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Chuquicamata Mine, Chuquicamata District, Calama, El Loa Province, Antofagasta Region, Chile

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 22° 17' 22'' South , 68° 54' 4'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -22.2894444444, -68.9011111111


A classic porphyry copper deposit and the world's largest open pit copper mine. From 1915 until 1997, it produced 31 million tons of copper metal, with an equivalent amount still remaining in the main orebody.

Chuquicamata is now amalgamated with the operating Radomiro Tomić mine to the north (but still on the same mineralised system), the developing Alejandro Hales mine just to the south (formerly Mansa Mina, a slightly impolite description) and the recently discovered 'Toki cluster' of copper porphyries to form the Codelco Norte division of Codelco.

Located 15 km north of Calama, II Region, Chile.

Mineral List

'Albite-Anorthite Series'

Aluminite

Alum-(K)

Alunite

Alunogen

Amarantite

Anhydrite

Antlerite

'Apatite'

Atacamite

Aubertite

Azurite

Bellingerite (TL)

Betpakdalite-NaNa (TL)

'Biotite'

Birnessite

Blödite

Bornite

Botryogen

Brochantite

Butlerite

Calcite

Cerussite

Chalcanthite (TL)

Chalcocite

Chalcophyllite

Chalcopyrite

Chenevixite

'Chlorite Group'

Clinoatacamite (TL)

Clinoclase

Clinoungemachite (TL)

Colusite

Conichalcite

Copiapite

Copper

Coquimbite

Covellite

Cuprite

Cuprocopiapite (TL)

Darapskite

Devilline

Dickite

Digenite

Dioptase

Djurleite

Dolomite

Enargite

Epidote

Epsomite

Famatinite

Ferrimolybdite

Ferrinatrite

Fibroferrite

Galena

Goethite

Gold

Gypsum

Halite

Halotrichite

Hematite

Hetaerolite

Hohmannite

Idaite

Ilmenite

Jarosite

Kalinite

Kaolinite

Kröhnkite (TL)

Lavendulan

Leightonite (TL)

Leucophosphite

Libethenite

'Limonite'

Lindgrenite (TL)

Magnesite

Magnetite

Malachite

Manganite

Marcasite

Marshite

Melanterite

var: Cuprian Melanterite

Mendozavilite-KCa (TL)

Mendozavilite-NaCu

Mendozite

Metahohmannite (TL)

Metasideronatrite

Metatorbernite

Metavoltine

Metazeunerite

Miersite

Minyulite

Mirabilite

Molybdenite

Muscovite

var: Sericite

Natroalunite

Natrochalcite (TL)

Natrodufrénite

Natrojarosite

Natropharmacosiderite

Nitratine

Obradovicite-KCu (TL)

Obradovicite-NaCu (TL)

Obradovicite-NaNa (TL)

Olivenite

Opal

Orthoclase

Parabutlerite (TL)

Paratacamite

Pharmacosiderite

Pickeringite

Picromerite

Plumbojarosite

Posnjakite

Powellite

Pyrite

Pyrolusite

Pyrophyllite

Quartz

Römerite

Rutile

Salesite (TL)

Sampleite (TL)

Scorodite

Sideronatrite

Silver

Smithsonite

Sphalerite

Sulphur

Tamarugite

Tennantite

Tenorite

'Thénardite'

Titanite

'Tourmaline'

Turquoise

Ulexite

Ungemachite (TL)

Voltaite

Wulfenite

Zoisite


134 valid minerals. 19 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Palache, C. (1935) American Mineralogist: 20, 484-491.

Peacock, M. A. & Bandy, M. C. (1938): Ungemachite and clino-ungemachite: new minerals from Chile. American Mineralogist 23, 314-328.

Hurlbut, C.S., Jr. (1942) Sampleite, a new mineral from Chuquicamata, Chile. American Mineralogist: 27: 586-589.

Jarrell, O. W. (1944): Oxidation at Chuquicamata, Chile. Economic Geology, 39, 251-86.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 302, 310, 316, 457, 841, 861, 863, 946, 1095.

Cook, R.B. (1978). Famous mineral localities: Chuquicamata, Chile. Mineralogical Record, 9(5), 321-333.

Finney, J. J., Williams, S. A., Hamilton, R. D. (1986) Obradovicite, a new complex arsenate-molybdate from Chuquicamata, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine: 50: 283-284

Ossandón C., G., Fréraut C., R., Gustafson, L.B., Lindsay, D.D., and Zentilli, M. (2001): Geology of the Chuquicamata Mine: A Progress Report. Economic Geology, Vol. 96, pp. 249-270.

Ossandón, G., Gustafson, L. B., Lindsay, D. D., & Zentilli, M. (2001). Geology of the Chuquicamata mine: a progress report. Economic Geology, 96(2), 249-270.

Maksaev, V., Townley, B., Palacios, C., and Camus, F. (2007): Metallic ore deposits. In: Moreno, T., and Gibbons, W. (editors): The Geology of Chile. The Geological Society (London), pp. 414.

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