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Broken Hill, Yancowinna Co., New South Wales, Australia
This page kindly sponsored by Keith Compton

Latitude: 31°57'54"S
Longitude: 141°27'4"E
 
 
Named after a broken silhouette of a hill.
First mining leases pegged in 1883.

Famous complex and very large Pb-Zn-(Ag) deposit that has undergone several metamorphic stages with at least five periods of deformation (the most intense metamorphism happened under granulite facies conditions - 750-800°C and 5-6 kbar). Its richness was the basis of Australia's wealth and prosperity. 300 million metric tons of ore.
There is a vast amount of literature on the deposit and its genesis.

It should be noted that there are many mines "near" Broken Hill. These should be shown under Broken Hill district. Many of these are in fact located many kilometres distant from the town of Broken Hill itself. They may even be located in a different county.

It is only the mines located both in and within a close proximity of the township of Broken Hill (basically the line-of-lode) that gave rise to Broken Hill's fabulous mineral heritage and which are the subject of texts such as - The Minerals of Broken Hill, Australasian Mining and Smelting Limited, Melbourne, Worner, H. K. and Mitchell, R. W., eds. (1982).

Mindat Articles

Broken Hill Gem and Mineral Show 2011 by Trevor Dart
Rutile in the Broken Hill District by Trevor Dart
The Often Overlooked Broken Hill Gahnites by Trevor Dart


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities
Acanthite
Adamite
var: Cuprian Adamite
Agardite-(Ce) ?
Agardite-(Y)
Alabandite
Albite
var: Andesine
var: Oligoclase
Aldridgeite (TL)
Allanite-(Ce)
Allargentum
Almandine
Amphibole Supergroup
var: Uralite

