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Redgillite

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Formula:
Cu
 
6
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
10
· H
 
2
O
System:MonoclinicColour:pale green, grass green, ...
Hardness:2
Name:For its first noted occurrence at the Red Gill Mine.


A copper sulphate visually similar to malachite.
Chemically very similar to montetrisaite.

Classification of Redgillite

IMA status:Approved 2003
Strunz 8th edition ID:6/D.03-45
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:7.DD.70

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
D : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, with H2O
D : With only medium-sized cations; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
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Type Occurrence of Redgillite

Type Locality:Silver Gill, Roughton Gill, Caldbeck Fells, North and Western Region (Cumberland), Cumbria, England, UK
General Appearance of Type Material:bladed crystals up to 0.15 mm long with squared-off or tapering terminations; usually in radiating group
Year of Discovery:1989
Geological Setting of type material:in thin fractures in partly oxidized copper sulphides, probably dump-formed
Associated Minerals at type locality:
Langite

Physical Properties of Redgillite

Lustre:Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent, Translucent
Colour:pale green, grass green, emerald green, nickel green
Hardness (Mohs):2
Cleavage:Perfect
on {001}, good on {100} and {010}
Density (calculated):3.45 g/cm3

Crystallography of Redgillite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:P21/b
Cell Parameters:a = 3.155Å, b = 10.441Å, c = 19.436Å
β = 90.089°
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.302 : 1 : 1.862
Unit Cell Volume:V 640.2 ų
Z:2
Twinning:Rarely on (001) (Schnorrer et al., 2006)
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
9.72 (90)
7.11 (100)
4.60 (30)
4.068 (20)
2.880 (30)
2.318 (50)

Chemical Properties of Redgillite

Formula:
Cu
 
6
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
10
· H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:Cu6(SO4)(OH)10·H2O
Essential elements:Cu, H, O, S
All elements listed in formula:Cu, H, O, S
Analytical Data:Copper snd sulphur by EPMA, water inferred from structural analysis
CuO 68.9%
SO3 11.6%

sum 80.5%

Relationship of Redgillite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
7.DD.05Felsőbányaite
Al
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
10
· 4H
 
2
O
7.DD.10Langite
Cu
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
· 2H
 
2
O
7.DD.10Posnjakite
Cu
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
· H
 
2
O
7.DD.10Wroewolfeite
Cu
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
· 2H
 
2
O
7.DD.15Spangolite
Cu
 
6
Al(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
12
Cl · 3H
 
2
O
7.DD.20Ktenasite
Zn(Cu,Zn)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· 6H
 
2
O
7.DD.25Christelite
Cu
 
2
Zn
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· 4H
 
2
O
7.DD.30Campigliaite
Mn
2+
 
Cu
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· 4H
 
2
O
7.DD.30Devilline
CaCu
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
7.DD.30Orthoserpierite
Ca(Cu,Zn)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
7.DD.30Serpierite
Ca(Cu,Zn)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
7.DD.30Niedermayrite
CdCu
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· 4H
 
2
O
7.DD.30Edwardsite
Cu
 
3
Cd
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
·4H
 
2
O
7.DD.35Carrboydite
[(Ni
 
1-x
Al
 
x
)(OH)
 
2
][SO
 
4
]
 
x/2
· nH
 
2
O
7.DD.35Glaucocerinite
(Zn
 
1-x
Al
 
x
)(OH)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
x/2
· nH
 
2
O
7.DD.35Honessite
(Ni
 
1-x
Fe
3+
x
)(OH)
 
2
[SO
 
4
]
 
x/2
· nH
 
2
O
7.DD.35Hydrohonessite
(Ni
 
1-x
Fe
3+
x
)(OH)
 
2
[SO
 
4
]
 
x/2
· nH
 
2
O
7.DD.35Motukoreaite
Mg
 
6
Al
 
3
(OH)
 
18
[Na(H
 
2
O)
 
6
][SO
 
4
]
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
7.DD.35Mountkeithite
[(Mg
 
1-x
Fe
3+
x
)(OH)
 
2
][SO
 
4
]
 
x/2
· nH
 
2
O
7.DD.35Shigaite
Mn
 
6
Al
 
3
(OH)
 
18
[Na(H
 
2
O)
 
6
][SO
 
4
]
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
7.DD.35Wermlandite
Mg
 
7
Al
 
2
(OH)
 
