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Chiavennite

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Formula:
CaMnBe2Si5O13(OH)2 · 2H2O
System:
Orthorhombic
Hardness:
3
Member of:
Closely related to IMA2012-039.
See also the related tvedalite.


Classification of Chiavennite

Approved
9.GF.25

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
G : Tektosilicates with zeolitic H2O; zeolite family
F : Other Rare Zeolites
70.5.1.1

70 : INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
5 : Column or Tube Structures with chains linked by Be
14.3.18

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
3 : Silicates of Be
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First Recorded Occurrence of Chiavennite

Year of Discovery:
1983

Physical Properties of Chiavennite

Hardness (Mohs):
3

Crystallography of Chiavennite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.72Å, b = 31.32Å, c = 4.9Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.278 : 1 : 0.156
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,338.24 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
15.77 (100bb)
4.15 (30)
3.93 (30b)
3.82 (30)
3.28 (75)
2.903 (100)
1.944 (30)

Optical Data of Chiavennite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.596 nβ = 1.600 nγ = 1.618
2V:
Measured: 50° , Calculated: 52°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.022
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r < v weak

Chemical Properties of Chiavennite

Formula:
CaMnBe2Si5O13(OH)2 · 2H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Al,Fe,Mg,Ca,Na,K,F,C

Relationship of Chiavennite to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
AlflarseniteNaCa2Be3Si4O13(OH) · 2H2O
AmiciteK2Na2Al4Si4O16 · 5H2O
Ammonioleucite(NH4,K)(AlSi2O6)
AnalcimeNa2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Barrerite(Na,K,Ca0.5)2[Al2Si7O18] · 7H2O
Beaumontite (of Lévy)
Bellbergite(K,Ba,Sr)2Sr2Ca2(Ca,Na)4[Al3Si3O12]6 · 30H2O
BikitaiteLiAlSi2O6 · H2O
BoggsiteCa8Na3(Si,Al)96O192 · 70H2O
Brewsterite
Brewsterite-Ba(Ba,Sr)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
Brewsterite-Sr(Sr,Ba,Ca)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-Levyne Subgroup
Chabazite-Mg(Mg0.7K0.5Ca0.5Na0.1)[Al3Si9O24]·10H2O
Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-SrSr2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Clinoptilolite-Ca(Ca,Na,K)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Clinoptilolite-K(K,Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Clinoptilolite-Na(Na,K,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Dachiardite-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2O
Dachiardite-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2O
DirenzoiteNaK6MgCa2(Al13Si47O120) · 36H2O
EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Erionite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Erionite-K(K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Erionite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Faujasite Subgroup
Faujasite-Ca(Ca,Na2,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Faujasite-Mg(Mg,Na2,Ca)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Faujasite-Na(Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Ferrierite
Ferrierite-K(K2,Na2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Ferrierite-Mg(Mg,Na2,K2,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Ferrierite-Na(Na2,K2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
FerrochiavenniteCa1-2Fe[(Si,Al,Be)5Be2O13(OH)2]•2H2O
Flörkeite(K3Ca2Na)[Al8Si8O32] · 12H2O
GarroniteNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
GaultiteNa4Zn2Si7O18 · 5H2O
Gismondine
Gismondine-BaBa2Al4Si4O16 · 4-6H2O
Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Gmelinite
Gmelinite-Ca(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Gmelinite-K(K2,Na2,Ca)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Gmelinite-Na(Na2,Ca)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
GobbinsiteNa4(Ca,Mg,K2)Al6Si10O32 · 12H2O
Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
GoosecreekiteCa[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
GottardiiteNa3Mg3Ca5Al19Si117O272 · 93H2O
Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Heulandite-Ba(Ba,Ca,K,Na,Sr)5Al9Si27O72 · 22H2O
Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Heulandite-K(K,Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Heulandite-Sr(Sr,Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
