Hochkönig). Archiv für Lagerstättenforschung in den Ostalpen, 12, 55-62.
- Haditsch, J.G. (1973): Kupferkies im Steinsalz vom Mitterberg (Mühlbach am Hochkönig). Archiv für Lagerstättenforschung in den Ostalpen, 14, 55-60.
- Nowak, O. + Meixner, H.(1976): Die Arsenkies-xx aus der Kupferkieslagerstätte Mitterberg/Hochkönig, Salzburg. Der Karinthin, 75, p.245-257.
- Paar, W.(1976): Über sekundäre Nickelparagenesen - Retgersit (NiSO4.6H2O) von Mitterberg (Salzburg). Der Karinthin, 74, p.218-223.
- Paar, W. (1977): Exkursionsführer zur Exkursion M9 und M10 (Alte Halden der Kupferkieslagerstätte Mitterberg, Mühlbach/Hochkönig, Salzburg, Österreich); Der Karinthin, vol.77, p.339-345.
- Paar, W. (1982): Die Minerale des Kupferbergbaues Mitterberg bei Mühlbach, Salzburg (1. Teil). Die Eisenblüte, Jahrg. 3 NF, Nr. 5, p. 10-13.
- Paar, W. (1983): Die Minerale des Kupferbergbaues Mitterberg bei Mühlbach, Salzburg (2. Teil). Die Eisenblüte, Jahrg. 4 NF, Nr. 7, p. 15-18.
- Paar, W. + Ruscha, S.:(1978): Oxidationsminerale am Ausgehenden eines uranerzführenden Erzganges bei Mitterberg, Salzburg. Der Karinthin, 78, p.23-29.
- Strasser, A. (1989): Die Minerale Salzburgs. Author's own edition.
- Günther W., Eibner C., Lippert A. & Paar W. (Hrsg.) (1993): 5000 Jahre Kupferbergbau Mühlbach am Hochkönig - Bischofshofen. Gemeinde Mühlbach am Hochkönig, xx S.
- Pohl, W., and Belocky, R. (1999): Metamorphism and metallogeny in the Eastern Alps. Mineralium Deposita 34, 614-629.
- Kucha, H. & Raith, J. G. (2009): Gold-oxysulphides in copper deposits of the Greywacke Zone, Austria: A mineral chemical and infrared fluid inclusion study. Ore Geology Reviews 35, 87-100.
- Stöllner, Thomas, Cierny, Jan, Eibner, Clemens, Boenke, Nicole, Herd, Rainer, Maass, Alexander, Röttger, Klaus, Sormaz, Trivun, Steffens, Gero & Thomas, Peter (2009): Der bronzezeitliche Bergbau im Südrevier des Mitterberggebietes. Bericht zu den Forschungen der Jahre 2002 bis 2006. Archaeologica Austriaca 90/2006, 87-137.
- Lutz, J., Pernicka, E., Pils, R., Steiner, M., Vavtar, F. (2009): Geochemische Charakterisierung der Erzvorkommen am Mitterberg und in Kitzbühel. In: K. Oeggl, M. Prast (Hrsg.), Die Geschichte des Bergbaus in Tirol und seinen angrenzenden Gebieten. Proceedings zum 3. Milestone-Meeting des SFB HiMAT vom 23.-26.10.2008 in Silbertal, Innsbruck, 175-181.

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