18
[Ca(H
 
2
O)
 
6
][SO
 
4
]
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
7.DD.35Woodwardite
Cu
 
1-x
Al
 
x
(OH)
 
2
[SO
 
4
]
 
x/2
· nH
 
2
O
7.DD.35Zincaluminite
Zn
 
6
Al
 
6
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
16
· 5H
 
2
O
7.DD.35Hydrowoodwardite
(Cu
 
1-x
Al
 
x
)(OH)
 
2
[SO
 
4
]
 
x/2
· nH
 
2
O
7.DD.35Zincowoodwardite
Zn
 
1-x
Al
 
x
(OH)
 
2
[SO
 
4
]
 
x/2
· nH
 
2
O
7.DD.35Natroglaucocerinite
Na
 
x
Zn
 
8-y
Al
 
y
(SO
 
4
)
 
(x+y)/2
(OH)
 
16
· 6H
 
2
O
7.DD.35Nikischerite
Fe
2+
6
Al
 
3
(OH)
 
18
[Na(H
 
2
O)
 
6
][SO
 
4
]
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
7.DD.40Lawsonbauerite
(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
9
Zn
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
22
· 8H
 
2
O
7.DD.40Torreyite
(Mg,Mn
2+
 
)
 
7
 
2
Mn
2+
2
Zn
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
22
· 8H
 
2
O
7.DD.45Mooreite
Mg
 
9
 
2
Mn
 
2
Zn
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
26
· 8H
 
2
O
7.DD.50Namuwite
(Zn,Cu)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
· 4H
 
2
O
7.DD.55Bechererite
(Zn,Cu)
 
6
Zn
 
2
(SO
 
4
,HSiO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
12
7.DD.60Ramsbeckite
(Cu,Zn)
 
15
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
22
· 6H
 
2
O
7.DD.65Vonbezingite
Ca
 
6
Cu
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
12
· 2H
 
2
O
7.DD.75Chalcoalumite
CuAl
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
12
· 3H
 
2
O
7.DD.75Nickelalumite
(Ni,Cu)Al
 
4
(SO
 
4
,(NO
 
3
)
 
2
)(OH)
 
12
· 3H
 
2
O
7.DD.75Kyrgyzstanite
ZnAl
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
12
·3H
 
2
O
7.DD.80Guarinoite
(Zn,Co,Ni)
 
6
(SO
 
4
)(OH,Cl)
 
10
· 5H
 
2
O
7.DD.80Schulenbergite
(Cu,Zn)
 
7
(SO
 
4
,CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH)
 
10
· 3H
 
2
O
7.DD.80Thérèsemagnanite
(Co,Zn,Ni)
 
6
(SO
 
4
)(OH,Cl)
 
10
· 8H
 
2
O
7.DD.80UM1992-30-SO:CCuHZn
(Zn,Cu)
 
7
(SO
 
4
,CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH)
 
10
· 3H
 
2
O
7.DD.85Montetrisaite
Cu
 
6
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
10
· 2H
 
2
O

Other Names for Redgillite

Synonyms:
IMA2004-016Unnamed (Cu Sulphate Hydrate)Unnamed (Cu Sulphate; PC1)
Other Languages:
German:Redgillit
U60 (of Schnorrer)
Simplified Chinese:瑞羟铜矾
Traditional Chinese:瑞羥銅礬

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Redgillite

Reference List:

- +
Cooper, M.P. & Stanley, C.J. (1990): Minerals of the English Lake District - Caldbeck Fells. NHM Publications, 1990, 133.

Pluth, J.J. & Steele, I.M. (2002): IMA 18th General Meeting, Poster Sesson A12, A12-4.

Pluth, J.J., Steele, I.M., Kampf, A.R., Green, D.I. (2005): Redgillite, Cu6(OH)10(SO4)·H2O, a new mineral from Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England, UK: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 69, 973-980.

