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Mongolia
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Detailed Mineral List:
Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Asgat Ag-Sb deposit, Asgat-Ozernoe zone, Yustid ore cluster, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
Tsav, Dornod Aimag, Mongolia
Saerxite Pb-Zn-Ag deposit, Dornod Aimag, Mongolia
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{(Mg,Fe2+)5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Bayan Uul Mine, Mörön Soum, Töv Aimag, Mongolia
Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na2Fe2+5Ti(Si6O18)O2
Localities: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tat'yana pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag Massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Aenigmatite from Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag, Mongolia
Aeschynite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Agardite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca)Cu6(AsO4)2(AsO4,HAsO4)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Albite
Formula: NaAlSi3O8
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Locality: Lugeengol REE deposit (Lugin Gol; Lugin Gel), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
'Alkali Feldspar'
Locality: Ulaan uul, Erdene Sum, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Allanite-(Nd)
Formula: {CaNd}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Locality: Pseudomorphosed pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Locality: Modoto (Bain Mod; Bajan Mod), Modotin, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Almeidaite
Formula: PbZn2(Mn,Y)(Ti,Fe3+)18O37(OH,O)
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Aluminocerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Locality: Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Aluminocerite-(Ce) from Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag, Mongolia
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Shuteen Cu-Au deposit, Öldziyt, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Hugo Dummett Cu-Au deposit (North Oyu Cu-Au deposit), Oyu Tolgoi Cu-Au ore field (Turquoise Hill Cu-Au ore field), Erdenetsogt, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Central Oyu deposit, Oyu Tolgoi Cu-Au ore field (Turquoise Hill Cu-Au ore field), Erdenetsogt, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
South Oyu deposit, Oyu Tolgoi Cu-Au ore field (Turquoise Hill Cu-Au ore field), Erdenetsogt, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Amphibole Supergroup
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Locality: Tsagaan Suvarga ore field (Tsagaan Suvarguin ore field; Tsagan Suburga ore field), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Modoto (Bain Mod; Bajan Mod), Modotin, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Hugo Dummett Cu-Au deposit (North Oyu Cu-Au deposit), Oyu Tolgoi Cu-Au ore field (Turquoise Hill Cu-Au ore field), Erdenetsogt, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Locality: Tumurtiin Ovoo Zn deposit (Tomortiin Ovoo; Tumurtijn-ovoo), Baruun-Urt, Sühbaatar Aimag (Sükhbaatar Aimag), Mongolia
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Boorj, Most Soum, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities: Mushgai Khudag carbonatite complex (Mushgai Hudag; Mushugai Khuduk; Mushugay Khuduk), Shara Hulasa Hiid, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Tsagaan Suvarga ore field (Tsagaan Suvarguin ore field; Tsagan Suburga ore field), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Hugo Dummett Cu-Au deposit (North Oyu Cu-Au deposit), Oyu Tolgoi Cu-Au ore field (Turquoise Hill Cu-Au ore field), Erdenetsogt, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Locality: Lugeengol REE deposit (Lugin Gol; Lugin Gel), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Locality: Asgat Ag-Sb deposit, Asgat-Ozernoe zone, Yustid ore cluster, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
'Apatite'
Localities: South Oyu deposit, Oyu Tolgoi Cu-Au ore field (Turquoise Hill Cu-Au ore field), Erdenetsogt, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Mushgai Khudag carbonatite complex (Mushgai Hudag; Mushugai Khuduk; Mushugay Khuduk), Shara Hulasa Hiid, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Khaldzan Buregte deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Khan Bogdo Massif (Khan-Bogdinskii), Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Lamachaolutu Cu-Mo deposit, Dornod Aimag, Mongolia
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Locality: Arts Bogdo (Arz Bogdo), Gobi Desert, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Aragonite from Arts Bogdo, Gobi Desert, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Photo: Arfvedsonite from Khan Bogdo Massif, Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Armalcolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Armstrongite (TL)
Formula: CaZr[Si6O15] · 3H2O
Type Locality: Dorozhnyi pegmatite, Khan Bogdo Massif (Khan-Bogdinskii), Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Reference: Vladykin N.V., Kovalenko V.I., Dorfman M.D. (1981) Mineralogical and geochemical pecularities of Khan Bogdo massif of an alkaline granites (MPR), - Moscow, Nauka, p. 136 (in Rus.).
Localities: Recorded from at least 2 other localities in this region.
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Armstrongite from Dorozhnyi pegmatite, Khan Bogdo Massif, Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Arsenic
Formula: As
Localities: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Avdar Tolgoi Cu deposit, Ereentsav, Dornod Aimag, Mongolia
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Arsenosulvanite'
Formula: Cu3(As,V)S4
Locality: Central Oyu deposit, Oyu Tolgoi Cu-Au ore field (Turquoise Hill Cu-Au ore field), Erdenetsogt, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Astrophyllite
Formula: (K,Na)3(Fe,Mn)7Ti2Si8O24(O,OH)7
Locality: Khan Bogdo Massif (Khan-Bogdinskii), Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)(CO3)F
Localities: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Khan Bogdo Massif (Khan-Bogdinskii), Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Mushgai Khudag carbonatite complex (Mushgai Hudag; Mushugai Khuduk; Mushugay Khuduk), Shara Hulasa Hiid, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Lugeengol REE deposit (Lugin Gol; Lugin Gel), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Localities: Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tat'yana pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag Massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Bavenite from Tat'yana pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag Massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag, Mongolia
'Bayankhanite'
Formula: Cu3-8HgS3-5
Locality: Bayankhaan Uul (Bayan-Khan-Ula), Idermeg, Khentii Aimag (Hentiy Aimag), Mongolia
Bazirite
Formula: BaZr(Si3O9)
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Bazirite from Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag, Mongolia
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Locality: Khaldzan Buregte deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Undur Tsagaan W-Mo deposit (Ondor Tsagaan), Hentiy, Khentii Aimag (Hentiy Aimag), Mongolia
Goricho, Gorkhi massif (Ghorkhi massif), Töv Aimag, Mongolia
Hutag Ull Ord, Khentii Aimag (Hentiy Aimag), Mongolia
Buren-Tsogto Mine (Burentsogt Mine), Bayasgalant, Sühbaatar Aimag (Sükhbaatar Aimag), Mongolia
Yugozor Mine (Yugozyr Mine; Yegzer Mine), Chonogol, Sühbaatar Aimag (Sükhbaatar Aimag), Mongolia ? (more information)
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Localities: Hutag Ull Ord, Khentii Aimag (Hentiy Aimag), Mongolia
Goricho, Gorkhi massif (Ghorkhi massif), Töv Aimag, Mongolia
Photo: Aquamarine from Hutag Ull Ord, Khentii Aimag, Mongolia
Beryl var: Goshenite
