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Littleham Bay, Budleigh Salterton, East Devon, Devon, England, UK
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Detailed Mineral List:
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{(Mg,Fe2+)5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: from XRD and EPMA results - B. Smith
Algodonite
Formula: (Cu1-xAsx)
Reference: from XRD and EPMA results - B. Smith
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Description: Article in the Russell Society newsletter (2000). All have been confirmed by XRD from my own specimens. There are also articles on the Native Copper, etc from Dr. R. K.Harrison et al.
Reference: Brian Craik-Smith collection
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: from XRD and EPMA results - B. Smith
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: XRD from NHM London
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Description: Article in the Russell Society newsletter (2000). All have been confirmed by XRD from my own specimens. There are also articles on the Native Copper, etc from Dr. R. K.Harrison et al.
Reference: Brian Craik-Smith collection
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Milodowski, A.E., Styles, M.T., Horstwood, M.S.A. and Kemp, S.J. 2002. Alteration of uraniferous and native copper concretions in the Permian mudrocks of [Littleham Cove, near Budleigh Salterton] south Devon, United Kingdom: A natural analogue study of the corrosion of copper canisters and radiolysis effects in a repository for spent nuclear fuel
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Description: Article in the Russell Society newsletter (2000). All have been confirmed by XRD from my own specimens. There are also articles on the Native Copper, etc from Dr. R. K.Harrison et al.
Reference: Brian Craik-Smith collection
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Description: Article in the Russell Society newsletter (2000). All have been confirmed by XRD from my own specimens. There are also articles on the Native Copper, etc from Dr. R. K.Harrison et al.
Reference: Brian Craik-Smith collection
Photo: © Richard De Nul. Calcite from Littleham Bay, Budleigh Salterton, East Devon, Devon, England, UK
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Milodowski, A.E., Styles, M.T., Horstwood, M.S.A. and Kemp, S.J. 2002. Alteration of uraniferous and native copper concretions in the Permian mudrocks of [Littleham Cove, near Budleigh Salterton] south Devon, United Kingdom: A natural analogue study of the corrosion of copper canisters and radiolysis effects in a repository for spent nuclear fuel
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Description: Article in the Russell Society newsletter (2000). All have been confirmed by XRD from my own specimens. There are also articles on the Native Copper, etc from Dr. R. K.Harrison et al.
Reference: Brian Craik-Smith collection
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Description: Article in the Russell Society newsletter (2000). All have been confirmed by XRD from my own specimens. There are also articles on the Native Copper, etc from Dr. R. K.Harrison et al.
Reference: Brian Craik-Smith collection
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Milodowski, A.E., Styles, M.T., Horstwood, M.S.A. and Kemp, S.J. 2002. Alteration of uraniferous and native copper concretions in the Permian mudrocks of [Littleham Cove, near Budleigh Salterton] south Devon, United Kingdom: A natural analogue study of the corrosion of copper canisters and radiolysis effects in a repository for spent nuclear fuel
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Reference: By EPMA at UCL 23/10/08
Coffinite
Formula: (U4+,Th)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Reference: Brian Craik-Smith collection
Copper
Formula: Cu
Description: Article in the Russell Society newsletter (2000). All have been confirmed by XRD from my own specimens. There are also articles on the Native Copper, etc from Dr. R. K.Harrison et al.
Reference: Brian Craik-Smith collection
Photo: © . Copper from Littleham Bay, Budleigh Salterton, East Devon, Devon, England, UK
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Description: Article in the Russell Society newsletter (2000). All have been confirmed by XRD from my own specimens. There are also articles on the Native Copper, etc from Dr. R. K.Harrison et al.
Reference: Brian Craik-Smith collection
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Description: Article in the Russell Society newsletter (2000). All have been confirmed by XRD from my own specimens. There are also articles on the Native Copper, etc from Dr. R. K.Harrison et al.
Reference: Brian Craik-Smith collection
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Description: Article in the Russell Society newsletter (2000). All have been confirmed by XRD from my own specimens. There are also articles on the Native Copper, etc from Dr. R. K.Harrison et al.
