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Jáchymov (St Joachimsthal), Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal), Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge), Karlovy Vary Region, Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen), Czech Republic

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A classic, rich vein-type Ag-Co-Ni-Bi-U deposit. Jachymov is one of the most extensive and best known examples of a class of ore deposit known generally as the five-element type. The name derives from the dominance of Ag-Co-Ni-As-Bi but is somewhat deceptive because it implies simplicity. Actually many ore deposits in this class are considerably more complex beginning with the presence, in a few, of major amounts of uranium oxide. The Jachymov district, along with the Eldorado mine at Port Radium, Canada, are the two best example of the uranium-rich variant of the five-element ore deposit type.

No five-element ore district has received adequate scientific investigation. Jachymov has received more extensive study than most (Ondrus, et. al, Journal of the Czech Geological Society, 48/3-4, 2003). A broader overview of five-element ore deposits is given by Kissin, Geoscience Canada, V. 19, No.3 (1992)


Jáchymov was founded by count Štěpán Šlik in 1516 in the place of former settlement Konradsgrün. The first known prospecting was done in 1510, the first mentioned mine was started in 1512 (mine of three wise men - Tří králů) - its opening still visible behind the house No. 496. The first find of silver was done after striking the Fundgrubner vein.
Abundant silver deposits lead to fast expansion of mining industry and whole town of Jáchymov ("silver rush") - after four years in 1520 - 4 963 inhabitants, in 1533 - 18 000 inhabitants - the second most populated town in Bohemia after Prague (compared to current 3 333 residents in 2010). In 1524 there were 613 mines and shafts operated. The mined silver was minced to famous coins named after the town (Joachimsthal) as Thaler (Talero, Tolar) later giving name to Dollar. Between 1527 and 1531 Georgius Agricola worked in Jáchymov as a town physician. In the time of greatest prosperity of silver mines (1516-1600) app. 350 tons of Ag were mined.

NOTE: A fine collection of Jachymov minerals was assembled in recent decades by Mr. Josef Vajdak of Massapequa, New York. This private collection was disbursed starting in January, 2009.

Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. (2007): Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1); Doinikova, O.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits: 49(1): 80-86.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities
Acanthite (TL)
Adamite
Adolfpateraite (TL)
Agardite-(Y)
Agricolaite (TL)
Aikinite
Albite
Albrechtschraufite (TL)
Alloclasite
Allophane
Alunogen
Analcime
Anatase
Andersonite
Anglesite
Anilite
Ankerite
Annabergite
Annite
Antimony
Antlerite
Apjohnite
Aragonite
Argentopentlandite
Argentopyrite (TL)
Arsenic
Arsenolamprite
Arsenolite
Arsenopyrite
Arsenuranospathite
Asbolane
'Ashanite'
Atelestite
Augite
Autunite
Babánekite (TL)
Baryte
Bayldonite
'Beaverite-(Cu)'
Becquerelite
Běhounekite (TL)
Beudantite
Beyerite
Bieberite
'Biotite'
Bismite
Bismuth
Bismuthinite
Bismutite
Bismutoferrite
Boltwoodite
Bornite (TL)
'Brabantite'
Brassite (TL)
Breithauptite
Brochantite
Burgessite
Calcite
Čejkaite (TL)
Cerussite
Cervantite
Chalcanthite
Chalcocite
Chalconatronite
Chalcophyllite
Chalcopyrite
Chenevixite
Chlorargyrite
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysocolla
Churchite-(Y)
Chvaleticeite
Cinnabar
Claudetite
Clausthalite
Clinosafflorite
Cobaltite
Cobaltkoritnigite
Coffinite
Compreignacite
Copiapite
Copper
Coquimbite
Corkite
Cornwallite
Coronadite
Cryptomelane
Cuprite
Cuprosklodowskite
Curienite
Deliensite
Devilline
Dewindtite
Diadochite
Diaphorite
Dickite
Dolomite
Duftite
Epidote
Epsomite
Erythrite
Eucairite
Eulytine
Ferrohexahydrite
Fluckite
Fluorapatite
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Fluorite (TL)
Fourmarierite
Frieseite
Galena
'Ganomatite'
Geminite
Gersdorffite
Geschieberite (TL)
Glaucodot
Goethite
Gold
Goslarite
Goyazite
Graphite
Grimselite
Guérinite
Gunningite
Gypsum
var: Selenite
Haidingerite (TL)
Halotrichite
Heisenbergite
Hematite
Hemimorphite
Hexahydrite
Hidalgoite
Hloušekite (TL)
Honzaite (TL)
Hörnesite
Hyalophane
Hydroniumjarosite
Hydronium Uranospinite
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)
Hydrozincite
Irhtemite
Isoclasite (TL)
Jáchymovite (TL)
Jarosite
Ježekite (TL)
Johannite (TL)
Jordisite
Kaatialaite
Kahlerite
Kamotoite-(Y)
Kaňkite
Kaolinite
Kasolite
Kermesite
Kettnerite
Koritnigite
Köttigite
Krautite
Krutovite
Langite
Lautite
Lavendulan (TL)
Libethenite
Liebigite
'Limonite'
Lindackerite (TL)
Línekite (TL)
Linnaeite
Löllingite
Ludjibaite
Luzonite
Magnesiozippeite
Malachite
Mallardite
Manganite
Marcasite
Marécottite
Masuyite
Mathesiusite (TL)
Matildite
Maucherite
Mcnearite
Melanterite
Meta-autunite
Metakirchheimerite
Metalodèvite
Metanováčekite
Metarauchite (TL)
Metaschoepite
Metatorbernite
Metatyuyamunite
Metauranopilite (TL)
Metauranospinite
Metavoltine
Metazellerite
Metazeunerite
Miargyrite
Millerite (TL)
Mimetite
Mixite (TL)
Molybdenite
Monohydrocalcite
Moorhouseite
Morenosite
Mottramite
Mrázekite
Muscovite
var: Illite
'Na-metaschoepite'
Namibite
Natrojarosite
Natrolite
Natrozippeite
Nesquehonite
Nickelhexahydrite
Nickeline
Nickelskutterudite
Nickelzippeite (TL)
Ningyoite
Nováčekite-I
Olivenite
'Olivine'
Ondrušite (TL)
Opal
Orpiment
Orthoclase
Palygorskite
Pararammelsbergite
Pararealgar
Parascorodite
Parasymplesite
Parnauite
Parsonsite
'Pateraite'
Pearceite
Petitjeanite
Pharmacolite
Pharmacosiderite
'Phillipsite'
Phosphowalpurgite
Phosphuranylite
Picropharmacolite
Pitticite
Plumbojarosite
Polybasite
Posnjakite
Prehnite
Preisingerite
Proustite
Pseudojohannite (TL)
Pseudomalachite
'Psilomelane'
Pucherite
Pushcharovskite
Pyrargyrite
Pyrite
Pyrolusite
Pyromorphite
Pyrostilpnite
Pyrrhotite
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
Rabbittite
Rabejacite
Rammelsbergite
Rauenthalite
Realgar
Retgersite
Rhodochrosite
Rhomboclase
Richetite
Römerite
Roscoelite
Rösslerite
var: Wapplerite
Rouaite
Rozenite
Rutherfordine
Rutile
Safflorite
Sainfeldite
'Scapolite'
Schoepite
Schröckingerite (TL)
Schultenite
Schwertmannite
Scorodite
Sejkoraite-(Y) (TL)
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Siderite
Sideronatrite
Siegenite
Silver
Sklodowskite
Skutterudite
Slavkovite (TL)
'Smectite Group'
Smithsonite
Smrkovecite
Smythite
Soddyite
Sphalerite
Stannite
Stephanite
Štěpite (TL)
Sternbergite (TL)
Stibnite
Strashimirite
Stromeyerite
Sulphur
Švenekite (TL)
Svornostite (TL)
Symplesite
Synchysite-(Ce)
Szomolnokite
Talc
Talmessite
Tellurite
Tennantite
Tenorite
Tetradymite
Tetrahedrite
'Thénardite'
Thorite
Titanite
Topaz
Torbernite
'Tourmaline'
Trögerite
Tyuyamunite
'UM1997-09-AsO:CaHMgZn'
'UM1997-10-AsO:CaV'
'UM1997-16-AsO:HMg'
'UM1997-23-CO:CaCuHU'
'UM1997-24-CO:CaCuHU'
'UM1997-25-CO:CaCuHU'
'UM1997-27-CO:CaHKSU'
'UM1997-35-O:HPbU'
'UM1997-48-SO:HPbU'
'UM2006-//-O:HPbU'
Urancalcarite
Uraninite (TL)
'Uranium Mica'
Uranocircite
Uranophane
Uranophane-β (TL)
Uranopilite (TL)
Uranospathite
Uranosphaerite
Uranospinite
Vajdakite (TL)
Vandendriesscheite
Veselovskýite (TL)
Vesuvianite
Villyaellenite
Violarite
Vivianite
Vochtenite
Voglite (TL)
Vysokýite (TL)
Walpurgite
Weeksite
Weilite
Widenmannite
'Wolframite'
Wollastonite
Wölsendorfite
Wulfenite
Wurtzite
Xanthoconite
Xenotime-(Y)
Yingjiangite
Yvonite
Zellerite
Zeunerite
Zippeite (TL)
Znucalite
Zýkaite


