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Jamestown District, Mother Lode belt, Tuolumne Co., California, USA

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Location: The Jamestown district is in western Tuolumne County. It consists of that portion of the Mother Lode belt that extends from French Flat southeast through Rawhide, Jamestown, Quartz Mountain, and the town of Stent to the vicinity of the Belcher mine, a distance of about eight miles. It also has been called the "Jimtown" district.

History: The streams and rich surface ores were first worked in the gold rush. Jamestown was established in 1848 by Colonel George F. James, a lawyer. Hydraulic mining began at Stent soon afterward, and the lode mines were active from the 1860s on. The placers at nearby Campo Seco yielded S5.5 million and those at Jamestown S3 million. From around 1890 to World War I lode mining was a major industry; in 1906 more than 300 stamps were "dropping" in the various mills. There was some a activity again during the 1920s and appreciable activity during the 1930s. There has been minor prospecting and development work in recent years at a few of the mines. The value of the total output of this district is estimated at more
than $30 million (period values).

Geology: In the north portion of the district, the deposits occur along a northwest-striking contact with serpentine to the southwest and phyllite, slate, and metaconglomerate to the northeast (fig. 16). In the central and south portion, the deposits are at or near the contact between massive greenstones and slates on the west and chlorite and amphibolitc schist to the east. Latite of Tuolumne Table Mountain crosses the belt north of Jamestown, and Tertiary gravel deposits underlie the latite in the vicinity of the town of Rawhide and to the southwest. At Quartz Mountain the Mother Lode belt swings from a northwest-southeast strike to almost due south.

Ore Deposits: Outcrops consist of massive quartz veins up to several tens of feet in thickness, adjacent bodies of ankerite-quartz-mariposite rock which sometimes are scores of feet thick, as well as bodies of mineralized schist and numerous parallel quartz stringers. These deposits often contain abundant disseminated sulfides (as much as eight to 10 percent of the total rock), which are mostly pyrite. The gold occurs in the native state or with pyrite. Milling-grade ore usually averaged 1/7 to 1/3 ounce gold per ton, but the ore shoots were large. The ore shoots had stoping lengths of as much as 400 feet or more, and several veins were mined to inclined depths of several thousand feet. A number of high-grade pockets have been found in this district. In places silver is abundant, and tellurides have been encountered.

Mines: Alabama ($150,000), Alameda, Anderson, App-Heslep ($6.5 million), Belcher, Crystalline ($100,000), Defender, Dutch-Sweeney ($3 million), Erin-go-bragh ($282,000), Golden Rule, Harvard ($2 million to $3 million), Hitchcock, Jumper ($5 million), Mazeppa, New Era, Nugget, Omega, Rappahannock, Rawhide ($6 million), Santa Ysabel ($1.5 million).

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities


60 entries listed. 51 valid minerals.

Localities in this Region


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References

Irelan, William, Jr. (1888b), Eighth annual report of the State Mineralogist [includes mineral resources of the State, with contributions by W.A. Goodyear, H.A. Whiting, and Stephen Bowers]: California Mining Bureau. (Report 8), 946 pp.: 660-664.

Fairbanks, Harold W. (1890), Geology of the Mother Lode region: California Mining Bureau. (Report 10): 10: 50-56.

Turner, Henry Ward & F.L. Ransome (1897), Description of the gold belt; description of the Sonora sheet: USGS Geologic Atlas, Sonora folio (Folio No. 41), 7 pp.

Ransome, Frederick Leslie (1900), Description of the Mother Lode district, California: USGS Geological Atlas, Mother Lode (folio No. 63), 11 pp.

Storms, William H. (1900), The Mother Lode region of California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 18: 128-141.

Tucker, W. Burling (1916), Amador, Calaveras, Tuolumne Counties: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Mining Bureau. (Report 14): 14: 1-172; […(abstract): Geol. Zentralbl., Band 27: 396 (1922)]: 145-146, 149-151, 152-153, 159-160.

Logan, Clarence August (1928), Tuolumne County, Butte County: California Mining Bureau. (Report 24): 24: 8-9.

Knopf, Adolf (1929), The Mother Lode system of California: USGS Professional Paper 157, 88 pp.; […(abstract): Engineering & Mining Journal: 128: 24 (1929); […Geol. Zentralbl., Band 41: 364-367 (1930)].

Logan, Clarence August (1934), Mother Lode Gold Belt of California: California Division Mines Bulletin 108, 221 pp.: 171-172.

Eric, J.H., A.A. Stromquist & C.M. Swinney (1955), Geology and mineral deposits of the Angels Camp and Sonora quadrangles, Calaveras and Tuolumne Counties, California: California Division Mines Special Report 41, 55pp.

Clark, Wm. B. (1970a) Gold districts of California: California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 193.

Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 35 (map 2-21).

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