Reference: Brian Craik-Smith collection
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: Brian Craik-Smith collection
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: from XRD and EPMA results - B. Smith
Domeykite
Formula: Cu3As
Reference: from XRD and EPMA results - B. Smith
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Description: Article in the Russell Society newsletter (2000). All have been confirmed by XRD from my own specimens. There are also articles on the Native Copper, etc from Dr. R. K.Harrison et al.
Reference: Brian Craik-Smith collection; Minerals of the World MSN community messageboard
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: from XRD and EPMA results - B. Smith
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Brian Craik-Smith collection
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Technical Report TR-02-09 (March 2002) Alteration of uraniferous and native copper concretions in the Permian mudrocks of south Devon, United Kingdom - A E Milodowski et al
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: from XRD and EPMA results - B. Smith
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Brian Craik-Smith collection
Huemulite
Formula: Na4Mg(V10O28) · 24H2O
Reference: Brian Craik-Smith collection (NHM London XRD ID)
Langisite
Formula: (Co,Ni)As
Reference: from XRD and EPMA results - B. Smith
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Reference: Minerals of the World MSN community messageboard; R. S. W. Braithwaite and J. R. Knight (1990) Rare Minerals, Including Several New to Britain, in Supergene Alteration of U-Cu-As-Bi-Co Mineralisation Near Dalbeattie, South Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine 54:129-131.
'Limonite'
Formula: FeO(OH) · nH2O
Reference: Brian Craik-Smith collection
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Description: Article in the Russell Society newsletter (2000). All have been confirmed by XRD from my own specimens. There are also articles on the Native Copper, etc from Dr. R. K.Harrison et al.
Reference: Brian Craik-Smith collection
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Description: Article in the Russell Society newsletter (2000). All have been confirmed by XRD from my own specimens. There are also articles on the Native Copper, etc from Dr. R. K.Harrison et al.
Reference: Brian Craik-Smith collection
Metatyuyamunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
Reference: [Specimen in J.Ralph collection]
Molybdomenite
Formula: PbSeO3
Reference: Technical Report TR-02-09 (March 2002) Alteration of uraniferous and native copper concretions in the Permian mudrocks of south Devon, United Kingdom - A E Milodowski et al
Montroseite
Formula: (V3+,Fe3+)O(OH)
Reference: Brian Craik-Smith collection
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Description: Article in the Russell Society newsletter (2000). All have been confirmed by XRD from my own specimens. There are also articles on the Native Copper, etc from Dr. R. K.Harrison et al.
Reference: Brian Craik-Smith collection
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Description: Article in the Russell Society newsletter (2000). All have been confirmed by XRD from my own specimens. There are also articles on the Native Copper, etc from Dr. R. K.Harrison et al.
Reference: Brian Craik-Smith collection
Paramelaconite
Formula: Cu2Cu2O3
Reference: Technical Report TR-02-09 (March 2002) Alteration of uraniferous and native copper concretions in the Permian mudrocks of south Devon, United Kingdom - A E Milodowski et al
Paramontroseite
Formula: V4+O2
Reference: Brian Craik-Smith collection
Pararammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Reference: Technical Report TR-02-09 (March 2002) Alteration of uraniferous and native copper concretions in the Permian mudrocks of south Devon, United Kingdom - A E Milodowski et al
Pascoite
Formula: Ca3(V10O28) · 17H2O
Reference: [R.Tayler, pers.comm.]
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: Technical Report TR-02-09 (March 2002) Alteration of uraniferous and native copper concretions in the Permian mudrocks of south Devon, United Kingdom - A E Milodowski et al
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Technical Report TR-02-09 (March 2002) Alteration of uraniferous and native copper concretions in the Permian mudrocks of south Devon, United Kingdom - A E Milodowski et al
Pyrolusite
Formula: MnO2
Description: Article in the Russell Society newsletter (2000). All have been confirmed by XRD from my own specimens. There are also articles on the Native Copper, etc from Dr. R. K.Harrison et al.