446 entries listed. 345 valid minerals. 45 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Localities in this Region

Czech Republic

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

G. Agricola (1530): Bermannus sive de re metallica.- Basel, p. 125-127 (fluorite).

Sandberger, F., (1870), J. prakt. Chemie, Neue Folge, 2, 125-130; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 933.

Tschermaks Min.Mitt.(1873) II, 137-138.

Vrba (1878) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 2: 153.

Vestnik Kral. Ceske Spol. Nauk (1935) 2/7, 1-36.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 13, 237, 518, 582, 583, 599, 607, 707, 709, 712, 713, 751, 755, 933, 944, 1008.

American Mineralogist (1952): 37: 950.

American Mineralogist (1954): 39: 475.

American Mineralogist (1961): 46: 1270.

Bull. Min. (1964): 87: 169.

American Mineralogist: 54 (1969): 1198.

Bull. Soc. fr. Min. Crist.(1974): 96: 365-370.

Canadian Mineralogist (1974): 12: 248 (Millerite).

Canadian Mineralogist (1976): 14: 429.

Acta Cryst.(1984) A40, C247.

Mineralogical Record (1986): 17: 15.

Lapis: 3 (1988): 7.

Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols (1990), "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1 (Eucairite).

Duda, Rejl, Slivka (1991), "Mineralien."

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1991): 487 (mixite).

Clark (1993),"Hey's Mineral Index" (ganomatite).

Sarp, H. and Dominik, B. (1995): Redéfinition de la lindackerite: sa formule chimique, ses données cristallographiques et optiques. Archs. Sci. Genève: 48(3): 239-250.

Neues Jahrb.Min.,Abh.(1996): 170: 155-170.

Ondrus, P., Veselovsky, F., Hlousek, J., Skala, R., Vavrin, I., Fryda, J., ... & Gabasova, A. (1997). Secondary minerals of the Jáchymov (Joachimsthal) ore district. Journal of GEOsciences, 42(4), 3-76.

Ondruš P., Veselovský F., Skála R., Cisařová I., Hloušek J., Frýda J., Vavřín I., Čejka J. & Gabašová, A. (1997): New naturally occurring phases of secondary origin from Jáchymov (Joachimsthal). Journal the Czech Geological Society: 42(4): 77-108.

American Mineralogist (1999): 84: 687.

Sejkora, J., Čejka, J., Ondruš, P. (2000) New data of rabejacite (Jáchymov, the Krusné Hory Mts., Czech Republic). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte: 7: 289-301.

American Mineralogist(2002): 87: 983-990.

Lapis (2002), 2002(7/8): 62-65.

McCollam, Bridget E. (2002), Zippeites: Chemical Characterization and Powder X-Ray Diffraction Studies of Synthetic and Natural Samples, MS thesis, Notre Dame University (gypsum).

American Mineralogist (2003): 88(4): 676-685.

Canadian Mineralogist (2003): 41: 687.

Ondrus, P., Veselovsky, F., Gabasova, A., Hlousek, J., & Srein, V. (2003). Geology and hydrothermal vein system of the Jáchymov (Joachimsthal) ore district. Journal of GEOsciences, 48(3-4), 3-18.

