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Khibiny Massif, Kola Peninsula, Murmanskaja Oblast', Northern Region, Russia

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Panorama of NE side of Khibiny massif, view from Lovozero massif

Khibiny Massif, Kola Peninsula, Murmanskaja Oblast', Northern Region, Russia
Central part of Khibiny massif - Tuliok river valley.

Khibiny Massif, Kola Peninsula, Murmanskaja Oblast', Northern Region, Russia
The Russian mineralogist A. P. Khomyakov in Khibina

Khibiny Massif, Kola Peninsula, Murmanskaja Oblast', Northern Region, Russia
Panorama of NE side of Khibiny massif, view from Lovozero massif

Khibiny Massif, Kola Peninsula, Murmanskaja Oblast', Northern Region, Russia
Central part of Khibiny massif - Tuliok river valley.

Khibiny Massif, Kola Peninsula, Murmanskaja Oblast', Northern Region, Russia
The Russian mineralogist A. P. Khomyakov in Khibina

Khibiny Massif, Kola Peninsula, Murmanskaja Oblast', Northern Region, Russia
Panorama of NE side of Khibiny massif, view from Lovozero massif

Khibiny Massif, Kola Peninsula, Murmanskaja Oblast', Northern Region, Russia
Central part of Khibiny massif - Tuliok river valley.

Khibiny Massif, Kola Peninsula, Murmanskaja Oblast', Northern Region, Russia
 

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification
Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
Moissanite1.DA.SiC
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltpentlandite2.BB.15(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Edgarite2.DB.25FeNb3S6
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Jaipurite2.CC.05CoS
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3-x
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Tungstenite2.EA.30WS2
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Westerveldite2.CC.15(Fe,Ni,Co)As
Group 3 - Halides
Cryolite3.CB.15Na2NaAlF6
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Aeschynite-(Ce)4.DF.05(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Belyankinite4.FM.25Ca1-2(Ti,Nb)5O12 · 9H2O (?)
'Brookite'4.DD.10TiO2
'Calzirtite'4.DL.10CaZr3TiO9
'Cassiterite'4.DB.05SnO2
'Chromite'4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
'Corundum'4.CB.05Al2O3
'Cristobalite'4.DA.15SiO2
'Eskolaite'4.CB.05Cr2O3
'Gerasimovskite'4.FM.25(Mn,Ca)(Nb,Ti)5O12 · 9H2O
'Hercynite'4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
'Hollandite' ?4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
'Ilmenite'4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Loparite-(Ce)4.CC.35(Na,Ce,Ca,Sr,Th)(Ti,Nb,Fe)O3
var: Nioboloparite4.CC.35(Na,Ce,Ca,Sr,Th)(Ti,Nb,Fe)O3
Manganbelyankinite4.FM.25(Mn,Ca)(Ti,Nb)5O12 · 9H2O
Molybdite4.E0.10MoO3
Pyrolusite4.DB.05MnO2
Pyrophanite4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.DB.05Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Zirconolite4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
var: Polymignite4.DH.30(Ca,Fe,Y,Th)(Nb,Ti,Ta,Zr)O4
Zirkelite4.DL.05(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Alstonite5.AB.35BaCa(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
'Calcioancylite-(Ce)'5.DC.05(Ce,Ca,Sr)Ce(CO3)(OH,H2O)
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Manganoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Cebaite-(Ce)5.BD.15Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
Eitelite5.AC.05Na2Mg(CO3)2
Gaylussite5.CB.35Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Huanghoite-(Ce)5.BD.35BaCe(CO3)2F
Hydrotalcite5.DA.50Mg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Ikaite ?5.CB.25CaCO3 · 6H2O
Kalicinite5.AA.20KHCO3
Kutnohorite5.AB.10Ca(Mn,Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Parisite-(Ce)5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
var: Manganoan Siderite5.AB.05(Fe,Mn)CO3
Vaterite5.AB.20CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
'Fergusonite-(Y)'7.GA.05YNbO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Lanarkite7.BD.40Pb2(SO4)O
Melanterite7.CB.35FeSO4 · 7H2O
Rozenite7.CB.15FeSO4 · 4H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorstrophite8.BN.05SrCaSr3(PO4)3F
Nahpoite8.AD.05Na2HPO4
Svanbergite8.BL.05SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Agrellite9.DH.75NaCa2Si4O10F
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Bafertisite ?9.BE.55Ba2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O72O2(OH)2F2
Berthierine9.ED.15(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryllite ?9.AE.05Be3(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Bornemanite ?9.BE.50Na6BaTi2Nb(Si2O7)2(PO4)O2(OH)F
Chevkinite-(Ce)9.BE.70(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Chondrodite9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Cuspidine9.BE.17Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Gadolinite-(Ce)9.AJ.20(Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Glaucochroite9.AC.05CaMn2+SiO4
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Halloysite9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Harmotome9.GC.10(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Haüyne9.FB.10(Na,Ca)4-8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,Cl)1-2
Hydroastrophyllite9.DC.05(H3O,K,Ca)3(Fe,Mn)5-65Ti2Si8(O,OH)31
Ilímaussite-(Ce) ?9.CB.15(Na,K)7-8(Ba,K)10Ce5(Nb,Ti)6(Si3O9)4(Si9O18)O6(O,OH)24
Janhaugite9.BE.17(Na,Ca)3(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(Ti,Zr,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kazakovite9.CJ.15aNa6Mn2+Ti(Si6O18)
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Leucosphenite9.DP.15BaNa4Ti2B2Si10O30
Lintisite9.DB.15LiNa3Ti2(Si2O6)2O2 · 2H2O
Manganokukisvumite9.DB.20Na6MnTi4(Si8O24)O4 · 4H2O
Meliphanite9.DP.05(Ca,Na)2(Be,Al)[Si2O6(OH,F)]
Monticellite9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Nepheline9.FA.05(Na,K)AlSiO4
Nordite-(Ce)9.DO.15(Ce,La)(Sr,Ca)Na2(Na,Mn)(Zn,Mg)Si6O17
Nosean9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Paragonite9.EC.15NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Parakuzmenkoite-Fe9.CE.30g(K,Ba)4Fe(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 14H2O
Perrierite-(Ce)9.BE.70Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Pyrosmalite-(Fe)9.EE.10Fe2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Raite9.EE.55Na4Mn2+3Ti0.25Si8O20(OH)2 · 10H2O
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Schorlomite9.AD.25Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Seidite-(Ce)9.DJ.20Na4(Ce,Sr)2Ti[(O,OH,F)5|Si8O18(OH)] · 5H2O
Sekaninaite9.CJ.10(Fe,Mg)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Stilpnomelane9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Stronalsite9.FA.60Na2SrAl4Si4O16
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Åkermanite9.BB.10Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Unclassified Minerals
'Biotite'-
'Gmelinite'-(Na, Ca, K)2-4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
'Hydromuscovite'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Melilite Group-Ca2M(XSiO7)
Phillipsite-
Psilomelane-
Pyrochlore Supergroup-A2-mB2X6-wY1-n
'var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'-A2-mB2X6-wY1-n
Smectite Group-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Spodiophyllite-(Na,K)4(Mg,Fe2+)3(Fe3+,Al)2(Si8O24)
Tetranatrolite-
UM1983-12-S:CuFe-Cu2FeS3