Reference: Brian Craik-Smith collection
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS (x = 0 to 0.17)
Reference: Milodowski, A.E., Styles, M.T., Horstwood, M.S.A. and Kemp, S.J. 2002. Alteration of uraniferous and native copper concretions in the Permian mudrocks of [Littleham Cove, near Budleigh Salterton] south Devon, United Kingdom: A natural analogue study of the corrosion of copper canisters and radiolysis effects in a repository for spent nuclear fuel
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Brian Craik-Smith collection
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Milodowski, A.E., Styles, M.T., Horstwood, M.S.A. and Kemp, S.J. 2002. Alteration of uraniferous and native copper concretions in the Permian mudrocks of [Littleham Cove, near Budleigh Salterton] south Devon, United Kingdom: A natural analogue study of the corrosion of copper canisters and radiolysis effects in a repository for spent nuclear fuel
Rammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Description: Article in the Russell Society newsletter (2000). All have been confirmed by XRD from my own specimens. There are also articles on the Native Copper, etc from Dr. R. K.Harrison et al.
Reference: Brian Craik-Smith collection
Roscoelite
Formula: K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Description: Article in the Russell Society newsletter (2000). All have been confirmed by XRD from my own specimens. There are also articles on the Native Copper, etc from Dr. R. K.Harrison et al.
Reference: Brian Craik-Smith collection
Sanidine
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Pers Comm; from XRD and EPMA results - B. Smith
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Brian Craik-Smith collection
Silver
Formula: Ag
Description: Article in the Russell Society newsletter (2000). All have been confirmed by XRD from my own specimens. There are also articles on the Native Copper, etc from Dr. R. K.Harrison et al.
Reference: Brian Craik-Smith collection
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: from XRD and EPMA results - B. Smith
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Description: Article in the Russell Society newsletter (2000). All have been confirmed by XRD from my own specimens. There are also articles on the Native Copper, etc from Dr. R. K.Harrison et al.
Reference: Brian Craik-Smith collection; from XRD and EPMA results - B. Smith
Trona
Formula: Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Description: Article in the Russell Society newsletter (2000). All have been confirmed by XRD from my own specimens. There are also articles on the Native Copper, etc from Dr. R. K.Harrison et al.
Reference: Brian Craik-Smith collection
Tyuyamunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Description: Article in the Russell Society newsletter (2000). All have been confirmed by XRD from my own specimens. There are also articles on the Native Copper, etc from Dr. R. K.Harrison et al.
Reference: Brian Craik-Smith collection
Photo: © Richard De Nul. Tyuyamunite from Littleham Bay, Budleigh Salterton, East Devon, Devon, England, UK
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Brian Craik-Smith collection
Vésigniéite
Formula: BaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Reference: from XRD and EPMA results - B. Smith
Volborthite
Formula: Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Reference: from XRD and EPMA results - B. Smith


61 entries listed. 57 valid minerals.

References

Carter, G. E. L.,'An occurrence of vanadiferous nodules in the Permian beds of south Devon,(1931), Vol. 22, p609-613.
- Article in the Russell Society newsletter (2000).
- “The uranium-thorium and rare earth element geochemistry of reduction nodules from Budleigh Salterton, Devon” (University of Bristol).
Proceedings of the Ussher Society, 8 (1994), 214-218.
- Milodowski, A.E., Styles, M.T., Horstwood, M.S.A. and Kemp, S.J. 2002. Alteration of uraniferous and native copper concretions in the Permian mudrocks of [Littleham Cove, near Budleigh Salterton] south Devon, United Kingdom: A natural analogue study of the corrosion of copper canisters and radiolysis effects in a repository for spent nuclear fuel. By A. E. Milodowski, M. T. Styles, M. S. A. Horstwood and S. J. Kemp of the British Geological Survey, Keyworth, Nottingham, March 2002. Technical Report, TR-02-09 for SKB, Svensk Karnbranslehantering AB, Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co., Stockholm, Sweden.

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