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From "piedra de ijada" stone of the flank, as it was thought to cure kidney pains.
A greenish black to creamy white ornamental stone or gemstone, highly valued in China and Korea. Translucent emerald-green jadeite-jade is the most prized variety. Rarely also blue, lavender-mauve and pink in colour, depending on mineralogy and impurity elements.

Many different rocks and minerals have been marketed as jade, especially nephrite and serpentine, but also green quartz, vesuvianite (californite), etc. Gemmologists, however, usually restrict the name to just jadeite and nephrite, both characteristically forming very tough, fine grained rocks. Nephrite is much more common than jadeite, and is a tremolite and/or actinolite-rich rock.

Visit for gemological information about Jade.

Classification of Jade

Other Names for Jade

Name in Other Languages:
Norwegian (Bokmål):Jade
Simplified Chinese:翡翠

Traditional Chinese:Feicui

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Jade

Reference List:
Ronzio, A.R. and Salmon, M. (1970) Trace elements in jade. Gems and Minerals: 389: 24-25, 45.

Harlow, G.E. and Sorenson, S.S. (2005): Jade (Nephrite and Jadeitite) and Serpentinite: Metasomatic Connections. International Geology Review, 47, 113-146.

Ren Lu (2012): Color Origin of Lavender Jadeite: An Alternative Approach. Gems & Gemology 48, 273-283. (with many references)

Internet Links for Jade URL:
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Jade

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
  • South Australia
    • Eyre Peninsula
Flint, D. J., & Dubowski, E. A. (1990). Cowell nephrite jade deposits. Geology of the mineral deposits of Australia and Papua New Guinea, 2, 1059-1062.
J Townsend
  • British Columbia
    • Lillooet Mining Division
Michael O'Donoghue (2006) Gems: Their Sources, Descriptions and Identification
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Kwanika Creek
    • Dawson Mining District
      • Yukon river
Traill, R. J., 1970, A Catalogue of Canadian Minerals
  • Guangdong Province
    • Maoming Prefecture
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
  • Sagaing Division
    • Hkamti District
Shigley, J. E., Laurs, B. M., Janse, A. J. A., Elen, S., & Dirlam, D. M. (2010). Gem Localities of the 2000s. Gems & Gemology, 46(3).
        • Nansibon mining district
Shigley, J. E., Dirlam, D. M., Laurs, B. M., Boehm, E. W., Bosshart, G., & Larson, W. F. (2000). Gem localities of the 1990s. Gems & Gemology, 36(4), 292-335.
Shigley, J. E., Dirlam, D. M., Laurs, B. M., Boehm, E. W., Bosshart, G., & Larson, W. F. (2000). Gem localities of the 1990s. Gems & Gemology, 36(4), 292-335.
New Caledonia
  • Northern Province
    • Pouébo Commune
A.ABREAL(2015) Les grenats de Nouvelle Calédonie : Métamorphisme de subduction et Skarn J. of Pers. Mineralogist, vol.7, page 149-165.
  • Alaska
    • Anchorage Borough
      • Anchorage District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Northwest Arctic Borough
      • Shungnak District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • California
    • Mariposa Co.
      • East Belt
        • Quartz Mountain [1]
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10031086.
    • Mendocino Co.
      • Coastal Range
Butler, 1995. Rockhounding California, p.172.
        • Round Valley
Butler (1995), Rockhounding California.
  • Son La Province
Pham Van Long, Gaston Giuliani, Virginie Garnier, Daniel Ohnenstetter (2004) Gemstones in Vietnam. The Australian Gemmologist Volume 22, Number 4, October–December 2004
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