HsianghualiteCa3Li2(Be3Si3O12)F2
KirchhoffiteCs(BSi2O6)
LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Lévyne
Lévyne-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Lévyne-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
LovdariteK2Na6Be4Si14O36•9H2O
MaricopaitePb7Ca2(Si,Al)48O100 · 32H2O
Mazzite-Mg(Mg,K,Ca)5(Si26Al10)O72 · 28H2O
Mazzite-NaNa8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Montesommaite(K,Na)9Al9Si23O64 · 10H2O
Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)Al2Si10O24 · 7H2O
MutinaiteNa3Ca4Si85Al11O192 · 60H2O
NabesiteNa2BeSi4O10 · 4H2O
NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Natrolite Subgroup
OffretiteKCaMgAl5Si13O36 · 16H2O or near
PahasapaiteLi8(Ca,Li,K)10.5Be24(PO4)24 · 38H2O
ParanatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 3H2O
ParthéiteCaAl2Si2O8 · 2H2O
Paulingite
Paulingite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2O
Paulingite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2O
Paulingite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2O
PerlialiteK9Na(Ca,Sr)[Al2Si4O12]6 · 15H2O
Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32 . 12H2O
Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
RoggianiteCa2Be(OH)2Al2Si4O13 · 2.5H2O
ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Stilbite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2O
StrontiohurlbutiteSrBe2(PO4)2
Terranovaite(Na,Ca)8(Si68Al12)O160 · 29H2O
Tetranatrolite
Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Thomsonite-SrNa(Sr,Ca)2[Al5Si5O20] · 7H2O
Tschernichite(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2O
TschörtneriteCa4(Ca,Sr,K,Ba)3Cu3[(OH)2|Al3Si3O12]4 · nH2O
WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
WeinebeneiteCaBe3(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Wenkite(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(SO4)3|(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2] · 0.5H2O
WillhendersoniteKCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2O
YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
9.GF.05Terranovaite(Na,Ca)8(Si68Al12)O160 · 29H2O
9.GF.10GottardiiteNa3Mg3Ca5Al19Si117O272 · 93H2O
9.GF.15LovdariteK2Na6Be4Si14O36•9H2O
9.GF.20GaultiteNa4Zn2Si7O18 · 5H2O
9.GF.30Tschernichite(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2O
9.GF.35MutinaiteNa3Ca4Si85Al11O192 · 60H2O
9.GF.40TschörtneriteCa4(Ca,Sr,K,Ba)3Cu3[(OH)2|Al3Si3O12]4 · nH2O
9.GF.50Thornasite(Na,K)12Th3[Si8O19]4 · 18H2O
9.GF.55DirenzoiteNaK6MgCa2(Al13Si47O120) · 36H2O
14.3.1PhenakiteBe2SiO4
14.3.2BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
14.3.3BerylliteBe3(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
14.3.4LiberiteLi2BeSiO4
14.3.5ChkaloviteNa2BeSi2O6
14.3.6EudidymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
14.3.7EpididymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
14.3.8GugiaiteCa2Be(Si2O7)
14.3.9Jeffreyite(Ca,Na)2(Be,Al)(Si2O7,HSi2O7)
14.3.10Semenovite-(Ce)Na8Ca2FeBe6Ce2Si14O40(OH)4F4
14.3.11BaryliteBe2Ba(Si2O7)
14.3.12Hingganite-(Ce)(Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
14.3.13Hingganite-(Yb)(Yb,Y,REE)2□Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
14.3.14Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
14.3.15Minasgeraisite-(Y)CaBe2Y2Si2O10
14.3.16SørenseniteNa4SnBe2Si6O16(OH)4
14.3.17TrimeriteCaMn22+Be3(SiO4)3
14.3.19Tvedalite(Ca,Mn)4Be3Si6O17(OH)4 · 3H2O
14.3.20HarstigiteCa6(Mn,Mg)Be4Si6(O,OH)24
14.3.21SverigeiteNaMnMgSnBe2(SiO4)3(OH)
14.3.22Joesmithite{Pb}{Ca2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Be2Si6O22)(OH)2
14.3.23Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
14.3.24Gadolinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
14.3.25Calciogadolinite-(Y)(YCa)2Fe3+Be2[SiO4]2O2

Other Names for Chiavennite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Chiavennit
Simplified Chinese:水硅锰钙铍石
Spanish:Chiavennita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Chiavennite

Reference List:
Raade, G., Åmli, R., Mladeck, M. H., Din, V. K., Larsen A. O. & Åsheim, A. (1983): Chiavennite from syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Region, Norway. American Mineralalogist: 68, 628-633.

European Journal of Mineralogy: 7: 1339-1344.

Pezzotta, F., Guastoni, A., Forner, H., Demartin, F., Kristiansen, R. (2005): Découverte exceptionnelle de chiavennite associée à pezzottaite dans la pegmatite de Sakavalana, Mandrosonoro, Madagascar. Le Règne Minéral, 61, ???-???.