Locality: Goricho, Gorkhi massif (Ghorkhi massif), Töv Aimag, Mongolia
Beryl var: Heliodor
Locality: Goricho, Gorkhi massif (Ghorkhi massif), Töv Aimag, Mongolia
β-Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Localities: Pseudomorphosed pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Neprimetnyi pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag Massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. β-Fergusonite-(Y) from Neprimetnyi pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag Massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag, Mongolia
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Asgat Ag-Sb deposit, Asgat-Ozernoe zone, Yustid ore cluster, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
Undur Tsagaan W-Mo deposit (Ondor Tsagaan), Hentiy, Khentii Aimag (Hentiy Aimag), Mongolia
Tsav, Dornod Aimag, Mongolia
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Asgat Ag-Sb deposit, Asgat-Ozernoe zone, Yustid ore cluster, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
Modoto (Bain Mod; Bajan Mod), Modotin, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Avdar Tolgoi Cu deposit, Ereentsav, Dornod Aimag, Mongolia
Tsav, Dornod Aimag, Mongolia
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Locality: Unchzhul massif, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Locality: Avdar Tolgoi Cu deposit, Ereentsav, Dornod Aimag, Mongolia
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Localities: Asgat Ag-Sb deposit, Asgat-Ozernoe zone, Yustid ore cluster, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
Tolbonur Ag-Sb-Cu-Pb-Zn deposit, Tolbonur ore cluster, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
Sharabureg Ag-Sb-Cu-Pb-Zn deposit, Tolbonur ore cluster, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
Bowieite
Formula: (Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Localities: Burgustain Gol (Burgustain River), Uvs Aimag, Mongolia
Iljgen Gol (Iljgen River), Uvs Aimag, Mongolia
Brannerite
Formula: (U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Localities: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: Ca2(Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
Localities: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Mushgai Khudag carbonatite complex (Mushgai Hudag; Mushugai Khuduk; Mushugay Khuduk), Shara Hulasa Hiid, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Britholite-(Y)
Formula: Ca2(Y,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
Locality: Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Locality: Erdenet Mine (Erdenetiin Ovoo Mine), Erdenet, Orhon Aimag (Orkhon Aimag), Mongolia
Burbankite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Locality: Lugeengol REE deposit (Lugin Gol; Lugin Gel), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Locality: Tumurtiin Ovoo Zn deposit (Tomortiin Ovoo; Tumurtijn-ovoo), Baruun-Urt, Sühbaatar Aimag (Sükhbaatar Aimag), Mongolia
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Locality: Kharmagtai Cu deposit, Öldzeyte Suma, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Calcioburbankite
Formula: Na3(Ca,REE,Sr)3(CO3)5
Locality: Lugeengol REE deposit (Lugin Gol; Lugin Gel), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Calciocatapleiite
Formula: CaZr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Locality: Lugeengol REE deposit (Lugin Gol; Lugin Gel), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Photo: © Maurice de Graaf. Cassiterite from Modoto, Modotin, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Localities: Mushgai Khudag carbonatite complex (Mushgai Hudag; Mushugai Khuduk; Mushugay Khuduk), Shara Hulasa Hiid, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Lugeengol REE deposit (Lugin Gol; Lugin Gel), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Localities: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Lugeengol REE deposit (Lugin Gol; Lugin Gel), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Cerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Localities: Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Locality: Asgat Ag-Sb deposit, Asgat-Ozernoe zone, Yustid ore cluster, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Chalcostibite from Asgat Ag-Sb deposit, Asgat-Ozernoe zone, Yustid ore cluster, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
Chernovite-(Y)
Formula: Y(AsO4)
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Localities: Tat'yana pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag Massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Chevkinite-(Ce) from Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag, Mongolia
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O (x < 1)
Localities: Oyu Tolgoi Cu-Au ore field (Turquoise Hill Cu-Au ore field), Erdenetsogt, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Tsagaan Suvarga ore field (Tsagaan Suvarguin ore field; Tsagan Suburga ore field), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Erdenet Mine (Erdenetiin Ovoo Mine), Erdenet, Orhon Aimag (Orkhon Aimag), Mongolia
Kharmagtai Cu deposit, Öldzeyte Suma, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Localities: Bayankhaan Uul (Bayan-Khan-Ula), Idermeg, Khentii Aimag (Hentiy Aimag), Mongolia
Zalaa Uul Au deposit, Bayan Suma, Khentii Aimag (Hentiy Aimag), Mongolia
Tsagaan Suvarga ore field (Tsagaan Suvarguin ore field; Tsagan Suburga ore field), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Chiyash Nur Hg-Sb occurrence, Tolbonur ore cluster, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
Sagsai Cu-Ag-Hg-Sb occurrence, Tolbonur ore cluster, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
Clinochlore
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tat'yana pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag Massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Naran massif, Khan-Taishirin-Ula range, Dzavhan Aimag (Zavkhan Aimag), Mongolia
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Locality: Mushgai Khudag carbonatite complex (Mushgai Hudag; Mushugai Khuduk; Mushugay Khuduk), Shara Hulasa Hiid, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Coffinite
Formula: (U4+,Th)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: FeNb2O6
Localities: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Shar Tolgoi, Zavkhan Soum, Uvs Aimag, Mongolia
Unchzhul massif, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Localities: Urt Gozgor placer, Janchivlan, Nailakh Soum, Töv Aimag, Mongolia
Janchivlan complex, Janchivlan, Nailakh Soum, Töv Aimag, Mongolia
Cooperite
Formula: PtS
Localities: Burgustain Gol (Burgustain River), Uvs Aimag, Mongolia
Iljgen Gol (Iljgen River), Uvs Aimag, Mongolia
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Modoto (Bain Mod; Bajan Mod), Modotin, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Hugo Dummett Cu-Au deposit (North Oyu Cu-Au deposit), Oyu Tolgoi Cu-Au ore field (Turquoise Hill Cu-Au ore field), Erdenetsogt, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Locality: Shavaryn Tsaram, Tariat, Hangai highland, Arhangay Aimag, Mongolia
Photo: © Grzegorz Słowik. Sapphire from Lugeengol REE deposit, Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Erdenet Mine (Erdenetiin Ovoo Mine), Erdenet, Orhon Aimag (Orkhon Aimag), Mongolia
Tsagaan Tolgoi, Myangad Soum, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Bayan Uul Mine, Mörön Soum, Töv Aimag, Mongolia
Tsagaan Suvarga Cu-Mo deposit, Tsagaan Suvarga ore field (Tsagaan Suvarguin ore field; Tsagan Suburga ore field), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Central Oyu deposit, Oyu Tolgoi Cu-Au ore field (Turquoise Hill Cu-Au ore field), Erdenetsogt, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Locality: Hukh Tag Mn deposit, Argatay, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Locality: Erdenet Mine (Erdenetiin Ovoo Mine), Erdenet, Orhon Aimag (Orkhon Aimag), Mongolia
