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Cape Calamita Mine (Calamita Mine), Capoliveri, Elba Island, Livorno Province, Tuscany, Italy
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Name(s) in local language(s): Miniera di Capo Calamita (Miniera di Calamita), Capoliveri, Isola d'Elba, Livorno, Toscana, Italia
 
This locality is the most important mine of Calamita peninsula. There are no references of exploitations in ancient ages, but mining was surely started by the XVIII century. Like other Elba mines, extensive modern exploitation started about 1870-1880. The ore body is magnetite (generally pseudomorphous after hematite) and limonite and is linked to skarns, mainly hedenbergite/ilvaite but also (Macei stope) andradite.
The mining area extends from sea level to about 300 m with a width from West to East of 1.7 km. The most important stopes are Francesche (later included in Vallone), Vallone, Macei, Nuova Zona; other stopes are Albaroccia, Coti Nere, Polveraio, Civetta, Le Piane, Punta Rossa (see map in site photos).
The mining area is divided horizontally by the road Capoliveri-Calamita-Ripalti at the level 167-176.
In some limited places there are also copper mineralisations and very little cobalt mineralisation.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities
Allophane
Aluminocopiapite
Alunogen
Amarantite
Andradite
Antlerite
Aragonite
Arsenopyrite
Atacamite
Aurichalcite
Azurite
Bieberite
Bonattite (TL)
Bornite
Brochantite
Calcite
var: Cobaltoan Calcite
Chalcanthite
Chalcocite
Chalcopyrite
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysocolla
Clinoatacamite
Connellite
Copiapite
Copper
Coquimbite
Cuprite
Cyanotrichite
Dioptase
Dolomite
Epidote
Epsomite
Erythrite
Fibroferrite
'Garnet'
Goethite
Grossular
var: Hessonite

Gypsum
Hastingsite
Hedenbergite
Hematite
Hexahydrite
Humboldtine
Ilvaite
Jarosite
Kaolinite
Kröhnkite
'Limonite'
Linnaeite
Löllingite
Magnetite
Malachite
Marcasite
Melanterite
var: Cuprian Melanterite
Minguzzite (TL)
Natrochalcite
Natrojarosite
Opal
Paratacamite
Pharmacosiderite
Pickeringite
Plancheite
Pyrite
Quartz
var: Amethyst
var: Prase
Rhomboclase
Siderite
Skutterudite
Sphalerite
Starkeyite
Tyrolite
Voltaite
'Wad'
Woodwardite


110 entries listed. 68 valid minerals. 2 type localities (valid minerals).

Localities in this Region

Italy

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Cocco G.,Garavelli C. (1954): Studio di alcuni problemi geochimici relativi al giacimento di ferro di capo Calamita Elba. Rendiconti della Societa Mineralogica Italiana. 10: 269-350

Dell'Anna L., Quagliarella F. (1968): Su alcuni solfati cupriferi di Capo Calamita (Isola d'Elba). Periodico di mineralogia - Roma, 349-365.

De Michele, V. (1974): Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.

J. Göske, T. Witzke, H. Pöllmann, S. Stöber (1997): Neufunde von Sekundärmineralen in der Lagerstatte Calamita/Insel Elba. Der Aufschluss, 48, 305-313.

Orlandi, P. & Pezzotta, F. (1996): Minerali dell'isola d'Elba. I Minerali dei Giacimenti Metalliferi dell'Elba Orientale e delle Pegmatiti del Monte Capanne.

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Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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