Internet Links for Chiavennite

Localities for Chiavennite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valchiavenna
        • Chiavenna
Amer.Min.(1983) 68, 623-627
        • Prata Camportaccio
Pezzotta F., Guastoni A., Forner H., Demartin F., Kristiansen R. (2004) : Exceptional chiavennite associated with pezzottaite from the Sakavalana Pegmatite, Ambatovita, Madagascar. Web site of Mineralogical Society of America. www.minsocam.org/msa/Pegmatites.html
Madagascar
 
  • Fianarantsoa Province
    • Amoron'i Mania Region
      • Ambatofinandrahana District
        • Mandrosonoro Commune
          • Ambatovita
Pezzotta F., Guastoni A., Forner H., Demartin F., Kristiansen R. (2004) : Exceptional chiavennite associated with pezzottaite from the Sakavalana Pegmatite, Ambatovita, Madagascar. Web site of Mineralogical Society of America. www.minsocam.org/msa/Pegmatites.html; Pezzotta, F., Guastoni, A., Forner, H., Demartin, F., Kristiansen, R. (2005): Découverte exceptionnelle de chiavennite associée à pezzottaite dans la pegmatite de Sakavalana, Mandrosonoro, Madagascar. Le Règne Minéral, 62, 25-28.
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Langangen
        • Kokkersvold E18 roadcuts
Raade, G., Åmli, R., Mladeck, H., Din. V. K., Larsen, A.O. & Åsheim, A. (1983): Chiavennite from syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Region, Norway. American Mineralogist. 68: 628-633
        • Rønningen (Skredderrønningen)
Burvald, Ingulv (1993): To forekomster av nefelin-syenitt-pegmatitt i Telemark. STEIN 20 (3), 176-179; Larsen, A. O. (1988): Helvite group minerals from syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Region, Norway. Contribution to the mineralogy of Norway no 68. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 68: 119-124
      • Mørje
        • Sagåsen
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
Larsen, A.O., Åsheim, A. and Gault, R. A. (2005): Minerals of the eudialyte group from the Sagåsen larvikite quarry, Porsgrunn, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter 30: 58-62
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Brunlanes
Raade, G.; Åmli, R.; Mladeck, M.H.; Din, V.K.; Larsen, A.O. & Åsheim, A.(1983): Chiavennite from syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Region, Norway. American Mineralogist 68; 628-633
      • Hedrum
        • Lågendalen
Andersen, F. (1993): Hedrum pukkverk i Lågendalen. STEIN 20 (4), 236-238
      • Langesundsfjorden
        • Vesle Arøya
Kristiansen, R. (1999): Berylliummineraler i Norge. STEIN 26 (2),8-23; Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
      • Malerød
Andresen, P. (2011): Mineralene fra Midtfjellet larvikittbrudd, Malerød, Larvik. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 46: 41-47
      • Tjølling
        • Klåstad
Bjørn K. Stensvold collection
      • Tvedalen
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71/ Raade, G.; Åmli, R.; Mladeck, M.H.; Din, V.K.; Larsen, A.O. & Åsheim, A.(1983): Chiavennite from syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Region, Norway. American Mineralogist 68; 628-633
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Nordrum, F. S. (2004): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2003-2004. STEIN 31 (2), 36-44
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71; Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Collection of Peter Andresen./ Nordrum, F.S. (2008): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2007-2008. STEIN 35 (2), 8-20
Collection of OT Ljøstad.
Larsen, A. O.; Åsheim, A.; Raade, G. & Taftø, J. (1992): Tvedalite, (Ca,Mn)4Be3Si6O17(OH)4• 3H2O, a new mineral from syenite pegmatite in the Oslo Region, Norway, American Mineralogist 77, 438-443
Sweden
 
  • Södermanland
    • Utö
Langhof, J., Holtstam, D. & Gustafsson, L., 2000: Chiavennite and zoned genthelvite-helvite as late-stage minerals of the Proterozoic LCT pegmatites at Utö, Stockholm, Sweden. GFF, Vol. 122 (Pt. 2, June), pp. 207-212. Stockholm. ISSN 1103-5897
Nysten, P. (1996): Paragenetic setting and crystal chemistry of milarites from Proterozoic granitic pegmatites in Sweden. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1996, 564-576.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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