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Tourmaline Queen Mine (MS 6458; Queen mine; Toumaline Queen group; Tourmaline Queen No. 1 claim; Tourmaline Queen No. 2 claim; Tourmaline Queen No. 3 claim), Tourmaline Queen Mountain (Pala Mtn; Queen Mtn), Pala, Pala District, San Diego Co., California, USA
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List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Bismite4.3.10.2Bi2O3
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
Microlite Group8.2.2.1
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Lithiophilite38.1.1.2LiMn2+PO4
AXO4
Pucherite38.4.6.1Bi(VO4)
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Cookeite71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1NaAlSi3O8
Microcline76.1.1.5KAlSi3O8
Unclassified Minerals
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-NaAlSi3O8
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
Beryl
var: Morganite
-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-
'Clay'-
'Columbite'-(Fe,Mn)(Nb,Ta)2O6
'Elbaite-Schorl Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lepidolite-
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Mica Group'-
'Perthite'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Citrine
-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Stilbite'-
'Tantalite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z


41 entries listed. 24 valid minerals.

References

Schaller, W. T. (1904), The tourmaline localities of southern California. Science 19: 266-268.

Sterrett, D. B. (1904), Tourmaline from San Diego County, California. American Journal of Science: 17: 459-465.

Kunz, G. F. (1905), Gems, jeweler's materials, and ornamental stones of California. California State Mining Bureau bulletin 37: 127-129.

Waring, G. A. (1905), The pegmatyte veins of Pala, San Diego County. American Geologist 35: 356-369.

Sterrett, D. B. (1907), Precious stones. Mineral Resources U.S., 1906. Department of Interior, US Geological Survey, Government Printing Office, Washington: 1213, 1239-1241.

Merrill, F. J. H. (1914), Geology and Mineral Resources of San Diego and Imperial Counties: Gems, Lithia Minerals. California State Mining Bureau, San Francisco, Cal. California State Printing Office, December. Chapter 1: 61-110.

Schaller, W. T. (1919), Gems & Precious Stones. Mineral Resources U.S., 1916, Part II - Nonmetals. Department of Interior, US Geological Survey, Government Printing Office, Washington: 896-898.

Tucker, W. B., Reed, C. H. (1939), Los Angeles Field District - Mineral Resources of San Diego County. California Journal of Mines and Geology, quarterly chapter of State Mineralogist's Report 35; January: p. 38-42, Illus., maps.

Jahns, R. H. (1948), Gem deposits of southern California. Gems and Gemology 6(1): 6-30.

Haff, E. L. (1949), Field notes of the survey of the mining claim of Margaret S. Moore and Mildred S. Wear, known as the Tourmaline Queen and Tourmaline Queen No. 3 Lodes, in Sec 14 & 15, T9S, R2W, SBM. USDI, Office of Cadastral Engineer, Mineral Survey No. 6458: 11 p., 1 plat.

Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and Lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines special report 7A: 38, 40-42.

Rynerson, F. J. (1967), Exploring and mining for Gems and Gold in the West. Happy Camp, California: Naturegraph Publishers, Inc., 204 pages.

Larson, W. F. (1972), The Queen Reigns Again. Lapidary Journal Magazine, Volume 26, Number 7, 9 pages, color photographs.

Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California. Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 186, 312, 325-326, 435, 452.

Bancroft, P. (1984), Gem and crystal treasures. Fallbrook, California. Western Enterprises/Mineralogical Record, Inc., pages 98-110.

MacFall, R. (1984), Josephine Scripps: California collector extraordinary. Rocks & Minerals 59(2): p. 80.

Jacobson, Mark I. (1988), Collections and Displays: The Proctor Collection, Colorado Springs; Colorado. Rocks & Minerals 63(1): p. 48.

Bancroft, P. (1989), Gem Mining in San Diego County. Environment Southwest, San Diego Natural History Museum, Number 525: 14-20.

Larson, W. F. (1991), Sino-San Diego trade relations, and the role of New York's Tiffany & Co. Lecture given at the Gemological Institute of America, International Gemological Symposium, Los Angeles, California.

Sinkankas, J. (1997), Gemstones of North America. Tucson, Arizona: Geoscience Press Inc. Personal communication with William F. Larson, 1/14/94; Roland Reed, 1/30/94; pages 461-481.

McLean, J. C. (1998), Personal communication with Scott L. Ritchie, San Diego Mining Company. The Collector - Pala International, Fallbrook, San Diego County, CA.

Laurs, B. M. (2001), Gem news international. Recent gem discoveries in Pala, California. Gems & Gemology, 37 (3), 228-231. Quarterly journal of the Gemological Institute of America.

Swoboda, E. R. (2001), Tourmaline Queen case files (1968-2000); personal communication with Scott L. Ritchie, San Diego Mining Company, 2000-2001. Swoboda Inc., Beverly Hills, Los Angeles County, CA.

Fisher, J. (2002), Gem and rare-element pegmatites of southern California. Mineralogical Record: 33: 378-381.

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