Anatase
Andalusite
Andradite
Anglesite
Ankerite
Annite
Anorthite
var: Barium-Anorthite (of Nockolds and Zies)
var: Bytownite
var: Labradorite
Antimony
Antlerite
'Apatite'
'Apophyllite'
Aragonite
Argentopyrite
Armenite
Arseniosiderite
Arsenopyrite
Arsentsumebite
Atacamite
Augite
Aurichalcite
Axinite-(Fe)
Axinite-(Mn)
Azurite
Bannisterite
Baryte
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Bayldonite
Bechererite
Bementite
Beraunite
Bernalite (TL)
Berthierite
Beudantite
'Bindheimite'
'Biotite'
Birchite (TL)
Birnessite
Bismuth
Boleite
Bornite
Boulangerite
Bournonite
Breithauptite
Brianyoungite
Brochantite
'Brokenhillite'
Bromargyrite
Bustamite
Calcite
var: Manganoan Calcite
Caledonite
Campigliaite
Capgaronnite
Carminite
Celsian
Cerussite
Chabazite-Ca
Chalcanthite
Chalcocite
Chalcophanite
Chalcopyrite
Chalcosiderite
Chamosite
Chenevixite
Chlorargyrite
var: Bromian Chlorargyrite
Chloritoid
Christelite
Chrysocolla
Churchite-(Y)
Cinnabar
Clinochlore
Clinoclase
Clinoferrosilite
Clinozoisite
Cobaltite
Coccinite
Conichalcite
Connellite
Copper
Corkite
Cornwallite
Coronadite
Costibite (TL)
Covellite
Crandallite
Cryptomelane
Cubanite
Cumengeite
Cuprite
Cuprotungstite
Cyanotrichite
Cyrilovite
Diopside
Dolomite
var: Zincian Dolomite
Dufrénite
Duftite
Dyscrasite
Edwardsite (TL)
Epidote
Erythrite
Falkmanite
Famatinite
Faustite
Fayalite
Ferro-actinolite
Ferro-hornblende
Ferro-pargasite
Fluorapatite
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Fluorite
Fornacite
Freibergite
Friedelite
Gahnite
Galena
Gartrellite
Goethite
Gold
Gordaite
Goslarite
var: Mangangoslarite
Graphite
Greenalite
Greenockite
Grossular
var: Hibschite
Grunerite
Gudmundite
Gunningite
Gypsum
var: Selenite
Halite
'Halloysite'
Halotrichite
'Halotrichite-Pickeringite Series'
Hausmannite
Hawleyite
Hedenbergite
var: Manganoan Hedenbergite
Hematite
Hemimorphite
Hercynite
Hidalgoite
Hinsdalite
Hisingerite
Hoganite (TL)
Hollandite
Hopeite
'Hornblende'
'Hyalophane'
Hydrocerussite
Hydrozincite
Ilmenite
Ilvaite
Inesite
Iodargyrite
Jacobsite
Jalpaite
Jamesonite
Jarosite
Johannsenite
Kanoite
Kaolinite
Kermesite
'K Feldspar'
Kidwellite
Kintoreite (TL)
Kipushite
Kleemanite
Kolitschite (TL)
Köttigite
Ktenasite
Kutnohorite
Lanarkite
Langite
Laumontite
Lead
Leadhillite
Legrandite
Leucophosphite
Libethenite
var: Zincian Libethenite
'Limonite'
Linarite
Linnaeite
Liversidgeite (TL)
Livingstonite
Löllingite
Luanheite
Mackinawite
Magnetite
Malachite
Mallardite
Manganocummingtonite
Manganogrunerite
Marcasite
Marshite (TL)
Mawbyite (TL)
Mckinstryite
Melanterite
Meneghinite
Miargyrite
Microcline
var: Amazonite
Miersite (TL)
Millerite
Mimetite
Minium
Molybdenite
Monazite-(Ce)
Mottramite
Munakataite
Muscovite
var: Illite
Nadorite
Namuwite
Nantokite
Natrodufrénite
Natrojarosite
Neotocite
Nickeline
Niedermayrite
Nyholmite (TL)
Olivenite
var: Zincian Olivenite
Opal
var: Opal-AN
Orthoclase
Osakaite
Otavite
Paceite (TL)
Palygorskite
Paracostibite
Paradocrasite (TL)
Paragonite
Paratacamite
Pentlandite
Perroudite
Pharmacosiderite
Philipsbornite
Phosgenite
Phosphohedyphane
Pickeringite
Platinum ?
Plimerite (TL)
Plumbogummite
Plumbojarosite
Polybasite
Posnjakite
Prehnite
Proustite
Pseudomalachite
'Psilomelane'
Pyrargyrite
Pyrite
Pyrolusite
Pyromorphite
Pyrophanite
Pyrosmalite-(Fe)
Pyrosmalite-(Mn)
Pyrostilpnite
Pyroxmangite
Pyrrhotite
Quartz
var: Amethyst
var: Blue Quartz
var: Citrine
var: Smoky Quartz
Ramsdellite
Raspite (TL)
'Rhabdophane'
Rhabdophane-(Ce)
Rhodochrosite
Rhodonite
Rockbridgeite
Romanèchite
'Roméite Group
var: Stetefeldtite'

Rosasite
Roscoelite
Rutile
Safflorite
Sampleite
Sanidine
'Schalenblende'
Scheelite
Scholzite
Schulenbergite
Scorodite
Segnitite (TL)
Serpierite
Shannonite
Siderite
Sillimanite
Silver
var: Antimonial Silver
Skutterudite
Smithsonite
Spangolite
Spessartine
Sphalerite
Stannite
Staurolite
Stephanite
Stibarsen
'Stibiconite'
Stibnite
'Stilbite'
Stilpnomelane
Stolzite
Strengite
Stromeyerite
'Sturtite'
Sulphur
Sylvite
Synchysite-(Ce)
Tarbuttite
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Tenorite
Tephroite
Tetrahedrite
Titanite
Torbernite
'Tourmaline'
Tremolite
Tridymite
Troilite
Tsumcorite
Tsumebite
Turquoise
Ullmannite
Uraninite
Valleriite
Vanadinite
Variscite
Vauquelinite
Vesuvianite
'Wad'
Willyamite (TL)
'Wolframite'
Wollastonite
Wulfenite
Wurtzite
Yancowinnaite (TL)
'Zaratite' ?
Zdenĕkite
Zincolibethenite
Zincolivenite
'Zincrosasite'
Zircon
Zoisite


441 entries listed. 321 valid minerals. 20 type localities (valid minerals).