References

Fersman A.E. Smol'yaninov N.A., Bonshtedt E.M. (1937) Minerals of Khibinskih and Lovozerskih tundras, - Moskow-Leningrad, AN SSSR publishers, p.563 (in Rus.)

Minakov, F.V., Dudkin, O.B., and Kamanev, E.A. (1981) The Khibiny carbonatite complex. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 259: 58-60 (in Russian).

Khomyakov, A. P. (1995): Mineralogy of hyperagpaitic alkaline rocks. Clarendon Press, Oxford, 223 pp.

Goryainov, P.M., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., and Yakovenchuk, V.N. (1998) Tectonic percolation zones in the Khibiny massif: morphology, geochemistry, and genesis. Izv. Phys. Solid Earth: 34: 822-827.

Zaitsev, A.N., Wall, F., and Le Bas, M.J. (1998) REE-Sr-Ba minerals from the Khibina carbonatites, Kola Peninsula, Russia: their mineralogy, paragenesis and evolution. Mineralogical Magazine: 62: 225-250.

Mitchell, R. H., & Chakhmouradian, A. R. (1998). Th-rich loparite from the Khibina alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula: isomorphism and paragenesis. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(3), 341-353.

Yakovenchuk, V. N., Ivanyuk, G., Pakhomovsky, Y. & Men'shikov, Y. (2005): Khibiny. Apatity & London (Laplandia Minerals in association with the Mineral. Soc. of GB & Ireland), 468 pp.

Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Corundum-Group Minerals in Rocks of the Khibiny Alkaline Pluton, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.

Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Mikhailova, Y.A. (2007): Spinel-Group Minerals in Rocks of the Khibiny Alkaline Pluton, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 599-606.

Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Amphiboles of the Khibiny Alkaline Pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.

Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Men’shikov, Y.P., Konopleva, N.G., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Pyroxenes of the Khibiny Alkaline Pluton, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 732-745.


Fersman Mineralogical Museum
Russian Academy of Sciences
Dmitriy Belakovskiy

External Links

http://geo.web.ru/druza/l-Khibiny_0.htm A lot of photos (specimens from different collections) and maps (in Russian)
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm

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