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Erdenet Mine (Erdenetiin Ovoo Mine), Erdenet, Orhon Aimag (Orkhon Aimag), Mongolia
Tsagaan Suvarga ore field (Tsagaan Suvarguin ore field; Tsagan Suburga ore field), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Kharmagtai Cu deposit, Öldzeyte Suma, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Khongoot Cu deposit, Bugat, Bulgan Aimag, Mongolia
'Cuprorhodsite-Malanite Series'
Localities: Burgustain Gol (Burgustain River), Uvs Aimag, Mongolia
Iljgen Gol (Iljgen River), Uvs Aimag, Mongolia
Davidite-(La)
Formula: (La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
Locality: Khan Bogdo Massif (Khan-Bogdinskii), Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Delafossite
Formula: CuFeO2
Locality: Erdenet Mine (Erdenetiin Ovoo Mine), Erdenet, Orhon Aimag (Orkhon Aimag), Mongolia
Diamond
Formula: C
Locality: Jalanash meteorite, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Localities: Shuteen Cu-Au deposit, Öldziyt, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Hugo Dummett Cu-Au deposit (North Oyu Cu-Au deposit), Oyu Tolgoi Cu-Au ore field (Turquoise Hill Cu-Au ore field), Erdenetsogt, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Shuteen Cu-Au deposit, Öldziyt, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Tsagaan Suvarga Cu-Mo deposit, Tsagaan Suvarga ore field (Tsagaan Suvarguin ore field; Tsagan Suburga ore field), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Hugo Dummett Cu-Au deposit (North Oyu Cu-Au deposit), Oyu Tolgoi Cu-Au ore field (Turquoise Hill Cu-Au ore field), Erdenetsogt, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Central Oyu deposit, Oyu Tolgoi Cu-Au ore field (Turquoise Hill Cu-Au ore field), Erdenetsogt, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Lugeengol REE deposit (Lugin Gol; Lugin Gel), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Mushgai Khudag carbonatite complex (Mushgai Hudag; Mushugai Khuduk; Mushugay Khuduk), Shara Hulasa Hiid, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: (Ca,Cr)MgSi2O6
Locality: Shavaryn Tsaram, Tariat, Hangai highland, Arhangay Aimag, Mongolia
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Locality: Unchzhul massif, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Elpidite
Formula: Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Locality: Dorozhnyi pegmatite, Khan Bogdo Massif (Khan-Bogdinskii), Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Elpidite var: Calcian Elpidite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Localities: Khan Bogdo Massif (Khan-Bogdinskii), Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Calcian Elpidite from Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag, Mongolia
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Localities: Oyu Tolgoi Cu-Au ore field (Turquoise Hill Cu-Au ore field), Erdenetsogt, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Lamachaolutu Cu-Mo deposit, Dornod Aimag, Mongolia
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Localities: Shavaryn Tsaram, Tariat, Hangai highland, Arhangay Aimag, Mongolia
Naran massif, Khan-Taishirin-Ula range, Dzavhan Aimag (Zavkhan Aimag), Mongolia
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Epidote var: Allanite-Epidote
Localities: Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tat'yana pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag Massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
'Epidote Group'
Formula: A2 M3(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Locality: Ulaan uul, Erdene Sum, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
Locality: Naran massif, Khan-Taishirin-Ula range, Dzavhan Aimag (Zavkhan Aimag), Mongolia
'Erlichmanite-Laurite Series'
Localities: Burgustain Gol (Burgustain River), Uvs Aimag, Mongolia
Iljgen Gol (Iljgen River), Uvs Aimag, Mongolia
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Localities: Tat'yana pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag Massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Pseudomorphosed pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Eudialyte from Pseudomorphosed pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag, Mongolia
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Locality: Neprimetnyi pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag Massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Locality: Mushguu, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
'Fergusonite'
Locality: Khaldzan Buregte deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
'Fergusonite-(Nd)'
Formula: (Nd,Ce)(Nb,Ti)O4
Locality: Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Localities: Neprimetnyi pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag Massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Pseudomorphosed pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tat'yana pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag Massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Fergusonite-(Y) from Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag, Mongolia
Ferriallanite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: {CaCe}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Type Locality: Neprimetnyi pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag Massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Reference: P. Kartashov et al. (2002) Can. Mineral. 40, 1641-1648
Localities: Recorded from at least 2 other localities in this region.
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Ferriallanite-(Ce) from Neprimetnyi pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag Massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag, Mongolia
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Locality: Erdenet Mine (Erdenetiin Ovoo Mine), Erdenet, Orhon Aimag (Orkhon Aimag), Mongolia
'Ferroan pargasite'
Locality: Lugeengol REE deposit (Lugin Gol; Lugin Gel), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Ferro-ferri-fluoro-leakeite
Formula: Na(Na2)(Fe2+2Fe3+2Li)(Si8O22)(F)2
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Ferro-ferri-fluoro-leakeite from Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag, Mongolia
Ferro-katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Ferro-pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Locality: Lugeengol REE deposit (Lugin Gol; Lugin Gel), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Y)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Localities: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tat'yana pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag Massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Fersmite from Tat'yana pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag Massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag, Mongolia
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 45 localities in this region.
Photo: © Vítězslav Snášel. Fluorite from Bujiger Mine, Har-Ayrak, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Fluorite var: Strontian Fluorite
Formula: (Ca,Sr)F2
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Strontian Fluorite from Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag, Mongolia
Fluorite var: Yttrofluorite
Formula: (Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
Locality: Shar Tolgoi, Zavkhan Soum, Uvs Aimag, Mongolia
Fluorkenopyrochlore (TL)
Formula: (□,Sr,Ce,Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2O6F
Type Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Reference: Atencio, D., Andrade, M.B., Christy, A.G., Gieré, R., Kartashov, P.M. (2010): The pyrochlore supergroup of minerals: nomenclature. Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 673-698.; Kartashov, P.M., Mokhov, A.V. and Kovalenko, V.I. (1998) Rare earth Sr-pyrochlore from Western Mongolia: The first find in association with alkalic granites. Doklady Earth Sciences, 359, 510-513.