Ondrus, P., Veselovsky, F., Gabasova, A., Hlousek, J., & Srein, V. (2003). Geology and hydrothermal vein system of the Jáchymov (Joachimsthal) ore district. Journal of GEOsciences: 48(3-4): 3-18.

Sejkora, J., Čejka, J., Bureš, B. (2004), Nález vzácného karbonátu uranylu (rutherfordinu) v jáchymovském rudním revíru. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2004, roč. 12, s. 163-166.

Brugger, J. et al (2006), American Mineralogist: 91: 929-936.

Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. (2007), Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1).

Vajdak, Josef (2008), Mineral News: 24(3): 15.

NJMA (2010): 187: 83.

Plášil, J., J. Sejkora, Ondruš, P., Veselovský, F., Císařová, I. & Hluošek, J. (2010): Slavkovite, Cu13(AsO4)(AsO3OH)4•23H2O – a new mineral from horní Slavkov and Jáchymov, Czech Republic – description and crystal-structure determination. Canadian Mineralogist (in press as of July 2010).

Plášil, J., Fejfarová, K., Novák, M., Dušek, M., Sejkora, J., Škoda, R., Hloušek, J. and Majzlan, J. (2010) Běhounekite, IMA 2010-046. CNMNC Newsletter No. 7, February 2010, page 28; Mineralogical Magazine: 75: 27-31.

Plášil, J., Sejkora, J., Čejka, J., Novák, M., Viñals, J., Ondruš, P., Veselovský, F., Škácha, P., Jehlička, J., Goliáš, V., Hluošek, J. (2010): Metarauchite, Ni(UO2)2(AsO4)2•8H2O, from Jáchymov and Schneeburg: a new member of the autunite group. Canadian Mineralogist: 48: 335-350.

Tvrdý, J. & Plášil, J. (2010): Jáchymov - Reiche Erzlagerstätte und Radonbad im böhmischen Westerzgebirge. Aufschluss 61, 277-292.

Plášil, J., Dušek, M., Novák, M., Čejka, J., Císařová, I., Škoda, R. (2011): Sejkoraite-(Y), a new member of the zippeite group containing trivalent cations from Jáchymov (St. Joachimsthal), Czech Republic: Description and crystal structure refinement. American Mineralogist: 96: 983-991.

Skála, R., Ondruš, P., Veselovský, F., Císařová, I. & Hloušek, J. (2011): Agricolaite, a new mineral of uranium from Jachymov, Czech Republic. Mineralogy & Petrology: 103: 169-175.

Plášil*, J., Fejfarová, K., Hloušek, J., Škoda, R., Novák, M., Sejkora, J., Čejka, J., Veselovský, F., Ondruš, P., Majzlan, J., Mrázek, Z. (2012) Štěpite, IMA 2012-006. page 813; Mineralogical Magazine: 76: 807-817.

Plášil*, J., Fejfarová, K., Radek Škoda, R., Škácha, P., Sejkora, J., Veselovský, F., Hloušek, J., Novák, M. (2012), Babánekite, IMA 2012-007. CNMNC Newsletter No. 13, June 2012, page 814; Mineralogical Magazine: 76: 807-817.

Plášil, J., Hloušek, J., Veselovský, F., Fejfarová, K., Dušek, M., Škoda, R., Novák, M., Čejka, J., Sejkora, J., Ondruš, P. (2012): Adolfpateraite, K(UO2)(SO4)(OH)(H2O), a new uranyl sulphate mineral from Jáchymov, Czech Republic. American Mineralogist: 97: 447-454.

Walenta, K. & Theye, T. (2012): Heisenbergite, a new uranium mineral from the uranium deposit of Menzenschwand in the Southern Black Forest, Germany. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: 189: 117-123.

Mereiter, K. (2013): Description and crystal structure of albrechtschraufite, MgCa4F2[UO2(CO3)3]2⋅17-18H2O. Mineralogy and Petrology: 107: 179-188.

Plášil, J., Fejfarová, K., Sejkora, J., Čejka, J., Novák, M., Škoda, R., Hloušek, J., Dušek, M. and Cĺsařová, I. (2013), Línekite, IMA 2012-066. CNMNC Newsletter No. 15, February 2013, page 7; Mineralogical Magazine: 77: 1-12.

