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Graham Co., Arizona, USA
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Detailed Mineral List:
Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Dog Water Mine (Dogwater Mine; Silver Cable Mine; Silver Cable claim; Dogwater and Silver Cable Mine; Patented claims MS 1760), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Arizona Mine (Arizona claim; Aravaipa group; Aravaipa Mining Corp. property; Unpatented claims-Tule; Patented claims MS 1038), Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Landsman claim (Landsman prospect; Iron Reef prospect), Landsman Camp (Landsman group), Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{(Mg,Fe2+)5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Photo: Actinolite from Stanley District, Turnbull Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Locality: Safford deposit (Spalding; Lindsey and Anderson claims; Sanchez Copper deposit; Esperanza Mine), Sanchez, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Safford deposit (Spalding; Lindsey and Anderson claims; Sanchez Copper deposit; Esperanza Mine), Sanchez, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Terra Firma prospect, Solomon Pass, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Analcime
Formula: Na2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Localities: NRG Mining Co. claims, Chaney Place, San Simon Valley, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
San Simon zeolite deposit (Union Carbide Non Metallic Exploration; Bowie Chabazite deposit), Chaney Place, San Simon Valley, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Locality: Friend Mine (Copper Range group; Blake and Warren; McIntosh and Stevens), Stanley Butte, Stanley District, Turnbull Mts, San Carlos Indian Reservation, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Gray Throne prospect (Gray Thorne [?]; Grey Thorn outcrop), Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Quartzite Mountain, (Stanley Butte [nearby]; Quartzite Mountain Garnets), Stanley District, Santa Teresa Mts, San Carlos Indian Reservation, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Iron Cap Mine, Landsman Camp (Landsman group), Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Stanley Butte area, Stanley Butte, Stanley District, Santa Teresa Mts, San Carlos Indian Reservation, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Photo: © 2002 John H. Betts. Andradite from Quartzite Mountain,, Stanley District, Santa Teresa Mts, San Carlos Indian Reservation, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Andradite var: Topazolite
Locality: Quartzite Mountain, (Stanley Butte [nearby]; Quartzite Mountain Garnets), Stanley District, Santa Teresa Mts, San Carlos Indian Reservation, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Photo: © Martins da Pedra. Topazolite from Quartzite Mountain,, Stanley District, Santa Teresa Mts, San Carlos Indian Reservation, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Photo: © Chinellato Matteo. Anglesite from Grand Reef Mine, Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Locality: Unnamed Pb-Zn prospect (2), Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Localities: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Safford area, Safford, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
San Juan Mine (Peacock Mine), Peterson Wash, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Safford deposit (Spalding; Lindsey and Anderson claims; Sanchez Copper deposit; Esperanza Mine), Sanchez, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Photo: © WWB. Antlerite from Grand Reef Mine, Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
'Apatite'
Localities: Fisher prospect, Turnbull Mountain, Aravaipa District, Turnbull Mts, San Carlos Indian Reservation, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Safford area, Safford, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Lone Star Mine (Lone Star group; Lone Star deposit), Lone Star Mountain, Lone Star, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Locality: Iron Cap Mine, Landsman Camp (Landsman group), Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Aravaipaite (TL)
Formula: Pb3F3[AlF6] · H2O
Type Locality: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 118; Kampf, A.R., et al (1989), Grandreefite, pseudograndreefite, laurelite, and aravaipaite: Four new minerals from the Grandreef mine, Graham Co., AZ, Am.Min.: 74: 927-933; Min.Rec.: 27: 297.
Photo: © Thomas Witzke. Aravaipaite from Grand Reef Mine, Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Artroeite (TL)
Formula: Pb[AlF3(OH)2]
Type Locality: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 120-121; Kampf, A.R. & E.E. Foord (1995), Artroeite, PbAlF3(OH)2, a new mineral from the Grand Reef mine, Graham Co., AZ: Description and crystal structure, Am.Min.: 80: 179-183; Min.Rec.: 27:293-300.