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Fluorkenopyrochlore from Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag, Mongolia
Fluornatropyrochlore
Formula: (Na,REE,Ca)2Nb2(O,OH)6F
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Locality: Shavaryn Tsaram, Tariat, Hangai highland, Arhangay Aimag, Mongolia
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Localities: Tsav, Dornod Aimag, Mongolia
Asgat Ag-Sb deposit, Asgat-Ozernoe zone, Yustid ore cluster, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Localities: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tat'yana pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag Massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Gadolinite-(Y) var: Calciogadolinite-(Y)
Formula: (YCa)2Fe3+Be2[SiO4]2O2
Locality: Tat'yana pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag Massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Calciogadolinite-(Y) from Tat'yana pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag Massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag, Mongolia
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Galenobismutite
Formula: PbBi2S4
Locality: Bayan Uul Mine, Mörön Soum, Töv Aimag, Mongolia
'Garnet'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Tumurtiin Ovoo Zn deposit (Tomortiin Ovoo; Tumurtijn-ovoo), Baruun-Urt, Sühbaatar Aimag (Sükhbaatar Aimag), Mongolia
Khunkher, Govi-Altay Aimag (Govi-Altai Aimag; Gobi-Altay Aimag), Mongolia
Lamachaolutu Cu-Mo deposit, Dornod Aimag, Mongolia
Saerxite Pb-Zn-Ag deposit, Dornod Aimag, Mongolia
Gaylussite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Locality: Taboos-nor (Salt Lake), Eastern Gobi Desert, Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Genthelvite
Formula: Zn4(Be3Si3O12)S
Localities: Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tat'yana pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag Massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Genthelvite from Tat'yana pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag Massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag, Mongolia
Gerenite-(Y)
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(Y,REE)3Si6O18 · 2H2O
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Gerenite-(Y) from Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag, Mongolia
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Localities: Asgat Ag-Sb deposit, Asgat-Ozernoe zone, Yustid ore cluster, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
Tolbonur Ag-Sb-Cu-Pb-Zn deposit, Tolbonur ore cluster, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
Sagsai Cu-Ag-Hg-Sb occurrence, Tolbonur ore cluster, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
Gittinsite
Formula: CaZrSi2O7
Localities: Khan Bogdo Massif (Khan-Bogdinskii), Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Khaldzan Buregte deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Gittinsite from Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag, Mongolia
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Gold var: Electrum
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Locality: Tsav, Dornod Aimag, Mongolia
Graphite
Formula: C
Locality: Jalanash meteorite, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Locality: Tsav, Dornod Aimag, Mongolia
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Locality: Tumurtiin Ovoo Zn deposit (Tomortiin Ovoo; Tumurtijn-ovoo), Baruun-Urt, Sühbaatar Aimag (Sükhbaatar Aimag), Mongolia
Gudmundite
Formula: FeSbS
Locality: Asgat Ag-Sb deposit, Asgat-Ozernoe zone, Yustid ore cluster, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Mushgai Khudag carbonatite complex (Mushgai Hudag; Mushugai Khuduk; Mushugay Khuduk), Shara Hulasa Hiid, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Tsagaan Suvarga ore field (Tsagaan Suvarguin ore field; Tsagan Suburga ore field), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Erdenet Mine (Erdenetiin Ovoo Mine), Erdenet, Orhon Aimag (Orkhon Aimag), Mongolia
Bulgin Shiver Cu deposit, Davst, Uvs Aimag, Mongolia
Hugo Dummett Cu-Au deposit (North Oyu Cu-Au deposit), Oyu Tolgoi Cu-Au ore field (Turquoise Hill Cu-Au ore field), Erdenetsogt, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Photo: Gypsum from Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Locality: Bulgin Shiver Cu deposit, Davst, Uvs Aimag, Mongolia
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Locality: Naran massif, Khan-Taishirin-Ula range, Dzavhan Aimag (Zavkhan Aimag), Mongolia
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Localities: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Lugeengol REE deposit (Lugin Gol; Lugin Gel), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Martite
Localities: Khunkher, Govi-Altay Aimag (Govi-Altai Aimag; Gobi-Altay Aimag), Mongolia
Tsav, Dornod Aimag, Mongolia
Hematite var: Specularite
Locality: Oyu Tolgoi Cu-Au ore field (Turquoise Hill Cu-Au ore field), Erdenetsogt, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Locality: Tsagaan Suvarga Cu-Mo deposit, Tsagaan Suvarga ore field (Tsagaan Suvarguin ore field; Tsagan Suburga ore field), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Hingganite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Localities: Neprimetnyi pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag Massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Pseudomorphosed pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tat'yana pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag Massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Hingganite-(Ce) from Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag, Mongolia
Hingganite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Localities: Pseudomorphosed pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tat'yana pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag Massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Hingganite-(Y) from Tat'yana pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag Massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag, Mongolia
'Hollingworthite-Irarsite Series'
Localities: Burgustain Gol (Burgustain River), Uvs Aimag, Mongolia
Iljgen Gol (Iljgen River), Uvs Aimag, Mongolia
'Hornblende'
Locality: South Oyu deposit, Oyu Tolgoi Cu-Au ore field (Turquoise Hill Cu-Au ore field), Erdenetsogt, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
'Hydroastrophyllite'
Formula: (H3O,K,Ca)3(Fe,Mn)5-65Ti2Si8(O,OH)31
Locality: Dorozhnyi pegmatite, Khan Bogdo Massif (Khan-Bogdinskii), Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Photo: © Reiner Mielke. Hydroastrophyllite from Khan Bogdo Massif, Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Locality: Naran massif, Khan-Taishirin-Ula range, Dzavhan Aimag (Zavkhan Aimag), Mongolia
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Hydromagnesite from Naran massif, Khan-Taishirin-Ula range, Dzavhan Aimag, Mongolia
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Localities: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Mushgai Khudag carbonatite complex (Mushgai Hudag; Mushugai Khuduk; Mushugay Khuduk), Shara Hulasa Hiid, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)(CO3)(OH,F)
Localities: Tat'yana pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag Massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
'Hydroxyplumbopyrochlore' (TL)
Formula: (Pb,Ca)2-x(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH)
Type Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Reference: Kartashov P.M., Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovsky Ya.A. (1992) On plumbopyrochlore from Western Mongólia. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, 322, p. 1137-1140. (in Rus.).
