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Jáchymov (St Joachimsthal), Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal), Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge), Karlovy Vary Region, Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen), Czech Republic

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 50° 21' 58'' North , 12° 55' 24'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 50.3661111111, 12.9233333333


A classic, rich vein-type Ag-Co-Ni-Bi-U deposit. Jáchymov is one of the most extensive and best known examples of a class of ore deposit known generally as the five-element type. The name derives from the dominance of Ag-Co-Ni-As-Bi but is somewhat deceptive because it implies simplicity. Actually many ore deposits in this class are considerably more complex beginning with the presence, in a few, of major amounts of uranium oxide. The Jáchymov district, along with the Eldorado mine at Port Radium, Canada, are the two best example of the uranium-rich variant of the five-element ore deposit type.

No five-element ore district has received adequate scientific investigation. Jáchymov has received more extensive study than most (Ondrus et. al, 2003). A broader overview of five-element ore deposits is given by Kissin (1992).

Jáchymov was founded by count Štěpán Šlik in 1516 in the place of former settlement Konradsgrün. The first known prospecting was done in 1510, the first mentioned mine was started in 1512 (mine of three wise men - Tří králů) - its opening still visible behind the house No. 496. The first find of silver was done after striking the Fundgrubner vein.

Abundant silver deposits led to fast expansion of the mining industry and the whole town of Jáchymov ("silver rush") - after four years in 1520 - 4 963 inhabitants, in 1533 - 18 000 inhabitants - the second most populated town in Bohemia after Prague (compared to current 3 333 residents in 2010). In 1524 there were 613 mines and shafts operating. The mined silver was minted into famous coins named after the town (Joachimsthal) as Thaler (Talero, Tolar) later giving name to Dollar. Between 1527 and 1531 Georgius Agricola worked in Jáchymov as a town physician. In the time of greatest prosperity of silver mines (1516-1600) approximately 350 tons of Ag were mined.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Acanthite (TL)

Adamite

Adolfpateraite (TL)

Agardite-(Y)

Agricolaite (TL)

Aikinite

Albite

Albrechtschraufite (TL)

Alloclasite

Allophane

Alunogen

Analcime

Anatase

Andersonite

Anglesite

Anilite

Ankerite

Annabergite

Annite

Antimony

Antlerite

Apjohnite

Aragonite

Argentopentlandite

Argentopyrite (TL)

Arsenic

Arsenolamprite

Arsenolite

Arsenopyrite

Arsenuranospathite

Asbolane

'Ashanite'

Atelestite

Augite

Autunite

Babánekite (TL)

Baryte

Bayldonite

'Beaverite-(Cu)'

Becquerelite

Běhounekite (TL)

Beudantite

Beyerite

Bieberite

'Biotite'

Bismite

Bismuth

Bismuthinite

Bismutite

Bismutoferrite

Boltwoodite

Bornite (TL)

'Brabantite'

Brassite (TL)

Braunerite (TL)

Breithauptite

Brochantite

Burgessite

Calcite

Čejkaite (TL)

Cerussite

Cervantite

Chalcanthite

Chalcocite

Chalconatronite

Chalcophyllite

Chalcopyrite

Chenevixite

Chlorargyrite

'Chlorite Group'

Chrysocolla

Churchite-(Y)

Chvaleticeite

Cinnabar

Claudetite

Clausthalite

Clinosafflorite

Cobaltite

Cobaltkoritnigite

Coffinite

Compreignacite

Copiapite

Copper

Coquimbite

Corkite

Cornwallite

Coronadite

Cryptomelane

Cuprite

Cuprosklodowskite

Curienite

Deliensite

Devilline

Dewindtite

Diadochite

Diaphorite

Dickite

Dolomite

Duftite

Epidote

Epsomite

Erythrite

Eucairite

Eulytine

Ferrohexahydrite

Fluckite

Fluorapatite

var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite

Fluorite (TL)

Fourmarierite

Frieseite

Galena

'Ganomatite'

Geminite

Gersdorffite

Geschieberite (TL)

Glaucodot

Goethite

Gold

Goslarite

Goyazite

Graphite

Grimselite

Guérinite

Gunningite

Gypsum

var: Selenite

Haidingerite (TL)

Halotrichite

Heisenbergite

Hematite

Hemimorphite

Hexahydrite

Hidalgoite

Hloušekite (TL)