'Asbestos var: Mountain Leather'
Locality: Ash Peak Asbestos occurrence, Ash Peak, Ash Peak District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Locality: Safford deposit (Spalding; Lindsey and Anderson claims; Sanchez Copper deposit; Esperanza Mine), Sanchez, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Locality: Stony Peak prospect (Stony Peak claim No. 6; White Rock group), Kane Spring Mountain, Pinaleño Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
'Axinite Group'
Localities: Landsman Camp area (Landsman group area), Landsman Camp (Landsman group), Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Landsman claim (Landsman prospect; Iron Reef prospect), Landsman Camp (Landsman group), Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Axinite-(Mn)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Locality: Iron Cap Mine, Landsman Camp (Landsman group), Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Photo: © P N Min.. Axinite-(Mn) from Iron Cap Mine, Landsman Camp, Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Photo: © Michael D. Cline. Azurite from Grand Reef Mine, Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Babingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Locality: Landsman Camp area (Landsman group area), Landsman Camp (Landsman group), Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Photo: © . Babingtonite from Iron Cap Mine, Landsman Camp, Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+,Cu)3(SO4)2(OH)6
Locality: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Photo: © WWB. Beaverite-(Cu) from Grand Reef Mine, Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
'Bentonite'
Localities: Rhodes-Mathews property (Rhoades-Mathews prospect), Thatcher, Gila Valley, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
White Bluffs Uranium prospect, Dry Mountain, Whitlock Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Goodwin Wash, Geronimo, Gila Valley, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Twilight and Grey claims (Twilight and Grey groups; Twilight group; Grey group), Pinaleño Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Bianchite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Locality: Unnamed prospect, Willow Spring Canyon, Pinaleño Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
'Biotite'
Localities: Safford deposit (Spalding; Lindsey and Anderson claims; Sanchez Copper deposit; Esperanza Mine), Sanchez, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Black Beauty group (Tilton 1-4 claims), Battle Mountain, Pinaleño Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Locality: Unnamed prospect, Bowie area, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Bonattite
Formula: CuSO4 · 3H2O
Locality: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Boothite ?
Formula: CuSO4 · 7H2O
Locality: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Locality: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Safford area, Safford, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Safford deposit (Spalding; Lindsey and Anderson claims; Sanchez Copper deposit; Esperanza Mine), Sanchez, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
San Juan Mine (Peacock Mine), Peterson Wash, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Photo: Brochantite from Grand Reef Mine, Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Localities: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Orejana Mine (Orejana adit; Unpatented claim Sabre; Sabre Mining Co. property; Oriana Mine), Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Photo: Bromargyrite from Grand Reef Mine, Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Calcioaravaipaite (TL)
Formula: PbCa2AlF9
Type Locality: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Description: Occurs in a quartz vug.
Reference: Kampf, A.R. & E.E. Foord (1996), Calcioaravaipaite a new mineral and associated lead fluoride minerals from the Grand Reef Mine, Graham County, Arizona. Mineralogical Record: 27: 293-300; Grant, Raymond W., Richard A. Bideaux & Sidney A. Williams (2006), Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995 to 2005: 3.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Locality: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Photo: © Brent Thorne. Caledonite from Grand Reef Mine, Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Cannizzarite
Formula: Pb4Bi6S13
Locality: Landsman Camp (Landsman group), Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Localities: Pluto group, Dry Mountain, Whitlock Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Canuk group, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Flat Tire group (Flat Tire diatomite deposit), Dry Mountain, Whitlock Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Last Chance prospect (Last Chance claims), Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Royal John prospect (Royal John group), Dry Mountain, Whitlock Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Apache tin claims (Apache claims; Sam Jenson lease), Graham Co., Arizona, USA
US Highway 70, Slick Rock Wash area, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Photo: © 2002 John H. Betts. Cerussite from Grand Reef Mine, Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
'Chabazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Localities: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Safford deposit (Spalding; Lindsey and Anderson claims; Sanchez Copper deposit; Esperanza Mine), Sanchez, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Cobre Grande Mine (Duval Sulfur and Potash Co. Mine; Cowboy Mine; Cowboy tunnel), Cobre Grande Mountain, Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(SO4)3(AsO4)3(OH)27 · 33H2O
Locality: Bonito Creek area, Turtle Mountain area, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Photo: © . Chalcopyrite from Iron Cap Mine, Landsman Camp, Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
'Chert'
Localities: Gila River placers (Dorothy B claims; Gold Spot claim; Red Bird claim; Bonny claim; Gold Nugget claim; Banner claim; Neel placers), Gila River, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Solomon deposit (Solomonville Diatomite; Solomonville deposits), Solomon Pass, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Localities: Windsor Mine (Windsor shaft; Bullis claims; Bullis group; Black Iron group; Unpatented claims - Tule; Patented claim MS 2006), Imperial Mountain, Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Orejana Mine (Orejana adit; Unpatented claim Sabre; Sabre Mining Co. property; Oriana Mine), Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O (x < 1)