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Hydroxyplumbopyrochlore from Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag, Mongolia
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe2+2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Localities: Neprimetnyi pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag Massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tat'yana pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag Massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Irarsite
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Locality: Naran massif, Khan-Taishirin-Ula range, Dzavhan Aimag (Zavkhan Aimag), Mongolia
Isoferroplatinum
Formula: Pt3Fe
Localities: Burgustain Gol (Burgustain River), Uvs Aimag, Mongolia
Iljgen Gol (Iljgen River), Uvs Aimag, Mongolia
Jacobsite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Locality: Tumurtiin Ovoo Zn deposit (Tomortiin Ovoo; Tumurtijn-ovoo), Baruun-Urt, Sühbaatar Aimag (Sükhbaatar Aimag), Mongolia
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Zalaa Uul Au deposit, Bayan Suma, Khentii Aimag (Hentiy Aimag), Mongolia
Erdenet Mine (Erdenetiin Ovoo Mine), Erdenet, Orhon Aimag (Orkhon Aimag), Mongolia
Kainosite-(Y)
Formula: Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Localities: Neprimetnyi pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag Massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Pseudomorphosed pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Kainosite-(Y) from Pseudomorphosed pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag, Mongolia
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Lugeengol REE deposit (Lugin Gol; Lugin Gel), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Mushgai Khudag carbonatite complex (Mushgai Hudag; Mushugai Khuduk; Mushugay Khuduk), Shara Hulasa Hiid, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Tsagaan Suvarga Cu-Mo deposit, Tsagaan Suvarga ore field (Tsagaan Suvarguin ore field; Tsagan Suburga ore field), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
South Oyu deposit, Oyu Tolgoi Cu-Au ore field (Turquoise Hill Cu-Au ore field), Erdenetsogt, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Lamachaolutu Cu-Mo deposit, Dornod Aimag, Mongolia
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Locality: Avdar Tolgoi Cu deposit, Ereentsav, Dornod Aimag, Mongolia
'Kovalenkoite' (TL)
Formula: (K,Sr,Ba)2Ca5Nb12[Si8O52(O,OH)] · 15H2O
Type Locality: Dorozhnyi pegmatite, Khan Bogdo Massif (Khan-Bogdinskii), Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Reference: M.I. Novgorodova ( red.)(2006) Minerals of Mongolia, - Fersman Mineralogical Museum, Moscow, p. 352 (in Rus.)
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Kovalenkoite from Dorozhnyi pegmatite, Khan Bogdo Massif, Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Locality: Modoto (Bain Mod; Bajan Mod), Modotin, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Landauite
Formula: NaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38
Locality: Khan Bogdo Massif (Khan-Bogdinskii), Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Laurite
Formula: RuS2
Locality: Naran massif, Khan-Taishirin-Ula range, Dzavhan Aimag (Zavkhan Aimag), Mongolia
Lead
Formula: Pb
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Lepidolite
Localities: Unchzhul massif, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Janchivlan complex, Janchivlan, Nailakh Soum, Töv Aimag, Mongolia
'Limonite'
Formula: FeO(OH) · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Locality: Naran massif, Khan-Taishirin-Ula range, Dzavhan Aimag (Zavkhan Aimag), Mongolia
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Lizardite from Naran massif, Khan-Taishirin-Ula range, Dzavhan Aimag, Mongolia
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Localities: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Asgat Ag-Sb deposit, Asgat-Ozernoe zone, Yustid ore cluster, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
Tolbonur Ag-Sb-Cu-Pb-Zn deposit, Tolbonur ore cluster, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
Sagsai Cu-Ag-Hg-Sb occurrence, Tolbonur ore cluster, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
Sharabureg Ag-Sb-Cu-Pb-Zn deposit, Tolbonur ore cluster, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
Maghemite
Formula: Fe3+2O3
Locality: Mushgai Khudag carbonatite complex (Mushgai Hudag; Mushugai Khuduk; Mushugay Khuduk), Shara Hulasa Hiid, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Magnesiochromite
Formula: Mg(Cr,Al,Fe)2O4
Locality: Naran massif, Khan-Taishirin-Ula range, Dzavhan Aimag (Zavkhan Aimag), Mongolia
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Magnesiochromite from Naran massif, Khan-Taishirin-Ula range, Dzavhan Aimag, Mongolia
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Localities: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Locality: Shar Tolgoi, Zavkhan Soum, Uvs Aimag, Mongolia
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Asgat Ag-Sb deposit, Asgat-Ozernoe zone, Yustid ore cluster, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
Mongon Ondoriin (Mungun Undur), Umundelger Somon, Khentii Aimag (Hentiy Aimag), Mongolia
Tsagaan Suvarga ore field (Tsagaan Suvarguin ore field; Tsagan Suburga ore field), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Bayan Uul Mine, Mörön Soum, Töv Aimag, Mongolia
Chiyash Nur Hg-Sb occurrence, Tolbonur ore cluster, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
'Melnikovite'
Locality: Asgat Ag-Sb deposit, Asgat-Ozernoe zone, Yustid ore cluster, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Localities: Sagsai Cu-Ag-Hg-Sb occurrence, Tolbonur ore cluster, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
Chiyash Nur Hg-Sb occurrence, Tolbonur ore cluster, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
Microcline
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Photo: © Zbynek Burival. Microcline from Goricho, Gorkhi massif, Töv Aimag, Mongolia
Microcline var: Amazonite
Locality: Janchivlan complex, Janchivlan, Nailakh Soum, Töv Aimag, Mongolia
Microlite Group
Localities: Unchzhul massif, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Urt Gozgor placer, Janchivlan, Nailakh Soum, Töv Aimag, Mongolia
Janchivlan complex, Janchivlan, Nailakh Soum, Töv Aimag, Mongolia
Milarite
Formula: K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Localities: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Khan Bogdo Massif (Khan-Bogdinskii), Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Molybdite
Formula: MoO3
Locality: Undur Tsagaan W-Mo deposit (Ondor Tsagaan), Hentiy, Khentii Aimag (Hentiy Aimag), Mongolia
'Monazite'
Locality: Khan Bogdo Massif (Khan-Bogdinskii), Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Nd,Th)(PO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Mongolite (TL)
Formula: Ca4Nb6Si5O24(OH)10 · nH2O
Type Locality: Dorozhnyi pegmatite, Khan Bogdo Massif (Khan-Bogdinskii), Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Reference: Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva (Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society) (and Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva) (1985): 114, 374-377.