Honzaite (TL)

Hörnesite

Hyalophane

Hydroniumjarosite

Hydronium Uranospinite

Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)

Hydrozincite

Irhtemite

Isoclasite (TL)

Jáchymovite (TL)

Jarosite

Ježekite (TL)

Johannite (TL)

Jordisite

Kaatialaite

Kahlerite

Kamotoite-(Y)

Kaňkite

Kaolinite

Kasolite

Kermesite

Kettnerite

Koritnigite

Köttigite

Krautite

Krutovite

Langite

Lautite

Lavendulan (TL)

Libethenite

Liebigite

'Limonite'

Lindackerite (TL)

Línekite (TL)

Linnaeite

Löllingite

Ludjibaite

Luzonite

Magnesiozippeite

Malachite

Mallardite

Manganite

Marcasite

Marécottite

Masuyite

Mathesiusite (TL)

Matildite

Maucherite

Mcnearite

Melanterite

Meta-autunite

Metakirchheimerite

Metalodèvite

Metanováčekite

Metarauchite (TL)

Metaschoepite

Metatorbernite

Metatyuyamunite

Metauranopilite (TL)

Metauranospinite

Metavoltine

Metazellerite

Metazeunerite

Miargyrite

Millerite (TL)

Mimetite

Mixite (TL)

Molybdenite

Monohydrocalcite

Moorhouseite

Morenosite

Mottramite

Mrázekite

Muscovite

var: Illite

'Na-metaschoepite'

Namibite

Natrojarosite

Natrolite

Natrozippeite

Nesquehonite

Nickelhexahydrite

Nickeline

Nickelskutterudite

Nickelzippeite (TL)

Ningyoite

Nováčekite-I

Olivenite

'Olivine'

Ondrušite (TL)

Opal

Orpiment

Orthoclase

Palygorskite

Pararammelsbergite

Pararealgar

Parascorodite

Parasymplesite

Parnauite

Parsonsite

'Pateraite'

Pearceite

Petitjeanite

Pharmacolite

Pharmacosiderite

'Phillipsite'

Phosphowalpurgite

Phosphuranylite

Picropharmacolite

Pitticite

Plumbojarosite

Polybasite

Posnjakite

Prehnite

Preisingerite

Proustite

Pseudojohannite (TL)

Pseudomalachite

'Psilomelane'

Pucherite

Pushcharovskite

Pyrargyrite

Pyrite

Pyrolusite

Pyromorphite

Pyrostilpnite

Pyrrhotite

Quartz

var: Chalcedony

Rabbittite

Rabejacite

Rammelsbergite

Rauenthalite

Realgar

Retgersite

Rhodochrosite

Rhomboclase

Richetite

Römerite

Roscoelite

Rösslerite

var: Wapplerite

Rouaite

Rozenite

Rutherfordine

Rutile

Safflorite

Sainfeldite

'Scapolite'

Schoepite

Schröckingerite (TL)

Schultenite

Schwertmannite

Scorodite

Sejkoraite-(Y) (TL)

'Serpentine Subgroup'

Siderite

Sideronatrite

Siegenite

Silver

Sklodowskite

Skutterudite

Slavkovite (TL)

'Smectite Group'

Smithsonite

Smrkovecite

Smythite

Soddyite

Sphalerite

Stannite

Stephanite

Štěpite (TL)

Sternbergite (TL)

Stibnite

Strashimirite

Stromeyerite

Sulphur

Švenekite (TL)

Svornostite (TL)

Symplesite

Synchysite-(Ce)

Szomolnokite

Talc

Talmessite

Tellurite

Tennantite

Tenorite

Tetradymite

Tetrahedrite

'Thénardite'

Thorite

Titanite

Topaz

Torbernite

'Tourmaline'

Trögerite

Tyuyamunite

'UM1985-24-SO:HU'

'UM1997-09-AsO:CaHMgZn'

'UM1997-10-AsO:CaV'

'UM1997-16-AsO:HMg'

'UM1997-23-CO:CaCuHU'

'UM1997-24-CO:CaCuHU'

'UM1997-25-CO:CaCuHU'

'UM1997-27-CO:CaHKSU'

'UM1997-35-O:HPbU'

'UM1997-48-SO:HPbU'

'UM2006-//-O:HPbU'