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Photo: © 2010, JGW. Chrysocolla from Grand Reef Mine, Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Locality: Asbestos deposit 23, Antelope Flat, San Carlos Indian Reservation, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
'Clay'
Localities: Canuk group, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Unnamed clay occurrence, Dry Mountain, Whitlock Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Unnamed clay pits, Bonita, Aravaipa Valley, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Last Chance prospect (Last Chance claims), Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Clinochrysotile
Locality: Iron Cap Mine, Landsman Camp (Landsman group), Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
'Clinoptilolite'
Localities: NRG Mining Co. claims, Chaney Place, San Simon Valley, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Lucky Strike No. 1 prospect (Sky High claim; Rhyolite Dike outcrop zeolite occurrence), Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
San Simon zeolite deposit (Union Carbide Non Metallic Exploration; Bowie Chabazite deposit), Chaney Place, San Simon Valley, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Locality: Blue Bird Mine (Bluebird Mine; Bluebird Cobalt Mine), Stanley Butte area, Stanley District, Santa Teresa Mts, San Carlos Indian Reservation, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Copper
Formula: Cu
Locality: Safford deposit (Spalding; Lindsey and Anderson claims; Sanchez Copper deposit; Esperanza Mine), Sanchez, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
'Copper Stain'
Localities: Grand Central Mine (Grand Central claim), Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Unnamed copper prospect (12), Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Unnamed Cu-Fe prospect, Landsman Camp (Landsman group), Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Locality: Landsman claim (Landsman prospect; Iron Reef prospect), Landsman Camp (Landsman group), Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Creedite
Formula: Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Localities: Iron Cap Mine, Landsman Camp (Landsman group), Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Photo: © Michael D. Cline. Creedite from Grand Reef Mine, Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Locality: Safford deposit (Spalding; Lindsey and Anderson claims; Sanchez Copper deposit; Esperanza Mine), Sanchez, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Photo: © D. Richerson. Chalcotrichite from Grand Reef Mine, Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Delafossite
Formula: CuFeO2
Locality: Safford deposit (Spalding; Lindsey and Anderson claims; Sanchez Copper deposit; Esperanza Mine), Sanchez, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Descloizite
Formula: Pb(Zn,Cu)(VO4)(OH)
Locality: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Photo: Descloizite from Grand Reef Mine, Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Locality: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Photo: © Weinrich Minerals, Inc.. Devilline from Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
'Diatomaceous Earth'
Localities: Triplets Wash, San Carlos Indian Reservation, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
San Carlos deposits, Peridot area [Gila County], San Carlos Indian Reservation, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Flat Tire group (Flat Tire diatomite deposit), Dry Mountain, Whitlock Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Skeleton Wash, San Carlos, San Carlos Indian Reservation, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
White Bluffs Uranium prospect, Dry Mountain, Whitlock Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Gray Throne prospect (Gray Thorne [?]; Grey Thorn outcrop), Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Landsman claim (Landsman prospect; Iron Reef prospect), Landsman Camp (Landsman group), Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Locality: Unnamed copper prospect (20), Copper Creek area, Rattlesnake District, Galiuro Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
'Endellite'
Locality: Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Photo: © . Epidote from Iron Cap Mine, Landsman Camp, Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
'Erionite'
Localities: Thumb Butte, Thumb Butte area, Ash Peak District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
NRG Mining Co. claims, Chaney Place, San Simon Valley, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Erionite-K
Formula: (K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Locality: Thumb Butte, Thumb Butte area, Ash Peak District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Photo: © D. Preite - M.C.. Erionite-K from Thumb Butte, Thumb Butte area, Ash Peak District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Locality: Safford area, Safford, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Photo: © 2001 John H. Betts. Fluorite from Ten Strike Mine, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Photo: © jo-esche 2007. Galena from Iron Cap Mine, Landsman Camp, Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
'Garnet'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Landsman claim (Landsman prospect; Iron Reef prospect), Landsman Camp (Landsman group), Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Soldier prospect, Limestone Mountain, Stanley District, Santa Teresa Mts, San Carlos Indian Reservation, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Unnamed Cu-Fe prospect, Landsman Camp (Landsman group), Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Cobre Grande Mine (Duval Sulfur and Potash Co. Mine; Cowboy Mine; Cowboy tunnel), Cobre Grande Mountain, Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Gearksutite
Formula: Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Locality: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Photo: © WWB. Gearksutite from Grand Reef Mine, Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Glaucodot
Formula: (Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Locality: Blue Bird Mine (Bluebird Mine; Bluebird Cobalt Mine), Stanley Butte area, Stanley District, Santa Teresa Mts, San Carlos Indian Reservation, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Safford deposit (Spalding; Lindsey and Anderson claims; Sanchez Copper deposit; Esperanza Mine), Sanchez, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Photo: © J.Ralph. Gold from Safford area, Safford, Lone Star District, Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Locality: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Grandreefite (TL)
Formula: Pb2(SO4)F2
Type Locality: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Habit: Striated, prismatic, orthorhombic crystals.
