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Billie Mine (Billie group; Ryan Mine; Billie I Mine; Billie II Mine), Ryan, Furnace Creek District (Furnace Creek Borate District; Death Valley Area Borate Deposits; Ryan area), Inyo Co., California, USA

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Detailed Mineral List:
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 27: 35-40.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 27: 35-40.
Photo: © 2001 John H. Betts. Celestine from Billie Mine, Ryan, Furnace Creek District, Inyo Co., California, USA
Colemanite
Formula: Ca[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 20(5): 387; Mineralogical Record: 27: 35-40.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Photo: © . Colemanite from Billie Mine, Ryan, Furnace Creek District, Inyo Co., California, USA
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 27: 35-40.
Howlite
Formula: Ca2B5SiO9(OH)5
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 27: 35-40.
Probertite
Formula: NaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 27: 35-40.
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 27: 35-40.
Ulexite
Formula: NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Veatchite
Formula: Sr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 27: 35-40.
Photo: © 2008 Jesse Crawford. Veatchite from Billie Mine, Ryan, Furnace Creek District, Inyo Co., California, USA
'Veatchite-1M'
Formula: Sr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey Photographic Library - http://libraryphoto.cr.usgs.gov/cgi-bin/show_picture.cgi?ID=ID.%20BYU%20Mineral%20Specimens%20837
Photo: © 2008, JGW. Veatchite-1M from Billie Mine, Ryan, Furnace Creek District, Inyo Co., California, USA


11 entries listed. 10 valid minerals.

References

McAllister, James Franklin (1970) Geology of the Furnace Creek borate area, Death Valley, Inyo County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology Map Sheet 14, 9 pp.

Evans, J.R., Taylor, G.C., and Rapp, J.S. (1976), Mines and mineral deposits in Death Valley National Monument, California” California Division of Mines and Geology Special Report 125, 61 p.: 28.

Guidebook: Las Vegas to Death Valley and Return (1976), Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology Report 26, Mackay School of Mines, University of Nevada - Reno: 22-32.

California Division of Mines and Geology (1981), Mines & Mineral Producers Active in California during 1980, Special Publication 58: 39.

Barker, C.E., and Barker, J.M. (1985), “A Re-evaluation of the origin and diagenesis of borate deposits, Death Valley, California” in Barker, J.M., and Lefond, S.J., eds., “Borates: Economic Geology and production” New York, American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical and Petroleum Engineers, Inc.: 101-136.

Smith, G.I. (1985), “borate deposits in the United States - dissimilar in form, similar in geologic setting” in Barker, J.M., and Lefond, S.J., eds., Borates: Economic geology and production: New York, American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical and Petroleum Engineers, Inc., p. 37-51.

Mineralogical Record (1989): 20(5): 387.

Harben, P.W., and Bates, R.L. (1990), “Industrial minerals geology and world deposits” London, metal bulletin plc.

O'Driscoll, Mike (1990), “Minerals in the US Southwest - breaking rocks in the hot sun” Industrial Minerals, no. 272, p.59.

Roskill Information Services Ltd. (1993), “The Economics of Boron 1993, 7th ed.” London, Roskill Information Services Ltd., 156 p.

Mineralogical Record (1996): 27: 35-40.

USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10023294 & 10260614.

U.S. Bureau of Mines, Minerals Availability System (MAS) file ID #0060270782.

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