Plásil, J.; Fejfarová, K.; Hloušek, J.; Skoda, R.; Novák, M.K; Sejkora, J.; Ejka, J.C.; Dusek, M.; Veselovský, F.; Ondrus, P.; Majzlan, J.Z.; Mrazek, Z. (2013): Štěpite, U(AsO3OH)2.4H2O, from Jáchymov, Czech Republic: the first natural arsenate of tetravalent uranium. Mineralogical Magazine: 77: 137-152.

Plášil, J., Veselovský , F., Hloušek, J., Škoda, R., Novák, M., Sejkora, J., Čejka, J., Škácha, P. and Kasatkin, A.V. (2013), Mathesiusite, IMA 2013-046. CNMNC Newsletter No. 17, October 2013, page 3001; Mineralogical Magazine: 77: 2997-3005.

Plášil, J., Škácha, P., Sejkora, J., Novák, M., Veselovský , F., Škoda, R., Čejka, J., Ondruš, P. and Kasatkin (2013), Hlousˇekite, IMA 2013-048. CNMNC Newsletter No. 17, October 2013, page 3001; Mineralogical Magazine: 77: 2997-3005.

Plášil, J., Hloušek, J., Škoda, R., Novák, M., Sejkora, J., Čejka, J., Veselovský, F., Majzlan, J. (2013): Vysokyite, U4+[AsO2(OH)2]4{middle dot}4H2O, a new mineral from Jáchymov, Czech Republic. Mineralogical Magazine: 77: 3055-3066.

Bulletin Mineralogicko-Petrologickeho Oddeleni Narodniho Muzea v Praze 22 (2014): 221.

Plášil, J., Hloušek, J., Kasatkin, A.V., Škoda, R., Novák, M., Cejka, J. (2014), Geschieberite, IMA 2014-006. CNMNC Newsletter No. 20, June 2014, page 555; Mineralogical Magazine: 78: 549-558.

Plášil, J., Sejkora, J., Škoda, R., Novák, M., Kasatkin, A.V., Škácha, P., Veselovský, F., Fejfarová, K., Ondruš, P. (2014): Hloušekite, (Ni,Co)Cu4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2(H2O)9, a new member of the lindackerite supergroup from Jáchymov, Czech Republic. Mineralogical Magazine: 78: 1341-1353.

Plášil, Jakub, Jiří Sejkora, Radek Škoda, Pavel Škácha (2014): The recent weathering of uraninite from the Červená vein, Jáchymov (Czech Republic): a fingerprint of the primary mineralization geochemistry onto the alteration association. Journal of Geosciences, 59, 223-253.

Plášil, J., Veselovský, F., Hloušek, J., Škoda, R., Novák, M., Sejkora, J., Čejka, J., Škácha, P., Kasatkin, A.V. (2014): Mathesiusite, K5(UO2)4(SO4)4(VO5)(H2O)4, a new uranyl vanadate-sulfate from Jáchymov, Czech Republic. American Mineralogist: 99: 625-632.

Sejkora, J., Plášil, J. and Kampf, A.R. (2014) Honzaite, IMA 2014-105. CNMNC Newsletter No. 25, June 2015, page 530; Mineralogical Magazine: 79: 529-535.

Plašil, J., Hloušek, J., Kasatkin, A.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Čejka, J. and Chernishov, D. (2015), Jezˇekite, IMA 2014-079. CNMNC Newsletter No. 23, February 2015, page 56; Mineralogical Magazine: 79: 51-58.

Plášil, J., Hloušek, J., Kasatkin, A.V., Škoda, R., Novák, M., Cejka, J. (2015): Geschieberite, K2(UO2)(SO4)2(H2O)2, a new uranyl sulfate mineral from Jáchymov. Mineralogical Magazine: 79: 205-216.

Plášil, J., Hloušek, J., Kasatkin, A.V., Novak, M., Čejka, J., Lapčák, L. (2015): Svornostite, K2Mg[(UO2)(SO4)2]2∙8H2O, a new uranyl sulfate mineral from Jáchymov, Czech Republic Journal of Geosciences: 60: 113-121.

Plašil, J., Kasatkin, A.V., Hloušek, J., Novák, M., Čejka, J. and Lapčák, L. (2015) Svornostite, IMA 2014-078. CNMNC Newsletter No. 23, February 2015, page 56; Mineralogical Magazine: 79: 51-58.

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