Urancalcarite

Uraninite (TL)

'Uranium Mica'

Uranocircite

Uranophane

Uranophane-β (TL)

Uranopilite (TL)

Uranospathite

Uranosphaerite

Uranospinite

Vajdakite (TL)

Vandendriesscheite

Veselovskýite (TL)

Vesuvianite

Villyaellenite

Violarite

Vivianite

Vochtenite

Voglite (TL)

Vysokýite (TL)

Walpurgite

Weeksite

Weilite

Widenmannite

'Wolframite'

Wollastonite

Wölsendorfite

Wulfenite

Wurtzite

Xanthoconite

Xenotime-(Y)

Yingjiangite

Yvonite

Zellerite

Zeunerite

Zippeite (TL)

Znucalite

Zýkaite


346 valid minerals. 46 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Localities in this Region

Czech Republic

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

G. Agricola (1530): Bermannus sive de re metallica.- Basel, p. 125-127 (fluorite).

Sandberger, F., (1870), J. prakt. Chemie, Neue Folge, 2, 125-130; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 933.

Tschermaks Min.Mitt.(1873) II, 137-138.

Vrba (1878) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 2: 153.

Vestnik Kral. Ceske Spol. Nauk (1935) 2/7, 1-36.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 13, 237, 518, 582, 583, 599, 607, 707, 709, 712, 713, 751, 755, 933, 944, 1008.

American Mineralogist (1952): 37: 950.

American Mineralogist (1954): 39: 475.

American Mineralogist (1961): 46: 1270.

Bull. Min. (1964): 87: 169.

American Mineralogist: 54 (1969): 1198.

Bull. Soc. fr. Min. Crist.(1974): 96: 365-370.

Canadian Mineralogist (1974): 12: 248 (Millerite).

Canadian Mineralogist (1976): 14: 429.

Acta Cryst.(1984) A40, C247.

Mineralogical Record (1986): 17: 15.

Lapis: 3 (1988): 7.

Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols (1990), "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1 (Eucairite).

Duda, Rejl, Slivka (1991), "Mineralien."

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1991): 487 (mixite).

Kissin (1992): Geoscience Canada, V. 19, No. 3.

Clark (1993),"Hey's Mineral Index" (ganomatite).

Sarp, H. and Dominik, B. (1995): Redéfinition de la lindackerite: sa formule chimique, ses données cristallographiques et optiques. Archs. Sci. Genève: 48(3): 239-250.

Neues Jahrb.Min.,Abh.(1996): 170: 155-170.

Ondrus, P., Veselovsky, F., Hlousek, J., Skala, R., Vavrin, I., Fryda, J., ... & Gabasova, A. (1997). Secondary minerals of the Jáchymov (Joachimsthal) ore district. Journal of GEOsciences, 42(4), 3-76.

Ondruš P., Veselovský F., Skála R., Cisařová I., Hloušek J., Frýda J., Vavřín I., Čejka J. & Gabašová, A. (1997): New naturally occurring phases of secondary origin from Jáchymov (Joachimsthal). Journal the Czech Geological Society: 42(4): 77-108.

American Mineralogist (1999): 84: 687.

Sejkora, J., Čejka, J., Ondruš, P. (2000) New data of rabejacite (Jáchymov, the Krusné Hory Mts., Czech Republic). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte: 7: 289-301.

American Mineralogist(2002): 87: 983-990.

Lapis (2002), 2002(7/8): 62-65.

McCollam, Bridget E. (2002), Zippeites: Chemical Characterization and Powder X-Ray Diffraction Studies of Synthetic and Natural Samples, MS thesis, Notre Dame University (gypsum).

American Mineralogist (2003): 88(4): 676-685.

Canadian Mineralogist (2003): 41: 687.

Ondrus, P., Veselovsky, F., Gabasova, A., Hlousek, J., & Srein, V. (2003). Geology and hydrothermal vein system of the Jáchymov (Joachimsthal) ore district. Journal of GEOsciences, 48(3-4), 3-18.

Ondrus, P., Veselovsky, F., Gabasova, A., Hlousek, J., & Srein, V. (2003). Geology and hydrothermal vein system of the Jáchymov (Joachimsthal) ore district. Journal of GEOsciences: 48(3-4): 3-18.

