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Chuquicamata Mine, Chuquicamata District, Calama, El Loa Province, Antofagasta Region, Chile
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Latitude: 22°17'22"S
Longitude: 68°54'4"W
 
 
A classic porphyry copper deposit and the world's largest open pit copper mine. From 1915 until 1997, it produced 31 million tons of copper metal, with an equivalent amount still remaining in the main orebody.

Chuquicamata is now amalgamated with the operating Radomiro Tomić mine to the north (but still on the same mineralised system), the developing Alejandro Hales mine just to the south (formerly Mansa Mina, a slightly impolite description) and the recently discovered 'Toki cluster' of copper porphyries to form the Codelco Norte division of Codelco.

Located 15 km north of Calama, II Region, Chile.

Mineral List

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Aluminite
Alum-(K)
Alunite
Alunogen
Amarantite
Anhydrite
Antlerite
'Apatite'
Atacamite
Aubertite
Azurite
Bellingerite (TL)
Betpakdalite-CaCa
Betpakdalite-NaNa (TL)
'Biotite'
Birnessite
Blödite
Bornite
Botryogen
Brochantite
Butlerite
Calcite
Cerussite
Chalcanthite (TL)
Chalcocite
Chalcophyllite
Chalcopyrite
Chenevixite
'Chlorite Group'
Clinoatacamite (TL)
Clinoclase
'Clinoungemachite' (TL)
Colusite
Conichalcite
Copiapite
Copper
Coquimbite
Covellite
Cuprite
Cuprocopiapite (TL)
Darapskite
Devilline
Digenite
Dioptase
Djurleite
Dolomite
Enargite
Epidote
Epsomite
Famatinite
Ferrimolybdite
Ferrinatrite
Fibroferrite
Galena
Goethite
Gold
Gypsum
Halite
Halotrichite
Hematite
Hetaerolite
Hohmannite
Idaite
Ilmenite
Jarosite
Kalinite
Kaolinite
Kröhnkite (TL)
Lavendulan
Leightonite (TL)
Leucophosphite
Libethenite
'Limonite'
Lindgrenite (TL)
Magnesite
Magnetite
Malachite
Manganite
Marcasite
Marshite
Melanterite
var: Cuprian Melanterite

Mendozavilite-KCa (TL)
Mendozavilite-NaCu
Mendozite
Metahohmannite (TL)
Metasideronatrite
Metatorbernite
Metavoltine
Metazeunerite
Miersite
Minyulite
Mirabilite
Molybdenite
Natroalunite
Natrochalcite (TL)
Natrodufrénite
Natrojarosite
Natropharmacosiderite
Nitratine
Obradovicite-KCu (TL)
Obradovicite-NaCu (TL)
Obradovicite-NaNa (TL)
Olivenite
Opal
Orthoclase
Parabutlerite (TL)
Paratacamite
Pharmacosiderite
Pickeringite
Picromerite
Plumbojarosite
Powellite
Pyrolusite
Quartz
Römerite
Rutile
Salesite (TL)
Sampleite (TL)
Schreibersite ?
Scorodite
Sideronatrite
Silver
Smithsonite
Sphalerite
Sulphur
Tamarugite
Tennantite
Tenorite
Thenardite
Titanite
'Tourmaline'
Turquoise
Ulexite
Ungemachite (TL)
Voltaite
Wulfenite
Zoisite


138 entries listed. 130 valid minerals. 18 type localities (valid minerals). 1 type locality (other).

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

- Palache, C. (1935) American Mineralogist: 20, 484-491.
- Hurlbut, C.S., Jr. (1942) Sampleite, a new mineral from Chuquicamata, Chile. American Mineralogist: 27: 586-589.
- Jarrell, O. W. (1944): Oxidation at Chuquicamata, Chile. Economic Geology, 39, 251-86.
- Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 302, 310, 316, 457, 841, 861, 863, 946, 1095.
- Cook, R.B. (1978). "Famous mineral localities: Chuquicamata, Chile." Mineralogical Record, 9(5), 321-333.
- Maksaev, V., Townley, B., Palacios, C., and Camus, F. (2007): Metallic ore deposits. In: Moreno, T., and Gibbons, W. (editors): The Geology of Chile. The Geological Society (London), pp. 414.
-Ossandón C., G., Fréraut C., R., Gustafson, L.B., Lindsay, D.D., and Zentilli, M. (2001): Geology of the Chuquicamata Mine: A Progress Report. Economic Geology, Vol. 96, pp. 249-270.
Peacock, M. A. & Bandy, M. C. (1938): Ungemachite and clino-ungemachite: new minerals from Chile. American Mineralogist 23, 314-328.


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Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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