Colour: Colorless
Description: Occurs as crystals in vugs with associated minerals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 118, 238; Kampf, A.R., et al (1989), Grandreefite, pseudograndreefite, laurelite, and aravaipaite: Four new minerals from the Grandreef mine, Graham Co., AZ, Am.Min.: 74: 927-933; Min.Rec.: 27: 296.
Photo: © JBS 2006. Grandreefite from Grand Reef Mine, Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Locality: Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Locality: Iron Cap Mine, Landsman Camp (Landsman group), Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Locality: Safford Well, San Simon Valley, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Locality: Safford deposit (Spalding; Lindsey and Anderson claims; Sanchez Copper deposit; Esperanza Mine), Sanchez, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Localities: Landsman Camp (Landsman group), Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Quartzite Mountain, (Stanley Butte [nearby]; Quartzite Mountain Garnets), Stanley District, Santa Teresa Mts, San Carlos Indian Reservation, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Photo: © 2001 John H. Betts. Hedenbergite from Iron Cap Mine, Landsman Camp, Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Hedenbergite var: Manganoan Hedenbergite
Locality: Iron Cap Mine, Landsman Camp (Landsman group), Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Photo: © Karl Volkman04/05. Hematite from Ten Strike Mine, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Hematite var: Specularite
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Hopeite
Formula: Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Locality: Iron Cap Mine, Landsman Camp (Landsman group), Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Locality: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Locality: Northern Galiuro Mts, Galiuro Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe2+2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Locality: Iron Cap Mine, Landsman Camp (Landsman group), Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Safford area, Safford, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Safford deposit (Spalding; Lindsey and Anderson claims; Sanchez Copper deposit; Esperanza Mine), Sanchez, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
San Juan Mine (Peacock Mine), Peterson Wash, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Johannsenite
Formula: CaMn2+Si2O6
Localities: Iron Cap Mine, Landsman Camp (Landsman group), Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Black Hole prospect (Black Hole deposit), Pinaleño Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Photo: © O. Dziallas. Johannsenite from Iron Cap Mine, Landsman Camp, Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Locality: Safford deposit (Spalding; Lindsey and Anderson claims; Sanchez Copper deposit; Esperanza Mine), Sanchez, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Kettnerite
Formula: CaBiCO3OF
Locality: Unnamed prospect, Bowie area, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Kutnohorite
Formula: Ca(Mn,Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Locality: Iron Cap Mine, Landsman Camp (Landsman group), Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Laurelite (TL)
Formula: Pb7F12Cl2
Type Locality: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Habit: Slightly flexible fibers to 1 cm long.
Colour: Colorless
Description: Occurs in quartz-lined vugs.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 118, 272; Kampf, A.R., et al (1989), Grandreefite, pseudograndreefite, laurelite, and aravaipaite: Four new minerals from the Grandreef mine, Graham Co., AZ, Am.Min.: 74: 927-933; Min.Rec.: 27: 297.