Schnorrer, G., Pfeiffer, F. & Schwarz, L. (2006): Redgillit – ein neues Cu-Sulfatmineral von zehn Fundstellen aus Deutschland. Aufschluss, 57, 15-22. (in German)

Internet Links for Redgillite

Search Engines:
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  • External Links:
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  • Look for Redgillite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Mineral Dealers:
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  • DAKOTA MATRIX offers Cabinet and Rare Species from Worldwide Localities.
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  • Localities for Redgillite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Austria
     
    • Vorarlberg
      • Montafon
        • Verwall group
          • Rinder valley (Gafluna valley)
    Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2011): 1685) Aurichalcit, Brochantit, Calcit, Covellin, Gips, Magnetit, Montetrisait, Redgillit und Smithsonit von der Putzkammeralpe im Rindertal (Gaflunatal), Montafon. P. 152-153 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2011): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LX. Carinthia II, 201./121., 135-186.
    Bolivia
     
    • Oruro Department
      • Dalence Province
        • Huanuni
    Gunnar Farber specimens
    Germany
     
    • Lower Saxony
      • Harz
        • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
          • Bockswies veins
            • Oberschulenberg
    Schnorrer, G., Pfeiffer, F. & Schwarz, L. (2006): Redgillit – ein neues Cu-Sulfatmineral von zehn Fundstellen aus Deutschland. Aufschluss, 57, 15-22. (in German); Markus Gerstmann Collection
        • Lautenthal
    Schnorrer, G., Pfeiffer, F. & Schwarz, L. (2006): Redgillit – ein neues Cu-Sulfatmineral von zehn Fundstellen aus Deutschland. Aufschluss, 57, 15-22. (in German)
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Sauerland
        • Meschede
          • Ramsbeck
    Schnorrer, G., Pfeiffer, F. & Schwarz, L. (2006): Redgillit – ein neues Cu-Sulfatmineral von zehn Fundstellen aus Deutschland. Aufschluss, 57, 15-22. (in German)
    Schnorrer, G., Pfeiffer, F. & Schwarz, L. (2006): Redgillit – ein neues Cu-Sulfatmineral von zehn Fundstellen aus Deutschland. Aufschluss, 57, 15-22. (in German)
    Schnorrer, G., Pfeiffer, F. & Schwarz, L. (2006): Redgillit – ein neues Cu-Sulfatmineral von zehn Fundstellen aus Deutschland. Aufschluss, 57, 15-22. (in German)
      • Siegerland
        • Burbach
    Schnorrer, G., Pfeiffer, F. & Schwarz, L. (2006): Redgillit – ein neues Cu-Sulfatmineral von zehn Fundstellen aus Deutschland. Aufschluss, 57, 15-22. (in German)
        • Müsen
    Schnorrer, G., Pfeiffer, F. & Schwarz, L. (2006): Redgillit – ein neues Cu-Sulfatmineral von zehn Fundstellen aus Deutschland. Aufschluss, 57, 15-22. (in German)
        • Niederschelden
    Schnorrer, G., Pfeiffer, F. & Schwarz, L. (2006): Redgillit – ein neues Cu-Sulfatmineral von zehn Fundstellen aus Deutschland. Aufschluss, 57, 15-22. (in German)
        • Wilnsdorf
    Schnorrer, G., Pfeiffer, F. & Schwarz, L. (2006): Redgillit – ein neues Cu-Sulfatmineral von zehn Fundstellen aus Deutschland. Aufschluss, 57, 15-22. (in German)
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Lahn valley
        • Bad Ems District
          • Frücht
    Schnorrer, G., Pfeiffer, F. & Schwarz, L. (2006): Redgillit – ein neues Cu-Sulfatmineral von zehn Fundstellen aus Deutschland. Aufschluss, 57, 15-22. (in German)
    Ireland
     
    • Co. Mayo
    Pluth, J. J., Steele, I. M., Kampf, A. R. & Green, D. I. (2005): Redgillite, Cu6(OH)10(SO4)•H2O, a new mineral from Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 69, 973-980.
    • Co. Wicklow
      • Glendasan
    Moreton, S. & Green, D.I. (2007) “The mineralogy of the Wicklow lead mines”, Journal of the Mining Heritage Trust of Ireland, No. 7, p.19-32.
    Italy
     