Sejkora, J., Čejka, J., Bureš, B. (2004): Nález vzácného karbonátu uranylu (rutherfordinu) v jáchymovském rudním revíru. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2004, 12, 163-166.

Brugger, J. et al (2006): American Mineralogist: 91: 929-936.

Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. (2007): Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1).

Doinikova, O.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits: 49(1): 80-86.

Vajdak, Josef (2008), Mineral News: 24(3): 15.

NJMA (2010): 187: 83.

Plášil, J., J. Sejkora, Ondruš, P., Veselovský, F., Císařová, I. & Hluošek, J. (2010): Slavkovite, Cu13(AsO4)(AsO3OH)4•23H2O – a new mineral from horní Slavkov and Jáchymov, Czech Republic – description and crystal-structure determination. Canadian Mineralogist (in press as of July 2010).

Plášil, J., Fejfarová, K., Novák, M., Dušek, M., Sejkora, J., Škoda, R., Hloušek, J. and Majzlan, J. (2010) Běhounekite, IMA 2010-046. CNMNC Newsletter No. 7, February 2010, page 28; Mineralogical Magazine: 75: 27-31.

Plášil, J., Sejkora, J., Čejka, J., Novák, M., Viñals, J., Ondruš, P., Veselovský, F., Škácha, P., Jehlička, J., Goliáš, V., Hluošek, J. (2010): Metarauchite, Ni(UO2)2(AsO4)2•8H2O, from Jáchymov and Schneeburg: a new member of the autunite group. Canadian Mineralogist: 48: 335-350.

Tvrdý, J. & Plášil, J. (2010): Jáchymov - Reiche Erzlagerstätte und Radonbad im böhmischen Westerzgebirge. Aufschluss 61, 277-292.

Plášil, J., Dušek, M., Novák, M., Čejka, J., Císařová, I., Škoda, R. (2011): Sejkoraite-(Y), a new member of the zippeite group containing trivalent cations from Jáchymov (St. Joachimsthal), Czech Republic: Description and crystal structure refinement. American Mineralogist: 96: 983-991.

Skála, R., Ondruš, P., Veselovský, F., Císařová, I. & Hloušek, J. (2011): Agricolaite, a new mineral of uranium from Jachymov, Czech Republic. Mineralogy & Petrology: 103: 169-175.

Plášil*, J., Fejfarová, K., Hloušek, J., Škoda, R., Novák, M., Sejkora, J., Čejka, J., Veselovský, F., Ondruš, P., Majzlan, J., Mrázek, Z. (2012) Štěpite, IMA 2012-006. page 813; Mineralogical Magazine: 76: 807-817.

Plášil*, J., Fejfarová, K., Radek Škoda, R., Škácha, P., Sejkora, J., Veselovský, F., Hloušek, J., Novák, M. (2012), Babánekite, IMA 2012-007. CNMNC Newsletter No. 13, June 2012, page 814; Mineralogical Magazine: 76: 807-817.

Plášil, J., Hloušek, J., Veselovský, F., Fejfarová, K., Dušek, M., Škoda, R., Novák, M., Čejka, J., Sejkora, J., Ondruš, P. (2012): Adolfpateraite, K(UO2)(SO4)(OH)(H2O), a new uranyl sulphate mineral from Jáchymov, Czech Republic. American Mineralogist: 97: 447-454.

Walenta, K. & Theye, T. (2012): Heisenbergite, a new uranium mineral from the uranium deposit of Menzenschwand in the Southern Black Forest, Germany. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: 189: 117-123.

Mereiter, K. (2013): Description and crystal structure of albrechtschraufite, MgCa4F2[UO2(CO3)3]2⋅17-18H2O. Mineralogy and Petrology: 107: 179-188.

Plášil, J., Fejfarová, K., Sejkora, J., Čejka, J., Novák, M., Škoda, R., Hloušek, J., Dušek, M. and Cĺsařová, I. (2013), Línekite, IMA 2012-066. CNMNC Newsletter No. 15, February 2013, page 7; Mineralogical Magazine: 77: 1-12.

Plásil, J.; Fejfarová, K.; Hloušek, J.; Skoda, R.; Novák, M.K; Sejkora, J.; Ejka, J.C.; Dusek, M.; Veselovský, F.; Ondrus, P.; Majzlan, J.Z.; Mrazek, Z. (2013): Štěpite, U(AsO3OH)2.4H2O, from Jáchymov, Czech Republic: the first natural arsenate of tetravalent uranium. Mineralogical Magazine: 77: 137-152.