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Mongolite from Dorozhnyi pegmatite, Khan Bogdo Massif, Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Localities: Dorozhnyi pegmatite, Khan Bogdo Massif (Khan-Bogdinskii), Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Khan Bogdo Massif (Khan-Bogdinskii), Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Bayan Uul Mine, Mörön Soum, Töv Aimag, Mongolia
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Localities: Central Oyu deposit, Oyu Tolgoi Cu-Au ore field (Turquoise Hill Cu-Au ore field), Erdenetsogt, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Tsav, Dornod Aimag, Mongolia
Muscovite var: Sericite
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Narsarsukite
Formula: Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Natron
Formula: Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Locality: Unnamed salt lakes, Eastern Gobi Desert, Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Nepheline
Formula: (Na,K)AlSiO4
Localities: Lugeengol REE deposit (Lugin Gol; Lugin Gel), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Mushgai Khudag carbonatite complex (Mushgai Hudag; Mushugai Khuduk; Mushugay Khuduk), Shara Hulasa Hiid, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Neptunite
Formula: Na2KLi(Fe2+,Mn2+)2Ti2(Si8O24)
Localities: Khan Bogdo Massif (Khan-Bogdinskii), Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Dorozhnyi pegmatite, Khan Bogdo Massif (Khan-Bogdinskii), Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Khaldzan Buregte deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Photo: Neptunite from Khan Bogdo Massif, Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Locality: Sagsai Cu-Ag-Hg-Sb occurrence, Tolbonur ore cluster, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
'Olivine'
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2SiO4
Localities: Naran massif, Khan-Taishirin-Ula range, Dzavhan Aimag (Zavkhan Aimag), Mongolia
Jalanash meteorite, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Ulugei, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Khan Bogdo Massif (Khan-Bogdinskii), Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Opal var: Wood Opal
Locality: Ulugei, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Wood Opal from Ulugei, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Orcelite
Formula: Ni5-xAs2
Locality: Naran massif, Khan-Taishirin-Ula range, Dzavhan Aimag (Zavkhan Aimag), Mongolia
Orthoclase
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Locality: Jalanash meteorite, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: Ca(Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
Locality: Lugeengol REE deposit (Lugin Gol; Lugin Gel), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Percleveite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Nd)2Si2O7
Locality: Pseudomorphosed pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Percleveite-(Ce) from Pseudomorphosed pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag, Mongolia
Perrierite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)Fe3+2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Locality: Mushgai Khudag carbonatite complex (Mushgai Hudag; Mushugai Khuduk; Mushugay Khuduk), Shara Hulasa Hiid, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
'Petrified Wood'
Locality: Ulugei, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Photo: © Vitezslav Snasel. Petrified Wood from Mongolia
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Localities: Lugeengol REE deposit (Lugin Gol; Lugin Gel), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Shavaryn Tsaram, Tariat, Hangai highland, Arhangay Aimag, Mongolia
Mushgai Khudag carbonatite complex (Mushgai Hudag; Mushugai Khuduk; Mushugay Khuduk), Shara Hulasa Hiid, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Pigeonite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+,Ca)(Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6
Locality: Jalanash meteorite, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
Platinum
Formula: Pt
Locality: Tarialan mine, Uvs Aimag, Mongolia
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Locality: Boorj, Most Soum, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Locality: Tsav, Dornod Aimag, Mongolia
Polycrase-(Y)
Formula: (Y,U)(Ti,Nb)2O6
Locality: Unchzhul massif, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Polylithionite
Formula: KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Localities: Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Dorozhnyi pegmatite, Khan Bogdo Massif (Khan-Bogdinskii), Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Polylithionite from Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag, Mongolia
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Localities: Tsagaan Suvarga ore field (Tsagaan Suvarguin ore field; Tsagan Suburga ore field), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Erdenet Mine (Erdenetiin Ovoo Mine), Erdenet, Orhon Aimag (Orkhon Aimag), Mongolia
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Localities: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Locality: Tsav, Dornod Aimag, Mongolia
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 49 localities in this region.
Photo: Pyrite from Lugeengol REE deposit, Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Pyrite var: Bravoite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Locality: Sagsai Cu-Ag-Hg-Sb occurrence, Tolbonur ore cluster, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
'Pyrochlore'
Locality: Khaldzan Buregte deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Pyrochlore Group
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Localities: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Shar Tolgoi, Zavkhan Soum, Uvs Aimag, Mongolia
Lugeengol REE deposit (Lugin Gol; Lugin Gel), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Khaldzan Buregte deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Pyrochlore Group var: Ceriopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)
Localities: Pseudomorphosed pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Photo: Ceriopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977) from Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag, Mongolia
Pyrochlore Group var: Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.)
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Pyrochlore Group var: Strontiopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Pyrochlore Group var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Pyrolusite
Formula: MnO2
Localities: Dorozhnyi pegmatite, Khan Bogdo Massif (Khan-Bogdinskii), Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Hukh Tag Mn deposit, Argatay, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Locality: Shavaryn Tsaram, Tariat, Hangai highland, Arhangay Aimag, Mongolia
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2(Si4O10)(OH)2
Localities: Bayan Uul Mine, Mörön Soum, Töv Aimag, Mongolia
Shuteen Cu-Au deposit, Öldziyt, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Hugo Dummett Cu-Au deposit (North Oyu Cu-Au deposit), Oyu Tolgoi Cu-Au ore field (Turquoise Hill Cu-Au ore field), Erdenetsogt, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Central Oyu deposit, Oyu Tolgoi Cu-Au ore field (Turquoise Hill Cu-Au ore field), Erdenetsogt, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
'Pyroxene Group'
Localities: Mushgai Khudag carbonatite complex (Mushgai Hudag; Mushugai Khuduk; Mushugay Khuduk), Shara Hulasa Hiid, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Tumurtiin Ovoo Zn deposit (Tomortiin Ovoo; Tumurtijn-ovoo), Baruun-Urt, Sühbaatar Aimag (Sükhbaatar Aimag), Mongolia
Jalanash meteorite, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS (x = 0 to 0.17)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
Photo: © Vitezslav Snasel. Quartz from Goricho, Gorkhi massif, Töv Aimag, Mongolia
Quartz var: Agate
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Christian Bracke Collection.
Localities: Recorded from at least 1 other locality in this region.