Photo: © Peter Haas. Laurelite from Grand Reef Mine, Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Locality: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Photo: © Ben Kirchner. Leadhillite from Grand Reef Mine, Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Locality: Safford area, Safford, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
'Limonite'
Formula: FeO(OH) · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Localities: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Ten Strike Mine (Tenstrike Mine; Ten Strike group; Stone and Dempsey; Klondyke Mining Co.; Lone Pine Lead; Cassidy and Rubal), Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Photo: © www.exceptionalminerals.com. Linarite from Grand Reef Mine, Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Litharge
Formula: PbO
Locality: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 45 localities in this region.
Manganbabingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Mn,Fe)FeSi5O14(OH)
Localities: Iron Cap Mine, Landsman Camp (Landsman group), Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Landsman claim (Landsman prospect; Iron Reef prospect), Landsman Camp (Landsman group), Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Photo: © Chinellato Matteo. Manganbabingtonite from Iron Cap Mine, Landsman Camp, Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Locality: Voelckel claims, western Gila Mountains foothills, Fort Thomas, Gila Valley, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Localities: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Dog Water Mine (Dogwater Mine; Silver Cable Mine; Silver Cable claim; Dogwater and Silver Cable Mine; Patented claims MS 1760), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Photo: Massicot from Grand Reef Mine, Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Locality: Sections 4 & 5; T7S; R29E, Thumb Butte area, Ash Peak District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
'Mica Group'
Localities: Twilight and Grey claims (Twilight and Grey groups; Twilight group; Grey group), Pinaleño Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Snowrock claims, Durkee Canyon, Pinaleño Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Locality: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Photo: © Brent Thorne 2008. Mimetite from Grand Reef Mine, Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Locality: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Safford deposit (Spalding; Lindsey and Anderson claims; Sanchez Copper deposit; Esperanza Mine), Sanchez, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
San Juan Mine (Peacock Mine), Peterson Wash, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Dos Pobres Mine (Dos Pobres ore body; Los Pobres; Safford Mine; Safford Phelps Dodge; Phelps Dodge Safford project; Arrowhead Mine), Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
'Monazite'
Locality: Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Locality: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Mottramite var: Duhamelite
Formula: (Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
Locality: Unnamed prospect, Bowie area, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Black Beauty group (Tilton 1-4 claims), Battle Mountain, Pinaleño Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Locality: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Muscovite var: Sericite
Localities: Powers Mine (Burro Unpatented claims), Kilberg Canyon, Rattlesnake District, Galiuro Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Safford deposit (Spalding; Lindsey and Anderson claims; Sanchez Copper deposit; Esperanza Mine), Sanchez, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
San Juan Mine (Peacock Mine), Peterson Wash, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Site 8, Clark District, Pinaleño Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Site 9, Clark District, Pinaleño Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Natrodufrénite
Formula: NaFe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Locality: Lone Star Mine (Lone Star group; Lone Star deposit), Lone Star Mountain, Lone Star, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Locality: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA - erroneously reported
Nekoite
Formula: Ca3Si6O15·7H2O
Locality: Iron Cap Mine, Landsman Camp (Landsman group), Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Photo: © Elmar Lackner 2009. Nekoite from Iron Cap Mine, Landsman Camp, Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Neotocite
Formula: (Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Localities: Black Hole prospect (Black Hole deposit), Pinaleño Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Safford deposit (Spalding; Lindsey and Anderson claims; Sanchez Copper deposit; Esperanza Mine), Sanchez, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Locality: Friend Mine (Copper Range group; Blake and Warren; McIntosh and Stevens), Stanley Butte, Stanley District, Turnbull Mts, San Carlos Indian Reservation, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
'Obsidian'
Locality: Triangle claims (Blue Bird claims), Black Hills, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Locality: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Opal var: Diatomite
Localities: Unnamed diatomite deposit, Fort Thomas, Gila Valley, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Whitlock Mines Inc. prospect (Whitlock deposit), Slick Rock Wash, Whitlock Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Solomon deposit (Solomonville Diatomite; Solomonville deposits), Solomon Pass, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
'Opalite'
Localities: Canuk group, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Pluto group, Dry Mountain, Whitlock Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Last Chance prospect (Last Chance claims), Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Pinalite
Formula: Pb3WO5Cl2
Locality: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Locality: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Photo: © Michael Cline. Plumbogummite from Grand Reef Mine, Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Dog Water Mine (Dogwater Mine; Silver Cable Mine; Silver Cable claim; Dogwater and Silver Cable Mine; Patented claims MS 1760), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Silver Coin Mine (Quinn Mine; Silver Coin Extension Mine; Aravaipa Leasing Co. property; Verdun Mining Co. property), Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Polylithionite
Formula: KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Localities: Landsman Camp area (Landsman group area), Landsman Camp (Landsman group), Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Landsman claim (Landsman prospect; Iron Reef prospect), Landsman Camp (Landsman group), Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Prosopite
Formula: CaAl2(F,OH)8
Locality: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Photo: Prosopite from Grand Reef Mine, Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Pseudograndreefite (TL)
Formula: Pb6(SO4)F10
Type Locality: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Habit: Tabular; sub-parallel crystal aggregates
Colour: Colorless
Description: Occurs in quartz-lined vugs with associated species.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 118, 336; Kampf, A.R., et al (1989), Grandreefite, pseudograndreefite, laurelite, and aravaipaite: Four new minerals from the Grandreef mine, Graham Co., AZ, Am.Min.: 74: 927-933; Min.Rec.: 27: 296.
