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Ghundao hill, Katlang, Mardan District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (North-West Frontier Province), Pakistan

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 34° 23' 57'' North , 72° 6' 8'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 34.3992209757, 72.1021457672
Other regions containing this locality:Asia

Ghundao Hill is an isolated hill in Shamozai Valley, 5 Km NNE of Katlang village.
The hill is conformed by Silurian-Devonian aged carbonated rocks crossed by coarse-grained calcite and quartz veins, a few of them containing euhedral topaz crystals up to 3 cm.
The attractive pink color of some topaz from this locality is caused by trace amounts of the Cr3+ ion.
Topaz-bearing veins were discovered in the seventies and currently are almost exhausted.

The topaz from this locality is often referred to as topaz from Katlang.

Mineral List

Regional Geology

Silurian-Devonian358.9 - 443.8 MaSilurian-Devonian sedimentary rocks

Sedimentary rocks

References for regional geology:

Data provided by

Geological Survey of Canada. Generalized geological map of the world and linked databases. doi:10.4095/195142. Open File 2915d.

9 valid minerals.

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


M. Qasim Jan (1979) Topaz Occurrence in Mardan, North-West Pakistan. Mineralogical Magazine 43:175-176.

Edward Gübelin, Giorgio Graziani, A. H. Kazmi (1986) Pink Topaz of Pakistan, Gems & Gemology, Fall 1986, Vol. 22, No. 3, pag 140-151.

Morteani, G. & Voropaev, A. (2007): The pink topaz-bearing calcite, quartz, white mica veins from Ghundao Hill (North West Frontier Province, Pakistan): K/Ar age, stable isotope and REE data. Mineralogy and Petrology 89, 31-44.

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