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Agate from Arts Bogdo, Gobi Desert, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Locality: Arts Bogdo (Arz Bogdo), Gobi Desert, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Localities: Modoto (Bain Mod; Bajan Mod), Modotin, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Arts Bogdo (Arz Bogdo), Gobi Desert, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Zalaa Uul Au deposit, Bayan Suma, Khentii Aimag (Hentiy Aimag), Mongolia
Quartz var: Sard
Locality: Arts Bogdo (Arz Bogdo), Gobi Desert, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Sard from Arts Bogdo, Gobi Desert, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Locality: Goricho, Gorkhi massif (Ghorkhi massif), Töv Aimag, Mongolia
Photo: © Zbynek Burival. Smoky Quartz from Goricho, Gorkhi massif, Töv Aimag, Mongolia
Rammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Locality: Sagsai Cu-Ag-Hg-Sb occurrence, Tolbonur ore cluster, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
'Rhabdophane'
Locality: Mushgai Khudag carbonatite complex (Mushgai Hudag; Mushugai Khuduk; Mushugay Khuduk), Shara Hulasa Hiid, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Localities: Tumurtiin Ovoo Zn deposit (Tomortiin Ovoo; Tumurtijn-ovoo), Baruun-Urt, Sühbaatar Aimag (Sükhbaatar Aimag), Mongolia
Tsav, Dornod Aimag, Mongolia
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Localities: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
'Romanite'
Formula: (◻,Pb,Ca)UFe2+2(Ti,Fe3+)6Ti12O38
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Röntgenite-(Ce)
Formula: Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
Localities: Lugeengol REE deposit (Lugin Gol; Lugin Gel), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Rutheniridosmine
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Locality: Naran massif, Khan-Taishirin-Ula range, Dzavhan Aimag (Zavkhan Aimag), Mongolia
Ruthenium
Formula: (Ru,Ir)
Locality: Naran massif, Khan-Taishirin-Ula range, Dzavhan Aimag (Zavkhan Aimag), Mongolia
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Rutile var: Ilmenorutile
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Localities: Shar Tolgoi, Zavkhan Soum, Uvs Aimag, Mongolia
Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Rutile var: Niobian Rutile
Formula: (Ti,Nb)O2
Locality: Shar Tolgoi, Zavkhan Soum, Uvs Aimag, Mongolia
'Sagenite'
Locality: Lugeengol REE deposit (Lugin Gol; Lugin Gel), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Sanidine
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Locality: Shavaryn Tsaram, Tariat, Hangai highland, Arhangay Aimag, Mongolia
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Undur Tsagaan W-Mo deposit (Ondor Tsagaan), Hentiy, Khentii Aimag (Hentiy Aimag), Mongolia
Tsunheg (Tsunkheg), Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
Modoto (Bain Mod; Bajan Mod), Modotin, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Khovd Gol Mine, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
Avdar Tolgoi Cu deposit, Ereentsav, Dornod Aimag, Mongolia
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Locality: Unchzhul massif, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Schorlomite
Formula: Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Locality: Mushgai Khudag carbonatite complex (Mushgai Hudag; Mushugai Khuduk; Mushugay Khuduk), Shara Hulasa Hiid, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Photo: © Grzegorz Słowik. Schorlomite from Lugeengol REE deposit, Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Scorodite
Formula: FeAsO4 · 2H2O
Locality: Modoto (Bain Mod; Bajan Mod), Modotin, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Senaite
Formula: Pb(Ti,Fe,Mn)21O38
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
'Serpentine Group'
Formula: D2[Si2O5](OH)4 + or - nH2O
Locality: Naran massif, Khan-Taishirin-Ula range, Dzavhan Aimag (Zavkhan Aimag), Mongolia
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Siderite var: Manganoan Siderite
Formula: (Fe,Mn)CO3
Locality: Chubu Pb-Zn-Ag deposit, Dornod Aimag, Mongolia
Siderite var: Zincian Siderite
Locality: Chubu Pb-Zn-Ag deposit, Dornod Aimag, Mongolia
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Locality: Modoto (Bain Mod; Bajan Mod), Modotin, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Localities: Ulaan uul, Erdene Sum, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Tsav, Dornod Aimag, Mongolia
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Locality: Saerxite Pb-Zn-Ag deposit, Dornod Aimag, Mongolia
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Locality: Lugeengol REE deposit (Lugin Gol; Lugin Gel), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Locality: Nomgon complex, Nomgon, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Stannite
Formula: Cu2(Fe,Zn)SnS4
Locality: Modoto (Bain Mod; Bajan Mod), Modotin, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Localities: Zalaa Uul Au deposit, Bayan Suma, Khentii Aimag (Hentiy Aimag), Mongolia
Har Tolgoi Pb-Sb-Ag deposit, Nomgon, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Asgat Ag-Sb deposit, Asgat-Ozernoe zone, Yustid ore cluster, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
Chiyash Nur Hg-Sb occurrence, Tolbonur ore cluster, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
Chubu Pb-Zn-Ag deposit, Dornod Aimag, Mongolia
'Stilbite'
Locality: Modoto (Bain Mod; Bajan Mod), Modotin, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Localities: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tat'yana pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag Massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Locality: Lugeengol REE deposit (Lugin Gol; Lugin Gel), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Sulvanite
Formula: Cu3VS4
Locality: Central Oyu deposit, Oyu Tolgoi Cu-Au ore field (Turquoise Hill Cu-Au ore field), Erdenetsogt, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Svanbergite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Locality: Central Oyu deposit, Oyu Tolgoi Cu-Au ore field (Turquoise Hill Cu-Au ore field), Erdenetsogt, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: Ca(Ce,La)(CO3)2F
Localities: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Khan Bogdo Massif (Khan-Bogdinskii), Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Lugeengol REE deposit (Lugin Gol; Lugin Gel), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Dorozhnyi pegmatite, Khan Bogdo Massif (Khan-Bogdinskii), Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Photo: Synchysite-(Ce) from Lugeengol REE deposit, Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Synchysite-(Y)
Formula: Ca(Y,Ce)(CO3)2F
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Talc
Formula: Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Locality: Janchivlan complex, Janchivlan, Nailakh Soum, Töv Aimag, Mongolia
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: MnTa2O6
Locality: Unchzhul massif, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Localities: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Erdenet Mine (Erdenetiin Ovoo Mine), Erdenet, Orhon Aimag (Orkhon Aimag), Mongolia
Avdar Tolgoi Cu deposit, Ereentsav, Dornod Aimag, Mongolia
Tsagaan Suvarga Cu-Mo deposit, Tsagaan Suvarga ore field (Tsagaan Suvarguin ore field; Tsagan Suburga ore field), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Central Oyu deposit, Oyu Tolgoi Cu-Au ore field (Turquoise Hill Cu-Au ore field), Erdenetsogt, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Localities: Bayan Uul Mine, Mörön Soum, Töv Aimag, Mongolia
Kharmagtai Cu deposit, Öldzeyte Suma, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Saran Uul prospect, Bodi, Bayanhongor Aimag, Mongolia
