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Mitterberg District, St Johann im Pongau, Salzburg, Austria

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Name(s) in local language(s): Revier Mitterberg, St Johann im Pongau, Salzburg, Österreich
Ancient copper mining area, worked intermittently from prehistoric times until 1977. Evidences for prehistoric mining (dating back about 4000 years, with major activity during the Bronze age) were discovered in 1872, modern mining started in 1829 and ceased in 1977.

Processing and smelting of the ores from the district was centered at and around Mühlbach am Hochkönig. About 190 smelting sites are known in the area between this town and Bischofshofen.

The main ores, chalcopyrite, tennantite and pyrite, were included in an ENE-WSW striking carbonate-rich vein, pervading carboniferous and permian schists, quartzite-phyllites and sericite-phyllites (in the order of increasing depth). Rich ores were also found in side veins on the upper levels, hosted in fissures and fault zones in the schists. In some places of the area, rich nickel ores were found. Uranium mineralizations were almost exclusively restricted to side veins explored by the Anna adit, where pitchblende nodules to 6 cm in diameter occurred abundantly.

The ancient mines and deposits concentrate around Mitterberg mountain (NE of Mühlbach am Hochkönig) and on the eastern slope of Hochkeil mountain. Geologically, the deposit is situated just south of the boundary between the Salzburger Kalkalpen Mts (limestones) to the north and the Dienten Mts (greywackes) to the south.

A 2.5-3 h tourist mining trail ('Mitterberger Erzweg') with 15 info-stops informs about the history of the district. A mining museum and tourist mine (Arthur adit, 'Arthurstollen') in Mühlbach am Hochkönig can also be visited.

The grid reference is centered on the Arthur-house.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

136 entries listed. 89 valid minerals.

Localities in this Region


The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


- Böhne, E. (1931): Die Kupfererzgänge von Mitterberg in Salzburg. Gangverhalten und Erzfolge. Archiv für Lagerstättenforschung 49, 1-106.
- Zschocke, K. & Preuschen, E. (1932): Das urzeitliche Bergbaugebiet von Mühlbach-Bischofshofen. Vol. 6. Materialien zur Urgeschichte Österreichs, Anthropologische Gesellschaft in Wien, Wien, 287 pp.
- MEIXNER, H. (1955): Neue Mineralfunde in den österreichischen Ostalpen XIV. Carinthia II, 145./65., 10-25.
- MEIXNER, H. (1958): Neue Mineralfunde in den österreichischen Ostalpen XVI. Carinthia II, 148./68., 91-109.
- PREUSCHEN, E. (1960): Zur neuzeitlichen Geschichte des Mitterberger Kupfererzbergbaues. Mitteilungen der Gesellschaft für Salzburger Landeskunde 100, 389-399.
- Bernhard, J. (1965): Die Mitterberger Kupferkieslagerstätte. Erzführung und Tektonik. Jb. Geol. B.-A., 109, 3-90.
- Unger, H. (1967): Untersuchung der Kupfer-Gehalte im Nebengestein des Mitterberger Hauptganges (Mühlbach am Hochkönig/Salzburg). Archiv für Lagerstättenforschung in den Ostalpen, 5, 2-11.
- Friedrich, O.M. & Haditsch, J.G. (1971): Ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Nickel- und Kobaltführung in den Erzen von Mitterberg (Mühlbach/Hochkönig). Archiv für Lagerstättenforschung in den Ostalpen, 12, 55-62.
- Haditsch, J.G. (1973): Kupferkies im Steinsalz vom Mitterberg (Mühlbach am Hochkönig). Archiv für Lagerstättenforschung in den Ostalpen, 14, 55-60.
- Nowak, O. + Meixner, H.(1976): Die Arsenkies-xx aus der Kupferkieslagerstätte Mitterberg/Hochkönig, Salzburg. Der Karinthin, 75, p.245-257.
- Paar, W.(1976): Über sekundäre Nickelparagenesen - Retgersit (NiSO4.6H2O) von Mitterberg (Salzburg). Der Karinthin, 74, p.218-223.
- Paar, W. (1977): Exkursionsführer zur Exkursion M9 und M10 (Alte Halden der Kupferkieslagerstätte Mitterberg, Mühlbach/Hochkönig, Salzburg, Österreich); Der Karinthin, vol.77, p.339-345.
- Paar, W. (1982): Die Minerale des Kupferbergbaues Mitterberg bei Mühlbach, Salzburg (1. Teil). Die Eisenblüte, Jahrg. 3 NF, Nr. 5, p. 10-13.
- Paar, W. (1983): Die Minerale des Kupferbergbaues Mitterberg bei Mühlbach, Salzburg (2. Teil). Die Eisenblüte, Jahrg. 4 NF, Nr. 7, p. 15-18.
- Paar, W. + Ruscha, S.:(1978): Oxidationsminerale am Ausgehenden eines uranerzführenden Erzganges bei Mitterberg, Salzburg. Der Karinthin, 78, p.23-29.
- Strasser, A. (1989): Die Minerale Salzburgs. Author's own edition.
- Günther W., Eibner C., Lippert A. & Paar W. (Hrsg.) (1993): 5000 Jahre Kupferbergbau Mühlbach am Hochkönig - Bischofshofen. Gemeinde Mühlbach am Hochkönig, xx S.
- Pohl, W., and Belocky, R. (1999): Metamorphism and metallogeny in the Eastern Alps. Mineralium Deposita 34, 614-629.
- Kucha, H. & Raith, J. G. (2009): Gold-oxysulphides in copper deposits of the Greywacke Zone, Austria: A mineral chemical and infrared fluid inclusion study. Ore Geology Reviews 35, 87-100.
- Stöllner, Thomas, Cierny, Jan, Eibner, Clemens, Boenke, Nicole, Herd, Rainer, Maass, Alexander, Röttger, Klaus, Sormaz, Trivun, Steffens, Gero & Thomas, Peter (2009): Der bronzezeitliche Bergbau im Südrevier des Mitterberggebietes. Bericht zu den Forschungen der Jahre 2002 bis 2006. Archaeologica Austriaca 90/2006, 87-137.
- Lutz, J., Pernicka, E., Pils, R., Steiner, M., Vavtar, F. (2009): Geochemische Charakterisierung der Erzvorkommen am Mitterberg und in Kitzbühel. In: K. Oeggl, M. Prast (Hrsg.), Die Geschichte des Bergbaus in Tirol und seinen angrenzenden Gebieten. Proceedings zum 3. Milestone-Meeting des SFB HiMAT vom 23.-26.10.2008 in Silbertal, Innsbruck, 175-181.

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