    • Lombardy
      • Bergamo Province
        • Brembana Valley
          • Oltre il Colle
            • Vedra Valley
    "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
    • Trentino-Alto Adige
      • Trento Province
        • Mocheni Valley
          • Palù del Fersina
    "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
    • Veneto
      • Vicenza Province
        • Torrebelvicino
          • Mercanti Valley
    Pegoraro, S., Orlandi, P., Chiereghin, P., Contin, A., Toniolo, E. (2009): Redgillite, Monte Trisa, Torrebelvicino, Vicenza, prima segnalazione in Italia. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/2009, 114-116. ; Pegoraro S., Orlandi P., Chiereghin P., Contin.A. and Toniolo E. (2009): I minerali del Monte Trisa, Torrebelvicino, Vicenza. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, No. 3, 160-179
    Pegoraro S., Orlandi P., Chiereghin P., Contin.A. and Toniolo E. (2009): I minerali del Monte Trisa, Torrebelvicino, Vicenza. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, No. 3, 160-179
    "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
    Russia
     
    • Western-Siberian Region
      • Altaiskii Krai
        • Rudnyi Altai
    Pekov, I.V., Lykova, I.S. (2011) Rubtsovskoe deposit, - Mineralogical Almanac, Vol. 16, 96 pp (in Rus).
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • Mount's Bay District
          • St Hilary
    UKJMM - Betterton (2000) 20, 7-37; Pluth, J. J., Steele, I. M., Kampf, A. R. & Green, D. I. (2005): Redgillite, Cu6(OH)10(SO4)•H2O, a new mineral from Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 69, 973-980.
      • Cumbria
        • North and Western Region (Cumberland)
          • Caldbeck Fells
    Steve Rust collection
            • Roughton Gill
    Journal of The Russell Society, Volume11, 2008
    Pluth, J.J., Steele, I.M., Kampf, A.R., Green, D.I. (2005): Redgillite, Cu6(OH)10(SO4)·H2O, a new mineral from Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England, UK: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 69, 973-980
    Pluth, J.J., Steele, I.M., Kampf, A.R., Green, D.I. (2005): Redgillite, Cu6(OH)10(SO4)·H2O, a new mineral from Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England, UK: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 69, 973-980
      • Somerset
        • Simonsbath
    Steve Rust Collection
    • Scotland
      • Dumfries & Galloway (Dumfriesshire)
        • Wanlockhead
    S.Rust Collection
      • Strathclyde (Lanarkshire)
        • South Lanarkshire
    S.Rust Collection
            • Mine Hill-Broad Law
    S Rust Collection
    • Wales
      • Ceredigion (Dyfed; Cardiganshire)
        • Ceulanymaesmawr
          • Talybont
            • Nant-y-Moch Reservoir area
    S. Rust collection; Pluth, J. J., Steele, I. M., Kampf, A. R. & Green, D. I. (2005): Redgillite, Cu6(OH)10(SO4)•H2O, a new mineral from Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 69, 973-980.
    S Rust collection, Nat Hist Museum London; Pluth, J. J., Steele, I. M., Kampf, A. R. & Green, D. I. (2005): Redgillite, Cu6(OH)10(SO4)•H2O, a new mineral from Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 69, 973-980.
        • Cwmrheidol
          • Ponterwyd
    S Rust collection
        • Llangynfelyn
          • Tre-Taliesin
    S.Rust collection
        • Trefeirig
          • Bontgoch
    S Rust collection
          • Pen-bont Rhydybeddau
    S. Rust collection; Pluth, J. J., Steele, I. M., Kampf, A. R. & Green, D. I. (2005): Redgillite, Cu6(OH)10(SO4)•H2O, a new mineral from Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 69, 973-980.
    S. Rust collection; Pluth, J. J., Steele, I. M., Kampf, A. R. & Green, D. I. (2005): Redgillite, Cu6(OH)10(SO4)•H2O, a new mineral from Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 69, 973-980.
    S. Rust Collection; Pluth, J. J., Steele, I. M., Kampf, A. R. & Green, D. I. (2005): Redgillite, Cu6(OH)10(SO4)•H2O, a new mineral from Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 69, 973-980.
        • Upper Llanfihangell-y-Creuddyn
          • Cwmystwyth
    S.Rust Collection
          • Pontrhydygroes
    UKJMM 17 unknown F2; Pluth, J. J., Steele, I. M., Kampf, A. R. & Green, D. I. (2005): Redgillite, Cu6(OH)10(SO4)•H2O, a new mineral from Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 69, 973-980.
        • Ysbyty Ystwyth
    S Rust collection
      • Powys (Montgomeryshire)
        • Machynlleth
          • Dylife
    S Rust collection
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