Shand Cu-Mo deposit, Erdenet, Bulgan Aimag, Mongolia
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Localities: Oyu Tolgoi Cu-Au ore field (Turquoise Hill Cu-Au ore field), Erdenetsogt, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Tsagaan Suvarga ore field (Tsagaan Suvarguin ore field; Tsagan Suburga ore field), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Localities: Lugeengol REE deposit (Lugin Gol; Lugin Gel), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Mushgai Khudag carbonatite complex (Mushgai Hudag; Mushugai Khuduk; Mushugay Khuduk), Shara Hulasa Hiid, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Thorite
Formula: (Th,U)SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Thorite var: Ferrithorite
Formula: (Th,Fe3+)[Si(O,OH)4]
Localities: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Khatuugiin thorite occurrence, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Ferrithorite from Khatuugiin thorite occurrence, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag, Mongolia
Thorite var: Orangite
Localities: Urt Gozgor placer, Janchivlan, Nailakh Soum, Töv Aimag, Mongolia
Janchivlan complex, Janchivlan, Nailakh Soum, Töv Aimag, Mongolia
Tin
Formula: Sn
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Todorokite
Formula: (Ca,K,Na,Mg,Ba,Mn)(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3H2O
Locality: Hukh Tag Mn deposit, Argatay, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Photo: © Zbynek Burival. Topaz from Goricho, Gorkhi massif, Töv Aimag, Mongolia
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Tuhualite
Formula: (Na,K)2Fe2Fe2Si12O30 · H2O
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Locality: Erdenet Mine (Erdenetiin Ovoo Mine), Erdenet, Orhon Aimag (Orkhon Aimag), Mongolia
Photo: © Andrey Gorshkov. Turquoise from Erdenet Mine, Erdenet, Orhon Aimag, Mongolia
'UM1983-03-As:NiRh'
Formula: RhNiAs
Locality: Naran massif, Khan-Taishirin-Ula range, Dzavhan Aimag (Zavkhan Aimag), Mongolia
'Unnamed (HBU UK-1)'
Formula: Ca(Ce,La)(CO3)2(OH)
Locality: Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
'Unnamed (HBU UK-2)'
Formula: (Y,Ca)2(Zr,Fe)5Si10O32
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
'Unnamed (HBU UK-3)'
Formula: (Na,Ca,K)3(Sr,Ba)3(Zr,Fe,Mn)4Si12O36(OH) · nH2O
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Unnamed (HBU UK-3) from Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag, Mongolia
'Unnamed (HBU UK-4)'
Formula: NaFe2+Zn2(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)6Ti12O38
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Unnamed (HBU UK-4) from Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag, Mongolia
'Unnamed (HBU UK-5)'
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
'Unnamed (HBU UK-6)'
Formula: Ca(Y,REE)3Si2O7F4(OH)
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Unnamed (HBU UK-6) from Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag, Mongolia
'Unnamed (Rh-Cu Sulphide)'
Formula: (Rh,Pt,Ir)0.51(Cu,Fe,Ni)0.41S
Locality: Burgustain Gol (Burgustain River), Uvs Aimag, Mongolia
'Varlamoffite'
Formula: (Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Locality: Modoto (Bain Mod; Bajan Mod), Modotin, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Locality: Tumurtiin Ovoo Zn deposit (Tomortiin Ovoo; Tumurtijn-ovoo), Baruun-Urt, Sühbaatar Aimag (Sükhbaatar Aimag), Mongolia
Wilkinsonite
Formula: Na2Fe2+4Fe3+2(Si6O18)O2
Locality: Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Wilkinsonite from Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag, Mongolia
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Wodginite
Formula: Mn(Sn,Ta)Ta2O8
Locality: Unchzhul massif, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Locality: Mushgai Khudag carbonatite complex (Mushgai Hudag; Mushugai Khuduk; Mushugay Khuduk), Shara Hulasa Hiid, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Localities: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Khan Bogdo Massif (Khan-Bogdinskii), Gobi Desert, Mongolia
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Locality: Saerxite Pb-Zn-Ag deposit, Dornod Aimag, Mongolia
'Xenotime'
Locality: Urt Gozgor placer, Janchivlan, Nailakh Soum, Töv Aimag, Mongolia
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Localities: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Shar Tolgoi, Zavkhan Soum, Uvs Aimag, Mongolia
Tat'yana pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag Massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Tsakhirin Khuduk Y-Zr-Nb deposit, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Lugeengol REE deposit (Lugin Gol; Lugin Gel), Hövsgöl, Dornogovi Aimag, Mongolia
Yttrialite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Th)2Si2O7
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Yttrialite-(Y) from Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag, Mongolia
Zeolite Group
Locality: Erdenet Mine (Erdenetiin Ovoo Mine), Erdenet, Orhon Aimag (Orkhon Aimag), Mongolia
Zinc
Formula: Zn
Locality: Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag), Mongolia
Zinkenite
Formula: Pb9Sb22S42
Locality: Asgat Ag-Sb deposit, Asgat-Ozernoe zone, Yustid ore cluster, Bayan Ölgiy Aimag, Mongolia
'Zinnwaldite'
Formula: KLiFe2+Al(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Locality: Greisen occurrences, Janchivlan complex, Janchivlan, Nailakh Soum, Töv Aimag, Mongolia
Photo: © Vitezslav Snasel. Zinnwaldite from Hutag Ull Ord, Khentii Aimag, Mongolia
Zircon
Formula: ZrSiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Photo: © Pavel M. Kartashov. Zircon from Pseudomorphosed pegmatite, Mount Ulyn Khuren, Khaldzan Buragtag massif, Altai Mts, Hovd Aimag, Mongolia
Zircon var: Cyrtolite
Formula: Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Locality: Janchivlan complex, Janchivlan, Nailakh Soum, Töv Aimag, Mongolia
Zircon var: Malacon
Locality: Janchivlan complex, Janchivlan, Nailakh Soum, Töv Aimag, Mongolia
Zunyite
Formula: Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Localities: Hugo Dummett Cu-Au deposit (North Oyu Cu-Au deposit), Oyu Tolgoi Cu-Au ore field (Turquoise Hill Cu-Au ore field), Erdenetsogt, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Central Oyu deposit, Oyu Tolgoi Cu-Au ore field (Turquoise Hill Cu-Au ore field), Erdenetsogt, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia
Zunyite var: Dillnite
Locality: Oyu Tolgoi Cu-Au ore field (Turquoise Hill Cu-Au ore field), Erdenetsogt, Ömnögovi Aimag, Mongolia


340 entries listed. 252 valid minerals. 4 type localities (valid minerals). 2 type localities (others).

References

Dergunov, A.B. (2001): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Mongolia. Routledge, London & New York, 288 pp

Badarch G, Cunningham WD, Windley BF (2002) A new terrane subdivision for Mongolia: implications for the Phanerozoic crustal growth of central Asia. J Asian Earth Sci 20: 87–100

Richard Goldfarb (2005) Geodynamics and Metallogeny of Mongolia with a Special Emphasis on Copper and Gold Deposits.: R. Seltmann, O. Gerel, and D. Kirwin, Editors. 225 Pp. Centre for Russian and Central Eurasian Mineral Studies, IAGOD Guidebook Series 11. London. 2005.

Minerals of Mongolia,- under red. M.I.Novgorodova, Fersman Mineralogical Museum,Moscow, (2006), p. 352 (in Rus.)

Mironov, Yu. B. (2006): Uranium of Mongolia. English Ed., IAGOD monograph, 230 pp.

Lchamsuren, Ž. (2011): Mongol orny erdes, azigt maltmal [Minerals of Mongolia]. "Munchijn Useg", Ulan-Bator, Mongolia, 130 pp. (in Mongolian).

External Links

- http://www.mram.gov.mn/ [Mineral Resources Authority of Mongolia]

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