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Schneckenstein cliff (Königskrone Topaz Mine), Kielberg, Klingenthal, Vogtland, Saxony, Germany

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Detailed Mineral List:
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Min Rec 39 pp355-367
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Lapis 15(7/8), 75 (1990)
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Vollstädt, Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd Ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
Chalcosiderite
Formula: CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 950.
Photo: Chalcosiderite from Schneckenstein cliff, Kielberg, Klingenthal, Vogtland, Saxony, Germany
Chalcosiderite var: Alumo-chalcosiderite
Formula: Cu(Fe,Al)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 5H2O
Reference: Fischer, E. (1958): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 6, 182-189.
Photo: © Simone Citon. Alumo-chalcosiderite from Schneckenstein cliff, Kielberg, Klingenthal, Vogtland, Saxony, Germany
'Chalcosiderite-Turquoise Series'
Reference: Harjo Neutkens collection
Photo: © Harjo Neutkens. Chalcosiderite-Turquoise Series from Schneckenstein cliff, Kielberg, Klingenthal, Vogtland, Saxony, Germany
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Lapis 15(7/8), 75 (1990)
Photo: © Harjo Neutkens. Crandallite from Schneckenstein cliff, Kielberg, Klingenthal, Vogtland, Saxony, Germany
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Vollstädt, Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd Ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Vollstädt, Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd Ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Min Rec 39 pp355-367
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Lapis 15(7/8), 75 (1990)
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Vollstädt, Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd Ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Vollstädt, Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd Ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Min Rec 39 pp355-367
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Vollstädt, Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd Ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
Photo: © Andreas Gerstenberg. Quartz from Schneckenstein cliff, Kielberg, Klingenthal, Vogtland, Saxony, Germany
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Vollstädt, Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd Ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
Rutile var: Ilmenorutile
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Reference: Vollstädt, Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd Ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
Photo: © Harjo Neutkens. Ilmenorutile from Schneckenstein cliff, Kielberg, Klingenthal, Vogtland, Saxony, Germany
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Habit: Long to short prismatic crystals.
Colour: Light to dark yellow, brown, green, colourless.
Reference: Vollstädt, Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd Ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
Photo: © Stephan Wolfsried 2006. Topaz from Schneckenstein cliff, Kielberg, Klingenthal, Vogtland, Saxony, Germany
Topaz var: Pyknite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Frenzel, A. (1874): Mineralogisches Lexicon für das Königreich Sachsen, Leipzig.
Photo: © Andreas Gerstenberg. Pyknite from Schneckenstein cliff, Kielberg, Klingenthal, Vogtland, Saxony, Germany
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Vollstädt, Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd Ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
Photo: © Harjo Neutkens. Tourmaline from Schneckenstein cliff, Kielberg, Klingenthal, Vogtland, Saxony, Germany
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Min Rec 39 pp355-367
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Min Rec 39 pp355-367
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Vollstädt, Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd Ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977

References

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 950.

Vollstädt, H., R. Baumgärtel (1977) "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd. ed., Steinkopff (Dresden).

Lapis (1990) 15(7/8), 75.

Leithner, H. (2008) Famous Mineral Localities: The Königskrone Topaz Mine, Schneckenstein, Saxony, Germany. Mineralogical Record 39(5), 355-367.

Mineralogical Record: 26: 30.

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