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Kipawa alkaline complex, Les Lacs-du-Témiscamingue, Témiscamingue RCM, Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Québec, Canada

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 46° 48' 10'' North , 78° 29' 41'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 46.8027777778, -78.4947222222
Formerly: Kipawa alkaline complex, Lac Sheffield, Villedieu Township, Témiscamingue County, Québec, Canada

This is a metamorphosed alkaline intrusive and also the type locality of agrellite, gittinsite and hiortdahlite II.

Mineral List

52 entries listed. 46 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


AARDEN, H. M., (1969). Hiortdahlite from Kipawa River,Quebec: its Chemistry and Mineralogy. Ph. D. thesis, Univ. Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

AARDEN, H. M., & GITTINS, J., (1974). Hiortdahlite from Kipawa river, Villedieu township, Temiscaming County, Québec, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 12, 241-247.

CURRIE,K.L.& VAN BREEMEN, O. (1996). The origin of rare minerals in the Kipawa syenite complex, Western Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 34, pp.435

ANSELL, H.G., ROBERTS, A.C., PLANT, A.G. & STURMAN, B.D. (1980): Gittinsite, a new calcium zirconium silicate from the Kipawa agpaitic syenite complex.. Canadian Mineralogist 18, 201-203.

BERRY, I.G., LIN, HSI CHE, and DAVIS, G.C. (1972) A new occurrence of miserite from the Kipawa Lake area, Temiscamingue Co., Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist, 11, 569. (Abstract)

CURRIE, K.L. & VAN BREEMEN, O. (1996)The origin of rare minerals in the Kipawa syenite complex, western Quebec. Can Mineral 34, 435-451.
GITTINS, J., BOWN, M.G. & STURMAN, D. (1976) Agrellite, a new rock-forming mineral in regionally metamorphosed agpaitic alkalic rocks. Canadian Mineralogist 14, 120-126.

GHOSE, S. & WAN, CHENG (1979): Agrellite, Na(Ca,RE)2Si4O10F: a layer structure with silicate tubes. American Mineralogist 64, 563-572.

MERLINO, S. & PERCHIAZZI, N. (1985): The crystal structure of hiortdahlite I. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen 34, 297-310.

MERLINO, S. & PERCHIAZZI, N. (1987): The crystal structure of hiortdahlite II. Mineralogy and Petrology 37, 25-35.

ROBERTS, A.C. & BONARDI, M. (1983) Potassian gaidonnayite from the Kipawa agpaiitic syenite complex, Quebec. Geological Survey of Canada Paper 83-1A, 480-482.

ROELOFSEN-AHL, J.N. & PETERSON, R.C. (1989): Gittinsite: a modification of the thortveitite structure. Canadian Mineralogist 27, 703-708.

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