Plášil, J., Veselovský , F., Hloušek, J., Škoda, R., Novák, M., Sejkora, J., Čejka, J., Škácha, P. and Kasatkin, A.V. (2013), Mathesiusite, IMA 2013-046. CNMNC Newsletter No. 17, October 2013, page 3001; Mineralogical Magazine: 77: 2997-3005.

Plášil, J., Škácha, P., Sejkora, J., Novák, M., Veselovský , F., Škoda, R., Čejka, J., Ondruš, P. and Kasatkin (2013), Hlousˇekite, IMA 2013-048. CNMNC Newsletter No. 17, October 2013, page 3001; Mineralogical Magazine: 77: 2997-3005.

Plášil, J., Hloušek, J., Škoda, R., Novák, M., Sejkora, J., Čejka, J., Veselovský, F., Majzlan, J. (2013): Vysokyite, U4+[AsO2(OH)2]4{middle dot}4H2O, a new mineral from Jáchymov, Czech Republic. Mineralogical Magazine: 77: 3055-3066.

Bulletin Mineralogicko-Petrologickeho Oddeleni Narodniho Muzea v Praze 22 (2014): 221.

Plášil, J., Hloušek, J., Kasatkin, A.V., Škoda, R., Novák, M., Cejka, J. (2014), Geschieberite, IMA 2014-006. CNMNC Newsletter No. 20, June 2014, page 555; Mineralogical Magazine: 78: 549-558.

Plášil, J., Sejkora, J., Škoda, R., Novák, M., Kasatkin, A.V., Škácha, P., Veselovský, F., Fejfarová, K., Ondruš, P. (2014): Hloušekite, (Ni,Co)Cu4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2(H2O)9, a new member of the lindackerite supergroup from Jáchymov, Czech Republic. Mineralogical Magazine: 78: 1341-1353.

Plášil, Jakub, Jiří Sejkora, Radek Škoda, Pavel Škácha (2014): The recent weathering of uraninite from the Červená vein, Jáchymov (Czech Republic): a fingerprint of the primary mineralization geochemistry onto the alteration association. Journal of Geosciences, 59, 223-253.

Plášil, J., Veselovský, F., Hloušek, J., Škoda, R., Novák, M., Sejkora, J., Čejka, J., Škácha, P., Kasatkin, A.V. (2014): Mathesiusite, K5(UO2)4(SO4)4(VO5)(H2O)4, a new uranyl vanadate-sulfate from Jáchymov, Czech Republic. American Mineralogist: 99: 625-632.

Sejkora, J., Plášil, J. and Kampf, A.R. (2014) Honzaite, IMA 2014-105. CNMNC Newsletter No. 25, June 2015, page 530; Mineralogical Magazine: 79: 529-535.

Plašil, J., Hloušek, J., Kasatkin, A.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Čejka, J. and Chernishov, D. (2015), Jezˇekite, IMA 2014-079. CNMNC Newsletter No. 23, February 2015, page 56; Mineralogical Magazine: 79: 51-58.

Plášil, J., Hloušek, J., Kasatkin, A.V., Škoda, R., Novák, M., Cejka, J. (2015): Geschieberite, K2(UO2)(SO4)2(H2O)2, a new uranyl sulfate mineral from Jáchymov. Mineralogical Magazine: 79: 205-216.
Plašil, J., Kasatkin, A.V., Hloušek, J., Novák, M., Čejka, J. and Lapčák, L. (2015) Svornostite, IMA 2014-078. CNMNC Newsletter No. 23, February 2015, page 56; Mineralogical Magazine: 79: 51-58.

Plášil, J., Hloušek, J., Kasatkin, A.V., Novak, M., Čejka, J., Lapčák, L. (2015): Svornostite, K2Mg[(UO2)(SO4)2]2∙8H2O, a new uranyl sulfate mineral from Jáchymov, Czech Republic Journal of Geosciences: 60: 113-121.

Plášil, J., Goliáš, V. and Škácha, P. (2016): New Minerals and Mineralogy in the 21th Century - International scientific symposium Jáchymov 2016, Jáchymov, Czech Republic, September 3-5, 2016; Fieldtrip Guidebook.

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