Localities in this Region

Australia
Australia

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

- Ramdohr, P. (1950): Die Lagerstätte von Broken Hill in New South Wales. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 2(4), 291-333 (in German).
- B. E. Hobbs, D. M. Ransom, R. H. Vernon and P. F. Williams (1968): The Broken Hill ore body, Australia. Mineralium Deposita 3, 293-316.
- Mason, B. (1976): Famous mineral localities: Broken Hill, Australia. Mineralogical Record: 7: 25-33.
- van Moort, J. C. & Swensson, C. G. (1981): The oxidised zone of the Broken Hill Lode, N.S.W., in: Amstutz, G. C., El-Goresy, A., Frenzel, G., Kluth, C., Moh, G., Wauschkuhn, A. and Zimmermann, R. A. (editors), Ore Genesis, Springer, Berlin, 251-268.
- Worner, Dr H. K. and Mitchell, R. W., eds. (1982) Minerals of Broken Hill, Australian Mining & Smelting Ltd – Melbourne [ISBN 0 909221 18 9]
- Stevenson, R.K. and Martin, R.F. (1986) Implications of the presence of amazonite in the Broken Hill and Geco metamorphosed sulfide deposits. Canadian Mineralogist: 24: 729-745.
- Econ. Geol. (1987) 82: 805-825.
- Wilson, W. E. (1988): Broken Hill, New South Wales: a brief review. Mineralogical Record 19, 417-424.
- Lieber, W. (1989): Broken Hill- Die berühmteste Blei-Zink-Lagerstätte Australiens. Lapis 14 (5), 11-29; 50. (in German)
- Burton, G. R. (1994): Metallogenic Studies of the Broken Hill and Euriowie Blocks, New South Wales. 3. Mineral Deposits of the South Eastern Broken Hill Block. Geological Survey of New South Wales Bulletin 32 (3), Department of Mineral Resources, Geological Survey of New South Wales, New South Wales, 100 pp.
- Elliott, P. (1997): Minerals of the slags from Broken Hill, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 3 (1), 77-83.
- Nutman, A.P. and Ehlers, K. (1998) Evidence for multiple Paleoproterozoic thermal events and magmatism adjacent to the Broken Hill Pb-Zn-Ag orebody, Australia. Precambrian Research: 13: 209-240.
- Birch, W. D., ed. (1999): The minerals of Broken Hill. Broken Hill City Council and Museum of Victoria, Broken Hill, Australia, 289 pp.
- Wilson, C.J.L. and Powell, R. (2001) Strain localization and high-grade metamorphism at Broken Hill, Australia: a view from the Southern Cross area. Tectophysics: 335: 193-210.
- Parr, J.M.; Stevens, B.P.J.; Carr, G.R.; Page, R.W. (2004): Subseafloor origin for Broken Hill Pb-Zn-Ag mineralization, New South Wales, Australia. Geology 32, 589-592.
- Frost, B.R., Swapp, S.M., and Gregory, R.W. (2005) Prolonged existence of sulfide melt in the Broken Hill orebody, New South Wales, Australia. Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 479-493.
- Webster, A. E. (2006): The geology of Broken Hill lead-zinc-silver deposit, New South Wales, Australia. CODES Monograph no. 1, CODES, University of Tasmania, 278 pp.
- Iain M. Groves, David I. Groves, Frank P. Bierlein, Jared Broome & John Penhall (2008): Recognition of the Hydrothermal Feeder to the Structurally Inverted, Giant Broken Hill Deposit, New South Wales, Australia. Economic Geology, 103, 1389-1394.
- Spry, P.G., Plimer, I.R., and Teale, G.S. (2008): Did the giant Broken Hill (Australia) Zn-Pb-Ag deposit melt? Ore Geology Reviews 34, 223-241.
- Heimann, A., Spry, P.G., Teale, G.S., Conor, C.H.H. and Leyh,W.R. (2009): Geochemistry of garnet-rich rocks in the southern Curnamona Province, Australia, and their genetic relationship to Broken Hill-type Pb-Zn-Ag mineralization. Econ. Geol. 104, 687-712.
- Wirth, R. (2011): Distinctive properties of rock-forming blue quartz: inferences from a multi-analytical study of submicron mineral inclusions. Mineralogical Magazine 75, 2519-2534. [on blue quartz from Broken Hill]

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Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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