Photo: © Brent Thorne 2012. Pseudograndreefite from Grand Reef Mine, Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Locality: Safford area, Safford, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
'Psilomelane'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Pumice'
Localities: Gila Valley Block Co. Mine, Black Hills, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Triangle claims (Blue Bird claims), Black Hills, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Haigler Pumice Mine (Haigler claims; C.N. Greer Pumice Mine), Tollgate Canyon area, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Pumice No. 2, Sanchez, Gila Valley, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Unnamed cinder pit, Black Hills Rockhound Area, Black Hills, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Pyrite var: Auriferous Pyrite
Locality: Gold Mountain Mine (Gold Mountain property; Galiuro Wilderness and Contiguous further planning areas), Rattlesnake Canyon, Rattlesnake District, Galiuro Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Pyrolusite
Formula: MnO2
Localities: Black Hawk group (Black Hawk prospect; Gard East), Cedar Mountain, Pinaleño Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Denton Mine group (A-1 claims; A-1 group; Paradise and SPW claims; Muller Manganese Mine), Ash Peak District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Black Rock group (Vickers group; Black Rock Vickers), Fisher Hills District, Fisher Hills, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Unnamed Mn-Cu prospects, San Carlos Indian Reservation, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Black Rock group (Davis group; Davis claims), Mescal Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Localities: Golondrina property (La Golondrina Mine; Two Car Golondrina; Red Mountain Mine; Golondrina group of claims; Golondrina prospect), Greasewood Mountain area, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Sinn Fein Mine (Sin Fin Mine; Tornado Mine; Lundquist Mine), Williamson Canyon, Cobre Grande Mountain, Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Photo: © . Quartz from Ten Strike Mine, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Quartz var: Agate
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Joy Valley, Chaney Place, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Black Hills Rockhound Area, Black Hills, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Peloncillo Mountains Agate locality, Peloncillo District, Peloncillo Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Photo: © 2006 Peter Cristofono. Agate from Black Hills Rockhound Area, Black Hills, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: MacFall, 1951. Gem Hunter's Guide, 1st ed.
Localities: Recorded from at least 7 other localities in this region.
Photo: © Rob Lavinsky. Amethyst from Stanley Butte area, Stanley Butte, Stanley District, Santa Teresa Mts, San Carlos Indian Reservation, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Photo: © 2006 Peter Cristofono. Chalcedony from Black Hills Rockhound Area, Black Hills, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Quartz var: Fire Agate
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Photo: © 2006 Peter Cristofono. Fire Agate from Black Hills Rockhound Area, Black Hills, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Quartz var: Jasper
Locality: Peloncillo Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Photo: © 2007 Peter Cristofono. Jasper from Peloncillo Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Localities: Long Tom Mine (Knothe Mine; Roberts Gold Mine; Roberts Silver Mine), Kielberg Peak area, Rattlesnake District, Galiuro Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Tribal claims, Bylas, Gila Mts, San Carlos Indian Reservation, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2Mn5O10
Locality: Clark District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Locality: Black Beauty group (Tilton 1-4 claims), Battle Mountain, Pinaleño Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Locality: Black Point Peak, Geronimo, Gila Valley, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), San Carlos Indian Reservation, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Scotlandite
Formula: PbSO3
Locality: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Shannonite (TL)
Formula: Pb2OCO3
Type Locality: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Colour: White
Description: Porcellanous masses.
Reference: Roberts, A.C., J.A.R. Stirling, G.J.C. Carpenter, A.J. Criddle, G.C. Jones, T.C. Birkett, and W.D. Birch (1995) Shannonite, Pb2OCO3, a new mineral from the Grand Reef Mine, Graham County, Arizona, USA. Mineralogical Magazine: 59: 304-310.
Photo: © 2008 Jesse Crawford. Shannonite from Grand Reef Mine, Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Locality: Black Rock group (Davis group; Davis claims), Mescal Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Silver
Formula: Ag
Locality: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Photo: © Brent Thorne. Silver from Grand Reef Mine, Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Skutterudite
Formula: (Co,Fe,Ni)As2-3
Locality: Blue Bird Mine (Bluebird Mine; Bluebird Cobalt Mine), Stanley Butte area, Stanley District, Santa Teresa Mts, San Carlos Indian Reservation, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Localities: Head Center Mine (Harwood Mine; Center Oil and Smelting Co.; Far Mining Enterprises; American Zinc Co.; Aravaipa Mining Co.), Williamson Canyon, Cobre Grande Mountain, Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Photo: Sphalerite from Iron Cap Mine, Landsman Camp, Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Sphalerite var: Cleiophane
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Unnamed Pb-Zn prospect (2), Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Unnamed Pb-Zn prospect (1), Horse Mountain area, Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Locality: Cold Spring prospect, Garden Gulch, Stanley District, Turnbull Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
'Stilbite'
Locality: Lone Star Mine (Lone Star group; Lone Star deposit), Lone Star Mountain, Lone Star, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Localities: Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Safford deposit (Spalding; Lindsey and Anderson claims; Sanchez Copper deposit; Esperanza Mine), Sanchez, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Locality: Iron Cap Mine, Landsman Camp (Landsman group), Aravaipa, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Locality: Fisher prospect, Turnbull Mountain, Aravaipa District, Turnbull Mts, San Carlos Indian Reservation, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Locality: Black Beauty group (Tilton 1-4 claims), Battle Mountain, Pinaleño Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Localities: Safford deposit (Spalding; Lindsey and Anderson claims; Sanchez Copper deposit; Esperanza Mine), Sanchez, Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District), Gila Mts, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Unnamed copper prospect (27), O-Bar-O Canyon, Greasewood Mountain, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2[HSiO4]2 · 5H2O
Locality: Stony Peak prospect (Stony Peak claim No. 6; White Rock group), Kane Spring Mountain, Pinaleño Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
'Wad'
Localities: Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Unnamed Mn-Cu prospects, San Carlos Indian Reservation, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Grand Reef Mine (Aravaipa Mine; Lead Jewel; Joe Rubal Mine; Vivian Mine; Calistoga Mining & Development Co. Mine; Bringham Silver and Lead Mine), Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Copper Reef Mine (Copper Reef Consolidated; Rawhide Mountain prospects; Coronado claims; Coronado group; North Star Mine; North Star shaft), Copper Reef Mountain, Stanley District, Turnbull Mts, San Carlos Indian Reservation, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Photo: © WWB. Wad from Grand Reef Mine, Laurel Canyon, Grand Reef Mountain, Klondyke, Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Photo: © Chris Tucker. Wulfenite from Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
Zircon var: Cyrtolite
Formula: Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Locality: Santa Teresa Mts, Aravaipa District, Graham Co., Arizona, USA


174 entries listed. 128 valid minerals. 7 type localities (valid minerals). 1 erroneous literature entry.

References

Schnabel, Lorraine, and Welty, J.W. (1986) Bibliography for metallic mineral districts in Cochise, Graham, and Greenlee Counties, Arizona: Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mineral Technology Circular 24, 38 p.

Welty, J.W. (1988) Additions to bibliographies for metallic mineral districts in Cochise, Graham, Greenlee, La Paz, Mohave, Pima, Santa Cruz, and Yuma Counties, Arizona: Arizona Geological Survey Open-File Report 88-22, 32 p.

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